5 + 1 Most Influential Chinese Filmmakers
中国最有影响力的 5 + 1 位电影制作者
这两部电影都结合了功夫和他标志性的闹剧幽默，这种幽默在粤语中被称为“ mo lei tou”，或“无意义” – 在西方被称为“傻话”。这些电影包括令人惊讶和不协调的元素，例如不合逻辑的模仿和突然，奇怪的对话和动作。
出生于台湾的李安也在美国学习电影，他凭借其2005年的爱情剧《断背山》（Brokeback Mountain）赢得了美国奥斯卡金像奖最佳导演的首位亚洲冠军。他凭借幻想剧《 Life of Pi》在2013年获得了奥斯卡第二名最佳导演奖。他执导了许多不同类型的电影，包括2007年的浪漫惊悚片《欲望》，《小心》，2000年的奇幻动作片《卧虎藏龙》，《暗龙》，以及两部早期的成功影片-都是喜剧片，分别是1994年的《 Eat Drink Man Woman》和1993年的《婚礼宴会》。
这位资深导演参与了由马特·达蒙（Matt Damon）主演的2016年怪物电影《长城》（The Great Wall），以及由克里斯蒂安·贝尔（Christian Bale）主演的2011年历史剧《战争之花》（The Flowers of War）。
Along with the rapid commercialisation and industrialisation of China’s film industry, the popularity, influence, and commercial value of a filmmaker may have also changed over the past a few years.
The Chinese WeChat social media account, Yiqipaidianying, which focuses on film industry news, recently published a list of the top 100 filmmakers in China, based on the total box office takings of their films released since 2005, the average scores of their top five films from major film rating websites, and the media coverage the filmmakers and their films received.
1. Stephen Chow
Award-winning Hong Kong filmmaker Chow, 55, is best known around the world as the star and director of the hit action comedies Shaolin Soccer, released in 2001, and 2004’s Kung Fu Hustle.
Both these films combine kung fu and his trademark slapstick humour, known in Cantonese as mo lei tou, or “nonsensical” – a genre dubbed as “silly talk” in the West. These films includes surprise and incongruous elements, such as illogical parodies and sudden, strange dialogue and action.
He also co-wrote and directed the 2016 fantasy romantic comedy The Mermaid, about a businessman who falls in love with a mermaid who is sent to assassinate him, which is the second-highest grossing film in mainland China after Wolf Warrior 2.
2. Tsui Hark
The Vietnamese-born Chinese film director, who moved to Hong Kong as a teenager, is best known for his epic, martial arts action films, including 1991’s Once Upon a Time in China, starring Jet Li, 2005’s Seven Swords starring Donnie Yen, and 2014’s The Taking of Tiger Mountain.
Tsui, who studied film in the US, is regarded as a pioneering filmmaker and someone who helped to revitalise Hong Kong martial art movies.
He has been recognised for his work, including winning 2015’s best director award at China’s Golden Rooster Awards and a 2017 lifetime achievement award at this year’s Asian Film Awards.
3. Ang Lee
Taiwanese-born Lee, who also studied film in the US, is the first Asian winner of the American Academy Award for best director for his 2005 romantic drama Brokeback Mountain. He won his second best director Oscar in 2013 for the fantasy drama, Life of Pi. He has directed a great range of different types of films, including 2007’s romantic thriller Lust, Caution, 2000’s fantasy action drama Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, and two early successes – both comedy dramas – 1994’s Eat Drink Man Woman, and 1993’s The Wedding Banquet.
4. Jiang Wen
The Chinese actor-director is best known to Western film-goers for his acting as Baze Malbus in the Star Wars sci-fi, fantasy prequel, Rogue One: A Star Wars Story, and for co-starring with Gong Li in Zhang Yimou’s1986 film Red Sorghum.
As a director, he is known for his devotion to his craft, rather than concerning himself too much about the commercial success of his films. He certainly enjoyed box-office success with his big-budget 2010 action comedy, Let The Bullets Fly, set in 1920s China, which saw him star alongside Chow Yun-fat; the film won the 2012 Asian Film Award as the year’s top-grossing Asian film.
5. Feng Xiaogang
The Beijing-born director has enjoyed both box-office and critical success with his work, but is not afraid to challenge commercialism with the choice of subjects for his film.
His work behind the camera on the multi-award-winning 2016 comedy drama, I Am Not Madame Bovary, saw him named best director at that year’s Taiwan’s Golden Horse Film Awards. He is also known for the hit 2008 comedy drama, If You Are The One, starring You Ge and Qi Shu, and its sequel, If You Are The One 2.
6. Zhang Yimou
The veteran director worked on the 2016 monster film, The Great Wall, starring Matt Damon, the 2011 historical drama, The Flowers of War, starring Christian Bale.
His domestic hits include the 2002 action adventure Hero, starring Jet Li, House Of Flying Daggers, with Takeshi Kaneshire, Andy Lau and Zhang Ziyi, and Curse Of The Golden Flower, starring Chow Yun-fat and Gong Li.
He enjoyed a string of early successes, too, starring Gong, including his debut, 1987’s Red Sorghum, 1990’s Ju Dou, 1991’s Raise The Red Lantern and 1992’s The Story Of Qui Ju. Zhang also appeared in front of the camera as an immortal soldier, opposite his then partner, Gong, in the comedy adventure fantasy A Terracotta Warrior. One of his recurrent themes has been the resilience of Chinese people in the face of hardship and adversity.
Away from film, Zhang directed the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2008 Beijing Olympics. His many honours include the Asian Film Awards for his outstanding contribution to Asian cinema in 2010, and the 2005 lifetime achievement award at the Hawaii International Film Festival.
by Melissa Ko, October 26, 2017
What was interesting to you from this article?
Have you heard of these directors? If yes, what have you heard or is there a favorite one for you?
Who do you think makes a film successful, the director or the actors?
If you were to direct a movie, what type of film would you direct, action, comedy, romance or horror? Why?