Cotoneaster melanocarpus

Cotoneaster melanocarpus Lodd., G.Lodd. & W.Lodd. in Mongolië


Distribution: Khovs., Khent., Khang., Моng-Dаg., Моng. Аlt. (east), Dund. Khalkh, Gobi-Аlt., Dоr. Моng., Ikh n.

Habitat: Steppe stony and rocky slopes, birch, larch and pine forests, their fringes [2–5].

Parts used: Shoot and fruit

Traditional uses: The taste is sweet and sour, and the potency is cool. It is used for the following: treatment of diarrhea,

improvement of appetite, for dissemination blood in joints, acts as a haemostatic, and for detoxification and vomiting.

Also used for inflammation of the stomach and intestine. It is an ingredient in the following traditional prescriptions:

Agar-7, Ar ur-18, Bilva-11, Dadrig-6, Gurgum-13, Indra-17, and Delmanmar [5–7].

Chemical constituents: Shoot contains cyano compounds, e.g. prunazine. Leaves contain ascorbic acid [8], phenol

carboxylic acids, their derivatives: chlorogenic and neochlorogenic acids [8,9], 0.96% flavonoids, 9.5% anthocyanin [8],

catechin [9]. Fruit contains ascorbic acid, flavonoids and anthocyanins [8].

Bioactivity: Antibacterial activity [8].


1. Olziikhutag, N. (Ed). (1983). Latin-Mongolian-Russian Dictionary of Vascular Plants of Mongolia (p. 156). Ulaanbaatar: Press

of Mongolian Academy of Sciences.

2. Gubanov, I.А. (1996). Conspectus on Mongolian Flora (vascular plants) (p. 59). Moscow: Valang Press.

3. Malishev, L.I., and Peshkova, G.A. (1979). Flora of Central Siberia (Vol. 2, p. 547). Novosibirsk: Science Printing.

4. Sanchir, Ch., Batkhuu, J., Boldsaikhan, B., and Komatsu, K. (2003). Illustrated Guide of Mongolian Useful Plants. (Vol. 1, p.

208). Ulaanbaatar: Admon Printing.

5. Ligaa, U., Davaasuren, B., and Ninjil, N. (2005). Medicinal Plants of Mongolia Used in Western and Eastern Medicine. (p.

72). Ulaanbaatar: JCK Printing.

6. Danzanpuntsag., Crystal rosary. XVIIIth century.

7. Boldsaikhan, B. (2004). Encyclopedia of Mongolian Medicinal Plants (pp. 24, 249). Ulaanbaatar: Mongolian University of

Science and Technology.

8. Sokolov, P.D. et al. (1987). Plants Review of USSR: Family Hydrangeaceae-Haloragaceae. (p. 33). Leningrad: Science Printing.

9. Challice, J.S. (1973). Phenolic compounds of the subfamily Pomoideae. Phytochemistry 12, 1095.