Measurements‎ > ‎

BLRI 1962

 Empathic Understanding Scale of the
 Barrett-Lennard Relationship Inventory (BLRI).
Empathic Understanding in Interpersonal Processes Scale, 
 the empathy subtest of the Barrett-Lennard (1962) Relationship Inventory


"The search for and measurement of important relationship qualities have always been of interest to family therapists. Within a Rogerian perspective, empathy, regard, and congruence are believed to be among the most important indicators of the quality of human relationships. These variables, or conceptually similar ones, are also important in several current models of family functioning.

Barrett-Lennard (1,2) developed an instrument, the Barrett-Lennard Relationship Inventory (BLRI), to measure empathy, regard, and congruence. Although the major use of the BLRI has been in psychotherapy outcome research (13), several studies have shown that it is a sensitive indicator of marital satisfaction and of changes occurring in marital-improvement programs. "


"A frequently used measure of empathy derived from the client’s, perspective is the empathy subscale of the Barrett-Lennard Relationship Inventory or B.L.R.I. (1962). The empathy subtest of the B.L.R.I. is a 16-item 6 point questionnaire rating scale, which may be used for self-rating or rating by clients." (BRINK 1991)


Attunement as the Core of Therapist-Expressed Empathy
Canadian Journal of Counselling /  2007, Vol. 41:4
  •  Helen L. Macaulay 
  • Shaké G. Toukmanian 
  • Kimberley M. Gordon  
"The Empathic Understanding Scale of the Barrett-Lennard Relationship Inventory (BLRI). Barrett-Lennard’s (1986) measure was used to assess “expressed empathy,” as conceptualized in his relational empathy model (1981). It consists of 16 items, each rated on a 6-choice anchored scale, and worded for clients, therapists, or, as in this study, use by a third-party observer/judge. The scale has shown to have acceptable levels of content and predictive validity, and most internal consistency and test-retest reliabilities have been in the range of .75 to .95 (Barrett-Lennard, 1986, 1998). In this study the inter-rater reliability was .97. "


Comments