Postulatfri Universalhypotese


Postulatfri Universalhypotese:

Universet eksisterer i form av energiomsetning

Enhver energiomsetning krever en forskjell og skaper en forandring.

Energiomsetning er betinget av differensialer (potensial, tetthet, ladning, mv.), dvs. likhet medfører stillstand og død…

Enhver forandring genererer informasjon som noen ganger kan observeres. (Tom Stonier (1927-1999) hevdet at informasjon er en egenskap ved universet på linje med energi og materie…)

Energiomsetning skjer i henhold til  termodynamikkens lover

All energiomsetning foregår på molekylnivå; alle andre nivå er emergente fenomener.

I levende vesener foregår energiomsetning i celler som er den minste enheten av liv.

Energi kan ikke observeres eller forstås, slik at årsaken til forandring alltid er ukjent, jfr. Kraftpostulatet

Effekten av energiomsetning kan være brutal, og den ukjente årsaken kalles ofte Gud.

Insh Allah (Islam), May the Force Be With You (Star Wars), etc.

De fleste fenomen er emergente, dvs. de kan "forklares" på utallige måter (emergenshypotese 2). Det kan bety at kausalitet kun er menneskeskapte ideer, jfr. Hypoteser, postulater, vitenskap og religion  

Universalhypotesen ble nok først forstått av Heraklit(540-480BC) (4 Important Facts about Heraclitus, the Ancient Greek Philosopher, the Collector, 2022-12-11)

Det finnes likevel noen områder som framstår permanente

Mennesker lager ord og begreper for det ukjente, og dermed kan man danne hypoteser og teorier som forklarer det ukjente i form av kausalitet. Matematikk er et kraftig språk for å beskrive teorier, bl.a. fordi det er et ekspertspråk som kun det innvidde presteskapet forstår…‽

Alle slike hypoteser og teorier vil være selvoppfyllende, og dermed like gode, beroende på tvil og tro…‽

For alle emergente fenomen er det uendelig mange hypoteser som alle er like gode eller dårlige;

enhver hypotese har en motsatt og like god hypotese…‽

For every fact there is an infinity of hypotheses.
Robert M. Pirsig (1928-2016)

Min Postulatfrie Universalhypotese har et implisitt postulat: Det finnes noe som kalles energi

Ingen vet hva energi er, og jeg godtar at universet ikke kan forklares på noe nivå under energi…‽

Energi er den ukjente kjendis; alle snakker om energi, men ingen vet hva energi er

Noen lenker

F.G. Donnan: The Mystery of Life, Nature, 1928-10-06 (PDF)

ON THE NATURE OF REALITY- Albert Einstein in Conversation with Rabindranath Tagore  

4.1 Energy and Metabolism, in Concepts of Biology, BC Campus, ????-??-?? 

Edward Fredkin: A New Cosmogony - On The Origin of the Universe

Did the Universe Just Happen?, The Atlantic Monthly, 1988-04

John Archibald Wheeler: Information, Physics, Quantum: The Search for Links, Proc. 3rd Int. Symp. Foundations of Quantum Mechanics, Tokyo, 1989

Tom Stonier: Information and the Internal Structure of the Universe, Springer, 1990

Bioenergetics, the Origins of Complexity, and the Ascent of Man, NIH, National Library of Medicine

The Limits to Growth, Digital version by Donella Meadows Project, 2013-06-06

Gravitational theoretical development supporting MOND, ArXiv, 2013-07-15

New theory of general relativity casts doubt on dark matter, the Conversation, 2013-08-05

Martin Rees: What is nothing? Martin Rees Q&A, the Conversation, 2018-08-15

Energy and Human Ambitions on a Finite Planet, UC San Diego Open Educational Resources, 2021

Thermodynamics and the Earth system  

Alastair Wilson: How could the Big Bang arise from nothing?, the Conversation, 2022-01-03

Sergiu Klainerman: Reflections on an Essay by Wigner, Inference, 2022-10

Bioenergetics and Life's Origins, Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology, 2010-02 (PDF

Axel Kleidon: Life, hierarchy, and the thermodynamic machinery of planet Earth, Physics of Life Reviews, 2010-10-12

This Is Your Brain on God, Wired, 1999-11-01

Erik Verlinde: On the Origin of Gravity and the Laws of Newton, ArXiv, 2010-01-06

When Einstein Met Tagore: A Remarkable Meeting of Minds on the Edge of Science and Spirituality, the Marginalian, 2012-04-27

Addy Pross: Why Are Atoms So Small?, Huffington Post, 2014-06-16

Theories of Everything, Mapped, Quanta Magazine, 2015-08-03

Yaneer Bar-Yam: Emergence of simplicity and complexity, New England Complex Systems Institute, 2018-09-16

There Are No Laws of Physics. There’s Only the Landscape, Quanta Magazine, 2018-06-04

Adam Frank: Minding matter, Aeon, 2017-03-13

How Mathematical ‘Hocus-Pocus’ Saved Particle Physics, Quanta Magazine, 2020-09-17

The Most Successful Scientific Theory Ever: The Standard Model, YouTube - QuantaMagazine, 2021-07-16

Tagore-Einstein Conversation (1930), YouTube, 2022-01-27

E = mc2, DelanceyPlace, 2022-05-18

How the Physics of Nothing Underlies Everything, Quanta Magazine, 2022-08-09

Marcelo Gleiser: All humans are believers, BIG Think, 2022-08-31

Marcelo Gleiser: Science is like watching a strange game and trying to figure out the rules, BIG Think, 2022-10-26

4 Important Facts about Heraclitus, the Ancient Greek Philosopher, the Collector, 2022-12-11

The 4 fundamental meanings of “nothing” in science, BIG Think, 2022-12-22

Ligninga over alle ligninger, NRK, 2022-12-25

How Our Reality May Be a Sum of All Possible Realities, Quanta Magazine, 2023-02-06

The weirdness of quantum mechanics forces scientists to confront philosophy, BIG Think, 2023-02-08

How meaning emerges from matter, BIG Think, 2023-02-10

No, our Universe isn’t made of pure mathematics, BIG Think, 2023-02-28

the laws of physics must evolve, Delancey Place, 2023-04-26

Spacetime: is it real and physical, or just a calculational tool?, BIG Think, 2023-05-04

“Surprising” Findings – Scientists Identify Complete Respiratory Supercomplex, SciTech News, 2023-05-13

Powerhouse Puzzle Solved: How a Massive Supercomplex in Mitochondria Shapes Cellular Respiration, SciTech News, 2023-05-20

A surprise new “theory of everything” involves the symmetry between order and disorder, BIG Think, 2023-05-18

Why Einstein’s E = mc² is only half of the equation, BIG Think, 2023-05-23

5 “what ifs” that would have changed cosmic history, BIG Think, 2023-05-23

Is the Universe a quantum fluctuation?, BIG Think, 2023-05-28

Daniel Joachim Kleiven: The laws of nature explain very little, IAI News, 2023-06-16

Nothing Can Go Faster Than Light - Except Shadows, Science Goddess, 2023-06-22

Could the expanding Universe truly be a mirage?, BIG Think, 2023-06-27

Why urea may have been the gateway to life, ETH Zurich, 2023-06-28

Is the Universe 13.8 or 26.7 billion years old?, BIG Think, 2023-07-18

Space didn’t used to be a big place, BIG Think, 2023-07-20

What Do the “Laws of Nature” Actually Explain?, Mind Matters, 2023-08-05

The 13 scales that define our physical Universe, BIG Think, 2023-08-14

The “crisis in cosmology” is pure exaggeration, BIG Think, 2023-09-06

Eric Lerner: Saying goodbye to the Big Bang, Asia Times, 2023-09-09

How logic and reasoning can fail as scientific tools, BIG Think, 2024-03-21

In 1894, physics seemed complete. Then Kelvin spotted 2 looming “clouds”, BIG Think, 2024-04-03

Noen sitater

" God is the efficient cause not only of the existence of things, but also of their essence.

Corr. Individual things are nothing but modifications of the attributes of God, or modes by which the attributes of God are expressed in a fixed and definite manner."

Baruch Spinoza (1632-1677)

"Every visible and invisible creature is an appearance of God."

John Duns Scotus (1266-1308)

"We do not know what God is. God Himself does not know what He is because He is not anything. Literally God is not, because He transcends being."

John Duns Scotus (1266-1308)

"Nothing is lost, nothing is created all is transformed. Nothing is the prey of death. All is the prey of life."

 Antoine Béchamp (1816-1908)

"The quantity of force which can be brought into action in the whole of Nature is unchangeable, and can neither be increased nor diminished."
Hermann von Helmholtz (1821-1894)

One of the greatest achievements of modern science was, that it proved the indestructibility of energy through all the ceaseless transformations which it undergoes in the universe.
Peter Kropotkin (1842-1921)

"The life contest is primarily a competition for available energy."
Ludwig Boltzmann (1844-1906)

I believe in Spinoza's God, who reveals Himself in the lawful harmony of the world, not in a God who concerns Himself with the fate and the doings of mankind..."

Albert Einstein (1879-1955)

Information is information, not matter or energy.
Norbert Wiener (1894-1964)

Living forms are not in being, they are happening, they are the expression of a perpetual stream of matter and energy which passes through the organism and at the same time constitutes it.

"Higher, directed forms of energy (e. g., mechanical, electric, chemical) are dissipated, that is, progressively converted into the lowest form of energy, i. e., undirected heat movement of molecules; chemical systems tend toward equilibria with maximum entropy; machines wear out owing to friction; in communication channels, information can only be lost by conversion of messages into noise but not vice versa, and so forth."
Ludwig von Bertalanffy (1901-1972)

"The enormous usefulness of mathematics in the natural sciences is something bordering on the mysterious and there is no rational explanation of it."

"It's nice to know the computer understands the situation, but I would like to understand it too."
Eugene Wigner (1902-1995)

"Life is God's novel. Let him write it."

Isaac B. Singer (1902-1991)

The universe gives birth to consciousness, and consciousness gives meaning to the universe.

John Archibald Wheeler (1911-2008)

"it is not unreasonable to imagine that information sits at the core of physics, just as it sits at the core of a computer"

John Archibald Wheeler (1911-2008)

"The fundamental process of physics is computation universal."

Edward Fredkin (1934-2023)

The most terrifying fact about the universe is not that it is hostile but that it is indifferent, but if we can come to terms with this indifference, then our existence as a species can have genuine meaning. However vast the darkness, we must supply our own light.

Stanley Kubrick (1928-1999)

For every fact there is an infinity of hypotheses.
Robert M. Pirsig (1928-2016)

"Energy is the master resource, because energy enables us to convert one material into another. As natural scientists continue to learn more about the transformation of materials from one form to another with the aid of energy, energy will be even more important."
Julian Simon (1932-1998)

The answer to the ancient question 'Why is there something rather than nothing?' would then be that ‘nothing’ is unstable.

Frank Wilczek

Energy-momentum tells the metric fluid how to flow.

The metric fluid tells energy-momentum how to flow.

Electric charge tells the electromagnetic fluid how to flow.

The electromagnetic fluid tells electric charge how to flow.

Weak charge tells the weak fluid how to flow.

The weak fluid tells weak charge how to flow.

Strong charge tells the strong fluid how to flow.

The strong fluid tells strong charge how to flow.

Frank Wilczek

One possibility is: God is nothing but the power of the universe to organize itself.

Lee Smolin

Energy is the only universal currency: one of its many forms must be transformed to another in order for stars to shine, planets to rotate, plants to grow, and civilizations to evolve.

Vaclav Smil

"Everything is underlied by energy. As I always say, there is no economy, there is only energy conversion. Money is only a very imperfect way how to measure energy flows in society. So what happens is we got this supercheap energy — both the fuel, and electricity, and the food energy."

Vaclav Smil

God is so far away that no one can say anything about him and that’s why all ideas about God are wrong, and at the same time he is so close that we almost can’t notice him, because he is the foundation in a person, or the abyss, you can call it whatever you want

Jon Fosse