structures or habits that living things have

which enable them to surivive in their habitats.


All species have come to survive due to certain adaptations in their physical structure.

It is by these differences that the species (plant or animal) has a certain advantage over other species

The Giraffe has a long neck to reach the top canopy of trees,

The Camel can store & retain water for a long time, useful in dry conditions.

The Chameleon can change colours, to camoflage itself from predators.

Cacti are well adapted for survival in the desert.

They have:

  • spines instead of leaves, which minimise surface area and therefore evaporation, and also...
  • protect them from animals which might eat them
  • stems which can store water, and
  • widespread root systems, which can collect water from a large area

Living species must adapt to survive, when changes come in their environment, it is their ability to adapt that allows them to survive. Many plants and animals display some very ingenious ideas in how to stay alive and thus preserve their kind.

Can you name 6 animals from polar regions, what adaptations do they have that give them an advantage?

Watch this and just think

I would like you to compile a project on adaptations of a particular species,

there are many resources to call on

subjects I think might be good



Venus fly trap


the common butterwort, glands secrete a mucus that traps flies, mozzies.

when they are stuck the plant releases a digestive juice. this dissolves the inards of the bug

the nutrient soup is then absorbed

The BBC have a story here on how Ants can control attacks, as to conserve energy except against real threats

Visual communication transmits information to others through shape, colour and movement or body language. Animals can both send and decode visual messages, using colour and behavioural displays for messages as varied as threat, invitations to mate and identification of what species they are. Though plants can't themselves see, they use visual cues such as colour to attract animals to their flowers and fruits. Visual perception differs radically among various groups of animals, from the ability to see in low light, to detection of the slightest movement.

Polar bears in action in Canada!/live-cams/player/polar-bear-tundra-buggy-cam

Go onto Competition

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