We know more about the movement of celestial bodies than about the soil underfoot.
(Leonardo da Vinci, 1450)
We need some vocabulary to be explained before we start
Ecology is the study of the relationships between living things, both with one another and with their surrounding environment.
The Environment is everything that surrounds an animal or plant
The Habitat is the place where an animal or plant lives. Each type of habitat can support different species
Most of the good organisation of the plants and animals into various classifications was done by Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778) for more on him see wikipedia. He is also considered the father of modern ecology
investigation of food chains and food webs, and of adaptation, competition and interdependence
conservation, pollution and waste management
OB59 study a local habitat, using appropriate instruments and simple keys to show the variety and distribution of named organisms
OB60 understand that living things are affected by their environment and respond to changes that occur in that environment, and understand that their numbers depend on the availability of food and the presence or absence of other organisms and identify examples of adaptation, competition and interdependence
OB61 list examples of producers, decomposers and consumers in an ecosystem
OB63 understand the importance of conservation, pollution and waste management to the environment, and identify ways in which living things contribute to these, both individually and as a community
OB64 consider and discuss how human activity affects the environment, both positively and negatively (two examples in each case)
If things that were discussed in this Ecology section interest you, you can find links below to help you persue an interest in the subject,
Diseases of plants can be found here
It was from a great study of ecology that Charles Darwin came up with the theory of Evolution. Of course it is still called a theory but many scientists have witnessed the predicted outcomes and most admit that it is the method by which species adapt to their ever changing environment.