We know more about the movement of celestial bodies than about the soil underfoot.

(Leonardo da Vinci, 1450)

We need some vocabulary to be explained before we start

Ecology is the study of the relationships between living things, both with one another and with their surrounding environment.

The Environment is everything that surrounds an animal or plant

The Habitat is the place where an animal or plant lives. Each type of habitat can support different species

Most of the good organisation of the plants and animals into various classifications was done by Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778) for more on him see wikipedia. He is also considered the father of modern ecology

Ecology Presentation using ICT’s

Humans Effect on the Planet

investigation of food chains and food webs, and of adaptation, competition and interdependence

conservation, pollution and waste management

OB59 study a local habitat, using appropriate instruments and simple keys to show the variety and distribution of named organisms

Local Habitat Study

OB60 understand that living things are affected by their environment and respond to changes that occur in that environment, and understand that their numbers depend on the availability of food and the presence or absence of other organisms and identify examples of adaptation, competition and interdependence



OB61 list examples of producers, decomposers and consumers in an ecosystem

OB62 select a food chain and a food web from a named habitat and identify examples of adaptation, competition and interdependence

food chains here

OB63 understand the importance of conservation, pollution and waste management to the environment, and identify ways in which living things contribute to these, both individually and as a community

OB64 consider and discuss how human activity affects the environment, both positively and negatively (two examples in each case)



Further Ecology

If things that were discussed in this Ecology section interest you, you can find links below to help you persue an interest in the subject,


ecology further experiments

Diseases of plants can be found here

great site

It was from a great study of ecology that Charles Darwin came up with the theory of Evolution. Of course it is still called a theory but many scientists have witnessed the predicted outcomes and most admit that it is the method by which species adapt to their ever changing environment.