How to pronounce The Low Front Vowel [ae]

Links to Phonetics: the sound of American English (発音の仕方をこちらのリンクから確認)

Let's practice







Other word examples

Directions: Read the following words, phrases, sentences and tongue twisters correctly saying the low

front vowel [ae] accurately and distinctly.


ax, at, ask

am, as, ant

act, answer, angle

after, actress, actor

attitude, apple, action

amnesty, Adam, add

album, angry


cat, batch, answer

cabin, can't, hat

map, bank, thank

hand, man, cab

taxi, sandwich, Catherine

Amanda, valid, captain,


class champ ask for amnesty

ham sandwich and salmon salad last batch

action and adventure valid answer

Adam's apple Catherine and Amanda


1. The ship captain is in the cabin.

2. The actor has an arm tattoo.

3. Ann had ham sandwich and salmon salad for brunch.

4. The scandal was in the tabloid.

5. Catherine and Amanda are very popular actresses.

Tongue Twisters

1. How can a clam cram in a clean cream can?

2.A canner can can anything that he can but canner can't can a can.

Can he?

Article reading

Instructions: Read the article correctly saying the / ae / sound accurately and underline

the words with the /ae/ sound. Then answer the following questions.

Man's Brain

On the surface, man may look defenseless when compared with other creatures. He does not have the talons of an eagle;

neither can he run like a gazelle to escape his predators. Man has eyes, but his eyesight is not as keen as the owl's. Man can

swim, but not as fast as a fish. Man is covered by body hair but it is not as thick as the gorilla's protects him from heat or the

cold. How then can he survive?

Man's brain is far more complicated than that of any other animal. With his brain, man creates and invents. He invented the

airplane so he can fly like an eagle, the automobile, so he can run like the gazelle, the ship and the submarine so he can

swim like a fish. He invented the telescope and the radar to serve as an extensions of his ears and eyes. His clothes

cover his body from the heat and cold.

1. What is being compared?

2. What basic idea is emphasized by the comparison?

role play