William Forsythe Sharpe (born 1934)



Source - [HB004D][GDrive]

Following is mentioned :


Sharpe, William F.BASIC:An Introduction to Computer ProgrammingUsing the BASIC Language.New York, N. Y.:The Free Press, 1967.

The first half of the book describes BASIC and its useand containsa set of problems andsolutions for each chapter.The last halfhas four appe dices, two explaining the Dartmouthand Universityof Washington systems, one containing a shortlibrary of BASICprograms and one being a summaryof the language.Some previousknowledge ofowcharting would be helpful to a reader sincethere is none included.The problems and library programs aregenerally oriented to economics and the social scie cesrather thanphysical sciences.


Aug 26 2020 Wikipedia capture - [HK002H][GDrive]

William F. Sharpe


William Forsyth Sharpe (born June 16, 1934) is an American economist. He is the STANCO 25 Professor of Finance, Emeritus at Stanford University's Graduate School of Business, and the winner of the 1990 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences.

Sharpe was one of the originators of the capital asset pricing model. He created the Sharpe ratio for risk-adjusted investment performance analysis, and he contributed to the development of the binomial method for the valuation of options, the gradient method for asset allocation optimization, and returns-based style analysis for evaluating the style and performance of investment funds.

Early years

William Sharpe[1] was born on June 16, 1934 in Boston, Massachusetts. As his father was in the National Guard, the family moved several times during World War II, until they finally settled in Riverside, California. Sharpe spent the rest of his childhood and teenage in Riverside, graduating from Riverside Polytechnic High School in 1951.[2] He then enrolled at the University of California at Berkeley planning to pursue a degree in medicine.[1] However, in the first year he decided to change his focus and moved to the University of California at Los Angeles to study Business Administration. Finding that he was not interested in accounting, Sharpe had a further change in preferences, finally majoring in Economics. During his undergraduate studies, two professors had a large influence on him: Armen Alchian, a professor of economics who became his mentor, and J. Fred Weston, a professor of finance who first introduced him to Harry Markowitz's papers on portfolio theory. While at UCLA, Sharpe became a member of the Theta Xi[3] Fraternity and Phi Beta Kappa Society. He earned a B.A. from UCLA in 1955 and a M.A. in 1956.

Academic training

After graduation, in 1956 Sharpe joined the RAND Corporation. While doing research at RAND, he also started work for a Ph.D. at UCLA under the supervision of Armen Alchian. While searching for a dissertation topic, J. Fred Weston suggested him to ask Harry Markowitz at RAND. Working closely with Markowitz, who in practice "filled a role similar to that of dissertation advisor",[1] Sharpe earned his Ph.D. in 1961 with a thesis on a single factor model of security prices, also including an early version of the security market line.

Professional career

In 1961 after finishing his graduate studies, Sharpe started teaching at the University of Washington. He started research on generalizing the results in his dissertation to an equilibrium theory of asset pricing, work that yielded the Capital asset pricing model. He submitted the paper describing CAPM to the Journal of Finance in 1962. However, ironically, the paper[4] which would become one of the foundations of financial economics was initially considered irrelevant and rejected from publication. Sharpe had to wait for the editorial staff to change until finally getting the paper published in 1964.[5] At the same time, the CAPM was independently developed by John Lintner, Jan Mossin, and Jack Treynor.

In 1968 Sharpe moved to the University of California at Irvine but stayed there for only two years, and in 1970 he moved, this time to Stanford University. While teaching at Stanford, Sharpe continued research in the field of investments, in particular on portfolio allocation and pension funds. He also became directly involved in the investment process by offering consultance to Merrill Lynch and to Wells Fargo, thus having the opportunity to put in practice the prescriptions of financial theory. In 1986, in collaboration with the Frank Russell Company, he founded Sharpe-Russell Research, a firm specialized in providing research and consultancy on asset allocation to pension funds and foundations. His 1988 paper, 'Determining a Fund’s Effective Asset Mix', established the model later referred to as returns-based style analysis.[6]

Later career

In 1989 he retired from teaching, retaining the position of Professor Emeritus of Finance at Stanford, choosing to focus on his consulting firm, now named William F. Sharpe Associates. In 1996, he co-founded Financial Engines (NASDAQ: FNGN) with Stanford Professor Joseph Grundfest and Silicon Valley lawyer Craig W. Johnson.[7]Financial Engines uses technology to implement many of his financial theories in portfolio management.

Today, Financial Engines has over 200 employees and is the leader in automated retirement plan investment advice and management, with more than $200 Billion in managed retirement accounts, providing advice and managed account services to employees in over 1000 major corporations. In March, 2018, Financial Engines was acquired for $3 Billion in cash.[8]

Sharpe served as a President of the American Finance Association and he is a trustee of the Economists for Peace and Security. He is also the recipient of a Doctor of Humane Letters, Honoris Causa from DePaul University, a Doctor Honoris Causa from the University of Alicante (Spain), a Doctor Honoris Causa from the University of Vienna and the UCLA Medal, UCLA's highest honor.

Since 2009, Sharpe has been an advocate of "adaptive asset allocation" strategies, which seek to exploit recent market behaviour to optimise asset allocation and thus maximise returns and reduce volatility[9][10]

Selected publications





  1. ^ Jump up to: a b c William F. Sharpe on Nobelprize.org, accessed 29 April 2020
  2. ^ Durian, Hal (July 9, 2011). "Poly Highs Class of 1951 Left its Mark". The Press-Enterprise. Retrieved February 9, 2013.
  3. ^ http://www.thetaxibruins.com/alumni/index.php?per_page=100&page=5[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Sharpe (1964) in Selected publications
  5. ^ Gans, Joshua S.; Shepherd, George B. (1994). "How are the mighty fallen: Rejected classic articles by leading economists". Journal of Economic Perspectives. 8 (1): 165–79. doi:10.1257/jep.8.1.165.
  6. ^ Sharpe, William F. (December 1988). "Determining a Fund's Effective Asset Mix". Investment Management Review: 59–69.
  7. ^ [1] Concept2Company Ventures
  8. ^ [2] Financial Engines, robo-advice pioneer, to be sold for $3 billion
  9. ^ Research by Professor William F. Sharpe ftse.com website 2011 (includes video interview)
  10. ^ Sharpe, William F. "Adaptive asset allocation policies." Financial Analysts Journal 66.3 (2010): 45-59.

External links

William F Sharpe - biography

Source : [HE0020][GDrive] : BASIC: An Introduction to Computer Programming Using the BASIC Language, The Free Press (New York), 1967, 144 pages.







Nancy Jacob - Co-author on the BASIC book with William F Sharpe


2020-depts-washington-edu-nancy-jacob-named-ninth-dean-foster-school-of-business.pdf https://drive.google.com/file/d/1TfnNH2R1k2-f4jqeY8mKrdp0ZOKFzUkR/view?usp=sharing

2020-depts-washington-edu-nancy-jacob-named-ninth-dean-foster-school-of-business-profile-img.jpg https://drive.google.com/file/d/10JEVR1gGEua-N0r1COy9GZp3CxL3XlFD/view?usp=sharing

Nancy Jacob named ninth dean

1981 • In 1980s, Deans, Diversity, Milestones

Nancy Jacob (1981-89), ninth dean of the School of Business Administration, becomes the first woman to lead a major American business school. Her administration launches the Executive MBA Program, centers for banking and retail management, and a program to promote economic, ethnic and gender diversity among the study population.

As an undergraduate at the UW, Jacob (BA 1967) worked as a research assistant to Nobel Prize-winning financial economist William Sharpe, eventually co-authoring an early book on the economics of computing. She earned her PhD in financial economics at UC-Irvine and became one of a select few women teaching finance at the university level. In 1978 she became chair of the Department of Finance, Business Economics and Quantitative Methods.

During her tenure as dean, she drives many important initiatives and innovations at the School of Business Administration. Among them the Executive MBA Program, the Center for the Study of Banking and Financial Markets, the nation’s only Center for Retail, Transportation and Distribution Management, the Business Education Opportunity Program (BEOP), and Pacific Northwest Executive, a quarterly magazine focused on the financial, managerial and policy issues of the region’s economy.

After retiring from the UW, Jacobs will found and lead two successful investment firms and continue her nearly 40-year service as a trustee of TIAA-CREF.

Upon receiving the Foster School’s Distinguished Leadership Award in 2014, Jacobs will reflect on the dearth of women in finance at the beginning of her pioneering career, and comment on the ongoing challenges for women in every traditional male-dominated field.

“We make a big deal of the glass ceiling for women executives in their careers,” she will say. “But that’s misleading because life is not a vertical climb. It’s a multidimensional trip. It doesn’t come with an easy button or a fair button. It is what it is. But when one door closes, another opens. You have to be flexible and you have to be willing to deal with adversity.”

How much Bill Sharpe influenced her ... Foster School 2014 Distinguished Leadership Awardee Nancy Jacob (BA 1967)