Robert Swan Mueller III (born 1944)

Wikipedia 🌐 Robert Swan Mueller III


Robert Swan Mueller III was born born on August 7, 1944. The birth took place at Doctors Hospital in the New York City borough of Manhattan; his father Robert Swan Mueller II (born 1916) was residing in NYC and with the the US Navy at the time.

Robert Swan Mueller III is the nephew of John Freeman Mueller (born 1919) .

Robert Swan Mueller III is the grandson of of Robert Swan Mueller I (b1893) .

1966 - Engages Ann Standish

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Excellent research on Miss Ann Cabell (Standish) Mueller is available on the blog DState Analytics :

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    1. "The Mueller Family Tree can be definitively connected to Standard Oil via the family of Ann Cabell Standish [...]. The family of her Aunt through marriage, Eleanor Standish, nee McCargo, once owned the Pennsylvania Lubricating Company (the first grease manufacturing plant in the U.S.), before it was acquired by Standard Oil in 1929."
    2. "Ann Cabell's uncle, William Lloyd Standish the 3rd, was Co-Owner of National Barge Co. We are looking more closely at National Barge Co. to see if there are connections to Standard Oil."
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    1. "Our interest in the Belgian American Coke Company was initiated by the deeper dive we did into the Mueller family tree. As noted in previous posts, Robert Swan Mueller the 3rd is related to Richard Bissell Jr., the famed CIA Director of Plans, fired by JFK for the Bay of Pigs debacle, along with Allen Dulles and General Charles Pearre Cabell."

1966 (Aug) - 1970 (Aug)

US Military (Marines) Service

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Above - From FOIA request [aa31][ GDrive ]

Some of the initialisms :

1966 - Graduates from Princeton - Enlists in Marine Corps, but first studies International Relations at New York University (to allow a leg injury to heal)

"Just a few weeks after he finished Princeton with a degree in politics in 1966, Mueller enlisted in the Marine Corps, a rare choice for an Ivy League graduate at a time when many young men were casting about for ways to avoid the draft. Mueller, who declined to be interviewed for this article, has often said he was inspired to join the Marines by his lacrosse teammate David Hackett, who had graduated from Princeton a year earlier and gone off to fight in Vietnam." [aa21][ GDrive ]

Robert Swan Mueller III was on inactive duty from Aug 30 1966 to November 19 1967 (As shown in [aa29][ GDrive ] .

"Before beginning his military training, and while recovering from a knee injury, [before starting at Officer Candidates School], Mueller studied international relations at New York University" [aa21][ GDrive ]

1967 (spring?) - Earns a Master of Arts in international relations from New York University

See 🌐 Robert Swan Mueller III

1967 (Nov 20) - 1968 (July 15) - Officer Candidates School (OCS) at Quantico Virginia

8 months

"[After] recovering from a knee injury [while studying] at New York University [, Robert S Mueller III then starts] Officer Candidates School at Quantico, Va., where he excelled, although he did get a D in delegation." [aa21][ GDrive ]

"[In full, Mueller attended] training at Parris Island, Officer Candidate School, Army Ranger School, and Army jump school. Of these, he said later that he considered Ranger School the most valuable because he felt "more than anything teaches you about how you react with no sleep and nothing to eat." [aa39][ GDrive ]

"[The] Army’s Ranger School [is a highly regarded by grueling] course for combat leadership[.] The assignments are unusual for Marines and, typically, set aside for just a handful of the best each year." [aa9][ GDrive ]

"[This] unusual training for a Marine [also signaled that he was going places." [aa21][ GDrive ]

"In 2004, the Army’s Ranger Hall of Fame inducted Mueller [ See ]. The shrine recognizes Rangers who have distinguished themselves among their peers, as well as Ranger School alumni like Mueller who did not serve in a Ranger unit, but graduated from Ranger School and distinguished themselves in other ways. [...] The hall credited Mueller with leading the FBI “through the dramatic transformation required in the aftermath of the September 11th terrorist attacks.” It cited his continued leadership in transforming the bureau into a modern counter-terrorism agency." [aa9][ GDrive ]

1968 (July 15) - 1968 (Nov 11)

4 months missing from record. Where was Robert Swan Mueller III ?

1968 (Nov 12) - 1969 (May 1) Active Duty, Vietnam

"When Robert Swan Mueller III deployed to Vietnam as a Marine infantry platoon commander in 1968, he surely knew it would be difficult. Mueller’s regiment, the 4th Marines, had faced bloody jungle warfare for months, and Mueller joined in them [...] at the tail end of what military historians say was the service’s defining year in the war due to the size and scope of their operations." [aa9][ GDrive ]

These several book chapters well document activities in Vietnam, 1968, September thru December.

  1. "Book - US Marines in Vietnam - The Defining Year : 1968", Chapters 17-20 : [aa22][ GDrive ]
  2. "Book - US Marines in Vietnam - The Defining Year : 1968", Chapters 21 and 22 (includes December 1968) : [aa23][ GDrive ]

"In combat, Mueller was a member of H Company, 2nd Battalion, 4th Marines, an infantry unit assigned along dangerous Mutter’s Ridge. It was a section of Quang Tri province that overlooked the Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone that separated North Vietnam and South Vietnam." [aa9][ GDrive ]

How bad was the war in September of 1968? Here are References :

  1. 25 American's were killed at Mutter's Ridge in one day alone on Sep 16 1968 -
  2. Sep 19 -

"Mueller’s unit was decorated for two battles outlined in media accounts[.] In the first, he led Marines through an eight-hour battle near Mutter’s Ridge in which the his men faced fire from small arms and automatic weapons, as well as a grenade launcher. Mueller, then a second lieutenant, moved among Marine positions in the battle, directing counter-fire and setting up a defensive perimeter and then supervising the evacuation of wounded Marines, including one who died. For his actions, Mueller would receive the Bronze Star with “V” device and this citation: (n award citation detailing then 2nd Lt. Robert S. Mueller III’s valor in Vietnam in December 1968.) " [aa9][ GDrive ]

Four months later [in April 1969], Mueller was shot in the thigh responding to the ambush of some of the Marines under his command. A description of his actions from the Navy Commendation Medal with “V” that he received: [ A Navy Commendation Medal with “V” citation describes Robert S. Mueller III’s actions the day he was wounded in Vietnam. }

BACKGROUND - Lt. General Henry W Buse Jr

See 🌐 Lt. General Henry William Buse Jr. : "At the beginning of July 1967, Buse was appointed chief of staff, Headquarters Marine Corps. [This] assignment lasted until May 31, 1968, when he received the Navy Distinguished Service Medal for his service in this capacity, and was then transferred to Hawaii." In April 1968 Lt. Gen Buse Jr. was appointed Commanding General Fleet Marine Force Pacific, in charge of all Marine units in the Pacific. See article clip below; full page at [aa36][ GDrive ] .

See 🌐 Lt. General Henry William Buse Jr. : "[In Vietnam, General Buse] frequently visited the combat zone in Vietnam and always moved immediately to forward areas to assess operational requirements, investigate problem areas, and encourage and assist his Marines in every way possible. Under Lieutenant General Buse's dynamic leadership, Marine infantry units were reorganized into well-coordinated, mobile elements, the command's electronic warfare operational capability increased to a degree unparalleled in Marine aviation history, and numerous major amphibious operations were planned and executed with tremendous success."

🌐 Lt. General Henry William Buse Jr. was relieved by 🌐 Lt. General William Kenefick Jones on July 1, 1970, and subsequently retired from the military service. He distinguished himself in his last assignment and received his second Navy Distinguished Service Medal.

  • NOTE : W K Jones is person whom Robert Swan Mueller III was an Aide-de-Camp to from 1969 (May 19) to 1969 (Nov 01)

"General Buse was the authorizing authority on [all of] Mueller’s awards." [ From "The Mule: Robert Swan Mueller III" by Gene "Chip" Tatum ]

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🌐 Lt. General Henry William Buse Jr. and 🌐 Admiral John S. McCain Jr. together in Hawaii at party - (Oct 9 1968) Full: [aa32][ GDrive ] Clip: [aa33][ GDrive ]

On Feb 6 1970, [ 🌐 Lt. General Henry William Buse Jr. ] announced his retirement - see Full Page: [aa40][ GDrive ]

🌐 Lt. General Henry William Buse Jr. was involved in Olympic lobbying since (or before) Feb 2 1967; see Full Page: [aa34][ GDrive ] / Clip :[aa35][ GDrive ] . By 1973 , Buse was involved in the Olympic Committee - see Full Page: [aa38][ GDrive ]

April 1969

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A good reference of Buse's activities in Vietnam is in the 1988 book "United States Marines in Vietnam - High mobility and standdown" by Charles R Smith (see 1988-us-marines-in-vietnam-high-mobility-and-standdown-full-charles-r-smith.pdf / )

1969 (May 19) to 1969 (Nov 01) - Aide-de-Camp to Major General W. K. Jones - Get attention of William Colby and Ted Shackley

"Mueller [healed from his war wounds in Vietnam] and then became an 🌐 Aide-de-camp to a senior officer, [🌐 Lt. General William Kenefick Jones], who was a towering figure in the Marines. Jones had earned a Silver Star and Navy Cross for valor as a battalion commander during the World War II battles of Tarawa and Saipan, respectively, and went on to become a regimental commander in the Korean War." [aa9][ GDrive ]

  • An 🌐 Aide-de-camp is "is a personal assistant or secretary to a person of high rank, usually a senior military, police or government officer, or to a member of a royal family or a head of state. "

See 🌐 Lt. General William Kenefick Jones :

  • "Jones served with distinction in two combat tours of duty during the Vietnam War. He was sent to South Vietnam in December 1965, serving as director, Combat Operations Center, Headquarters, U.S. Military Assistance Command, Vietnam in Saigon. [...] He was promoted to major general in November 1966. He returned the States in December. "
  • "From January 1, 1967, to March 1, 1969, he served as deputy director of personnel, Headquarters Marine Corps. [...]"
  • "He returned to Vietnam in April 1969, taking command of the 🌐 United States 3rd Marine Division . The division conducted extensive combat operation near the DMZ from April to November of that year. In November 1969, the 3rd Marine Division was redeployed to Okinawa, Japan. While in Japan, in addition to command of the division, Jones became the commanding general of the I Marine Expeditionary Force and commander, Task Force 79 of the U.S. Seventh Fleet. "

"Jones regarded Mueller well, said retired Marine 🌐 General James L. Jones Jr. , who was William Jones’s nephew. The younger Jones did not know Mueller during the Vietnam War, but he learned about Mueller’s past service to the elder Jones in former president Barack Obama’s White House, where Mueller was the FBI director and the younger Jones was his first national security adviser." [aa9][ GDrive ]

See From "The Mule: Robert Swan Mueller III" by Gene "Chip" Tatum :

During {Mueller's] time in Vietnam and as an assistant to the General [W. K. Jones] he gained the attention of a number of top government officials including the future CIA Director, William Colby and future Deputy Director of covert Operations for the CIA Ted Shackley. Unknown to Mueller at the time, the path for his future was set by being included in “The List”. The List is a highly classified and never released document passed on from DCI to DCI of trusted operators and their area of expertise. If asked about this document the DCI ["Director of Central Intelligence"] will claim absolute deniability of its existence.

Note that Gen Buse wrote ANOTHER letter of recommendation (see below, From "The Mule: Robert Swan Mueller III" by Gene "Chip" Tatum ) for Robert Swan Mueller III for a Gold Star, after his months as Aide-de-Camp to Major General W. K. Jones , for being "professional" and "diplomatic". The number of letters feels to be exceptionally high for one person. Was Buse tasked with ensuring a successful record was documented for Robert Swan Mueller III ?

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🌐 United States 3rd Marine Division

"During the 1968 Tet Offensive, the division conducted operations along the DMZ with a portion of the division fighting in the Battle of Huế. The operational tempo increased with the initiation of the Tet Offensive in late January 1968. At the time, 3rd Marine Division intelligence estimated the combat strength of PAVN and Viet Cong (VC) forces in the DMZ area was 40,943 troops.[15] The PAVN and VC stepped up their attacks by fire on every combat base in the division area of operations. This included daily attempts at interdiction of naval traffic on the Cua Viet River near Đông Hà. The division had to invest many of its assets to open the Cua Viet River to traffic. BLT 5/l, the Landing Force of SLF B, remained under the operational control (OPCON) of the division throughout February 1968. BLT 3/l continued Operation Saline under operational control of the 1st Amphibian Tractor Battalion with the mission of clearing the area adjacent to the Cua Viet River between Cua Viet and Đông Hà. BLT 2nd Battalion, 4th Marines, the Landing Force of SLF A, remained under operational control of the division throughout the month. BLT 2/4 conducted operations in the Lancaster II and Kentucky areas.

During the Vietnam War, the 3rd Marine Division suffered 6,869 men killed in action.

The division departed South Vietnam in November 1969 with more than 20 Marines having received the Medal of Honor and moved to Camp Courtney, Okinawa, where it is presently located."

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"Mueller [...] healed [from his war wounds in Vietnam] and then became an aide to a senior officer, Jones, who was a towering figure in the Marines. Jones had earned a Silver Star and Navy Cross for valor as a battalion commander during the World War II battles of Tarawa and Saipan, respectively, and went on to become a regimental commander in the Korean War.

Jones regarded Mueller well, said retired Marine Gen. James L. Jones, who was William Jones’s nephew. The younger Jones did not know Mueller during the Vietnam War, but he learned about Mueller’s past service to the elder Jones in former president Barack Obama’s White House, where Mueller was the FBI director and the younger Jones was his first national security adviser."

1969 (Dec 09 ) - 1970 (August) - At Henderson Hall (in Arlington Virginia)

See From "The Mule: Robert Swan Mueller III" by Gene "Chip" Tatum :

After returning from Vietnam, Mueller was briefly stationed at Henderson Hall in Arlington, Virginia where he would be debriefed by Military and CIA personnel before leaving active-duty service in August 1970.

Note : Henderson Hall (,_Virginia) ) is a Marine Corps installation that is immediately next to the Pentagon - See the images below. Robert Swan Mueller III was so impressive in combat that he almost went directly into the Pentagon.

1969 (December) to 1970 (Jan 23)- At Henderson, Assistant Recorder of Officer Screening Board

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1970 (Aug) - Robert Swan Mueller III return to private citizen life, attends Univ. Virginia for law degree

U Virginia law school yearbook.

1973 (May?) - Completed Law degree from Univ. Virginia

Robert S. Mueller III – Civilian Following his two plus year military tour, Mueller entered The University of Virginia School of Law from which he earned his Juris Doctor degree in 1973.

1973 to 1976 : Associate in the San Francisco law firm of Pillsbury, Madison and Sutro

"From 1973 to 1976, Mr. Mueller was a litigation associate in the San Francisco law firm of Pillsbury, Madison and Sutro."

"From 1973 to 1976, Mueller worked as a litigation associate at the law firm of Pillsbury, Madison & Sutro in San Francisco. "

See From "The Mule: Robert Swan Mueller III" by Gene "Chip" Tatum :

"Following his bar, Mueller was recruited by the firm Pillsbury, Madison and Sutro in San Francisco, at the behest of his former handler and now Director of Central Intelligence, William Colby. Mueller worked as a litigator. The firm's interests were by no means limited to California or construction.

In 1954, after the Central Intelligence Agency had helped install Shah Pahlevi in Iran, Pillsbury Madison & Sutro helped create a new international consortium to produce and refine Iran's oil and give Western powers access to Iranian oil. This Iranian consortium would prove pivotal in establishing the United States as a major influence in the oil industry and political life of the Middle East. Mueller’s litigation prowess drew the attention of several influential people."

See From "The Mule: Robert Swan Mueller III" by Gene "Chip" Tatum :

"Encouraged by the firm’s partners and the need for an inside man to protect the movements of the CIA, Mueller accepted a job with the U.S. Attorney’s office in San Francisco in 1976."


A memo uncovered in the Central Intelligence Agency’s declassified archives shows that during his time at the CIA’s Office of Legislative Council, current Attorney General William P. Barr drafted letters calling for the end of the moratorium on destroying records imposed on the Agency ahead of the Church Committee hearings.

Background : Nugan Hand Bank (up to 1976)

See From "The Mule: Robert Swan Mueller III" by Gene "Chip" Tatum :

In 1973 Frank Nugan, an Australian lawyer, and Michael Hand, a former CIA contract operative, established the Nugan Hand Bank. Another key figure in this venture was Bernie Houghton, who was closely connected to CIA officials, Ted Shackley and Thomas G. Clines

Nugan ran operations in Sydney whereas Hand established a branch in Hong Kong. This enabled Australian depositors to access a money-laundering facility for illegal transfers of Australian money to Hong Kong. According to Alfred W. McCoy, the "Hand-Houghton partnership led the bank's international division into new fields drug finance, arms trading, and support work for CIA covert operations." Hand told friends "it was his ambition that Nugan Hand became banker for the CIA."

In 1974 the Nugan Hand Bank got involved in helping the CIA to take part in covert arms deals with contacts within Angola. It was at this time that Edwin Wilson became involved with the bank. Two CIA agents based in Indonesia, James Hawes and Robert Moore, called on Wilson at his World Marine offices to discuss "an African arms deal". Later, Bernie Houghton arrived from Sydney to place an order for 10 million rounds of ammunition and 3,000 weapons including machine guns. The following year Houghton asked Wilson to arrange for World Marine to purchase a high-technology spy ship. This ship was then sold to Iran.

By 1976 the Nugan-Hand Bank appeared to have become a CIA-fronted company. This is reflected in the type of people recruited to hold senior positions in the bank. For example, Rear-Admiral Earl P. Yates, the former Chief of Staff for Policy and Plans of the U.S. Pacific Command and a counter-insurgency specialist, became president of the company. Other appointments included William Colby, retired director of the CIA, General Leroy J. Manor, the former chief of staff of the U.S. Pacific Command and deputy director for counterinsurgency and special activities, General Edwin F. Black, former commander of U.S. forces in Thailand, Walter J. McDonald, retired CIA deputy director for economic research, Dale C. Holmgren, former chairman of the CIA's Civil Air Transport and Guy J. Pauker, senior Republican foreign policy adviser.

One of those that Earl P. Yates brought in to help the Nugan Hand Bank was Mitchell WerBell. Yates later told the Joint Task Force on Drug Trafficking he recruited WerBell as a consultant because he "had extensive experience in Central America". Former CIA agent, Kevin P. Mulcahy later told the National Times newspaper "about the Agency's use of Nugan Hand for shifting money for various covert operations around the globe."

Book - "The Mule: Robert Swan Mueller III" by Gene 'Chip' Tatum

From "The Mule: Robert Swan Mueller III" by Gene "Chip" Tatum



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It is interesting to note that Jones served as Director of the Combat Operations Center Military Assistance Command Vietnam (MACV) in Saigon. His boss was General William C. Westmorland.

On July 1, 1970, Lt. General Jones assumed his last duty assignment as Commanding General, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific, when he relieved Lt General Henry W. Buse Jr. and served in this capacity until his retirement from active duty on September 1, 1972.


As an established officer known within the command and having been recruited by the Phoenix Program, Mueller quickly moved up the proverbial ladder. He would find that those contacts made as a young Lieutenant would prove valuable in civilian life.


Nugan Hand Bank [1976 - on]

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The investigative journalist, Jonathan Kwitny, became convinced that the Nugan Hand Bank had replaced the Castle Bank and Trust Company in Nassau, as the CIA's covert banker. The bank, run by Paul Helliwell, was forced to close after the Internal Revenue Service discovered that he Castle Bank was laundering CIA funds and drug profits.

On 27th November 1979 Michael Hand wrote to Ted Shackley. It concerned a meeting the two men had recently attended in Washington: "The opportunity of meeting you again on different terms was very enjoyable and I sincerely trust that something worthwhile businesswise may surface and be profitable for both of us."

In the winter of 1979, Edwin Wilson had a meeting with Bernie Houghton and Thomas G. Clines in Switzerland in an attempt to help him out of his difficulties. This included a non-delivery of 5,000 M16 automatic rifles. The three men discussed ways of using the Nugan Hand Bank to float a $22 million loan to finance the delivery. Hand was obviously concerned that if Wilson was arrested he might begin talking about his dealings with Nugan Hand.

On 7th January 1980, Robert Wilson (House of Representatives Armed Services Committee) and Richard Ichord (chairman of the Research and Development Subcommittee of the Armed Services Committee) had dinner with Bernie Houghton at the Bourbon and Beefsteak Bar and Restaurant in Sydney.

On 27th January, 1980, Frank Nugan was found shot dead in his Mercedes Benz. With his body was a Bible that included a piece of paper. On it were written the names "Bob Wilson" and "Bill Colby". Robert Wilson was a senior member of the U.S. House of Representatives Armed Services Committee and William Colby was a former director of the CIA.

Bernie Houghton was in Switzerland at the time and he immediately rang his branch office in Saudi Arabia and ordered the staff to leave the country. Houghton also visited Edwin Wilson's office in Geneva and left a briefcase with bank documents for safekeeping. Soon afterwards, a witness saw Thomas G. Clines going through the briefcase at Wilson's office and remove papers that referred to him and General Richard Secord.

Two days after Nugan died, Michael Hand held a meeting of Nugan Hand Bank directors. He warned them that unless they did as they were told they could "finish up with concrete shoes" and would be "liable to find their wives being delivered to them in pieces".

Michael Hand, Patricia Swan, Bernie Houghton and his lawyer, Mike Moloney, spent the next few days removing files from Nugan's office. They also began paying back selected clients. One estimate is that over $1.3 million was paid out in this way.

Frank Nugan's inquest took place in April, 1980. Testimony from Michael Hand revealed that Nugan Hand was insolvent, owing at least $50 million. Hand then promptly fled Australia under a false identity on a flight to Fiji in June 1980. Bernie Houghton also disappeared at this time and it is believed both men eventually reached the United States.

According to one witness, Thomas G. Clines helped Bernie Houghton escape. Michael Hand also left the country accompanied by James Oswald Spencer, a man who served with Ted Shackley in Laos. The two men traveled to America via Fiji and Vancouver. One report published in November, 1980, suggested that Michael Hand was living in South America. It claimed that he had managed to escape with the help of "former CIA employees".

The Australian government asked the Royal Commissioner D. G. Stewart to investigate the Nugan-Hand Bank scandal. Stewart contacted the U.S. Department of Justice requesting full cooperation. The U.S. Attorney assigned to the case was “The Mule”

The Stewart Royal Commission was published in June, 1985. It stated that the "Nugan Hand Ltd. was at all times insolvent... and flouted the provisions of the legislation as it then stood in that large volumes of currency were moved in and out of Australia".

Stewart went on to blame the dead Frank Nugan and the missing Michael Hand for the illegal activities of the bank. Rear-Admiral Earl P. Yates, William Colby, General Leroy J. Manor, General Edwin F. Black, Walter J. McDonald, Dale C. Holmgren, Guy J. Pauker and Bernie Houghton were considered blameless. Despite the evidence, Hand and Patricia Swan, Nugan's secretary, were accused of being the only ones "responsible for the shredding of documents".

The Mule

Russian Connection

In 1980 Pillsbury Madison & Sutro lawyers helped make financial history when they were hired by Genentech in that company's bid to go public. Founded in 1976 by a professor at the University of California at San Francisco Medical Center, Genentech pioneered the new field of genetic engineering or biotechnology when it showed that gene-splicing was commercially viable. Pillsbury Madison & Sutro represented Blyth Eastman Paine Webber Inc., a New York investment banking firm and the main underwriter of Genentech in its initial public offering. That IPO, in just one minute, sold one million shares of common stock for $35 million, the fastest public offering in history at the time. The Genentech IPO marked Pillsbury Madison and Sutro's entry into one of the major growth industries of the late 20th century, and the firm would go on to represent such high-tech companies as LSI Logic Corporation and others. To support high-tech firms interested in investing in Russia, Pillsbury Madison in 1989 chaired a group of advisors of the first Soviet-American venture capital fund. It was imperative that the U.S. Attorney’s office recommend to Washington the need for entry into the Soviet Financial Marketplace. The man for that job was a former CIA asset placed in the Department of Justice. He was referred to as “The MULE” Robert S. Mueller III.

The Take Down

Backtracking a bit Mueller achieved the position of assistant U.S. attorney for the District of Northern California in 1976, rising to chief of its criminal division in 1981. Mueller then became assistant U.S. attorney for the District of Massachusetts in 1982, and served as the district's acting attorney from 1986 to '87.

But none of this is news. His climb up the ladder was swift. As the demand for his special skills increased, he was moved in and out of the U.S. Attorney's office to major law firms. This is called the revolving door. The CIA normally uses this tactic with their assets and operatives.

In 1987 Mueller was repositioned to the Boston firm of Hill and Barlow. It is there that he convinced a major department to resign from the firm and in favor of an international firm aligned with various Governments’ This action caused bankruptcy and closure of the firm, sending messages to other firms to align or face the same fate.

Mission complete “The Mule” was once again called on to lend a helping hand to the U.S. Attorney’s office.

How to Silence Threats

For many years, Panama's General Manuel Noriega was the embodiment of the terms "military strongman" and "de facto leader".

Although he was never the actual president of Panama, he was the key figure from 1983 to 1989 and a key US ally and CIA Asset in Central America for four decades.

His connection with the United States dated back to the 1950s, when according to various accounts, he was recruited as a CIA informant while studying at a military academy in Peru.

Noriega eventually became a prized American "asset" in a region that was becoming politically hostile to US interests in the wake of the Cuban Revolution.

He rose within the ranks of the Panamanian armed forces to become a key supporter of Gen Omar Torrijos, the military ruler who signed a treaty with the US to restore the Panama Canal zone to Panamanian sovereignty in 1977.

After Gen Torrijos's death in a mysterious plane crash in 1981, Noriega became the power behind the scenes as head of the security services.

The US relied on Panama as a regional listening post and Noriega obliged with unfaltering support for the Contras in Nicaragua, and in the fight against the FMLN guerrillas in El Salvador.

Officials in the Reagan Administration and past Administrations said in interviews that they had overlooked General Noriega's illegal activities because of his cooperation with American intelligence and his willingness to permit the American military extensive leeway to operate in Panama.

They said, for example, that General Noriega had been a valuable asset to Washington in countering insurgencies in Central America and was now cooperating with the Central Intelligence Agency in providing sensitive information from Nicaragua.

Noriega played a role in the mid-1980s Iran-Contra affair, which involved the smuggling of weapons and drugs to aid US undercover efforts to support the anti-government forces opposing the Sandinistas in Nicaragua through a group of companies called the Enterprise..

Proceeds from the Enterprise were laundered through several U.S. and offshore banks.

However, the Enterprise became increasingly suspicious of Noriega amid indications that he was skimming proceeds from the sale of weapons and drugs.

Although a congressional investigation revealed that the Reagan Administration was unaware of the illicit activities, documents released show that Reagan’s vice president, George H.W. Bush was in the loop and overseeing “The Enterprise” Operations.

Flight plans released from pilots and U.S. military aircraft operating in Honduras in support of the Nicaraguan Contras show direct involvement of Vice President Bush and other U.S. Officials in the South American operations.

Through the use of CIA proprietary companies, drugs and monies were moved through Panama and Mexico to the U.S. and other destinations. General Noriega was a key figure in these operations.

The unfortunate downing of a Corporate Air Services aircraft supplying contras in Nicaragua and Honduras on October 5 th , 1986 started a chain of events that would result in both criminal and Congressional investigations in addition to the death of several key figures having knowledge or direct involvement in “The Enterprise”.

The sole survivor of the crash was Eugene Hasenfus, an ex marine and Air America employee.

Hasenfus was the CIA operative [a cargo handler] captured by the Nicaraguan Army on 6 October 1986 after his airplane was shot down over Nicaragua's southern region and where he had parachuted safely to the ground. [He had been previously ordered to no t wear a parachute! The pilot and co-pilot were killed in the crash.] He thus functioned in that chaotic region of the planet as a spy of sorts, chiefly providing arms to the Contra Rebels (Ronald Reagan's covert crusade.) His capture eventually led to the revelation of, and subsequent media frenzy over, the infamous Iran-Contra Affair .

Below you will find the confession of Mr. Hasenfus, which lay out the operational and command structure of the operations.

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The United States Government vehemently denied any connection to the doomed flight or their purported CIA activities.

Here you will find a CIA sanitized document concerning the CIA and government denial of the aircraft and its activities.

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Ultimately, the government would accept responsibility for the flight and curtail all activities by Corporate air Services, They did not, however stop the supply train to the contras.

While utilizing the proprietary company Corporate Air Services, the CIA also utilized assets within the U.S. Military to accomplish their missions. Pilots stationed in Honduras began supporting the Contras in the early 80’s from an Air Force Joint Task Force out of Palmerola AFB. JTF Bravo pilots continued support via MEDEVAC Helicopters flying from Honduras to the various contra camps in Nicarauga.

Here is a flight plan filed by pilots of one such flight. Supporting documents are found on Page 48 of the Tatum Chronicles

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The documents indicate that General Noriega was suspected of draining monies and drugs from “The Enterprise”. In later documents recovered from Honduras it would be revealed that both Barry Seal and Manual Noriega were to be eliminated. The Clintons were found to be supporting The Enterprise as agreed.

Thus in February 1986, Barry Seal was assassinated outside a federally protected facility in Baton Rouge Louisiana.

5 May 1989: An aide to President Ronald Reagan was convicted after a newspaper reported that the US had secretly supplied arms to Iran From Alex Brummer and Martin Walker in Washington. The former National Security aide, Oliver North, the man at the heart of the 1986 Iran-contra affair, was yesterday found guilty on three counts including deceiving Congress and receiving an illegal gratuity in a verdict which seems certain to rebound with a vengeance on President Bush and his predecessor, Mr Reagan.

The three counts were: shredding government documents; accepting a bribe in the shape of a security fence; and seeking to keep the truth from Congress.

Emerging from the courtroom yesterday, the chief prosecutor, Mr John Kekker, said: “The jury has spoken after a long and difficult trial and the principle that no man is above the law has been vindicated.” Mr Kekker, a marine veteran of Vietnam like North, added: “He has been found guilty of three very serious charges” in a case which “some people said could not be tried.” The North verdict paves the way for several other Iran-contra trials including those of Admiral John Poindexter, the former national security advisor; as well as middlemen, Mr Richard Secord and Mr Albert Hakim.

The Special Prosecutor is expected to continue his investigations which could affect several figures in the Republican Administration. As the verdict emerged, President Bush sought to clear his own name saying: “There has been much needless, mindless speculation about my word of honor.” The President has said that he would respond to questions about his role in the affair as soon as the trial ended.

The Findings :The Jury appeared to have accepted the arguments of the defense lawyer, Mr Brendan Sullivan that North was only following the orders of his White House superiors. They were convinced, however, that North should be declared a common criminal for arranging for a $13,800 (£8,118) security fence for his Virginia home and for joining his secretary, Ms Fawn Hall, in the destruction of sensitive government documents and falsifying the record after congressional and other investigations of his activities had begun. The counts on which North has been found guilty carry penalties which could put him behind bars for 10 years and result in fines of up to $750,000. The sentencing has been set for June 23. There has been no indication from President Bush that he would consider a pardon for the man he considers a hero for his service in Vietnam and Central America. The verdict by a Washington jury of nine men and three women came after 23 days of deliberation and less than 24 hours after Judge Gerhard Gesell urged them to put in longer hours to reach a decision. It brings to a jolting end North’s claims throughout congressional testimony that he was simply the fall guy, carrying out his superiors’ orders. This verdict became problematic for Bush and the “Enterprise”. It paved the way for further in depth investigations and trials, no doubt leading to the involvement by the White House and Oval office. Witnesses had to go, and on top of the list were several high profile officials.

The General Has To Go : In a 1985 meeting, in Costa Rica, William Barr advised V.P Bush that funds and product were being siphoned off by partners in “The Enterprise”. Bush ordered Barr to find out who was responsible. The Finding was simple. The Clintons were cleared, but Barry Seal and Manual Noriega were the thieves. Vice President Bush was adamant that both Seal and Noriega had to be “taken care of”. His fear of a path leading to the White House and possible impeachment at the minimum resulted in orders for is trusted counsel William Barr to pave the path and find a solution. Below is a synopsis of the meeting

Who is William Barr

[See William Pelham Barr (born 1950) ]

From 1973 to 1977, William Barr was employed by the Central Intelligence Agency. A confidant to DCI ["Director of Central Intelligence'] GHW Bush, Barr was well trusted and very adept at whatever assignment given by the DCI. Barr was a law clerk to Judge Malcolm Wilkey of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit from 1977 through 1978. He served on the domestic policy staff at the Reagan White House from May 3, 1982 to September 5, 1983, with his official title being Deputy Assistant Director for Legal Policy.

As a confidant, V.P. Bush used Barr as unofficial legal counsel for “The Enterprise”. As the result of the 1985 meeting he was well aware of the need to neutralize General Noriega. After all, it was Barr that found the thieves.

Seal was no longer a threat as he was “taken care of” in 1986 by friends of Jeb Bush out of Colombia..

The Path is Paved

In 1989, at the beginning of his administration, President George H. W. Bush appointed William Barr to the U.S. Department of Justice as Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Legal Counsel, an office which functions as the legal advisor for the President and executive agencies.

Barr was known as a strong defender of Presidential power and wrote advisory opinions justifying the U.S. invasion of Panama and arrest of Manuel Noriega, and a controversial opinion that the F.B.I. could enter onto foreign soil without the consent of the host government to apprehend fugitives wanted by the United States government for terrorism or drug-trafficking.

By mid-December that year, ties had deteriorated so far that President George H W Bush launched an invasion, ostensibly because a US marine had been killed in Panama City, although the operation had been months in the planning.

Noriega sought refuge in the Vatican's diplomatic mission in Panama City. The US tactic to flush him out was to play deafening pop and heavy metal music non-stop outside the building.

By 3 January 1990, it had worked and Noriega surrendered. He was flown to the US with prisoner of war status to face charges of drug-trafficking, money-laundering and racketeering.

Although Barr had written the opinion that the invasion was justified, It was up to Attorney General Dick Thornburgh to prosecute the General.

Though General Noriega was indicted in February 1988, the three lawyers who prosecuted him were assigned exclusively to the case only after he was brought to the United States in January 1990. Until then the case had been developed by Government lawyers largely for political purposes and with no certainty that it would ever go to court.

Many Worries at First

The chief prosecutor would be Michael (Pat) Sullivan who would be assisted by Myles H. Malman and William C. Bryson, the deputy United States Solicitor General, a specialist in classified documents.

The prosecutors had a number of concerns: an indictment they considered weak, a decision by the Government not to try to consolidate the charges against the General a move that would have strengthened the team's hand and the possibility that the defense would exercise the General's right to an immediate trial, thereby forcing them to play their hand as it was dealt.

But the Government team also said it got a break when the defense elected not to exercise its right to a speedy trial. Under Federal law, General Noriega and others charged with him would have been entitled to a trial within 70 days of arraignment.

President Bush was briefed by AG Richard Thornburgh concerning the lack of evidence and confidence in gaining a prosecution. It did not take Bush long to come up with the answer. “We need The Mule”.

Mueller was working as the U.S. Attorney for Massachusetts when he got the call and according to a Princeton alumni report, was on the next plane.

Mueller and Barr became friends in the early to mid 70’s as both assets of the CIA.

The Mule proceeded to train Sullivan on witness intimidation and training techniques. Ethical conduct was off the board. Mueller explained that they are dealing with a murderer, drug lord, and terrorist.

They assessed the prospective list of witnesses to determine who would be the witness best to deliver the blow to the Jury. Gabriel Taboada was chosen. Taboada was extradited from Switzerland and placed in protective custody. Facing 25 years on drug charges and money laundering, he was given the opportunity to receive testimony necessary to convict Noriega. In return he was promised minimum security prison and rapid freedom.

Barr, Sullivan and Mueller would weave a story which guaranteed a conviction. And if delivered properly by Taboada a jury would have to convict.

Taboada’s testimony was so convincing that the Justice Department decided to use him in several other high profile cases.

Unfortunately for Taboada, his sentence was not reduced as promised.

Taboada was eventually released only to be killed in Bogota by a gunman.

On April 9, 1992, Noriega was convicted on eight counts of drug smuggling and racketeering. He received a 40-year sentence, reduced to 30 years, and served 17 years before being extradited to France for money laundering, signed on the order of Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.

General Manual Noriega died on May 29 th , 2017.

Here is the announcement about The Mules return to the Department of Justice. Mueller joined the U.S. Department of Justice in 1989 to spearhead the prosecution of Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega. He took charge of the DOJ's criminal division in 1990, where he oversaw the Lockerbie bombing case and formed the agency's first cyber-dedicated unit.

Mueller is the assistant to Attorney General Dick Thornburgh and as acting Deputy Attorney General. James Baker, with whom he worked on national security matters.

BCCI : Enter “The Mule”

In 1986 investigations began into banks tied to the Iran Contra scandal.

In 1989 it was found that a small bank branch in Atlanta, Georgia was making large loans to Iraq. As Justice Officials briefed the President, an emergency session with his trusted inner circle was called.

The CIA and The Enterprise apparently had accounts tied to the bank. An investigation would surely reveal the association to other banks and account owners which could be devastating.

As historian Roger Morris has usefully reminded us, Saddam’s regime was midwifed by n