Brain Changes

Nucl Med Commun. 2002 Aug;23(8):773-7.

Cerebral metabolic changes associated with Lyme disease.

Newberg A, Hassan A, Alavi A.


Division of Nuclear Medicine, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 110 Donner Building, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.


There are no positron emission tomography (PET) studies reported in the literature with regards to brain metabolism and function in patients with Lyme disease. These patients frequently present with various neurological symptoms, including memory problems. We used [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET to determine the metabolic landscape in 23 patients with Lyme disease. Images were evaluated for cortical and subcortical abnormalities by two experienced reviewers blinded to the clinical information. The most striking finding was hypometabolism in the temporal lobes in 17/23 (74%) patients. Of these, 12 had bilateral temporal lobe hypometabolism, two had left temporal lobe, and three had right temporal lobe hypometabolism. Seven of the patients with temporal lobe hypometabolism had diffuse cortical hypometabolism that included the frontal and parietal lobes. Lyme disease appears to have two primary patterns of brain involvement on FDG PET scans, specific temporal lobe hypometabolism or a diffuse cortical hypometabolism. The involvement of the temporal lobes in both patterns is likely associated with the memory disturbances described in many of these patients. Although there was no clear diagnostic pattern, and many of the defects were mild, FDG PET imaging may provide important information regarding the areas of the brain affected in patients with neurological symptoms associated with Lyme disease.

PMID: 12124483 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Neurol Neurochir Pol. 1998 Jan-Feb;32(1):111-24.

[Neurologic borreliosis].

[Article in Polish]

Zajkowska JM, Pancewicz SA, Hermanowska-Szpakowicz T.


Kliniki Chorób Pasozytniczych i Neuroinfekcji AM, Białymstoku.


Any headache in the course of Lyme disease could be an early manifestation of invasion of the CNS by spirochaetes. The most characteristic symptoms of early neuroborreliosis are meningitis with cranial or peripheral neuropathies connected with radiculopathies, less common are encephalitis and myelitis, neuropathies, polyneuropathies, encephalopathies. Encephalomyelitis is the most serious form of neuroborreliosis. From the pathophysiologic point of view all cranial and peripheral neuropathies are forms of mononeuritis multiplex. Encephalopathy is due to neuroimmunomodulators, like lymphokins and or by toxico-metabolic effect could be connected with each form of systemic borreliosis. Certain diagnosis of neuroborreliosis is based on culturing of B. burgdorferi from CSF, detection of specific antispirochaetal antibodies produced in the subarachnoid space, detection of activated lymphocytes B producing specific antibodies, detection in CSF of other antigens of B. burgdorferi or DNA sequences.

PMID: 9631383 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]