school district wellness committee will recommend, review and implement
school district policies addressing school nutrition, education, physical
activity and related issues that affect student health. The committee shall include at a minimum,
representatives from a wide range of school health and health-related
disciplines, including school nurses, school nutrition and physical activity staff,
community agencies serving youth, parents, students, and the school
committee. West Springfield Public
Schools (WSPS) are committed to providing a consistent message that student
health is a priority.
II. Nutritional Quality of Foods and
Beverages Sold and Served on Campus
WSPS share the Massachusetts School
Nutrition Standards Objective which is to provide the opportunity for
children to consume whole, minimally processed, nutrient-rich foods such as
fruits, whole grains, lean protein and low-fat dairy.
served through the National School Lunch and Breakfast Programs will:
and attractive to children;
be served in
clean and pleasant settings;
meet, at a
minimum, nutrition requirements established by local, state, and federal
statutes and regulations;
variety of fruits and vegetables at any location where food is sold but not
including non-refrigerated vending machines or vending machines dispensing
serve no more
than 1% low fat milk3 and
nutritionally-equivalent non-dairy alternatives (to be defined by USDA);
all bread and
other grain-based products must be whole grain (i.e. whole grain should be
listed first in the ingredient statement) and
water will be made readily available to all students during the day at no
schools should actively market healthy items that are offered, exposing
students to a variety of fruits and vegetables, engaging students and
parents, through taste-tests of new entrees and surveys, in selecting foods
sold through the school meal programs in order to identify new, healthful,
and appealing food choices. Fresh produce, directly from local farmers will
be incorporated whenever practicable.
In addition, schools should share information about the nutritional
content of meals with staff, students, and parents. Such information could
be made available on menus, a website, on cafeteria menu boards, placards,
or other point-of-purchase materials.
By August 1, 2013, WSPS Food Services will make nutrition
information available to students for competitive food sources (i.e., a la
carte, vending, school store) and beverages served in the cafeteria.
Breakfast. To ensure
that all children have breakfast, either at home or at school, in order to
meet their nutritional needs and enhance their ability to learn:
utilize methods to serve school breakfasts that encourage participation
including serving breakfast, "grab-and-go" breakfast, or
breakfast during morning break or recess.
serve breakfast to students will notify parents and students of the
availability of the School Breakfast Program.
encourage parents to provide a healthy breakfast for their children through
newsletter articles, take-home materials, or other means.
Free and Reduced-priced Meals. Schools will make every effort to eliminate any social stigma
attached to, and prevent the overt identification of, students who are
eligible for free and reduced-price school meals5.
Toward this end, schools may utilize electronic identification and payment
systems; promote the availability of school meals to all students; and/or
use nontraditional methods for serving school meals, such as
"grab-and-go" or classroom breakfast.
Meal Times and Scheduling. Schools will, to the extent possible:
students with at least 10 minutes to eat after sitting down for breakfast
and 20 minutes after sitting down for lunch;
schedule meal periods at appropriate times, (i.e., lunch should be scheduled between 11 a.m. and 1 p.m.);
schedule tutoring, club, or organizational meetings or activities during
mealtimes, unless students may eat during such activities;
will try to
schedule lunch periods to follow recess periods, (in elementary schools);
students access to hand washing or hand sanitizing before they eat meals or
reasonable steps to accommodate the tooth-brushing regimens of students
with special oral health needs (e.g., orthodontia or high
tooth decay risk).
Safety: Food preparation and all
foods and beverages sold or provided to students will meet all applicable
state and federal food safety requirements.
safety: WSPS is a peanut safe
district. All cafeteria personnel
are allergy/epi pen trained. All
student allergies are tagged in POS with allergy information provided by
the school nurse. There is a
Servsafe Certified Employee in every cafeteria.
Qualifications of School Food Service Staff. Qualified nutrition professionals will administer
the school meal programs. As part of the school district's responsibility
to operate a food service program, we will provide continuing professional
development for all nutrition professionals in schools. Staff development
programs should include appropriate certification and/or training programs
for child nutrition directors, school nutrition managers, and cafeteria
workers, according to their levels of responsibility.6
Sharing of Foods and Beverages. Schools should discourage students from sharing
their foods or beverages with one another during meal or snack times, given
concerns about allergies and other dietary restrictions.
Foods and Beverages Sold Individually (i.e., foods
sold outside of reimbursable school meals, such as through vending
machines, cafeteria a la carte [snack] lines, fundraisers, school stores,
Elementary Schools. The school food service program will approve and
provide all food and beverage sales to students in elementary schools.
Foods should be sold as balanced meals.
. If available, foods and beverages sold individually should be
limited to low-fat and non-fat milk, fruits, and non-fried vegetables. Choices of fruits and vegetables will be
made available daily.
Middle and High Schools.
In middle/junior high and high schools, all foods and beverages sold
individually outside the reimbursable school meal programs (including those
sold through a la carte [snack] lines, vending machines, [foods and
beverages sold in vending machines must comply with the standards at all
times] student stores, or fundraising activities) during the school day, or
through programs for students after the school day, will meet the following
nutrition and portion size standards:
Allowed: water or seltzer water without added caloric
sweeteners; 4 oz. serving of 100% fruit and vegetable juices ; 8 oz. 1% fluid milk, fat-free fluid milk
and nutritionally-equivalent nondairy beverages (to be defined by USDA);
allowed: soft drinks containing
caloric sweeteners; iced teas; fruit-based drinks that contain less than 100%
real fruit; No beverages other than juice, milk, milk substitutes and water
will be sold or provided.
information will be available for non-pre-packaged foods and beverages by
August 1, 2013. (This shall not
apply to fresh fruits and fresh vegetables, and food sold during the school
day at booster sales, concession stands, and other school-sponsored or
school-related fundraisers and events.)
will not be used in the preparation of competitive foods.
A choice of
at least two fruits and/or vegetables will be offered for sale at any
location on the school site where foods are sold daily. Such items could include, but are not
limited to, fresh fruits and vegetables; 100% fruit or vegetable juice;
cooked, dried, or canned fruits
(canned in fruit juice or light syrup); and cooked, dried, or canned vegetables
(that meet the above fat and sodium guidelines).8
A food item
will have no
more than 35% of its calories from fat (excluding seeds, and sun butters)
and 10% of its calories from saturated fat; all foods should be trans fat
will have no
more than 35% of its total weight from total sugar
except for non-fat and low-fat yogurt which contains a maximum of 30 grams
of total sugar per 8 oz. packaged serving and 100% fruit with no added sugars;9
no more than 230 mg of sodium per item, with the exception of a la carte
entrees, which shall not contain more than 480 mg. of sodium per item:
all bread and
other grain-based products shall be whole grain
No food or
beverage shall contain an artificial sweetener
No food or
beverage shall contain more than trace amounts of caffeine
item may contain no more than one serving per package
Fundraising Activities (includes, but not limited
to PTO, School Council, Band, Sports Teams). To support children's health and school
nutrition-education efforts, school fundraising activities will be limited
to no more than one food-based fundraiser per school per year (to be
determined by the principal) or will
use only foods that meet the above nutrition and portion size standards for
foods and beverages sold individually. The school district will make
available a list of ideas for acceptable fundraising activities. There will be no bake sales allowed.
Snacks. Snacks served
during the school day or in after-school care or enrichment programs will
make a positive contribution to children's diets and health, with an
emphasis on serving fruits and vegetables as the primary snacks and low fat
milk or water as the primary beverage. Schools will assess if and when to
offer snacks based on timing of school meals, children's nutritional needs,
children's ages, and other considerations. The district will disseminate a
list of healthful snack items to teachers, after-school program personnel,
- If eligible,
schools that provide snacks through after-school programs will pursue
receiving reimbursements through the National School Lunch Program.
Rewards. Food and beverages should not be used as
rewards or discipline for academic performance or behavior. All students will
be allowed to re-hydrate after physical activity, including recess and
physical education. Candy will not be
given to students.
parties should not have a food focus.
Schools should limit
celebrations that involve food during the school day to no more than one
party per class per term. In order to promote a healthy school
environment throughout the entire day, the Massachusetts School Nutrition
Standards apply to all settings, at all times, including classroom lessons
and parties, therefore, the district
will provide a list of foods suggested for celebrations. Schools found to be in violation will be
required to purchase food through food services.
School-sponsored Events (such as, but not limited to, athletic
events, dances, or performances).
It is strongly encouraged that school-sponsored events will offer choices
that meet nutritional guidelines.
III. Nutrition and Physical Activity Promotion and
Nutrition Education and Promotion. The WSPS
aims to teach, encourage, and support healthy eating by students. Schools
should provide nutrition education and engage in nutrition promotion that:
is offered at
each grade level as part of a sequential, comprehensive, standards-based
program designed to provide students with the knowledge and skills
necessary to promote and protect their health by September 1, 2013;
if a health
teacher is not available at the elementary level, some aspects of health
will be integrated into physical education, and other components will be
taught by the primary teacher by
September 1, 2013;
is part of
not only health education classes, but also classroom instruction in
subjects such as math, science, language arts, social sciences, and
elective subjects by September 1, 2013;
developmentally-appropriate, well rounded, participatory activities, such
as contests, promotions, taste testing, farm visits, and school gardens
fruits, vegetables, whole grain products, low-fat and fat-free dairy products,
healthy food preparation methods, and health-enhancing nutrition practices;
caloric balance between food intake and energy expenditure (physical
activity/exercise) for secondary school students by September 1, 2013;
school meal programs, other school foods & nutrition-related community
links with MS
and HS Family & Consumer Science and food lab in following the nutritional
recommendations as outlined by September 1, 2013.
Integrating Physical Activity into the Classroom Setting. For students to receive the
nationally-recommended amount of daily physical activity (i.e.,
at least 60 minutes per day) and for students to fully embrace regular
physical activity as a personal behavior, students need opportunities for
physical activity beyond physical education class. Toward that end:
health education will complement physical education by reinforcing the
knowledge and self-management skills needed to maintain a physically-active
lifestyle and to reduce time spent on sedentary activities, such as
opportunities for physical activity will be incorporated into other subject
that classroom teachers provide short physical activity breaks between
lessons or classes, as appropriate.
Communications with Parents. The district/school will support parents' efforts to provide a
healthy diet and daily physical activity for their children. The
district/school may offer healthy eating seminars for parents, send home
nutrition information, post nutrition tips on school websites, and provide
nutrient analyses of school menus. Schools should encourage parents to pack
healthy lunches and snacks and to refrain from including beverages and
foods that do not meet the above nutrition standards for individual foods
district/school will provide information about physical education and other
school-based physical activity opportunities before, during, and after the
school day; and support parents' efforts to provide their children with
opportunities to be physically active outside of school. Such supports may
include sharing information about physical activity and physical education
through a website, newsletter, or other take-home materials, or special
Staff Wellness. The WSPS
highly values the health and well-being of every staff member and will plan
and implement activities and policies that support personal efforts by
staff to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Each school should establish and
maintain a building-based wellness committee, which should develop,
promote, and oversee a multifaceted plan to promote staff health and
wellness. The plan should be based on input solicited from school staff and
should outline ways to encourage healthy eating, physical activity, and
other elements of a healthy lifestyle among school staff. The building-based
wellness committee should distribute
its plan to the school health council annually. The WSPS staff members are encouraged to
model healthy eating behaviors for all students.
IV. Physical Activity Opportunities
and Physical Education
Physical Education (P.E.) K-12. Our
school district has made a commitment to improving the physical activity
opportunities and physical education of our students.
Physical Activity Benchmarks:
45 minutes of recess are offered each day
at the kindergarten level.
Minimum of 20
minutes of recess are offered each day at the elementary level 10 minute lunch
walk at the Middle School level.
At least 3
activity breaks (3-5 minutes) are offered throughout the school day (not
including recess or lunch time at the elementary level). At the Middle and
High School levels these breaks are considered when changing classes.
elementary level, the physical education program for each student, meets a
minimum of 2 times per week.
At the middle
school level, all students will have a minimum of one term of physical
education; ideally all students would have two terms of physical education.
At the high school, all students are required to
complete four semesters of physical education, and beginning with the 2015
graduating class, two semesters of physical education.
A physical activity
program is offered to teachers and staff and organized by the building-based wellness committee.
Physical Education (P.E.) K-12. All students in grades K-12 ,
including students with disabilities, special health care needs, and in
alternative education settings, will receive physical education. It is
recommended the offering be a minimum of 2 or more days per week throughout
the school year. Our schools are
working toward meeting NASPE guidelines for daily physical education of 150
minutes/week for elementary and 225 minutes/week for middle and high
schools students for the entire school year. All physical education
will be taught by a certified physical education teacher. Student involvement in other activities
involving physical activity (i.e., interscholastic or intramural sports)
will not be substituted for meeting the physical education
requirement. Students will spend at
least 50 percent of physical education class time participating in moderate
to vigorous physical activity. Minimum class time recommended: K:35 minutes, grades 1-3: 30 minutes,
grades 4-5: 45 minutes, Middle School: 45 minutes, and High School: 45
minutes. Currently the schedules vary at the MS and HS and are blocked into
terms or semesters, and NASPE guidelines are not being met. The plan is to
reassess the schedules and to work toward meeting these guidelines.
Daily Recess. Ideally,
all elementary school students will have recess daily, before lunch. When
possible, recess should be held outdoors during which schools should
encourage moderate to vigorous physical activity verbally and through the
use of activity prompts posted throughout the school. Schools should provide equipment for
students to use during recess to help them to be moderately to vigorously
active. Schools with limited outdoor
space should provide alternative opportunities for students to be
moderately to vigorously active in the classroom, hallway, or gymnasium.
discourage extended periods (i.e., periods of two or more
hours) of inactivity. When activities such as mandatory school-wide
testing, make it necessary for students to remain indoors for long periods
of time, schools should give students periodic breaks during which they are
encouraged to stand and be moderately active.
Physical Activity Opportunities Before and After School. If there is an interest and funding is available,
elementary, middle, and high schools will offer extracurricular physical
activity programs, such as physical activity clubs or intramural programs. The
high school will offer interscholastic sports programs. Schools will offer
a range of activities that meet the needs, interests, and abilities of all
students, including boys, girls, students with disabilities, and students
with special health-care needs.
possible, an after-school activity program will be encouraged and
support programs that promote physical activity, such as, “Walking Buddies”
and small group activity programs will be encouraged.
to parents promoting family activities will be sent home or available
online, 3 times per year.
weekend school-sponsored programs for parents and students designed to
encourage family activity and healthy eating are supported.
Physical Activity and Punishment. Teachers and other school and community personnel
will not use physical activity (i.e., running laps, pushups) or
withhold opportunities for physical activity (i.e., recess, physical
education) as punishment.
Use of School Facilities Outside of School Hours. School
spaces and facilities should be available to students, staff, and community
members before, during, and after the school day. These spaces and facilities also should
be available to community agencies and organizations offering physical
activity and nutrition programs.
School policies concerning safety will apply at all times.
V. Monitoring and Policy Review
Monitoring. The Wellness Advisory Committee will ensure compliance with
established district-wide nutrition and physical activity wellness
policies. In each school, the wellness policy designee or wellness committee,
and administrator, will ensure compliance with those policies in his/her
school and will report on the school's compliance to the superintendent or
service staff, at the school or district level, will ensure compliance with
nutrition policies within school food service areas and will report on this
matter to the superintendent (or if done at the school level, to the school
principal). In addition, the school district will report on the most recent
USDA School Meals Initiative (SMI) review findings and any resulting
changes. If the district has not received a SMI review from the state
agency within the past five years, the district will request from the state
agency that a SMI review be scheduled as soon as possible.
superintendent or designee will develop a summary report every three years
on district-wide compliance with the district's established nutrition and
physical activity wellness policies, based on input from schools within the
district. That report will be provided to the school committee and also
distributed to all school health councils, parent/teacher organizations,
school principals, and school health services personnel in the district.
Policy Review. To help
with the initial development of the district's wellness policies, each
school in the district will conduct a baseline assessment of the school's
existing nutrition and physical activity environments and policies.13 The
results of those school-by-school assessments will be compiled at the
district level to identify and prioritize needs. Assessments will be
repeated every three years to help review policy compliance, assess
progress, and determine areas in need of improvement. As part of that
review, the school district will review our nutrition and physical activity
policies; provision of an environment that supports healthy eating and
physical activity; and nutrition and physical education policies and
program elements. The district, and individual schools within the district,
will, as necessary, revise the wellness policies and develop work plans to
facilitate their implementation.
Healthy Students, Healthy Schools: Guidance for Implementing the Massachusetts School Nutrition Standards for
Competitive Foods and Beverages. Massachusetts Department of Public
Health, Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education,
John C. Stalker Institute of Food and Nutrition at Framingham State
University, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston Public Health
Commission, October 2011.
Massachusetts Best Practice Guidelines for School-Related
Physical Education and Physical Activity. September 2011.
Massachusetts Comprehensive Health Curriculum Framework.
Massachusetts Department of Education. October 1999.
Useful self-assessment and planning tools include the School
Health Index from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
(CDC), Changing the Scene from the Team Nutrition Program of the
U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and Opportunity
to Learn Standards for Elementary, Middle, and High School Physical Education
from the National Association for Sport and Physical Education.
2 To the
extent possible, schools will offer at least two non-fried vegetable and
two fruit options each day and will offer five different fruits and five
different vegetables over the course of a week. Schools are encouraged to
source fresh fruits and vegetables from local farmers when practicable.
3 As recommended by the Dietary
Guidelines for Americans 2005.
is against the law to make others in the cafeteria aware of the eligibility
status of children for free, reduced-price, or "paid" meals.
nutrition staff development programs are available through the USDA, School
Nutrition Association, and National Food Service
7Surprisingly, seltzer water may not be
sold during meal times in areas of the school where food is sold or eaten
because it is considered a "Food of Minimal Nutritional Value"
(Appendix B of 7 CFR Part 210).
8 Schools that have vending machines are
encouraged to include refrigerated snack vending machines, which can
accommodate fruits, vegetables, yogurts, and other perishable items
9 If a food manufacturer fails to provide
the added sugars content of a food item, use the percentage of
weight from total sugars (in place of the percentage of weight from added
sugars), and exempt fruits, vegetables, and dairy foods from this total
this practice is allowed by a student's individual education plan (IEP).
13 Useful self-assessment and planning
tools include the School Health Index from the Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention (CDC), Changing the Scene from the Team
Nutrition Program of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and Opportunity to Learn Standards for Elementary,
Middle, and High School Physical Education from the National
Association for Sport and Physical Education.
Developed by the Wellness Advisory Committee 10/5/12
Reviewed & revised (in compliance with state
and federal regulations by Wellness Advisory Committee
Policy Subcommittee approved 2/14/13