Health and Wellness
Health and wellness resources in the community include general health resources (i.e. hospitals, health clinics, dental, vision, and providers) as well as wellness resources (i.e. pharmacies, supermarkets, and laundromats), and mental health resources (i.e. suicide prevention and substance abuse prevention services).
Health Care Provider
Under federal regulations, a "health care provider" is defined as: a doctor of medicine or osteopathy, podiatrist, dentist, chiropractor, clinical psychologist, optometrist, nurse practitioner, nurse-midwife, or a clinical social worker who is authorized to practice by the State and performing within the scope of their practice as defined by State law, or a Christian Science practitioner. A health care provider also is any provider from whom a University or employee's group health plan will accept medical certification to substantiate a claim for benefits.
Your Doctor /Primary Care Provider will refer you to the Specialist or Hospital. If it is an Emergency, go directly to the hospital.
You may need to go to a Hospital for some of the following health issues:
- An appointment with a Specialist
- Specific medical treatment (Surgery/Operation)
A Clinic is a health care center where you receive routine preventative care when you are healthy or visit your Doctor/Primary Care Provider when you are sick. A clinic is smaller than a hospital where patients are less sick and do not stay overnight. You should schedule an appointment to visit your doctor at the clinic.
- Some reasons to go to a clinic or Doctor’s office to see your Primary Care Provider/Doctor are:
- Routine medical appointments
- Appointments when you feel sick
A mental health clinic is an office staffed with a group of healthcare providers, including psychiatrists and social workers. The purpose of clinic treatment is to identify and treat emotional disturbance on an outpatient basis, strengthen family functioning, and support children in their natural environments. Most clinic sessions last about an hour and are held one or more times a week. Some clinics have satellite offices, and provide services directly in children's schools. These school-based mental health programs offer services to students and provide consultation on specific students or general mental health issues to teachers and other school staff. Schools may also offer other mental health services. School guidance counselors can provide families with information about services in the school.
Clinic services include:
- Assessments (psychiatric, psychosocial)
- Individual, family, and group therapies
- Medication management
- Case management
- Medication management
There is a multitude of effective substance abuse prevention interventions that may have different areas of focus and can be implemented in a variety of settings. Interventions can involve the family, school, and community and may provide substance abuse prevention for an individual or a population of youth by focusing on environmental and community factors and policies, developmental factors, or skill development. The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) has identified 16 key principles for prevention programs based on risk and protective factors, the type of program, and the delivery of the program
NYC Well has a staff of trained mental health professionals that can help callers find the most appropriate mental health and substance abuse services for their needs. Services include counseling, suicide prevention, crisis intervention, peer support, referrals to care, assistance in connecting to the referral, and follow-up services. NYC Well is free and confidential and operates 24 hours per day, 7 days per week via phone, text, and internet chat. NYC Well is multilingual and multicultural.
Reproductive health interventions are most likely to include attention to the issues of family planning, STD prevention and management and prevention of maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity. Reproductive health should also address issues such as harmful practices, unwanted pregnancy, unsafe abortion, reproductive tract infections including sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS, gender-based violence, infertility, malnutrition and anemia, and reproductive tract cancers. Appropriate services must be accessible and include information, education, counselling, prevention, detection and management of health problems, care and rehabilitation.
Asthma is a chronic disease of the lungs. In New York State (NYS), more than 1.1 million adults have asthma 1. Asthma occurs at any age but is more common in children than adults. Nationally, nearly one in 13 school-age children have asthma, and that rate is rising more rapidly in preschool-aged children and those living in urban inner cities than in any other group. Although there is no cure for asthma, asthma attacks can be prevented and controlled with proper care. New York is actively working with health care providers, community coalitions, schools, families and many others to fight asthma so people with asthma can live a full and active life.
Oral health – the health of your mouth — is an important part of good overall health and well-being. Nationally, about 1 of 4 adults have untreated tooth decay and nearly half of adults have gum disease. Oral health problems are common among New Yorkers. More than 1 of 3 third grade children in NYC have untreated tooth decay. By taking simple measures, most oral health problems can be prevented. Preventing oral health problems can reduce health care expenses.
Children with uncorrected vision conditions or eye health problems face many barriers in life, academically, socially and athletically. High-quality eye care can break down these barriers and help enable children to reach their highest potential.
Vision doesn't just happen. A child's brain learns how to use eyes to see, just like it learns how to use legs to walk or a mouth to form words. The longer a vision problem goes undiagnosed and untreated, the more a child's brain learns to accommodate the vision problem.
That is why a comprehensive eye examination is so important for children. Early detection and treatment provide the very best opportunity to correct vision problems so your child can learn to see clearly. Make sure your child has the best possible tools to learn successfully.
While pharmacists remain committed to assisting patients with access and information related to their prescription medications, pharmacists today are providing a broad spectrum of services, within their scope of practice, including conducting health and wellness testing, managing chronic diseases and performing medication management, administering immunizations, and working in and partnering with hospitals and health systems to advance health and wellness and helping to reduce hospital readmissions.
A supermarket is typically larger in scale and carries a wider selection of items (i.e. pet supplies, baby supplies, home supplies, appliances, medicine, in addition to food items)
A grocery store is a store that primarily sells food, but it may also carry other household items.
Laundries are commercial establishments for laundering clothes or linens.
At its basic level, "home health care" means exactly what it sounds like – medical care provided in a patient's home. Home health care can include broad care given by skilled medical professionals, including skilled nursing care, physical therapy, occupational therapy and speech therapy. Home health care can also include skilled, non-medical care, such as medical social services or assistance with daily living from a highly qualified home health aide. As the Medicare program describes, home health care is unique as a care setting not only because the care is provided in the home, but the care itself is "usually less expensive, more convenient, and just as effective" as care given in a hospital or skilled nursing facility.