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Poland

Area code 48 Common abbreviation PL Last updated 10-7-2021
Road class Syntax explanation Administrative subordination Sub classes Zones System Remarks
European road E[0-9]<2-3> Europe See Europe
Motorway (autostrada) A[0-9]<1-2>{a} national Integrated with national roads Exit (wyjazd) numbers by kilometers obsolete, sequential on new roads
Expressway (droga ekspresowa) S[0-9]<1-2> national
National road (droga krajowa) (DK)[0-9]<1-2>{a} national 1-d Grid
2-d
Provincial road (droga wojewódzka) (DW)[0-9]<3>{a} national Determined by first digit
District road (droga powiatowa) ({[A-Z]}[0-9]<4-6>{[A-Z]}) district (powiat)
Municipal road (droga gminna) ([0-9]<1-7>{[A-Z]}) municipality (gmina)
General description:
Motorways and motorway-like roads: The only existing motorway numbers are A1, A2, A4, A6, A8 and A18. The numbers are derived from parallel national route numbers. Each motorway forms one route together with the national road with the same number without 'A', and usually also with the expressway with an S number.
For example, route 6 has a small section of A6 near Szczecin, a section is called S6 near Gdansk, and the rest is the (DK)6.
An exception are the A1, S1, route 1 which are all separate (but this is probably temporary, while the A1 and S1 are not finished yet).
There is one suffixed number A4a, which is a spur linking the A4 to road 914 west of Kraków.
There are exit numbers determined by kilometers, but these only appear on maps and rarely on signs and are omitted on new signs. It is planned to introduce sequential exit numbering. 
The S for expressways originally comes from 'droga szybkiego ruchu' (fast traffic road).
National roads: 1- and 2-digit numbers are even for east-west routes and odd for north-south routes. This does not seem to hold for 3-digit numbers though there are probably more such numbers satisfying this rule than violating it.
1-digit numbers are the main international routes forming a grid. They all have E numbers, and most of them have exactly the same route as an E road.
Routes 2, 4, 6 and 8 are the main east-west routes, with 2/A2 coinciding with the E30 Berlin-Warszawa (Warsaw)-Minsk. Route 4/A4 is the E40 Dresden-Kraków-L'viv. Route 6/A6 links Szczecin and Gdansk. Route 8 coincides with the E67 Warszawa-Wroclaw-Praha. It crosses the A4 south of Wroclaw.
Odd 1-digit numbers are the main north-south routes, with 1 in the middle (the Polish section of the E75 Gdansk-Katowice-Bratislava), 3 in the west (the E65 Swinoujscie-Szczecin-Praha), 5 a diagonal road coinciding completely with the E261, linking 1 and 3. 7 is the Polish part of the E77 Gdansk-Warszawa-Kraków-Budapest and 9 branches off 7 at Radom, leading to Rzeszów and on to the Slovak border. This one has only recently been designated as E371.
2- and 3-digit numbers are other main roads. Zones for 3-digit numbers range from 1 in the northwest to 9 in the southeast.
Local roads do not appear on signs. There seem to be national systems both for Powiat and Gmina roads but some provinces have a numbering system of their own (with low numbers).
The syntax description given here is based on a sample only and probably incomplete.
Road signs:
Road/destination type Background Text Road numbers
Class Shape Background Text
Motorways Blue White A Rectangle Red White
Other roads Green White National road Rectangle Red White
Local destinations White Black Provincial road Rectangle Yellow Black
Signs on the A6, 2008


A dashed shield border indicates a road with maximum 10 t per axle:


A black border indicates a maximum of 8 t per axle:


New motorways and expressways have exit numbering:
History: The first Polish motorways were built in the 1930's in areas which were then part of Germany. After World War II, for many years no new motorways were built. Until 2000, only a few small sections have been built. There are plans to build a number of long distance motorways across the country.
After former German areas became Polish, the German road numbers were removed (see also Germany History), and a Polish system with 1- to 3-digit numbers was introduced. In this system, E roads did not have a (signposted) national number.
There were T roads complementing the E numbers, with numbers derived from them: T7 branching off E7, T12 off E12 etc.
The current numbering system was adopted around 1986, in conjunction with the introduction of the new E numbers.
S numbers were introduced around 2005.
In September 2000, the current system was changed significantly in the following ways:
  1. Many 3-d numbers were upgraded to 2-d numbers.
  2. This was done by extending existing 2-d numbers and adding new ones that did not exist before, but also many 2-d numbers were changed: so many that the zone system no longer applies to 2-d numbers.
  3. All 1-d numbers were retained but route 8 was extended to the Lithuanian border via Bialystok and 5 was rerouted near Wroclaw.
  4. National roads parallel to motorways (e.g. route 4) were given other numbers so that the motorway numbers now form an integrated system with the national roads (e.g. route 2 has a motorway part A2). In general route 9x is the old road parallel to motorway Ax (even if the motorway was built long before the current road numbering system was introduced, and thus the road never had number x).
  5. Some 2-d numbers were downgraded to 3-d numbers.
  6. A few 3-d numbers were changed to other 3-d numbers.
The following table shows all known road number changes in 2000:
Index 1 50 100 200 300 400
500 600 700 800 900 Bottom
Old number New number Section
1 91 Piotrkow Trybunalski-Srock
1 86 Siewierz-Tychy
2 92 Wrzesnia-Konin
4 94 Bytom-Krakow
4 77 Radymno-Przemysl
4 28 Przemysl-Medyka-UKR
5 34 Dobromierz-Swiebodzice
5 35 Wroclaw-Swiebodzice
12 18 Entire route
14 12/14 Sieradz-Lask
15 1 Entire route
18 8 Warszawa-Bialystok
18 19 Bialystok-Hrodna (BY)
19 8 Bialystok-Suwalki-LT
21 20 Miastko-Szczecinek
23 25 Entire route
34 12 Nielubia-Jarocin
34 298 Klobuczyn-Nielubia
42 11 Poznan-Pleszew
42 12 Pleszew-Sieradz
43 11 Entire route
44 12 Entire route
49 45 Opole-Raciborz
49 935 Raciborz-Rybnik
50 22 Entire route
52 15 Entire route
66 65 Entire route
71 14 Entire route
76 46 Entire route
80 10 Bydgoszcz-Torun
82 12 Entire route
84 77 Stalowa Wola-Nisko
86 74 Entire route
90 94 Entire route
91 78 Entire route
92 44 Entire route
93 81 Katowice-Skoczow
95 47 Entire route
96 52 Entire route
97 49 Entire route
98 28 Entire route
99 75 Entire route
100
104 109 Trzebiatow-Mrzezyno
111 106 Entire route
116 10 Entire route
117 13 Entire route
118 31 Entire route
124 26 Mysliborz-Schwedt (D)
124 128 Mysliborz-Lawy
129 23 Entire route
132 22 Entire route
133 22 Kostrzyn-Waldowice
133 24 Waldowice-Skwierzyna
144 106 Entire route
145 144 Entire route
149 20 Entire route
174 20 Entire route
200
206 20 Miastko-Bytow
209 20 Bytow-Koscierzyna
220 20 Koscierzyna-Gdynia
243 56 Koronowo-Trzeciewiec (5)
245 10 Entire route
256 15 Entire route
257 62 Entire route
259 15 Entire route
265 62 Kruszwica-Brzesc Kujawski
270 62 Brzesc Kujawski-Wloclawek
274 32 Entire route
275 29 Slubice-Polupin
275 32 Polupin-Zielona Gora
284 27 Entire route
297 12 Szprotawa-Dziecmiarowice
297 30 Pasiecznik-Jelenia Gora
298 12 Entire route
299 12 Entire route
300
324 36 Rawicz-Ostrow Wielkopolski
335 94 Chojnow-motorway A4/A12
336 94 Entire route
337 36 Entire route
343 94 Entire route
344 36 Entire route
356 30 Entire route
371 5 Entire route
374 35 Swiebodzice-Walbrzych
377 35 Entire route
378 5 Entire route
381 33 Klodzko-CZ
384 39 Lagiewniki-Strzelin
397 39 Strzelin-Brzeg
400
404 46 Entire route
408 46 Klodzko-Nysa
408 41 Nysa-Prudnik
408 40 Prudnik-Kedzierzyn-Kozle
412 40 Entire route
413 41 Entire route
418 38 Entire route
424 40 Entire route
440 15 Entire route
446 25 Entire route
451 42 Namyslow-Kluczbork
453 39 Entire route
456 94 Entire route
469 72 Konin-Uniejow
472 83 Entire route
473 72 Uniejow-Balin
486 42 Dzialoszyn-Radomsko
488 42 Entire route
489 43 Entire route
490 42 Entire route
500
504 54 Braniewo-Mamonovo (RUS)
508 22 Old motorway section
508 54 Between old motorway and Braniewo
514 55 Entire route
545 58 Jedwabno-Szczytno
557 67 Wloclawek-Lipno
569 50 Entire route
579 85 Between 7 and 62 (former 623)
589 57 Entire route
598 58 Zgnilocha-Jedwabno
599 57 Entire route
600
601 58 Szczytno-Wolka Prusinowska
602 59 Entire route
603 58 Entire route
608 59 Entire route
610 58 Ruciane-Nida - Szczuczyn
611 58 Entire route
617 50 Plonsk-Ciechanow
623 62 Entire route
624 62 Entire route
628 50 Entire route
629 60 Lochow-Minsk Mazowiecki
629 62 Wyszkow-Lochow
637 62 Wegrow-Anusin (19)
644 63 Entire route
657 65 Entire route
660 16 Pockuny-LT
663 16 Entire route
669 65 Entire route
680 63 Entire route
689 66 Zambrow-Bielsk Podlaski
692 66 Entire route
696 62 Lochow-Wegrow
700
701 60 Entire route
709 72 Entire route
711 71 Entire route
714 71 Pabianice-Rzgow
717 50 Entire route
723 79 Warszawa-Sandomierz
729 48 Potworow-Glowaczow
731 48 Glowaczow-Kozienice
738 48 Kozienice-Bakowiec
739 48 Entire route
740 48 Klwow-Potworow
741 91 Entire route
746 42 Konskie-Rudnik
749 42 Radomsko-Konskie
759 77 Entire route
765 78 Jedrzejow-Chmielnik
772 75 Entire route
777 79 Sandomierz-Krakow
800
803 76 Wilga-Stoczek Lukowski
804 63 Entire route
806 76 Stoczek Lukowski-Lukow
812 68 Entire route
816 74 Hrubieszow-Komora
817 63 Entire route
822 48 Entire route
823 48 Entire route
831 82 Entire route
847 74 Entire route
858 74 Szczebrzeszyn-Zamosc
859 77 Entire route
862 77 Entire route
871 4 Entire route
891 84 Entire route
900
903 94 Entire route
908 78 Tarnowskie Gory-Gliwice
910 78 Entire route
918 45 Entire route
944 69 Entire route
950 44 Tychy-Zator
950 28 Zator-Wadowice
952 44 Entire route
969 87 Nowy Sacz-Stary Sacz
970 87 Entire route
992 73 Pilzno-Jaslo
Index 1 50 100 200 300 400
500 600 700 800 900 Bottom
In August 2016 the S69 was replaced by the S1, the old S1 west of Bielsko Biala became the S52. The northern ring road in Kraków (formerly S7) also became the S52.
Sources and links: various maps and atlases

    Official sites:
  1. GDDKiA
  2. GDDKiA road information
  3. GDDKiA route list
  4. Exit names and numbers 2020
  5. GDDKiA archive
  6. Official route list A/S 2016
  7. Roads with weight limitations indicated by dashed or black border

  8. Other links:
  9. przezautaszybe
  10. Map of motorway and expressway projects
  11. SISKOM - Stowarzyszenie Integracji Stolecznej Komunikacji
  12. New road numbering system
  13. www.autostrady.com: Motorways
  14. Former Reichsautobahnen in Poland
  15. Maps
  16. Road pictures
  17. Historical topographical maps
  18. Road condition map

  19. Specific roads:
  20. A2
  21. Autostrada A2
  22. Autostrada A4
  23. A4 plans
  24. S3
  25. S6
  26. S19 Rzeszów
  27. Droga Krajowa 22
  28. DK81
    Other pages within this site:
  29. Europe
  30. Road sign colours
  31. Germany

  32. Pictures:
  33. A4 east
  34. A8 north
  35. S3 south
  36. S3 north
  37. S5 north
  38. DK12 west
  39. DK32 west
  40. DK18 east
  41. DK18 west
  42. DK18 surroundings
  43. DK94 east
  44. DK94 west
  45. DW296 north
  46. DW296 south
  47. Wrocław various
Marcel Monterie
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