Did you know that Ontario, the province (state) in Canada that holds the capital, is 2,147 times bigger than Albuquerque, Mexico. Speaking of the capital, how much do you know about Ottawa? Ottawa has a latitude and longitude of 45°N and 75°W. Ottawa’s current population is 937,031. It got its name because the city is right next to the Ottawa River, one of the famous landmarks in Canada


One reason that Ottawa is the capital is because in 1857 there were a few cities competing to be the capital. No one knew which city was going to win so to settle it Queen Victoria chose Ottawa because it was in the center of Montreal and Toronto. Also Ottawa was away from the border of America, making it safer from attacks.

Did you know that Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver take up ⅓ of Canada’s population? Toronto is actually the biggest city in Canada and the 5th largest city in North America. Over 100 different languages are spoken in Toronto.

Toronto’s latitude and longitude is 43° North and 79° West. Toronto is split up into parts and areas to divide the city; the North End, the West End, the East end, Downtown, and Greater Toronto Area.

When you think of Montreal, do you think of a big city in the middle of Canada? If you do, you're wrong! The main part or city of Montreal has a thirty mile long island along the convergence of the St.Lawrence and Ottawa rivers. Montreal has a latitude of 45° North and a longitude of 73° West. Oo La La! Montreal is the second biggest French speaking city in the world, after Paris of course.

Hollywood, here we come!! Vancouver isn’t called Hollywood Of The North for nothing! In North America the city comes second after Los Angeles in TV production

The latitude and longitude of this city are 49°N and 123°W. This city takes its name from George Vancouver, who explored the inner harbour of Burrard Inlet in 1792 and gave various places British names.

Canada’s industries sell many products such as oil, coal, fish, and gas. Canada has access to so many rivers and lakes it would be crazy if fish and seafood wasn’t an ideal part of Canadian industries. Fish, crabs, and lobsters are some things that are exported to the U.S.A and farther.

Logs are also exported from Canada. Logs and firewood are an important part of Canada’s exports because of all of the woods and wilderness in Canada. In fact, many of the log trucks we see today have been exported from Canada.

Here are some different types of maps:

This is a physical map. You may be familiar with this one. It shows the land or water features of a region

Fun Fact;

Did you know that political maps and physical maps are the two main types of maps?

This is a political map. Political maps show how the land is used by people, or show counties, provinces, boundaries, and so on.

(Click on Major Cities to learn more about Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.)