Landforms Of Canada

(Reliefs du Canada)

Landforms Of Canada

Canada has a vast, diverse landscape with its tundras and mountains, bays and straits, along with its multiple climates.

Here are some of the major Landforms of Canada:

Let’s start with mountains. Canada is mostly pretty high above sea level, especially the closer you get to the mountains. The Canadian Rockies are a pretty well known mountain range. The range starts in Texas, going through British Columbia, and into the Yukon Territory.

Mount Logan is the tallest mountain in Canada and the second largest in North America. Mount Logan was named after Sir William Edmond Logan, a Canadian geologist and founder of a survey of Canada. Mount Logan is 19,551 feet tall! Definitely not your average ski hill!

William Logan was born in Montreál on April 20, 1798 his father and uncle emigrated from Scotland.

Canada has lots of water bodies. Its motto is A mari usque ad mare which means “from sea to sea." It is perfect considering Canada is contiguous with three oceans: the Pacific, Atlantic and the Arctic.

There are also many bays, straits, rivers, and lakes within Canada. The Hudson Bay is the largest bay in Canada. It is so big it is visible from SPACE! The Hudson Bay gives Canada its arm shape that looks like it is showing off to the moon. It even has its own bay: James Bay.

The Hudson Bay and strait were named after Henry and John Hudson an english sea explorer in the early 17th century. Hudson was on a mission to get to Asia by sea. But he did not know about Canada being there so he went through what is now known as The Hudson strait. And ran into a LOT of ice. The crew called him crazy, and put him on a little boat with his son, never to be seen again...

If you were to look at the Hudson Bay from the ground, you would think was an ocean.

Canada also has lots of lakes within its lowlands. One of the largest is Great Bear Lake, which connects to the Mackenzie River, and the outskirts of the Northwest Territories.

The Great Slave Lake has a bit of a scary name. But unlike The Great Bear Lake, it connects to three rivers: the Mackenzie River, the Peace River, and the Athabasca.

Lake Winnipeg is located close to Winnipeg Province and it looks more like an old butcher knife or a clothes iron or even a drumstick of chicken than anything else. It is one of the most southern lakes in Canada.

Another important landform is the Laurentian plateau, also known as the Canadian Shield. Yes, it is the biggest plateau in North America. It is over 3.5 billion years old, and holds a TON of ores such as uranium, silver, copper, zinc, and gold. Most are buried beneath the rocks of the plateau.

The Canadian Shield hosts all kinds of beautiful lakes, rivers, forests, and caves to explore.

The Ungava Peninsula separates the Hudson Strait from the Hudson Bay. Some people would consider Quebec the entire Ungava Peninsula, and if you look at Quebec from a map you can see they are not wrong


Canada's border with the United States is the largest unguarded binational border in the world!

Canada has a lot tundras. The biggest being the arctic tundra, temperatures can drop to -12 degrees at night on AVERAGE. Despite the bitter cold conditions, more 1500 different species of plants grow and survive in the freezing cold.

I hope you get to discover and figure out more about Canada, Enjoy!

Here is a video on the Bruce Peninsula, in Canada