Naturalism

Late 1800s

Writers in this literary period tended to see humans as the “hapless victims of immutable natural laws” (The American Experience). They were also influenced by the industrial revolution.

Featured author for this period...

Jack London

Jack London

    • Jack London - his life and books - an interesting site from the Jack London State Historic Park in California.
    • Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:
        • Short Story: "To Build a Fire" -p. 620

Audio Book/MP3


Even more to explore...


Miriam Davis Colt


Chief Joseph

John Wesley Powell

    • Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:
        • Nonfiction: "The Most Sublime Spectacle on Earth" - p.301


Ezra Pound

    • Ezra Pound- from the Academy of American Poets, biographical information as well as links to some of his works.
    • Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:
        • Essay: "A Few Don'ts" p. 727
        • Poem: "The River-Merchant's Wife: A Letter" - p.730
        • Poem: "In a Station of the Metro" - p.732

Carl Sandburg

    • Carl Sandburg: Chicago Poems - read the full e-text of Sandburg's Chicago poems here.
    • Carl Sandburg - biographical information and e-texts from the Academy of American Poets.
    • Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience - Selected Textbook Resources:
        • Poem: "Chicago" - p.840
        • Poem: "Grass" - p.842


Overall "Text to World" & "Text to Text" Connections for this Literary Period

    • American Memory Timeline - from the Learning Page at The Library of Congress, this link will help you connect American history to American literature.



Work Cited

The American Experience. New Jersey. Prentice Hall Literature, 1991.