noun work·flow \ ˈwərk-ˌflō \

the sequence of steps involved in moving from the beginning to the end of a working process

Source: “Workflow.” Merriam-Webster, Merriam-Webster,

Traditional Education

In a traditional setting, course work is broken into components such as class work and homework punctuated by evaluations in the form of quizzes, tests, papers and projects. Each score a learner earns in a traditional setting contributes to a learner's overall average/grade for the course.The overall course grade in a traditional setting is a reflection of an average or number of points accumulated through homework completion, class work and test/quiz/paper scores.

Homework Points: 50/100

Test/Quiz Points: 75/100

Extra Credit Points: 10/10


Course Grade: 61%/D-

Competency-Based Education

In a competency-based education setting, the focus is a learner's workflow- steady progress, at home and in class, towards the goal of demonstrating competency. A workflow approach to learning allows learners greater flexibility and the opportunity to learn in a setting that is more individualized and differentiated.

Each learner's goal is to continuously engage in a workflow cycle to repeatedly demonstrate competency within each identified time frame.

Repeated demonstrations of competency create a trend. The overall course grade in a competency-based education, therefore, more closely reflects a level of competency rather than an accumulation of points.

Course Grade: A

Step # 1

Select a Work of American Literature

See course-specific criteria for literary works:

American Experience CP English 11

Honors English 11

Step # 2

Read...Respond...Research...Develop Skills

Complete formative work:

      • Reader's & Writer's Notebook
      • Reading & Writing Workshop
      • Academic Discourse

Step # 4

Create a Trend

Each completed and scored summative assessment contributes to a trend. A final score for an individual summative assessment is a reflection of this trend.

To improve a trend and overall summative score, return to formative work and seek, additional feedback through conferences and revise or complete a new summative assessment.

IMPORTANT: To receive a new score for a summative assessment, a learner must take part in an individual conference.

Step # 3

Demonstrate Competency

Complete summative assessments to demonstrate a level of performance for one or more competencies:

    • Category #1: Explore, Discover & Argue
    • Category #2: Create & Connect
    • Category #3: Interpret & Perform

Workflow Time Frames

Completing a Summative Assessment

Learners must complete summative assessments within the identified workflow time frame- usually a two week period of time. Learners who fail to complete a summative assessment within these parameters will receive a 0(zero) for that summative assessment. They will have the opportunity to demonstrate competency through additional summative assessment work for pass/fail credit only.

Reassessment/Revision of a Summative Assessment

Each learner will receive a score and individualized, detailed feedback for every summative assessment completed within the identified workflow time frame. Through individual conferences, revision work, and, when needed, additional formative work, a learner may have his/her summative work reassessed or opt to complete a new summative assessment. This method offers each learner the opportunity to continue to develop the skills necessary to reach progressively higher levels of competency.

For each summative assessment, learners must complete all reassessments/revisions within the identified window of opportunity - usually a two week period of time.