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20 – 20.3 UHF, Ultra High Frequency radio, Amateur radio, Moon radio, Experimental Radio and Somalia photos 36.


                                                                 Ultra High Frequency UHF radio (1 of 3). 

                                                                                        26 October 2009. 

 

Moon communications. 

Earth to Moon to Earth communications.

Experimental Radio. 

Amateur Radio.


The All Frequency Database Index is here: http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/somaliaphotos10

 

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20. UHF Ultra High Frequency Radio Communications and Emissions.

20.1 UHF Amateur Radio.

20.2 UHF EME Moon radio wave communications.

20.3 UHF Experimental Radio.

 

20.

UHF Radio Communications and Emissions.

UHF 300 – 3000 MHz.

UHF 300 MHz – 3 GHz.

UHF 300 MHz – 3000 MHz.

UHF 300000 – 3000000 kHz.

UHF 300000 kHz – 3000000 kHz.

UHF 300000000 Hz – 3000000000 Hz.

UHF 0.3 – 3 GHz.

UHF 0.3 GHz – 3 GHz.


Ultra High Frequency communications stations and USW emissions.

UHF radio communications stations, Amateur TV, Satellite radio communications, Radio Astronomy and other UHF radio emissions are here.

Satellite radio broadcast stations, UHF TV stations, clandestine radio and pirate radio are in section A.


Introduction to Ultra High Frequency UHF DX, the hobby of listening to distant Ultra High Frequency UHF radio communications stations, utility radio stations, Radio Astronomy, space radio communications, man made radio emissions and natural radio emissions between 300 MHz and 3000 MHz.

UHF contains microwave frequencies in the L band 1000 MHz – 2000 MHz (1 GHz – 2 GHz) and part of the S band 2000 MHz – 4000 MHz (2 GHz – 4 GHz).

Ultra High Frequency (UHF) radio signals have Ultra Short Wave (USW) lengths.


UHF DX Long distance Ultra High Frequency radio listening.

UHF DX Long distance Ultra High Frequency radio hunting.

UHF DXer Long distance Ultra High Frequency radio listener.

UHF DXing is the searching for long distance High Frequency radio signals.


UHF 300 MHz – 3000 MHz.

Decimetric waves.


The hobby of Radio Astronomy on UHF.

The hobby of Listening to UHF radio signals reflected by the Moon.

The hobby of Listening to UHF radio signals from outer space.

The hobby of Listening to UHF radio signals from space satellites.

The hobby of Listening to UHF space radio communication.

The hobby of Listening to UHF radio emissions from the Universe.

The hobby of Listening to military radio stations on UHF radio.

The hobby of Listening to Army, Navy and Air Force communications on UHF radio.

The hobby of UHF Radio Beacon DXing.

The hobby of UHF Long distance radio Beacon listening.

The hobby of UHF aircraft radio listening.

The hobby of Listening to UHF amateur radio communications.

The hobby of UHF Ham Radio DX.

The hobby of Long distance UHF amateur radio station listening.

The hobby of Long distance UHF Amateur Radio station transmitting.

The hobby of UHF CB Radio DX.

The hobby of UHF CB radio listening.

The hobby of UHF CB radio transmitting.

The hobby of Listening to UHF utility radio stations.

 

Introduction to UHF radio.

Introduction to Ultra High Frequency radio.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultra_high_frequency

 

Introduction to Microwaves.

Introduction to the frequencies above 1000 MHz (1 GHz).

Classification of the microwave frequency bands.

Frequency classification of the Microwave radio bands.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microwave

 

USA.

USA UHF frequency allocations from 300 MHz to 3000 MHz issued 2002.

Radio Frequency spectrum chart from the USA Federal Communications Commission.

USA UHF radio frequency allocations.

Frequency allocations from 300 – 3000 MHz in the USA.

The USA Radio Frequency UHF Spectrum allocations.

http://www.fcc.gov/Bureaus/OPP/working_papers/oppwp38chart.pdf

 

 

20.1

Amateur Radio.

UHF Amateur Radio.

Amateur Radio on UHF.

Amateur radio stations are individual citizens in every country of the world who communicate and experiment with radio transmitters and radio receivers. You can hear some amateur radio stations on UHF radio.

Real time map showing world wide radio conditions on 432 MHz.

DX happening now in the 70 centimetre band.

DX happening now in the 70 centimeter band.

http://www.vhfdx.net/spots/map.php?Lan=E&Frec=430&Map=W2L&mycall=&myloc=&freq=&prop=

Amateur Radio walkie talkies and mobile stations in different countries can connect together using radio waves and the Internet using Echolink (a Ham Radio voice over the Internet system).

http://www.amateur-radio-wiki.net/index.php?title=Echolink

http://www.echolink.org

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echolink

Amateur Radio walkie talkies and mobile stations in different countries can connect to the Internet using IRLP (Internet Radio Linking Project).

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_Radio_Linking_Project

http://www.amateur-radio-wiki.net/index.php?title=IRLP

http://www.ve3sy.com/irlp/whyIRLP.htm

Amateur Radio on the International Space Station.

VHF and UHF frequencies used by amateur radio stations to talk with the International Space Station.

http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/station/reference/radio

http://www.nasa.gov/centers/kennedy/shuttleoperations/ariss.html

http://www.arrl.org/ARISS

http://www.electric-web.org/ground_station.htm

Data base on the best times to receive Slow Scan Television radio pictures from the International Space Station.

http://ariss-sstv.blogspot.com

Amateur radio satellite communications.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AMSAT

http://www.amsat.org/amsat-new/index.php

Amateur radio satellite data base.

The hobby of listening to space satellites.

Under ACTION click- TRACK IT and see the satellite move across the map of the world in real time.

When the satellite is over your area you can try to receive it on your radio.

http://www.n2yo.com/satellites/?c=18

BUILT A $200 HIGH POWER AMATEUR TELEVISION TRANSMITTER FROM A MICROWAVE OVEN on 2430 MHz (2.43 GHz). Do not built this unless you are experienced, beware the 5000 Volts it can kill you, do not point the antenna at people, do not look at the antenna, buy a microwave leakage detector. Follow all the precautions.

http://servv89pn0aj.sn.sourcedns.com/~gbpprorg/mil/herf/mwpll.pdf

 

 

20.2

EME Moon radio wave communications.

(EME) Earth-Moon-Earth radio communications.

Moon bounce radio communications.

WITH A COMPUTER, A 50 WATT HAM RADIO AND A DIRECTIONAL ANTENNA YOU CAN TRANSMIT TO THE MOON AND RECEIVE YOUR SIGNAL 2 SECONDS LATER.

http://hb9q.ch/joomla/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=18&Itemid=28

You can listen to ham radio operators when you see the Moon.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EME_(communications)

http://www.vhfdx.net/jt65bintro.html

http://physics.princeton.edu/pulsar/K1JT/EME_2010_Hbk.pdf

http://www.vhfdx.net/eme.html

Audio from the Moon. 

Listen to amateur radio signals reflected from the Moon.

http://home.kpn.nl/alphe078/ehgoneme.htm

http://www.geocities.com/branimir_9a9b/what/what.html

Listen to this audio. Hear your radio signal 2 seconds after you speak or after you send Morse code as the radio wave travels to the Moon and back to Earth.

http://www.qsl.net/oe5jfl/moonecho.htm

http://www.qsl.net/oe5jfl

 


20.3

Experimental Radio.

UHF experimental radio.

Ultra High Frequency experimental radio.

Uhfer.

UhFER.

The hobby of listening to UHF low power radio signals including the Industrial, Scientific and Medical (ISM) bands of:

433.050 MHz – 434.790 MHz centred on 433.920 MHz in the 70 centimetre (70 centimeter) band.

902 MHz – 928 MHz centred on 915 MHz in the 33 centimetre (33 centimeter) band.

2400 MHz – 2500 MHz  centred on 2450 MHz in the 13 centimetre (12 centimeter) band.

Free software can be downloaded from the Internet to listen for low power radio signals under the noise.

Includes legal no-license-needed UHF Experimental Radio Transmitters.

The hobby of listening to ultra high frequency very low power (micro) radio beacons.

Ultra High Frequency UHF radio listeners can use free to download computer software to see on their computer very low power radio signals over large distances as well as radio signals under the noise.

 

Australia.

UHF Experimental Radio in Australia.

Ultra High Frequency Experimental Radio in Australia.

Uhfer in Australia.

UhFER in Australia.

No radio transmitter licence (license) is needed in Australia on the following UHF bands (see conditions below).

Uhfer bands in megahertz.

273.000 MHz – 303.950 MHz,

304.050 MHz – 328.600 MHz,

335.400 MHz – 399.900 MHz,

433.050 MHz – 434.790 MHz,

472.0125 MHz – 472.1125MHz,

915.000 MHz – 928.000 MHz,

2400.000 MHz – 2450.000 MHz,

2400.000 MHz – 2483.500 MHz.

Uhfer bands in megahertz.

273 MHz – 303.95 MHz,

304.05 MHz – 328.6 MHz,

335.4 MHz – 399.9 MHz,

433.05 MHz – 434.79 MHz,

472.0125 MHz – 472.1125 MHz,

915 MHz – 928 MHz,

2400 MHz – 2450 MHz,

2400 MHz – 2483.5 MHz.

Uhfer bands in kilohertz.

273000 kHz – 303950 kHz,

304050 kHz – 328600 kHz,

335400 kHz – 399900 kHz,

433050 kHz – 434790 kHz,

472012.5 kHz – 472112.5 kHz,

915000 kHz – 928000 kHz,

2400000 kHz – 2450000 kHz,

2400000 kHz – 2483500 kHz.

Uhfer bands in megahertz and gigahertz.

273 MHz – 303.95 MHz,

304.05 MHz – 328.6 MHz,

335.4 MHz – 399.9 MHz,

433.05 MHz – 434.79 MHz,

472.0125 MHz – 472.1125 MHz,

915 MHz – 928 MHz,

2.4 GHz – 2.45 GHz,

2.4 GHz – 2.4835 GHz.

UHF bands in gigahertz.

0.273 GHz – 0.30395 GHz,

0.30405 GHz – 0.3286 GHz,

0.3354 GHz – 0.3999 GHz,

0.43305 GHz – 0.43479 GHz,

0.4720125 GHz – 0.4721125 GHz,

0.915 GHz – 0.928 GHz,

2.4 GHz – 2.45 GHz,

2.4 GHz – 2.4835 GHz.

UHF Bands where no radio transmitter licence (license) is needed in Australia (see conditions below).

273.000 MHz – 303.950 MHz 1 metre band (1 meter band “300er” 300 MHz Experimental Radio).

304.050 MHz – 328.600 MHz 90 centimetre band (90 centimeter band “310er” 310 MHz Experimental Radio).

335.400 MHz – 399.900 MHz 80 cm band (“399er” 399 MHz Experimental Radio).

433.050 MHz – 434.790 MHz 69 cm band (“433er” 433 MHz Experimental Radio).

472.0125 MHz – 472.1125MHz 62 cm band (“472er” 472 MHz Experimental Radio).

915 MHz – 928 MHz 33 cm band (“915er” 915 MHz Experimental Radio).

2400 MHz – 2450 MHz 13 cm band (“2.4ger”, “2.4giger”, 2.4 GHz Experimental Radio, 2400 MHz Experimental Radio).

2400 MHz – 2483.5 MHz 12 cm band (“2.4ger”, “2.4giger”, 2.4 GHz Experimental Radio, 2400 MHz Experimental Radio).

In the UHF bands where no transmitter licence (license) is needed the maximum radiated antenna power is shown for each band:

“275er” 1 m band 273.000 MHz – 303.950 MHz using 0.01 mW e.i.r.p.

“310er” 90 cm band 304.050 MHz – 328.600 MHz using 0.01 mW e.i.r.p.

“399er” 80 cm band 335.400 MHz – 399.900 MHz using 0.01 mW e.i.r.p.

“433er” 69 cm band 433.050 MHz – 434.790 MHz using 25 mW e.i.r.p.

“472er” 62 cm band 472.0125 MHz – 472.1125 MHz using 100 mW e.i.r.p. with Telecommand or telemetry transmitters.

“915er” 33 cm band 915 MHz – 928 MHz unrestricted using 3 mW e.i.r.p.

“915er” 33 cm band 915 MHz – 928 MHz using 1 Watt e.i.r.p. with digital modulation transmitters.

“915er” 33 cm band 915 MHz – 928 MHz using 1 Watt e.i.r.p. with frequency hopping transmitters. A minimum of 20 hopping frequencies must be used.

“2.4ger” 13 cm band 2400 MHz – 2450 MHz using 1 Watt e.i.r.p. with Telecommand or telemetry transmitters. The radiated peak power spectral density in any 3 kHz is limited to 25 mW per 3 kHz and the minimum 6 dB bandwidth must be at least 500 kHz.

“2.4ger”12 cm band 2400 MHz – 2483.5 MHz unrestricted using 10 mW e.i.r.p.

“2.4ger”12 cm band 2400 MHz – 2483.5 MHz using 500 mW e.i.r.p. with frequency hopping transmitters. A minimum of 15 hopping frequencies must be used.

“2.4ger” 12 cm band 2400 MHz – 2483.5 MHz using 4 Watts e.i.r.p. with frequency hopping transmitters. A minimum of 75 hopping frequencies must be used.

“2.4ger” 12 cm band 2400 MHz – 2483.5 MHz using 4 Watts e.i.r.p. with digital modulation transmitters. The radiated peak power spectral density in any 3 kHz is limited to 25 mW per 3 kHz and the minimum 6 dB bandwidth must be at least 500 kHz.

The Australian Radio communications (Low Interference Potential Devices LIPD class license 2000) with all amendments came into effect on 1 July 2009.

This document (LIPD 2000) includes the amendments to 2009 to allow devises that meet certain power levels on certain frequencies to be used without the need to apply for a license.

LIPD, (section 3, Note) states that LIPD devises must not cause radio frequency interference to other Radio communication devises.

The responsibility is on LIPD owners to resolve interference for example by retuning or stopping their operation.

Radio communications (Low Interference Potential Devices) Class Licence 2000, 1 July 2009, Schedule 1 Transmitters, Pages 8 to 18.

Click to download the Australian Communications and Media Authority ACMA (Low Interference Potential Devices LIPD) pdf - LIPD


Canada.

UHF Experimental Radio in Canada.

Ultra High Frequency Experimental Radio in Canada.

Uhfer in Canada.

UhFER in Canada.

No radio transmitter licence (license) is needed in Canada on the following UHF bands (see conditions below).

Uhfer bands in megahertz.

902 MHz – 928 MHz,

2400 MHz – 2483.5 MHz.

Uhfer bands in megahertz.

902.000 MHz – 928.000 MHz,

2400.000 MHz – 2483.500 MHz.

Uhfer bands in kilohertz.

902000 kHz – 928000 kHz,

2400000 kHz – 2483500 kHz.

Uhfer bands in megahertz and gigahertz.

902 MHz – 928 MHz,

2.4 GHz – 2.483.5 GHz.

Uhfer bands in gigahertz.

0.902 GHz – 0.928 GHz,

2.4 GHz – 2.483.5 GHz.

UHF Bands where no radio transmitter licence (license) is needed in Canada (see conditions below).

902 MHz – 928 MHz 33 cm band (“915er” 915 MHz Experimental Radio).

2400.000 MHz – 2483.500 MHz 12 cm band (“2.4ger”, “2.4giger”, 2.4 GHz Experimental Radio 2400 MHz Experimental Radio).

In the UHF bands where no transmitter licence (license) is needed the maximum antenna radiated power is shown for each band:

“915er” 33 centimetre band (33 centimeter band) 902 MHz – 928 MHz using a field strength of 50 millivolts per metre (50 mV/m) measured 3 metres away from the antenna. This is equivalent to a maximum antenna radiated power of 0.75 mW e.i.r.p.

“2.4ger” 12 cm band 2400 MHz – 2483.5 MHz using a field strength of 50 millivolts per metre (50 mV/m) measured 3 metres away from the antenna. This is equivalent to a maximum antenna radiated power of 0.75 mW e.i.r.p.

Industry Canada radio regulations, 30 July 2009, RSS-210 - Low-power licence-exempt radio communication devices (all frequency bands), Annex 2 (Devices operating in non-service specific licence-exempt bands in Canada), section 2.9 the 902- 928 MHz and 2400- 2483.5 MHz bands.

http://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/smt-gst.nsf/eng/sf08477.html


New Zealand.

UHF Experimental Radio in New Zealand.

Ultra High Frequency Experimental Radio in New Zealand.

Uhfer in New Zealand.

UhFER in New Zealand.

No radio transmitter licence (license) is needed in New Zealand on the following UHF bands (see conditions below).

Uhfer bands in megahertz.

300.000 MHz – 322.000 MHz,

433.050 MHz 434.790 MHz,

458.540 MHz 458.610 MHz,

466.800 MHz 466.850 MHz,

471.000 MHz 471.500 MHz,

819.000 MHz – 824.000 MHz,

864.000 MHz – 868.000 MHz,

869.200 MHz – 869.250 MHz,

915.000 MHz – 921.000 MHz,

921.000 MHz – 929.000 MHz,

2400.000 MHz – 2483.500 MHz.

Uhfer bands in megahertz.

300 MHz – 322 MHz,

433.05 MHz 434.79 MHz,

458.54 MHz 458.61 MHz,

466.8 MHz 466.85 MHz,

471 MHz 471.5 MHz,

819 MHz – 824 MHz,

864 MHz – 868 MHz,

869.2 MHz – 869.25 MHz,

915 MHz – 921 MHz,

921 MHz – 929 MHz,

2400 MHz – 2483.5 MHz.

Uhfer bands in kilohertz.

300000 kHz – 322000 kHz,

433050 kHz 434790 kHz,

458540 kHz 458610 kHz,

466800 kHz 466850 kHz,

471000 kHz 471500 kHz,

819000 kHz – 824000 kHz,

864000 kHz – 868000 kHz,

869200 kHz – 869250 kHz,

915000 kHz – 921000 kHz,

921000 kHz – 929000 kHz,

2400000 kHz – 2483500 kHz.

Uhfer bands in megahertz and gigahertz.

300 MHz – 322 MHz,

433.05 MHz 434.79 MHz,

458.54 MHz 458.61 MHz,

466.8 MHz 466.85 MHz,

471 MHz 471.5 MHz,

819 MHz – 824 MHz,

864 MHz – 868 MHz,

869.2 MHz – 869.25 MHz,

915 MHz – 921 MHz,

921 MHz – 929 MHz,

2.4 GHz – 2.4835 GHz.

Uhfer bands in gigahertz.

0.300 GHz – 0.322 GHz,

0.433.05 GHz – 0.434.79 GHz,

0.458.54 GHz – 0.458.61 GHz,

0.466.8 GHz – 0.466.85 GHz,

0.471 GHz – 0.471.5 GHz,

0.819 GHz – 0.824 GHz,

0.864 GHz – 0.868 GHz,

0.869.2 GHz – 0.869.25 GHz,

0.915 GHz – 0.921 GHz,

0.921 GHz – 0.929 GHz,

2.4 GHz – 2.4835 GHz.

UHF Bands where no radio transmitter licence (license) is needed in New Zealand (see conditions below).

300 MHz – 322 MHz 1 metre band (1 meter band “300er” 300 MHz Experimental Radio).

433.050 MHz 434.790 MHz 69 cm band (“433er” 433 MHz Experimental Radio).

458.540 MHz 458.610 MHz 66 cm band (“458er” 458 MHz Experimental Radio).

466.800 MHz 466.850 MHz 64 cm band (“466er” 466 MHz Experimental Radio).

471.0 MHz 471.5 MHz 63 cm band (“471er” 472 MHz Experimental Radio).

819 MHz – 824 MHz 36 cm band (“819er” 819 MHz Experimental Radio).

864 MHz – 868 MHz 35 cm band (“866er” 866 MHz Experimental Radio).

869.200 MHz – 869.250 MHz 34 cm band (“869er” 869 MHz Experimental Radio).

915 MHz – 921 MHz 33 cm band (“915er”, “915er low”, 915 MHz Experimental Radio).

921 MHz – 929 MHz 33 cm band (“915er”, “915er high”, 915 MHz Experimental Radio).

2.4 GHz – 2.4835 GHz 12 cm band (“2.4ger”, “2.4giger”, 2.4 GHz Experimental Radio 2400 MHz Experimental Radio).

In the UHF bands where no transmitter licence (license) is needed the maximum radiated antenna power is shown for each band:

“300er” 1 m band 300 MHz – 322 MHz using 10 mW e.i.r.p. with telemetry and or telecommand.

“433er” 69 cm band 433.050 MHz – 434.790 MHz using 25 mW e.i.r.p. with telemetry and or telecommand.

“458er” 66 cm band 458.540 MHz – 458.610 MHz using 500 mW e.i.r.p.

“466er” 64 cm band 466.800 MHz – 466.850 MHz using 500 mW e.i.r.p.

“471er” 63 cm band 471 MHz – 471.500 MHz using 100 mW e.i.r.p.

“819er” 36 cm band 819 MHz – 824 MHz using 100 mW e.i.r.p.

“866er” 35 cm band 864 MHz – 868 MHz unrestricted using 1 Watt e.i.r.p.

“866er” 35 cm band 864 MHz – 868 MHz using gain antennas to a maximum peak power of 4 Watts e.i.r.p. with frequency hopping or digital modulation transmitters.

“869er” 34 cm 869.200 MHz – 869.250 MHz using 10 mW e.i.r.p (duty cycle is 0.1%) with telemetry and or telecommand.

“915er low” 33 cm band 915 MHz – 921 MHz using 3 mW e.i.r.p. with telemetry and or telecommand.

“915er high” 33 cm band 921 MHz – 929 MHz using 1 Watt e.i.r.p.

“2.4ger” 12 cm band 2400 MHz – 2483.500 MHz unrestricted using 1 Watt e.i.r.p.

“2.4ger” 12 cm band 2400 MHz – 2483.500 MHz maximum peak power of 4 Watts e.i.r.p. using gain antennas with frequency hopping or digital modulation transmitters.

Very low power ISM radio beacons in New Zealand on the ISM bands.

Ministry of Economic Development MED, New Zealand document Radiocommunications Regulations (General User Radio Licence for Short Range Devices, Notice 2007 (last updated 18 March 2008) states that a general user radio licence is granted for the transmission of radio waves for the purpose of Short Range Devices (SRD), also known as Restricted Radiation Devices (RRD), Low Interference Potential Devices (LIPD), or Spread Spectrum Devices (SSD).

If interference results a user must change frequency reduce power, or cease operation.

http://www.rsm.govt.nz/cms/licensing/types-of-licence/general-user-licences/short-range-devices/#note1

UHF Transmitter Module ASK (Audio Shift keying) on 433.92 MHz $6.

http://www.surplustronics.co.nz/shop/product-RFC1.html 

UHF Receiver Module ASK (Audio Shift keying) on 433.92 MHz $6.

http://www.surplustronics.co.nz/shop/product-RFD1.html

UHF Transmitter Module FSK (Frequency Shift keying) on 433.92 MHz $11.

http://www.surplustronics.co.nz/shop/product-RFFB1.html

UHF Receiver Module FSK (Frequency Shift keying) on 433.92 MHz $15.

http://www.surplustronics.co.nz/shop/product-RFFE1.html

433 MHz Transceiver module (Transmitter- Receiver RS232 interface) with 433 MHz antenna on the ISM band, no need to apply for a frequency usage license. Some uses include remote control, remote measurement system, wireless metering, access control, identity discrimination, data collection, IT home appliance, smart house products, as a baby monitor and in radio communications and experimentation, range of 1 km $38.

http://www.surplustronics.co.nz/shop/product-PICHRT111.html

433 MHz Transceiver module (Transmitter- Receiver TTL interface) with 433 MHz antenna on the ISM band, no need to apply for a frequency usage license. Some uses include remote control, remote measurement system, wireless metering, access control, identity discrimination, data collection, IT home appliance, smart house products, as a baby monitor and in radio communications and experimentation, range of 1 km $38.

http://www.surplustronics.co.nz/shop/product-PICHRT121.html

2.4 GHz Transmitter module $24

http://www.surplustronics.co.nz/shop/product-EQC3598.html

2.4 GHz Receiver module $36

http://www.surplustronics.co.nz/shop/product-EQC3599.html


USA.

UHF Experimental Radio in the USA.

UHF Experimental Radio in the US.

Ultra High Frequency Experimental Radio in the USA.

Ultra High Frequency Experimental Radio in the US.

Uhfer in the USA.

Uhfer in the US.

UhFER in the USA.

UhFER in the US.

No radio transmitter licence (license) is needed in the USA on the following UHF bands (see conditions below).

Uhfer bands in megahertz.

902 MHz – 928 MHz,

2400 MHz – 2483.5 MHz.

Uhfer bands in megahertz.

902.000 MHz – 928.000 MHz,

2400.000 MHz – 2483.500 MHz.

Uhfer bands in kilohertz.

902000 kHz – 928000 kHz,

2400000 kHz – 2483500 kHz.

Uhfer bands in megahertz and gigahertz.

902 MHz – 928 MHz,

2.4 GHz – 2.483.5 GHz.

Uhfer bands in gigahertz.

0.902 MHz – 0.928 MHz,

2.4 GHz – 2.483.5 GHz.

UHF Bands where no radio transmitter licence (license) is needed in the USA (see conditions below).

902 MHz – 928 MHz 33 cm band (“915er” 915 MHz Experimental Radio).

2400 MHz – 2483.5 MHz 12 cm band (“2.4ger”, “2.4giger, 2.4 GHz Experimental Radio 2400 MHz Experimental Radio).

In the UHF bands where no transmitter licence (license) is needed the maximum radiated antenna power or field strength is shown for each band:

“915er” 33 cm band 902 MHz – 928 MHz with a maximum field strength of 50 millivolts per metre measured 3 meters away from the antenna.

“915er” 33 cm band 902 MHz – 928 MHz using 250 mW for frequency hopping transmitters with 25 to 49 hopping channels.

“915er” 33 cm band 902 MHz – 928 MHz MHz using 1 Watt for frequency hopping transmitters with 50 or more hopping channels.

“915er” 33 cm band 902 MHz – 928 MHz MHz using 1 Watt for transmitters with digital modulation.

“2.4ger” 12 cm band 2400 MHz – 2483.5 MHz using 0.125 Watts for frequency hopping transmitters with less than 75 non overlapping hopping frequencies.

“2.4ger” 12 cm band 2400 MHz – 2483.5 MHz using 1 Watt for frequency hopping transmitters with 75 or more non overlapping hopping frequencies.

“2.4ger” 12 cm band 2400 MHz – 2483.5 MHz using 1 Watt for transmitters with digital modulation.

The FCC Federal Communications Commission 10 July 2008 radio regulations, Part 15 rules for Radio Frequency devices outlines the USA radio regulations under which an intended radiator of radio waves may be operated without a license.

Unlicensed transmitters (intended radiators) must not cause interference to other radio or TV stations. Unlicensed radio stations (intended radiators) are not protected from interference.

Part 15 rules, page 13, section 15.23 allow home built transmitters (Intentional radiators).

Home-built Uhfer transmitter radio regulations for Part 15 compliant devices.

Home built Uhfer transmitters.

Home built Uhfer radio transmitters.

Home constructed Uhfer radio transmitters.

Home-made UHF radio transmitters.

Home made UHF radio transmitter.

Home-made UHF radio transmitter.

Home-made UHF transmitter.

Home built radio transmitters.

Home built radio transmitter.

Home constructed radio transmitters.

Home constructed radio transmitter.

Home made radio transmitters.

Home made radio transmitter.

The FCC Part 15 radio regulations for home-made radio transmitter devices.

FCC 10 July 2008 Part 15 radio regulations, page 13, section 15.23 “Home-built devices” states:

(a) Equipment authorization is not required for devices that are not marketed, are not constructed from a kit and are built in quantities of 5 or less for personal use.

(b) It is recognized that the individual builder of Home-built equipment may not possess the means to perform the measurements for determining compliance with the regulations. In this case the builder is expected to employ good engineering practices to meet specified technical standards to the greatest extent practicable.

Section 15.5 also applies to home made devices (transmitters).

Page 9, Section 15.5 “General conditions of operation”.

(a). No person has a right to the continued use of current frequencies (this means that any frequency might be re-allocated for a different use in future).

(b). No harmful radio or TV interference is to be caused and interference from licensed or unlicensed stations must be accepted.

(c). Operation of the devise (transmitter) must cease if an FCC representative informs you of harmful interference caused by your devise. Operation can only restart once the cause of the interference has been corrected.

(d). Transmitters causing damped wave are prohibited (not allowed).

Part 15 rules, page 80 is the list of frequencies where intended radio emissions (transmissions) is not permitted. Only spurious emission (such as unavoidable low level harmonic radiation as a result of transmitting on another frequency) is allowed in those restricted bands.

The FCC part 15 radio regulations in the USA dated 10 July 2008.

http://www.fcc.gov/oet/info/rules/part15/PART15_07-10-08.pdf 
 


How to make a radio station in Somalia.

How to make a radio station antenna in Somalia.

The antenna is pulled up from the top of the tower in Galkayo, North East Somalia. 

 

The Radio Free Somalia (“Free for all to use”, later known as Radio Galkayo) antenna is a 12 element Log periodic short wave radio broadcast and worldwide communications antenna. The aerial is being pulled up the tower at the Galkayo Police station, Galkayo, North East Somalia in August 1994.

In 1993 HAM Radio (Helping All Mankind and woMankind) friendship from two-way radio communications brought this aid from Australia to Somalia in August 1994.

As well as short wave radio broadcasting this antenna was also used in amateur radio communications between Somalia hams (Helping All Mankind and woMankind) radio operators and hams worldwide.

Some of the activities of Somalia ham radio and the worldwide network of Ham radio operators include:

 

To have trained radio operators available throughout the country that can assist their community and the nation during time of emergency. In lasameeyo koox raadiye obaraytaro ah oo diyaar kunoqota dalka gudihiisa kuwaasoo gacan siinkaraya dadkooda iyo dalkooda xiliga ay masiibooyin deg deg ah.

 

To be ready to help your community, the nation and the world with emergency communications in a disaster. In diyaar loo ahaado iskuxirka tuulada qaranka iyo aduunka marka gargaar deg deg ah loo baahanyahay.

 

To open emergency communication capability in areas where none currently exists. In laga furo awood is gaarsiineed oo deg deg ah goobah aysan kajirin.

 

To increase the knowledge and education of people through technical know how in worldwide radio communication. In kor loo qaado aqoonta iyo wax barashada dadka baranaya isgaarsiinta radiyaha caalamiga ah.

 

To improve communication between villages and urban or city centres. In kor looqaado isgaarsinta udhaxaysa tulooyinka, magaalooyika iyo caasimadaha ha.

 

To set up local, national & international amateur radio communications. Inlataago raadiyaha shati haystaha ah ee caalamiga ah iyo mid dalka gudihiisa ah si ay xiriir usameeyaan.

 

Provide a way in which citizens can make friends all over the world for Somalia on the airwaves. In lasameeyo nidaam ay muwaadiniintu xiriir saaxiibtinimo kula yeelanayan aduunka dalka Soomaaaliya ayadoo la adeegsanayo hirarka hawada.

 

Build friendship worldwide through "on air" radio conversations. In ladhiso saaxiibtinimo aduunkoo dhan ah oo loomarayo wada sheekaysiga hawada.

North East Somalia became the Puntland State of Somalia on the 1st August 1998.

(Photo Sam Voron 6O0A, VK2BVS, directing the lifting operations Abdikarim Nur Mohamud 6O0W).  


INDEX 1.

This new Somalia Amateur Radio website


1. Somalia.
Soomaaliya. 
http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio  

2. Somalia photos 2 and Morse code between 0 – 1.6 MHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 2 iyo 0 – 1.6 MHz Morse codka caalmiga ah. 
http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/somaliaphotos2  

3. Somalia photos 3 and Morse code on 1.6 – 3 MHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 3 iyo 1.6 – 3 MHz Morse codka caalmiga ah. 
http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/somaliaphotos3  

4. Somalia photos 4 and Morse code on 3 – 60 MHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 4 iyo 3 – 60 MHz Morse codka caalmiga ah. 
http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/somaliaphotos4 

5. Somalia photos 5 and introduction to Non Directional Radio Beacons and NDB list from 0 to 299 kHz. 

6. Somalia photos 6 and Non Directional Radio Beacons list from 300 to 399 kHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 6 iyo NDB 300-399 kHz.

7. Somalia photos 7 and Non Directional Radio Beacons list from 400 to 599 kHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 7 iyo NDB 400-599 kHz. 

8. Somalia photos 8 and Non Directional Radio Beacons list from 600 to 8000 kHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 8 iyo NDB 600-8000 kHz. 

9. Somalia photo 9 and free VLF radio receiver.
Masawir Soomaaliya 9 iyo Radiyo VLF

DATABASE INDEX.

10. All Frequency Database Index and Somalia photos 10. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 10

BROADCASTING STATIONS, 
BROADCAST STATIONS, 
RADIO BROADCASTS, 
TV BROADCASTS.
– 6.8

1 – 1.4 Long Wave radio stations and Somalia photos 10AA. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 10AA 

2 – 2.5 Medium Wave radio stations and Somalia photos 11. 

2.6 Hobby AM radio stations and Somalia photos 12.
Masawir Soomaaliya 12 

3 – 3.3 Short Wave radio stations and Somalia photos 13.
Masawir Soomaaliya 13

3.4 Clandestine radio stations and Somalia photos 14.
Masawir Soomaaliya 14 

3.5 – 3.7 Pirate radio stations, online Short Wave radio receivers, scanners and Somalia photos 15. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 15 

4 – 4.4 VHF FM radio stations and Somalia photos 16. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 16 

4.5 VHF Hobby FM radio stations and Somalia photos 17. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 17

4.6 – 4.6f VHF Digital radio stations and Somalia photos 18.
Masawir Soomaaliya 18 

5 – 5.3e UHF hobby FM radio stations, UHF satellite radio and Somalia photos 19. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 19 

6 – 6.1c TV stations and Somalia photos 20.
Masawir Soomaaliya 20 

6.2a – 6.2c Hobby TV stations and Somalia photos 21. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 21 

6.3 – 6.5 Community TV, Cable TV, Public access cable TV and Somalia photos 22. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 22 

6.6 Pirate TV stations and Somalia photos 23. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 23

6.7 Satellite TV and Somalia photos 24.
Masawir Soomaaliya 24 

6.8 Amateur TV, ATV and Somalia photos 25. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 25 

RADIO COMMUNICATIONS STATIONS, 
RADIO COMMUNICATION STATIONS, 
ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM,
RADIO EMISSIONS. 
– 33.7

7 – 10.1 Frequencies below 9 kilohertz, Experimental radio below 9 kHz and Somalia photos 26. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 26 

11 – 15.10 TLF, ELF, SLF, ULF, VLF Submarine radio below 30 kHz and Somalia photos 27. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 27 

16 – 16.7 LF, Low Frequency radio 30 kHz – 300 kHz, Amateur radio, Experimental Radio and Somalia photos 28. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 28 

17 – 17.9 MF Medium Frequency radio 300 kHz – 3 MHz, Amateur radio, Experimental radio and Somalia photos 29. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 29 

18 – 18.3 HF, High Frequency radio, Aircraft radio, Amateur Radio, Broadband Internet and Somalia photos 30. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 30 

18.4 HF CB radio, Citizen’s Band radio and Somalia photos 31. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 31 

18.5 – 18.6 HF Experimental radio and Somalia photos 32. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 32 

18.7 – 18.21 HF Ship Radio, Jamming stations, Radar, Radio Astronomy, online HF radios and Somalia photos 33. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 33 

19 – 19.3 VHF, Very High Frequency Radio, Aviation Radio, Ham Radio, Experimental Radio and Somalia photos 34. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 34 

19.4 – 19.17 VHF Marine radio, Police radio, Fire, Medical, Space, scanner radio and Somalia photos 35. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 35 

20 – 20.3 UHF, Ultra High Frequency radio, Amateur radio, Moon radio, Experimental Radio and Somalia photos 36. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 36 

20.4 – 20.6w UHF CB radio, Citizen’s Band Radio, GPS Global Positioning System and Somalia photos 37. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 37 

20.7 – 20.20 UHF Police radio, Fire, Medical, Boat radio, Radio Astronomy, radio scanners and Somalia photos 38. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 38 

21 – 21.3 SHF, Super High Frequency radio, Ham radio, Cosmic Radiation from outer space and Somalia photos 39. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 39 

21.4 – 21.10 SHF Internet Wireless Local Area Networks LAN, Radar, Radio Astronomy, Satellites and Somalia photos 40. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 40 

22 – 22.7 EHF, Extremely High Frequency radio, CMBR Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation from outer space and Somalia photos 41. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 41 

23 – 23.4 THF, Tremendously High Frequency radio, Radio Astronomy, Satellites, Laser, and Somalia photos 42. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 42 

24 – 24.1 Infrared, Infrared radiation, Infrared astronomy, Experimental Infrared radiation and Somalia photos 43. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 43 

25. Light, Visible light radiation, Light communications, Optical astronomy and Somalia photos 44. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 44 

26. UV, Ultraviolet, Ultraviolet radiation, Ultraviolet astronomy and Somalia photos 45. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 45 

27. X-rays, X-ray radiation, X-ray astronomy and Somalia photos 46. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 46 

28 Gamma-rays, Gamma-ray radiation, Gamma-ray astronomy and Somalia photos 47 
Masawir Soomaaliya 47 

29 Cosmic rays, Cosmic ray particles from outer space, Cosmic ray astronomy and Somalia photos 48. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 48

30 – 31. Online radio measurement converters, electronics calculations, electrical calculators and Somalia photos 49. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 49 

32 – 33.7 Radio frequency allocation plans, radio codes, Amateur radio clubs and Somalia photos 50. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 50 




INDEX 2.

The 
Index for the old Somalia 
Ham Radio website is at the bottom of page 1: http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio




Contact: Sam Voron VK2BVS, 6O0A. 

Email somaliahamradio@yahoo.com