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2. Somalia photos 2 and Morse code 0 - 1.6 MHz.


                    Listening to Morse code on Long Wave Radio frequencies from 0 to 1.6 MHz.  
                                                                                23 October 2009.


 

Morse code radio listening in Sydney, Australia.

Listening to unusual and interesting radio signals.

Combined with Somalia Photos 2. 

 



When radio was invented over 100 years ago, Morse code was the only way to communicate.
Voice transmission was invented later. 

In 2009 who is using Morse code? 

Amateur radio operators (Ham radio operators) use Morse code as a fun way to communicate. 

Sam Voron VK2BVS, 6O0A shows Somalia Amateur Radio students how to hold a Morse code key in Galkayo, Somalia.

Ham
s (Helping All mankind and woMankind) radio operators get to know other individual radio operators by the sound of their Morse code in the same way that we recognise friends by the sound of their voice. 

People who love sending SMS mobile phone messages have the same enjoyment that Radio Hams feel when they communicate with their radio friends using Morse code. 

One difference between SMS phone calls and Morse code radio conversations is that SMS mobile phone users pay for the SMS calls whereas local and worldwide ham radio Morse code (or voice or data) conversations are unlimited and free. 

Each SMS phone call is charged a fee by commercial private business.

Morse code (and voice or data) on amateur radio is a worldwide humanitarian, scientific and experimental non-commercial friendship service operated by individual citizens who use the free radio airwaves to talk with ham radio enthusiasts in every country.

Ham radio conversations are free because they operate under the International regulations of the United Nations International Telecommunications Union to promote free worldwide friendship, disaster emergency communications assistance, scientific telecommunications research and technical training as well as in promoting human respect, education and worldwide understanding.

Another reason why local and worldwide Amateur radio calls are free is because ham radio operators do not operate their radio station for commercial or business purposes.

Ham radios (amateur radios) are used only to promote free worldwide friendship, human respect, education and worldwide understanding as well as to assist in emergency communications both locally and in other countries during disasters and in technical education and scientific research. 

In 2009 Morse code is used by most people who have a mobile phone.
When an SMS message arrives you hear (dit dit dit)  (daaa daaa) (dit dit dit) which is the International Morse code meaning SMS.

The following is a survey of all Morse code transmissions received in Sydney, Australia between 0 and 1.6 MHz (0 to 1600 kHz).

This Morse code survey will give an idea of who (apart from the amateur ham radio operators and the 900 MHz mobile radio SMS phone users as discussed above) is also using Morse code in the 21st century.

Surprisingly Morse code is found to be widely used in todays modern world doing its job silently and 24 hours a day.

Morse code in 2009 is used everyday on land, sea, air and space from helping aircraft pilots so that you and me depart and arrive at the airport safely through to scientific research work and more. 



The Galkayo to Garowe Highway, Somalia September 2007.


 

Listening to Morse code

 Morse code in the 21st century. 

Radio Morse code from 0 to 1.6 MHz (0 to 1600 kHz).

 

Morse code on Low Frequency (LF), Long Wave (LW), Medium Wave (MW), Short Wave (SW) and VHF (Very High Frequency) radio.

 

CW Continuous Wave (radio wave) switched on and off is Morse code on radio.

 

A long one second signal is the Morse code dash and on radio sounds like Daaa.

A short eighth of a second signal is the Morse code dot and on radio sounds like Dit.

 

MCW is a modulated CW signal (made of a radio frequency carrier signal with an audio signal) and is Morse code that can be heard on an AM receiver.

 

CW is an unmodulated CW signal (made of a radio frequency carrier with no audio signal) and is Morse code that can be heard on any receiver that has a control to select SSB (Single Side Band) or LSB (Lower Side Band) or USB (Upper Side Band) or CW (Continuous Wave) or BFO (Beat Frequency Oscillator).

 

Before a Morse code radio call sign you often hear the letters “de” meaning “This is”

d (Daaa dit dit)

e (Dit)

 

Download the complete International Morse code-

MORSE CODKA CAALMIGA AH.
All in Somalia radio course topic 09

https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic09.doc 

 

 More Morse code topics are at the bottom of the page.



Sam Voron VK2BVS, 6O0A from Sydney, Australia enjoying breakfast in Galkayo, Somalia October 2007.



 

Morse code in 2009


 Morse code in the twenty first century. 


Listening to Morse code on Low Frequency (LF) radio and Long Wave (LW) radio. 


Radio Morse code from 0 to 1.6 MHz (0 to 1600 kHz).


Non-Directional Radio Beacons, Non-Directional Beacons, NDB, Non Directional navigation Beacons, Long Wave beacons, Medium Wave beacons, Aviation radio beacons, Marine navigation radio beacons are 15 Watts to 3000 Watt radio transmitters using 160 kHz to 1.750 MHz with an antenna at a fixed and known location. On Long Wave most NDB in Australia operate from 200 to 490 MHz. 

The future for Australian Non Directional Beacons NDB in the navigation plan for (backup) instrument approaches is to replace needed NDBs with new technology electronics and, if necessary more economical antennas. 
From 2007 to 2009 a few NDBs that are not part of the Australian backup network of Non Directional Beacons NDB’s have been decommissioned (their operation has ended) when they approached the time to replace old equipment. 

Australian Defence Force (ADF) Non Directional Beacons (NDB) is used by aircraft in flight to align their position relative to the runway position.
NDB are used during poor visibility conditions and in good visibility conditions for training purposes. For example all aircraft using instrument approaches to prepare to land might commence their approaches to the airport runway from a distance of 15 nautical miles using navigation aids such as the Non Directional Beacon (NDB), Instrument Landing System (ILS) or Tactical Air Navigation System (TACAN).

The US Department of Defense Non Directional Beacon NDB radio class codes classify an NDB transmitter power of less than 50 Watts for use within 25 NM (Nautical miles), 50 to 2000 Watts for up to 50 NM and more than 2000 Watts for distances over 75 NM. 

Those listening on these Long Wave frequencies for unusual and interesting radio signals have sometimes heard the low power 15 Watt NDB radio beacon signals from thousands of miles away especially during sunset, nighttime and sunrise. 

Australian States and Territories.

A.C.T is the Australian Capital Territory.
N.S.W is the Australian state of New South Wales
N.T is the Australian Northern Territory.
QLD is the Australian state of Queensland.
S.A is the Australian state of South Australia.
TAS is the Australian state of Tasmania.
VIC is the Australian state of Victoria.
W.A is the Australian state of Western Australia.



Morse code on Low Frequency (LF) radio


0 MHz to 0.300 MHz

0 kHz to 300 kHz.

 

0.060 MHz 60 kHz JJY Hagane-yama, Japan standard time and frequency radio signal transmitting station. 

This time signal station provides accurate time and accurate radio frequency signals. 

The call sign JJY is transmitted in Morse code (CW) to identify the station at 15 and 45 minutes past the hour.

The call sign JJY was heard twice in Morse code on 10 May 2009 at 1515 UTC signal strength 1. 

JJY uses a 50,000 Watt (50 kW) transmitter connected to the antenna. After antenna losses 27,800 Watts (27.8 kW) is radiated by the antenna system.


0.135.7 to 0.137.8 MHz, 135.7 to 137.8 kHz New Australian 2000 metre Amateur Radio band.
In January 2009 the Australian Radio Frequency Spectrum Plan was amended by the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) to create the first Low Frequency amateur radio band in Australia.
This band was made available to radio amateurs worldwide in the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) World Radio Conference (WRC) in 2007.

From June 2009 the 135.7 kHz to 137.8 KHz band is available to all holders of the Australian Advanced Amateur radio license by applying to the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA).

By the end of 2009 or in 2010 the ACMA will allow use of this band to all holders of the Australian Advanced Amateur radio license without the need for Amateur Radio Operators to specially apply.

Only Morse code (CW) and other narrow bandwidth emissions at a power level of 1 Watt (Equivalent Isotropic Radiated Power e.i.r.p) can be used.

Amateur Radio Stations in several other countries including New Zealand are transmitting in the 135.7 kHz to 137.8 KHz band.

Regular listening on 135.7 to 137.8 kHz is now taking place in Sydney. 


Morse code on Long Wave radio. 

0.200 MHz 200 kHz CBB Coonabarabran, N.S.W., Australia.
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign CBB every 4 seconds. 22 July 2009 at 1144 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.200 MHz 200 kHz HBA
Hervey Bay, QLD., Australia. 
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign HBA every 6 seconds. 21 July 2009 at 1143 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.203 MHz 203 kHz HML Hamilton, VIC., Australia.
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign HML every 5 seconds. 21 July 2009 at 1103 UTC signal strength 1.

0.203 MHz 203 kHz WGT Wangaratta, VIC., Australia.
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign WGT every 6 seconds. 21 July 2009 at 1100 UTC signal strength 1.


0.206 MHz 206 kHz BIK Bindook, N.S.W., Australia. 

This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon for aircraft broadcasts a radio carrier with a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign BIK every 5 seconds. Heard on 9 May 2009 at 0630 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.206 MHz 206 kHz CNM Coonamble, N.S.W., Australia.
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign CNM every 5 seconds. 12 July 2009 at 1140 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.209 MHz 209 kHz KRY
Kingaroy, QLD., Australia.
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign KRY every 5 seconds. 22 July 2009 at 1253 UTC signal strength 1.

0.209 MHz 209 kHz SCO
Scone, N.S.W., Australia.
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign SCO every 4 seconds. 21 July 2009 at 0306 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.212 MHz 212 kHz BNS
Bairnsdale, VIC., Australia. 
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign BNS every 6 seconds. 22 July 2009 at 1246 UTC signal strength 1.

0.212 MHz 212 kHz GLI
Glen Innes, N.S.W., Australia NSW
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign GLI every 5 seconds. 12 July 2009 at 1304 UTC signal strength 1.

 

0.215 MHz 215 kHz MRY Moruya, N.S.W., Australia.

This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon for aircraft broadcasts a radio carrier with a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign MRY every 5 seconds. Heard on 9 May 2009 at 0608 UTC signal strength near 0 very weak. 


0.215 MHz 215 kHz NRM Narromine, N.S.W., Australia.

This 24 hour 20 Watt radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign NRM every 5 seconds. 21 July 2009 at 1152 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.218 MHz 218 kHz CMU Cunnamulla, QLD, Australia.
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign CMU every 4 seconds. 21 June 2009 at 1324 UTC signal strength 1.


0.218 MHz 218 kHz PLE Plenty, Victoria, Australia.

This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon for aircraft broadcasts a radio carrier with a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign PLE every 5 seconds. Heard on 1 June 2009 at 1325 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.221 MHz 221 kHz WG Wagga Wagga, N.S.W., Australia. 

This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign BNS every 7 seconds. 23 July 2009 at 1458 UTC signal strength 1.


0.221 MHz 221 kHz TAM Taroom, QLD, Australia. 

This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign TAM every 6 seconds. 14 June 2009 at 1130 UTC signal strength 1.

 

0.224 MHz 224 kHz WMD West Maitland airport, N.S.W., Australia.

This 24 hour radio 100 Watts beacon for aircraft broadcasts a radio carrier with a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign WMD every 5 seconds. Heard on 9 May 2009 at 0608 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.227 MHz 227 kHz DYS
Dysart, QLD., Australia.
This 24 hour radio beacon system (more than 50 Watts) for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign DYS every 5 seconds. 21 July 2009 at 1033 UTC signal strength 1.

0.227 MHz 227 kHz LVG
Mount Livingstone, VIC., Australia. 
This 24 hour 100 Watt radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign LVG every 6 seconds. 21 July 2009 at 1001 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.227 MHz 227 kHz OOM
Moomba, S.A., Australia. 
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign OOM every 3 seconds. 21 July 2009 at 1035 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.230 MHz 230 kHz KMP
Kempsey, N.S.W., Australia. 
This 24 hour 25 Watts to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign KMP every 6 seconds. 22 July 2009 at 0846 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.233 MHz 233 kHz KAT Katoomba, N.S.W., Australia.

This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon for aircraft broadcasts a radio carrier with a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign KAT every 5 seconds. Heard on 1 June 2009 at 1335 UTC signal strength 1.


0.234 MHz 234 kHz TY
Titahi Bay, North Island, New Zealand. 
This 24 hour 100 Watts to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign TY every 2 seconds. The last letter Y is sent quickly. 22 July 2009 at 0857 UTC signal strength 1. 
0.236 MHz 236 kHz AY Albury, N.S.W, Australia. 
This 24 hour 100 Watt radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign AY every 6 seconds. Heard 16 June 2009 at 1323 UTC signal strength 1 for a few minutes then faded out.


0.238 MHz 238 kHz KT
Kaitaia, North Island, New Zealand. 
This 24 hour 3150 Watts (3.150 kW) to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign KT every 6 seconds. 21 July 2009 at 0926 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.239 MHz 239 kHz LIS
Lismore, N.S.W., Australia. 
This 24 hour 15 Watts to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign LIS every 5 seconds. 23 July 2009 at 1028 UTC signal strength 1.  

0.239 MHz 239 kHz WOL Wollongong airport, N.S.W., Australia.

This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon for aircraft broadcasts a radio carrier with a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign WOL every 5 seconds. Heard on 9 May 2009 at 0600 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.242 MHz 242 kHz PKS Parkes, N.S.W., Australia. 

This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign PKS every 4 seconds. 21 July 2009 at 1014 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.245 MHz 245 kHz BDG Bendigo, VIC., Australia. 

This 24 hour 100 Watt radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign BDG every 5 seconds. 21 July 2009 at 1126 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.245 MHz 245 kHz GBA Gibraltar Hill, N.S.W., Australia. 

This 24 hour 100 Watt radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign GLB every 6 seconds. 21 July 2009 at 0938 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.248 MHz 248 kHz CCK Church Creek, Tuggeranong, A.C.T., Australia. 

This 24 hour 120 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign CCK every 6 seconds. 21 July 2009 at 0954 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.248 MHz 248 kHz MYB Maryborough, QLD., Australia. 

This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign MYB every 3 seconds. 21 July 2009 at 1056 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.248 MHz 248 kHz SMI Smithton, TAS., Australia. 

This 24 hour 100 Watts to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign SMI every 6 seconds. 21 July 2009 at 0944 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.248 MHz 248 kHz WR Woomera, S.A., Australia. 

This 24 hour 500 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign WR every 6 seconds. 21 July 2009 at 0944 UTC signal strength 1.


0.251 MHz 251 kHz DU Dubbo, N.S.W. Australia. 
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign DU every 6 seconds. 24 June 2009 at 1355 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.251 MHz 251 kHz BOR Bordertown, S.A., Australia. 

This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign BOR every 4 seconds. 22 July 2009 at 0940 UTC signal strength 1.


0.254 MHz 254 kHz MNG Mangalore, Victoria, Australia.

This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon for aircraft broadcasts a radio carrier with a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign MNG every 5 seconds. Heard on 1 June 2009 at 1400 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.256 MHz 256 kHz TH Touho, New Caledonia. 

This 24 hour less than 50 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign TH followed by a 14 second tone. 22 July 2009 at 1340 UTC signal strength 1.


0.257 MHz 257 kHz beeps every second with every 7th beep missing.
Heard on 16 June 2009 at 1343 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.257 MHz 257 kHz RK
Rockhampton, QLD., Australia. 
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign RK every 6 seconds. 23 July 2009 at 1407 UTC signal strength 1.


0.257 MHz 257 kHz RUG Rugby, N.S.W., Australia. 

Rugby is north of Canberra A.C.T. and west of Wollongong N.S.W.

This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon for aircraft broadcasts a radio carrier with a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign RUG every 5 seconds. Heard on 1 June 2009 at 1405 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.257 MHz 257 kHz SFL Stonefield, S.A., Australia. 

This 24 hour 100 Watts to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign SFL every 5 seconds. 24 June 2009 at 1714 UTC signal strength 1.


0.257 MHz 257 kHz SRN Strahan, TAS., Australia. 

This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign SRN every 5 seconds. 21 July 2009 at 1138 UTC signal strength 1.


0.260 MHz 260 kHz NF Norfolk Island, Pacific Ocean, Australia.
This 24 hour 2500 Watt (2.5 kW) radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign NF every 6 seconds. Heard 16 June 2009 at 1336 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.260 MHz 260 kHz IVL Inverell, N.S.W., Australia.
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign IVL approximately every 5 seconds. 21 June 2009 at 1030 UTC signal strength 1.


0.263 MHz 263 kHz CB Canberra airport, A.C.T., Australia.
This 24 hour 100 Watt radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign CB. Heard briefly on 16 June 2009 at 1145 UTC signal strength 1 before fade out. 

0.264 MHz 264 kHz CCY Cloncurry, QLD, Australia.
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign CCY every 3 seconds. 30 June 2009 at 1204 UTC signal strength 1.

0.266 MHz 266 kHz BUD
Bundaberg, QLD, Australia.
This 24 hour 100 Watts to a horizontal antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign BUD every 4 seconds. 21 June 2009 at 1529 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.266 MHz 266 kHz MTG
Mt Gambier, S.A., Australia. 
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign MTG every 7 seconds. 23 July 2009 at 1429 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.268 MHz 268 kHz FRT
Forrest, W.A., Australia. 
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign FRT approximately every 5 seconds. 23 June 2009 at 1433 UTC signal strength 1.


0.269 MHz 269 kHz CV Charleville, QLD, Australia
This 24 hour 500 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts voice airport terminal information and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign CV every 6 seconds. 21 June 2009 at 1526 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.269 MHz 269 kHz YNG
Young, N.S.W., Australia. 
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign YNG every 6 seconds. 22 June 2009 at 1014 UTC signal strength 1.


0.272 MHz 272 kHz LHI Lord Howe Island, Pacific Ocean, Australia.
This 24 hour 200 Watt to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign LHI every 6 seconds. 16 June 2009 at 1350 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.272 MHz 272 kHz MIA Mildura, VIC, Australia. 
This 24 hour 100 Watt radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign MIA every 5 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1405 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.272 MHz 272 kHz TNK Tennant Creek, N.T., Australia.
This 24 hour 500 Watt radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign TNK every 6 seconds. 16 June 2009 at 1359 UTC signal strength 1.

0.275 MHz 275 kHz CWS Cowes, Phillip Island, VIC, Australia.  
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign CWS every 5 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1402 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.276 MHz 276 kHz TVL Townsville, QLD, Australia. Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) base.
Australian Defence Force (ADF) Non Directional Beacon (NDB). 
This is a 24 hour Amplitude Modulation (AM) voice broadcast of Townsville Terminal runway and weather information using a 3000 Watts (3 kW) Australian Department of Defense Non Directional Beacon (NDB) system for aircraft and is used in Aircraft Automatic Direction Finding. A radio carrier with a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmits the call sign TVL every 7 seconds. 22 June 2009 at 1429 UTC signal strength 1.


0.278 MHz 278 kHz CG Coolangatta, N.S.W., Australia.
This 24 hour 100 Watt radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign CG every 5 seconds. 16 June 2009 at 1354 UTC signal strength 1.

 

0.281 MHz 281 kHz CN Camden airport, N.S.W., Australia.

The Camden Terminal information for aircraft 24 hour 15 Watt radio beacon has voice weather information and Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign CN every 5 seconds. Heard on 9 May 2009 at 0545 UTC signal strength 3. 


0.281 MHz 281 kHz BRW Brewarrina, N.S.W., Australia.
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign BRW every 5 seconds. 21 June 2009 at 1516 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.281 MHz 281 kHz DPO
Devonport, TAS., Australia. 
This 24 hour 100 Watts to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign DPO every 4 seconds. 24 June 2009 at 1557 UTC signal strength 1.


0.284 MHz 284 kHz GAY Gayndah, QLD, Australia. 
This 24 hour 100 Watt radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign GAY every 5 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1420 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.284 MHz 284 kHz MFD Mansfield, VIC, Australia. 
This 24 hour 100 Watt radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign MFD every 4 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1419 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.286 MHz 286 kHz CC Cape Campbell (South Island), New Zealand.
This 24 hour 100 Watts to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign CC every 5 seconds. 21 June 2009 at 1505 UTC signal strength 1. 
0.287 MHz 287 kHz KG Kalgoorlie, W.A., Australia.
This 24 hour 500 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign KG. 20 July 2009 at 1840 UTC signal strength 1.


0.287 MHz 287 kHz LEC Leigh Creek, S.A., Australia.
This 24 hour 500 Watt (0.5 kW) vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign LEC every 5 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1424 UTC signal strength 1.

0.287 MHz 287 kHz NRC Naracoorte, S.A., Australia.
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign NRC every 6 seconds. 21 June 2009 at 1451 UTC signal strength 1. 
 


0.287 MHz 287 kHz WLE Williamsdale, N.S.W., Australia. 

This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign WLE every 5 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1423 UTC signal strength 1


0.290 MHz 290 kHz SGT Singleton, N.S.W., Australia.
This 24 hour 500 Watt vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign SGT every 5 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1429 UTC signal strength 1.

0.293 MHz 293 kHz CDU
Ceduna, S.A., Australia.
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign CDU every 4 seconds. 20 July 2009 at 1918 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.293 MHz 293 kHz COM Cooma, N.S.W., Australia.
This 24 hour 500 Watt (0.5 kW) radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign COM every 4 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1432 UTC signal strength 1.


0.296 MHz 296 kHz FLI Whitemark, Flinders Island, Bass strait, Australia.  
This 24 hour 100 Watt radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign FLI every 5 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1436 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.296 MHz 296 kHz PLO Point Lookout, N.S.W., Australia. 
This 24 hour 500 Watts (0.5 kW) radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign PLO every 4 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1434 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.299 MHz 299 kHz 299 CWR, Cowra, N.S.W., Australia. 
This 24 hour 500 Watts (0.5 kW) radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign CWR followed by a beep 3 seconds later and the call sign again after 2 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1445 UTC signal strength




Shoe shopping in Galkayo, Somalia October 2007.




 

 

Morse code on Medium Wave MW (Medium Frequency MF) radio. 


0.300 MHz to 0.400 MHz.

300 kHz to 400 kHz.

 


0.302 MHz 302 kHz WYY Wynyard, TAS, Australia.
This 24 hour 500 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign WYY and AM voice Wynyard aerodrome weather and information. 22 June 2009 at 1355 UTC signal strength 1.

0.305 MHz 305 kHz GTH
Griffith, N.S.W., Australia.
This 24 hour 500 Watts (0.5 kW) to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign GTH every 5 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1456 UTC signal strength 1. 

Not to be confused as 0.305 MHz 305 kHz QH where the G and T can sound like Q. 

Daaa daaa dit (G) daaa (T) dit dit dit dit (H) is correct.

Daaa daaa dit daaa (Q) dit dit dit dit (H) can be a possible confusion. 


0308 MHz 308 kHz MK Mackay, QLD, Australia.
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign MK every 2 seconds. 27 June 2009 at 1207 UTC signal strength 1.

0308 MHz 308 kHz OOD Oodnadatta, S.A., Australia.
This 24 hour 100 Watts to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign OOD every 4 seconds. 27 June 2009 at 1217 UTC signal strength 1.

0.310 MHz 310 kHz HK
Hokitika, (South Island), New Zealand.
This 24 hour 250 Watts to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign HK every 2 seconds. 21 June 2009 at 1221 UTC signal strength 1. 
0.311 MHz 311 kHz CFS Coffs Harbour, Australia
This 24 hour 500 Watts (0.5 kW) radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign CFS every 5 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1505 UTC signal strength 2. 

0.311 MHz 311 kHz EDN Edinburgh, S.A., Australia. Royal Australian Air Force Base 14 km from Adelaide, South Australia. Australian Defence Force (ADF) Non Directional Beacon (NDB). 
This 24 hour 1000 Watt radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and Edinburgh Terminal information in AM voice and the call sign EDN in modulated Morse code every 7 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1503 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.311 MHz 311 kHz NTN Normanton, QLD, Australia.
This 24 hour 500 Watts to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign NTN every 7 seconds. 14 July 2009 at 1555 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.323 MHz 323 kHz HBK Holbrook, N.S.W., Australia.
This 24 hour 500 Watts (0.5 kW) to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign HBK every 5 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1509 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.324 MHz 324 kHz EML Emerald, QLD, Australia.
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign EML every 6 seconds. 21 June 2009 at 1416 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.325.5 325.5 kHz NW Noumea, La Tontouta (Aéroport de Nouméa), New Caledonia.
This 24 hour radio beacon system uses more than 50 Watts for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding to broadcast a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign NW followed by a 16 second tone and repeating this sequence. 21 June 2009 at 1416 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.326 MHz 326 kHz WR
Whangarei, North Island, New Zealand. 
This 24 hour 800 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign WR every 2 seconds. 22 July 2009 at 1235 UTC signal strength 1. (Under some interesting radio conditions radio waves can arrive both delayed and not delayed and from different directions at the same time making some letters distorted, not 326 kHz URT, 326 kHz ISR, 326 kHz YR, 326 kHz 5R). 

0.326 MHz 326 kHz MSO
Mount Sandon, N.S.W., Australia.
This 24 hour 500 Watts (0.5 kW) radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign MSO every 5 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1511 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.326 MHz 326 kHz NHL Nhill, VIC, Australia.
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign NHL every 4 to 5 seconds. 21 June 2009 at 1414 UTC signal strength 1.


0.329 MHz 329 kHz NAR Narrandera, N.S.W., Australia.
This 24 hour 500 Watts (0.5 kW) radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign NAR followed by a beep 4 seconds later and the callsign again after 2 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1515 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.332 MHz 332 kHz BHI Broken Hill, N.S.W., Australia.
This 24 hour 100 Watt radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign BHI every 5 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1517 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.332 MHz 332 kHz KII
King Island, TAS., Australia. 
This 24 hour 100 Watts to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign KII every 5 seconds. 22 July 2009 at 1001 UTC signal strength 1.

0.334 MHz 334 kHz HD Whitford, south east Auckland, (North Island), New Zealand.
This 24 hour 50 Watts to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign HD every 6 seconds. 20 June 2009 at 1218 UTC signal strength 1.

0.335 MHz 335 kHz YAS
 Yass, N.S.W., Australia. 
This 24 hour 500 Watts (0.5 kW) radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign YAS every 5 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1520 UTC signal strength 1. 26 June 2009 at 0634 UTC beep on the fourth second in the 5 second space between the YAS station identification. 
 


0.338 MHz 338 kHz MA Mt Isa, QLD, Australia. 
This 24 hour 500 Watts (0.5 kW) radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign MA every 7 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1527 UTC signal strength 1


338 MHz 338 kHz HKG Cape D Aguilar (Cape d'Aguilera), Hong Kong, China. 

This 24 hour 2000 Watts (or more) radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign HKG every 2 seconds. 24 June 2009 at 1528 UTC signal strength 1.

(Not 339 kHz HKG)


0.338 MHz 338 kHz MCO Mallacoota, VIC, Australia. 
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign MCO every 4 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1525 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.338 MHz 338 kHz ROC Rockdale localiser site, Oaklands Junction, VIC, Australia.
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign ROC every 4 seconds. 21 June 2009 at 1402 UTC signal strength 1.

0.341 MHz 341 kHz CH Chrismas Island, Indian Ocean, Australia. Christmas Island is located 2,600 km (1,600 miles) northwest of Perth, Western Australia.
This 24 hour 400 Watts to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign CH every 6 seconds. 22 June 2009 at 1323 UTC signal strength 1.

0.341 MHz 341 kHz TW Tamworth, N.S.W., Australia.
This 24 hour 100 Watt to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign TW every 6 seconds. 20 June 2009 at 1353 UTC signal strength 1.

0.341 MHz 341 kHz ECH Echuca, VIC, Australia.
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign ECH every 6 seconds. 20 June 2009 at 1355 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.344 MHz 344 kHz YOL
Yolla A Platform, Bass Strait, Australia.
The Gas extraction (production) platform is in the Bass Strait Sea 140 km south of the Lang Lang LPG natural gas processing plant in Gippsland, Victoria, Australia. The off shore Gas production platform is 95 km south west of Victoria, Australia and 110 km north north-east of Tasmania, Australia at Latitude 39.51S, Longitude 145.66E.
This 24 hour 100 Watts to a horizontal dipole antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign YOL every 2 seconds. 24 June 2009 at 1511 UTC and 1826 UTC signal strength 1.

0.347 MHz 347 kHz RIC
 Richmond airport, Royal Australian Air Force RAAF base, Northwest Sydney, Australia. Australian Defence Force (ADF) Non Directional Beacon (NDB). 
The Richmond Terminal information for aircraft 24 hour 1000 (1 kW) radio beacon has an Amplitude Modulation (AM) voice weather information and Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign RIC followed by a beep 5 seconds later and the call sign again after 1 second. Heard on 9 May 2009 at 0540 UTC signal strength 9
.  

0.350 MHz 350 kHz ESL East Sale, VIC, Australia. Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) base East Sale. Australian Defence Force (ADF) Non Directional Beacon (NDB). 
This 24 hour 1000 Watts (1 kW) to a horizontal antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts voice Amplitude Modulation (AM) Sale terminal information and aerodrome weather information in voice for aircraft and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign ESL every 7 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1534 UTC signal strength 1.
0.353 MHz 353 kHz LRE Longreach, QLD, Australia.
This 24 hour 500 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign LRE every 6 seconds. 20 June 2009 at 1340 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.353 MHz 353 kHz MTP
Mt Hope, S.A., Australia. 
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign MTP every 5 second. 24 June 2009 at 1604 UTC signal strength 1.

0.354 MHz 354 kHz NR Napier, New Zealand. 
This 24 hour 125 Watts to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign NR every 2 seconds. 22 June 2009 at 1130 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.354 MHz 354 kHz FND
La Tontouta, New Caledonia. 
This 24 hour more than 50 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign FND followed by a 15 second tone. 24 June 2009 at 1507 UTC signal strength 1.

0356 MHz 356 kHz EN
Essendon, VIC, Australia.
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign EN every 8 seconds. 21 June 2009 at 1315 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.356 MHz 356 kHz TN
Tindal, N.T., Australia. Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) air base near Katherine. Australian Defence Force (ADF) Northern Territory, Australia. 
This 24 hour 500 Watts to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign TN every 7 seconds. 23 July 2009 at 1700 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.356 MHz 356 kHz HID
Horn Island, QLD., Australia. Horn Island is in the Torres Strait Sea between Australia and Papua New Guinea. 
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign HID every 2 seconds. Heard for a short time on 23 July 2009 at 1615 UTC at signal strength 1 and listened 24 June 2009 and heard it for only 1 minute at 1736 UTC signal strength 1. (Listen 356.13 LSB using 1000 Hz bandwidth).

0.358 MHz 358 kHz NL
Newlands, Wellington, New Zealand.
This 24 hour 50 Watts to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign NL every 6 seconds. 20 June 2009 at 1316 UTC signal strength 1. 
0.358 MHz 358 kHz OA Rangiroa atoll, Tuamotus (Tuamotu Archipelago, Îles Tuamotu, Archipel des Tuamotu) French Polynesia.
This 24 hour radio beacon system uses over 50 Watts for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding to broadcast a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign OA every 6 seconds. 20 June 2009 at 1323 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.359 MHz 359 kHz AMB
Amberley, QLD, Australia. Royal Australian Air Force base located 40 km southwest of Brisbane. Australian Defence Force (ADF) Non Directional Beacon (NDB). This 24 hour 1000 Watts (1 kW) Australian Department of Defense radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts Amberley Terminal information with Brisbane weather on AM voice and the call sign AMB in modulated Morse code followed by a beep 7 seconds later and the callsign again after 2 second. 17 June 2009 at 1540 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.359 MHz 359 kHz NWA Nowra, N.S.W., Australia. Royal Australian Navy Aviation headquarters. Australian Defence Force (ADF) Non Directional Beacon (NDB). 

This 24 hour 1000 Watts (1 kW) to a vertical antenna Australian Department of Defense radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts Nowra Terminal information on voice using Amplitude Modulation (AM) and the call sign NWA in modulated Morse code every 6 seconds. 23 June 2009 at 1006 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.361 MHz 361 kHz BA Bauerfield, Port Vila, Efate Island, Vanuatu. 

This 24 hour radio beacon uses less than 50 Watts for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding to broadcast a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign BA every 3 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1550 UTC signal strength 1. Heard best using LSB on 0.361 MHz. (The letter B might be mistaken for the letters TS, Not 0.361 MHz 361 kHz TSA).


0.362 MHz 362 kHz BOL Bolinda, VIC, Australia.
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign BOL every 3 seconds. 17 June 1345 at 1550 UTC signal strength 3. 

0.364 MHz 364 kHz CS Cairns, QLD, Australia.
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign CS every 6 seconds. 20 June 2009 at 1302 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.365 MHz 365 kHz WLM Williamtown airport, Newcastle airport, Royal Australian Air Force RAAF base, N.S.W, Australia. Australian Defence Force (ADF) Non Directional Beacon (NDB). 

The Williamtown Terminal information for aircraft 24 hour 3000 Watts (3 kW) radio beacon has voice weather information and Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign WLM every 25 seconds. Heard on 9 May 2009 at 0515 UTC signal strength 7. 

26 June 2009 “air ground radio operating service operating as Willy Radio on 118.3 (118.3 MHz)." 


0.366 MHz 366 kHz SF Springfield, Whangarei, (North Island), New Zealand.
This 24 hour 25 Watts to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign SF every 6 seconds. 21 June 2009 at 1049 UTC signal strength 1.

0.371 MHz 371 kHz HUG Hughenden, QLD, Australia.
This 24 hour 100 Watts to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign HUG every 5 minutes. 17 June 2009 at 1606 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.371 MHz 371 kHz TRE Taree, N.S.W., Australia.
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign TRE every 7 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1605 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.371 MHz 371 kHz WHA Whyalla, S.A., Australia.
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign WHA every 5 seconds. 22 June 2009 at 1203 UTC signal strength 1.

0.372 MHz 372 kHz GIG
Gingin, W.A., Australia. Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) and civilian airfield. Australian Defence Force (ADF) Non Directional Beacon (NDB).
Gingin is 40 km north of RAAF base Pearce which is north of Perth, Western Australia.
This 24 hour radio 1000 Watts (1 kW) to a horizontal antenna beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign GIG every 6 seconds. 19 June 2009 at 1227 UTC signal strength 1.


0.374 MHz 374 kHz BML Bromelton, QLD, Australia. 

This 24 hour 47 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign BML every 4 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1609 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.374 MHz 374 kHz TTR Tea Tree, TAS, Australia.
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign TTR every 6 seconds. 19 June 2009 at 1220 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.374 MHz 374 kHz WJS Wee Jasper, N.S.W, Australia.
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign WJS every 3 to 4 seconds. 19 June 2009 at 1212 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.374 MHz 374 kHz WLG
Walgett, N.S.W. Australia.
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign WLG every 4 to 5 seconds. 19 June 2009 at 1223 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.375 MHz 375 kHz OJ Sultan Hasanuddin International Airport (formerly known as Hasanuddin Airport), Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. The Indonesian Air Force and civilian joint use airport Sultan Hasanuddin International Airport (Bandar Udara Internasional Sultan Hasanuddin) is 17 km from Makassar, South Sulawesi (South Celebes), Indonesia. Sulawesi Island is located between Borneo and Papua New Guinea.

This 24 hour radio beacon system uses more than 50 Watts for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding to broadcast a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign OJ every 7 seconds. 23 June 2009 at 1318 UTC signal strength 1. (Listen on 0.376.60 MHz 376.60 kHz OJ Makassar, Indonesia using LSB and 1000 Hz bandwidth or 0.370 MHz 370 KHz CW with 2000 Hz bandwidth).

 

0.377 MHz 377 kHz EPP Epping, VIC., Australia.
This 24 hour 100 watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign EPP every 5 seconds. 19 June 2009 at 1212 UTC signal strength 1.


0.377 MHz 377 kHz MBY
Modbury, S.A., Australia. 
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts the call sign MBY in modulated Morse code every 5 second. 19 June 2024 at 2044 UTC signal strength 1.

0.377 MHz 377 kHz ROM Roma, QLD, Australia.
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign ROM every 5 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1612 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.377 MHz 377 kHz VRD
Victoria River Downs, N.T., Australia.
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign VRD every 6 seconds. 20 June 2009 at 1955 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.378 MHz 378 kHz HL Henley, (South Island), New Zealand.
This 24 hour 100 Watts to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign HL every 5 seconds. 20 June 2009 at 1228 UTC signal strength 1. 
0.380 MHz 380 kHz MC Maroochydore NDB, Marcoola airport, QLD, Australia.
This 24 hour 100 Watts to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign MC every 5 seconds. 21 June 2009 at 1213 UTC signal strength 1.


0.380 MHz 380 kHz COR
Corowa, N.S.W., Australia.
This 24 hour 120 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts the call sign COR in modulated Morse code every 3 second. 19 June 2024 at 2041 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.382 MHz 382 kHz WU Wanganui airport, (North Island) New Zealand.
This 24 hour 125 Watts to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign WU every 2 seconds. 19 June 2009 at 1252 UTC signal strength 2. 
0.383 MHz 383 kHz HM Hamilton Island, QLD, Australia.
This 24 hour 120 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign HM every 6 seconds. 19 June 2009 at 1309 UTC signal strength 1.

0.383 MHz 383 kHz BTH
Bathurst, N.S.W., Australia.
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign BTH every 5 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1614 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.383 MHz 383 kHz SGE St George, QLD., Australia.
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign SGE every 2 seconds. 19 June 2009 at 1303 UTC signal strength 2.


0.383 MHz 383 kHz WON Wonthaggi, VIC, Australia.
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign WON every 5 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1617 UTC signal strength 1. 

 0.386 MHz 386 kHz CRG Corryong, VIC, Australia. 

This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign CRG every 3 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1618 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.386 MHz 386 kHz QDI Quirindi, N.S.W., Australia.
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign QDI every 3 seconds. 20 June 2009 at 1249 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.388 MHz 388 kHz MR Mare, New Caledonia.
This 24 hour radio beacon uses more than 50 Watts for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding to broadcast a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign MR followed by a 14 second tone. 30 June 2009 at 1117 UTC signal strength 1.


0.389 MHz 389 kHz BKE Bourke, N.S.W., Australia. 
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign BKE every 6 seconds. 19 June 2009 at 1325 UTC signal strength 2. 


0.389 MHz 389 kHz GFN Grafton, N.S.W., Australia. 
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign GFN every 5 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1620 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.389 MHz 389 kHz PLC Port Lincoln, S.A., Australia. 
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign PLC every 5 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1621 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.390 MHz 390 KHz HN Hamilton, New Zealand.

This 24 hour 125 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign HN every 2 seconds. 23 June 2009 at 1347 UTC signal strength 1.


0.392 MHz 392 kHz CAA Calga, Australia. Calga is on the central N.S.W. coast 62 km north of Sydney.
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign CAA every 7 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1624 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.392 MHz 392 kHz KCY Kilcoy, QLD, Australia. 
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign KCY every 4 seconds. 19 June 2009 at 1337 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.392 MHz 392 kHz MOR Moree, N.S.W., Australia.
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign MOR every 4 seconds. 19 June 2009 at 1334 UTC signal strength 1.

0.392 MHz 392 kHz STH St Helens, TAS, Australia.
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign STH every 6 seconds. 20 June 2009 at 1401 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.392 MHz 392 kHz TGM Thargomindah, QLD, Australia.
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign TGM every 6 seconds. 20 June 2009 at 1304 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.395 MHz 395 kHz CBA Cobar, N.S.W., Australia. 
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign CBA every 5 seconds. 25 June 2009 at 1433 UTC signal strength 1.


0.395 MHz 395 kHz MER Merimbula, N.S.W., Australia.
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign MER every 6seconds. 19 June 2009 at 1340 UTC signal strength 1.


0.395 MHz 395 kHz PMQ Port Macquarie, N.S.W., Australia.
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign PMQ every 4 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1627 UTC signal strength 1. 
0.395 MHz 395 kHz WBL Warnambool, VIC, Australia.
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts the call sign WBL in modulated Morse code every 5 second. 19 June 2024 at 2036 UTC signal strength 1. 
 

0.398 MHz 398 kHz OT West Point, 17 km south east of Auckland, (North Island) New Zealand.

The West Point 24 hour 50 Watts to a vertical antenna aircraft radio beacon has Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign OT every 2 seconds. Heard on 15 June 2009 at 0727 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.398 MHz 398 kHz BOU Boulia, QLD, Australia.
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign BOU every 5 seconds. 21 June 2009 at 1333 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.398 MHz 398 kHz GDI Goondiwindi, QLD, Australia. 
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts the call sign GDI in modulated Morse code every 5 second. 19 June 2009 at 2015 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.398 MHz 398 kHz MDG Mudgee, N.S.W., Australia. 
The last letter of the call sign is not correctly transmitted and the call sign could be mistaken for 0.398 MHz 398 kHz MDD, 0.398 MHz 398 kHz MDME, 0.398 MHz 398 kHz MDTE or 0.398 MHz 398 kHz MBO. 
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts the call sign MDG in modulated Morse code every 5 second. 19 June 2024 at 2032 UTC signal strength 1.



Somali bush home on the side of the Galkayo to Garowe highway, Somalia September 2007. 



 

 

Morse code on Medium Wave MW (Medium Frequency MF) radio.


0.400 MHz to 1.600 MHz

400 kHz to 1600 kHz 

 


0.401 MHz 401 kHz ARM Armidale, N.S.W., Australia. 
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign ARM every 5 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1629 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.401 MHz 401 kHz CDO Condoblin, N.S.W., Australia. 
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign CDO every 4 seconds. 21 June 2009 at 1336 UTC signal strength 1.

0.404 MHz 0.404 kHz CTM
 Cootamundra, Australia. 
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts the call sign CTM in modulated Morse code every 5 second. 19 June 2009 at 2015 UTC signal strength 1.


0.404 MHz 404 kHz MQD Mount Macquoid (Mt Mc Quoid), N.S.W, Australia. 
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign MQD every 6 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1636 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.404 MHz 404 kHz NYN Nyngan, N.S.W., Australia. 
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign NYN every 5 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1352 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.407 MHz 407 kHz GDH Gunnedah, N.S.W., Australia. 
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign GDH every 7 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1357 UTC signal strength 1.


0.407 MHz 407 kHz GLB Goulburn, N.S.W., Australia. 
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign GLB every 4 seconds. 17 June 2009 at 1638 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.407 MHz 407kHz LTN Laverton, W.A., Australia. 
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign LTN every 5 seconds. 20 June 2009 at 2026 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.407 MHz 407 kHz SWH Swan Hill, VIC, Australia. 
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign SWH. Heard clearly once through all the others on 20 June 2009 at 1421 UTC signal strength 1. 

0.407 MHz 407 kHz WDH
Windorah, QLD, Australia. 
This 24 hour 15 Watt radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign WDH every 5 seconds. 21 July 2009 at 1205 UTC signal strength 1.


0.412 MHz 412 kHz SON Santo Pekoa airport, Espiritu Santo Island, Vanuatu. 
This 24 hour radio beacon uses less than 50 Watts for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding to broadcast a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign SOM every 2 seconds. 18 June 2009 at 1420 UTC signal strength 1. Heard best on LSB 0.410 MHz 410 kHz SON. 
0.413 MHz 413 kHz BDV Birdsville, QLD, Australia. 
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign BDV every 4 seconds. 20 June 2009 at 1430 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.413 MHz 413 kHz NBR Narrabri, Australia. 

Narrabri is 521 kilometres (324 mi) north west of Sydney. 

This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign NBR every 4 seconds. 18 June 2009 at 1413 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.413 MHz 413 kHz SBG Strathbogie, VIC, Australia. 
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign SBG every 5 seconds. 18 June 2009 at 1431 UTC signal strength 1.

 

0.416 MHz 416 kHz BK (BTK, BKE, BEEKE, BEEK, 7K, 7EK, 7KE) Bankstown airport, Western Sydney, N.S.W., Australia. 

The Bankstown Terminal information for aircraft 24 hour 15 Watts to a vertical antenna “BK” radio beacon system has voice weather information and a faulty Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting a different call sign every 5 seconds (BTK, BKE, BEEKE, BEEK, 7K, 7EK, 7KE) including some International Morse codes that do not exist. Heard on 9 May 2009 at 0456 UTC signal strength 9 with a loud interfering tone on the radio carrier. 

Update 16 July 2009 at 0428 UTC, the BK Morse code identification is now operating correctly however the loud interfering tone continues to be present on the radio carrier. 


0.416 MHz 416 kHz BCK Blackall, QLD, Australia.
This 24 hour 15 Watts radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign BCK every 4 seconds. 27 June 2009 at 0950 UTC, it was heard under 0.416 MHz 416 kHz BK Bankstown.


0.419 MHz 419 kHz PCK Point Cook, VIC, Australia. Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) base Cook Point, RAAF Williams Cook Point base. Australian Defence Force (ADF) Non Directional Beacon (NDB). 
This 24 hour 100 Watts radio beacon for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign PCK every 4 seconds. 18 June 2009 at 1436 UTC signal strength 1. 


0.424 MHz 424 kHz ORG Orange, N.S.W., Australia. 
This 24 hour 15 Watts to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign ORG every 4 seconds. 18 June 2009 at 1440 UTC signal strength 0 to 7.

 

0.428 MHz 428 kHz GLF Glenfield, 19 km from Mascot airport, Kingsford Smith airport, Sydney airport, Southern Sydney, N.S.W., Australia. 

The Sydney Terminal information for aircraft 24 hour 120 Watts to a vertical antenna radio beacon has voice weather information including the time and Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign GLF every 4 seconds. Heard on 15 June 2009 at 0718 UTC signal strength 9. 

12 July 2009 GLF broadcasts include voice UTC Universal Time announcements every 42 seconds. 


0.446 MHz 446 kHz TNG Thangool, QLD, Australia. 
This 24 hour 25 Watts to a vertical radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign TNG every 6 seconds. 20 June 2009 at 1445 UTC signal strength 1.


0.486 MHz 486 kHz FBS Forbes, N.S.W., Australia. 
This 24 hour 100 Watts to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and AM voice modulation with terminal information and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign FBS every 4 seconds. 18 June 2009 at 1447 UTC signal strength 1.


0.486 MHz 486 kHz LTV Latrobe Valley airport, Traralgon, VIC, Australia. 
This 24 hour 100 Watts to a vertical antenna radio beacon system for aircraft Automatic Direction Finding broadcasts a radio carrier and a Modulated Morse code (MCW) identification transmitting the call sign LTV every 5 seconds. 18 June 2009 at 1447 UTC signal strength 1.
 


0.415 MHz to 0.526.5 MHz, 415 kHz to 526.5 kHz
Proposed new World-wide 600 metre Amateur Radio band. 
In 2011 part of the NDB band might be shared with amateur radio stations.

In the 2011 International Telecommunications Union (ITU) World Administrative Radio Conference (WARC 2011) provisional agenda item 1.23 reads “to consider an allocation of about 15 kHz in parts of the 415 kHz to 526.5 kHz band to the amateur radio service on a secondary basis.”

Many NDBs in overseas countries especially in central Asia and Eastern Europe successfully operate between 526 KHz and 1600 KHz without problems from powerful Medium Wave broadcast stations who share this band.

In comparison to broadcast stations the lower powered Amateur Radio stations should also be able to successfully share frequency space in this new proposed 500 kHz 600 metre amateur radio band. Some countries such as Somalia and the USA have already permitted amateur radio operations on this band. 

Morse code (CW) will be one of the modes of communications allowed on this new proposed Medium Frequency amateur radio band.




Your Email reports and comments are welcome.
 


Lunch in Galkayo, Somalia October 2007.



 

Non Directional Beacons at midday.

0.200 MHz to 0.490 MHz.

200 kHz to 490 kHz. 

How far can you hear NDB NDBs?
NDB have a range of?
Non Directional Beacons will cover?
How far do NDB radio signals travel? 
What is the power output of an NDB transmitter?
How many Watts is an NDB transmitter?
NDB transmitter.
NDB radio transmitters.

Most Non Directional Beacons NDB are used for short distances. 

NDBs have low power levels of 15 Watts or medium power levels of 100 Watts or high power levels of 500 Watts and more.

Depending on location and antenna a 15 Watts NDB can provide a service coverage of 15 Nm (
17 miles, 27 km) to 45 Nm Nautical miles (51 miles, 82 km) . 

A 15 Watt NDB might be located so that aircraft will only hear a signal when 15 Nm (
17 miles, 27 km) away.

Another 15 Watt beacon at a better location might be designed to be heard by aircraft 25 Nm (
28 miles, 45 km).

A 100 Watt 
Non Directional Beacon NDB might be able to cover as little as 25 Nm (28 miles, 45 km) at one location and as much as 100 Nm (115 miles, 185 km) at a better location.

A 1000 Watt beacon might be needed at one location to cover 85 Nm (97 miles, 156 km) and might be used in another location to cover 150 miles (
172 miles, 276 km).

Before takeoff and before landing an aircraft can hear voice aircraft terminal information on some NDBs. Where a voice service is used it includes weather information, general airport status and runway information. 

Other NDB are used only for Direction Finding DF.

NDB are used as a matter of routine in all aviation.

For the listener at home it is interesting to hear radio signals travelling hundreds or thousands of miles more than its intended broadcasting area.

At night these Non Directional Beacons NDB on 200 to 490 kHz can cover thousands of miles.

What is the coverage of Non Directional Beacons NDBs at midday?

The minimum transmission range of Non Directional Radio Beacons is near midday on the 200 to 490 kHz (Long wave and Medium Wave radio bands).

At midday more transmission range is possible at winter (compared to midday in Summer).

More transmission range might also be possible in the sunspot minimum of the 11 year solar cycle compared to the years of sunspot maximum (expected in 3 to 4 years).

In 2009 the 11 year solar cycle is at minimum Sunspots and June to July is winter in Australia.

The following observations of Non Directional Beacons NDB are made from Roseville in Sydney, Australia around midday winter during the Solar minimum sunspot period of 2009.

Listening to Long Wave Radio in Sydney near midday resulted in hearing the following NDB.

Non Directional Radio Beacons that have been received around Midday are listed starting with those transmitters that are near Sydney, Australia.

The distance of the radio transmitter from Sydney is shown in kilometres and miles.


17 km (10 miles) west of Sydney, NDB 0.416 MHz 416 kHz BK Bankstown, N.S.W., Australia 15 Watts NDB. 27 June 2009 0212 UTC (12.12 pm, after midday) strength 9 plus 10 db.

31 km (19 miles) south of Sydney, NDB 0.428 MHz 428 kHz GLF Glenfield, N.S.W., Australia 120 Watts NDB.
Heard 24 hours at strength 9 plus 20 db.

46 km (28 miles) south west of Sydney, NDB 0.281 MHz 281 kHz CN Camden, N.S.W., Australia 15 Watts NDB.
27 June 2009 0138 UTC (11.38 am, before midday) strength 2.

53 km (32 miles) north west of Sydney, NDB 0.347 MHz 347 kHz RIC Richmond, N.S.W., Australia, 1000 Watts (1 kW) NDB.
27 June 2009 0152 UTC (11.52 am, before midday) strength 9.

60 km (37 miles) north of Sydney 0.392 MHz 392 kHz CAA Calga, N.S.W., Australia 15 Watts NDB.
27 June 2009 0200 UTC (12 midday local time) strength 6 to 7.

77 km (47 miles) south southwest of Sydney, NDB 0.239 MHz 239 kHz WOL Wollongong, N.S.W., Australia 100 Watts NDB.
27 June 2009 0122 UTC (11.22 am, before midday) signal strength 1. Same at 0312 UTC (1.12 pm, after midday)

84 km (52 miles) west northwest of Sydney, NDB 0.233 MHz 233 kHz KAT Katoomba, NSW, Australia 100 Watts NDB.
27 June 2009 0126 UTC (11.26 am, before midday) strength 1 and 0219 UTC (12.19 pm, after midday) strength 1. Same at 0312 UTC (1.12 pm, after midday).

93 km (57 miles) north of Sydney, NDB 0.404 MHz 404 kHz MQD Mount Mcquoid (Mount Macquoid, Mt Mc Quoid), N.S.W, Australia 15 Watts NDB.
26 June 2009 and 27 June 2009 0213 UTC (12.13 pm local time, after midday) signal strength 5.

107 km (66 miles) west southwest of Sydney, NDB 0.206 MHz 206 kHz BIK Bindook, N.S.W., Australia 15 Watts NDB.
26 June 2009 0114 UTC (11.14 am local Sydney time, before midday) signal strength 1.

126 km (78 miles) south southwest of Sydney, NDB 0.359 MHz 359 kHz NWA Nowra, N.S.W., Australia 1000 Watts (1 kW) NDB.
27 June 2009 0154 UTC (11.54 am, before midday) strength 5. Signal strength 5 at 0246 UTC (12.46 am, after midday).

130 km (80 miles) north east of Sydney, NDB 0.224 MHz 224 kHz WMD West Maitland, NSW, Australia 100 Watts NDB.
26 June 2009 0429 UTC (2.29 pm local time, after midday) signal strength 1. 27 June 2009 0119 UTC (11.19 am local time, before midday) signal strength 2. Signal strength 2 to 3 at 0318 UTC (1.18pm local, after midday).

132 km (82 miles) north east of Sydney, NDB 0.365 MHz 365 kHz WLM Williamtown, N.S.W., Australia 3000 Watts (3 kW) NDB.
27 June 2009 0155 UTC (11.55 am, before midday) strength 7 to 8.

146 km (90 miles) NW of Sydney, NDB 0.290 MHz 290 kHz SGT Singleton, N.S.W., Australia 500 Watts NDB.
27 June 2009 0141 UTC (11.41 am, before midday) strength 5. Signal strength 5 to 6 at 0307 UTC (1.07 pm local time, after midday).

160 km (100 miles) north west of Sydney, NDB 0.383 MHz 383 kHz BTH Bathurst, N.S.W., Australia 15 Watts NDB.
26 June 2009 0207 UTC (12.07 pm local time, after midday) signal strength 1. Bathurst is 160 km (100 miles) north west of Sydney. Signal strength 1 heard at 0249 pm (12.49 am, after midday).

168 km (104 miles) south west of Sydney, NDB 0.407 MHz 407 kHz GLB Goulburn, N.S.W., Australia 15 Watts NDB.
27 June 2009 0209 UTC (12.09 pm, after midday) strength 5.

202 km
(126 miles) north west of Sydney, NDB 0.209 MHz 209 kHz SCO Scone, N.S.W., Australia 15 Watts NDB. 
21 July 2009 at 0306 UTC
(1.06 pm local time, after midday) signal strength 1. 

207 km (128 miles) north west of Sydney 0.424 MHz 424 kHz ORG Orange, N.S.W., Australia 15 Watts NDB. 26 June 2009 0205 UTC (12.05 pm local time near midday) signal strength 1.

233 km (145 miles) west of Sydney, NDB 0.299 MHz 299 kHz 299 CWR Cowra, N.S.W., Australia 500 Watts NDB. 27 June 2009 0142 UTC (11.42 am, before midday) strength 1. Signal strength 1 at 0240 UTC (12.40 am, after midday).

235 km (146 miles) south west of Sydney, NDB 0.335 MHz 335 kHz YAS Yass, N.S.W., Australia 500 Watts NDB. 27 June 2009 0151 UTC (11.51 am, before midday) strength 2. Signal strength 2 at 12.45 pm (12.45 am, after midday).

250 km (155 miles) south west of Sydney, NDB 0.215 MHz 215 kHz MRY Moruya, N.S.W., Australia 15 Watts NDB.
26 June 2009 at 0359 UTC (1.59 pm local time, after midday) signal strength 1 with a slow fade over a long period of time. Signal almost faded out at 0404 UTC (2.05 pm local time after midday) and almost unreadable by 0411 UTC (2.11 pm local time after midday), Signal fadeout briefly for 30 seconds at 0415 UTC (2.15pm local time after midday). Signal fadeout again briefly for 10 seconds at 0416 UTC (2.16 pm local time after midday).
27 June 2009 at 0116 UTC (11.16 am, before midday) strength 1. Heard some signal fading at 0316 UTC (1.16 pm local time, after midday).

266 km (165 miles) south west of Sydney, NDB 0.287 MHz 287 kHz WLE Williamsdale, N.S.W., Australia 100 Watts NDB.
26 June 2009 0457 UTC (2.57 pm local, time after midday) signal strength 1. 27 June 2009 0140 UTC (11.40 am, before midday) strength 1.

302 km
(188 miles) north west of Sydney, NDB 0.251 MHz 251 kHz DU Dubbo, N.S.W., Australia 100 Watts NDB. 21 July 2009 0258 UTC (12.58 pm local time, after midday) signal strength under 1.

315 km (195 miles) north east of Sydney, NDB 0.395 MHz 395 kHz PMQ Port Macquarie, N.S.W., Australia 15 Watts NDB.
21 July 2009 0331 UTC signal strength under 1 slow fade.

322 km
(200 miles) south west of Sydney, NDB 0.293 MHz 293 kHz COM Cooma, N.S.W., Australia 500 Watts NDB. 
21 July 2009 0316 UTC
(1.16 pm local time, after midday) signal strength 1 with slow fade. 

355 km (221 miles) south west of Sydney 0.395 MHz 395 kHz MER Merimbula, N.S.W., Australia 15 Watts NDB. 
27 June 2009 0203 UTC (12.03 pm, after midday) strength 1. Signal strength 1 heard at 0256 UTC (12.56 am, after midday). Some fading at 0259 UTC (12.59 am, after midday).

438 km (272 miles) south west of Sydney, NDB 0.329 MHz 329 kHz NAR Narrandera, N.S.W., Australia 500 Watts NDB.
27 June 2009 0149 UTC (11.49 am, before midday) strength 1. No signal heard at 12.35 pm (12.35 am, after midday).

428 km
(266 miles) south south-west of Sydney, NDB 0.338 MHz 338 kHz MCO Mallacoota, VICTORIA, Australia 100 Watts NDB. 
21 July 2009 0325 UTC (1.25 pm, after midday) signal strength 1 with slow fade. 

480 km (297 miles) south west of Sydney, NDB 0.305 MHz 305 kHz GTH Griffith, N.S.W., Australia 500 Watts NDB.
27 June 2009 0144 UTC (11.44 am, before midday) strength 1. Signal strength 1 at 12.42 pm (12.42 am, after midday).

779 km (484 miles) north east of Sydney, NDB 0.272 MHz 272 kHz LHI Lord Howe Island, Pacific Ocean, Australia 200 Watts NDB. 
21 July 2009 0250 UTC (12.50 pm local time, after midday) signal strength 1.






 

Download more about Morse code-

International amateur radio abbreviations,
Emergency Morse code signal,
Urgency Morse code signals,
SIDA LOOSOO GAABIYO XEERKA CAALAMIGA AH EE AMITAR RAADIYOO.
All in Somalia radio course topic 07
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic07.doc   

International Q codes,
How to use the Q code,
Q CODKA CAALMIGA AH.
All in Somalia radio course topic 08
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic08.doc  

What is the International Morse Code?
How does Morse code work?
Who invented the Morse code?
How do you learn the Morse code?
How do you hold a Morse code key?
List of the Morse code.
MORSE CODKA CAALMIGA AH.
All in Somalia radio course topic 09
https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/somalia-amateur-radio-course/Somaliaradiocoursetopic09.doc 

 



Street side hair cut service in Gaalkacyo, Somalia October 2007.



INDEX 1.

This new Somalia Amateur Radio website

1. Somalia.
Soomaaliya. 
http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio  

2. Somalia photos 2 and Morse code between 0 – 1.6 MHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 2 iyo 0 – 1.6 MHz Morse codka caalmiga ah. 
http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/somaliaphotos2  

3. Somalia photos 3 and Morse code on 1.6 – 3 MHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 3 iyo 1.6 – 3 MHz Morse codka caalmiga ah. 
http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/somaliaphotos3  

4. Somalia photos 4 and Morse code on 3 – 60 MHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 4 iyo 3 – 60 MHz Morse codka caalmiga ah. 
http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/somaliaphotos4 

5. Somalia photos 5 and introduction to Non Directional Radio Beacons and NDB list from 0 to 299 kHz. 

6. Somalia photos 6 and Non Directional Radio Beacons list from 300 to 399 kHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 6 iyo NDB 300-399 kHz.

7. Somalia photos 7 and Non Directional Radio Beacons list from 400 to 599 kHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 7 iyo NDB 400-599 kHz. 

8. Somalia photos 8 and Non Directional Radio Beacons list from 600 to 8000 kHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 8 iyo NDB 600-8000 kHz. 

9. Somalia photo 9 and free VLF radio receiver.
Masawir Soomaaliya 9 iyo Radiyo VLF

DATABASE INDEX.

10. All Frequency Database Index and Somalia photos 10. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 10

BROADCASTING STATIONS, 
BROADCAST STATIONS, 
RADIO BROADCASTS, 
TV BROADCASTS.
– 6.8

1 – 1.4 Long Wave radio stations and Somalia photos 10AA. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 10AA 

2 – 2.5 Medium Wave radio stations and Somalia photos 11. 

2.6 Hobby AM radio stations and Somalia photos 12.
Masawir Soomaaliya 12 

3 – 3.3 Short Wave radio stations and Somalia photos 13.
Masawir Soomaaliya 13

3.4 Clandestine radio stations and Somalia photos 14.
Masawir Soomaaliya 14 

3.5 – 3.7 Pirate radio stations, online Short Wave radio receivers, scanners and Somalia photos 15. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 15 

4 – 4.4 VHF FM radio stations and Somalia photos 16. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 16 

4.5 VHF Hobby FM radio stations and Somalia photos 17. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 17

4.6 – 4.6f VHF Digital radio stations and Somalia photos 18.
Masawir Soomaaliya 18 

5 – 5.3e UHF hobby FM radio stations, UHF satellite radio and Somalia photos 19. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 19 

6 – 6.1c TV stations and Somalia photos 20.
Masawir Soomaaliya 20 

6.2a – 6.2c Hobby TV stations and Somalia photos 21. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 21 

6.3 – 6.5 Community TV, Cable TV, Public access cable TV and Somalia photos 22. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 22 

6.6 Pirate TV stations and Somalia photos 23. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 23

6.7 Satellite TV and Somalia photos 24.
Masawir Soomaaliya 24 

6.8 Amateur TV, ATV and Somalia photos 25. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 25 

RADIO COMMUNICATIONS STATIONS, 
RADIO COMMUNICATION STATIONS, 
ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM,
RADIO EMISSIONS. 
– 33.7

7 – 10.1 Frequencies below 9 kilohertz, Experimental radio below 9 kHz and Somalia photos 26. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 26 

11 – 15.10 TLF, ELF, SLF, ULF, VLF Submarine radio below 30 kHz and Somalia photos 27. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 27 

16 – 16.7 LF, Low Frequency radio 30 kHz – 300 kHz, Amateur radio, Experimental Radio and Somalia photos 28. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 28 

17 – 17.9 MF Medium Frequency radio 300 kHz – 3 MHz, Amateur radio, Experimental radio and Somalia photos 29. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 29 

18 – 18.3 HF, High Frequency radio, Aircraft radio, Amateur Radio, Broadband Internet and Somalia photos 30. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 30 

18.4 HF CB radio, Citizen’s Band radio and Somalia photos 31. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 31 

18.5 – 18.6 HF Experimental radio and Somalia photos 32. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 32 

18.7 – 18.21 HF Ship Radio, Jamming stations, Radar, Radio Astronomy, online HF radios and Somalia photos 33. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 33 

19 – 19.3 VHF, Very High Frequency Radio, Aviation Radio, Ham Radio, Experimental Radio and Somalia photos 34. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 34 

19.4 – 19.17 VHF Marine radio, Police radio, Fire, Medical, Space, scanner radio and Somalia photos 35. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 35 

20 – 20.3 UHF, Ultra High Frequency radio, Amateur radio, Moon radio, Experimental Radio and Somalia photos 36. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 36 

20.4 – 20.6w UHF CB radio, Citizen’s Band Radio, GPS Global Positioning System and Somalia photos 37. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 37 

20.7 – 20.20 UHF Police radio, Fire, Medical, Boat radio, Radio Astronomy, radio scanners and Somalia photos 38. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 38 

21 – 21.3 SHF, Super High Frequency radio, Ham radio, Cosmic Radiation from outer space and Somalia photos 39. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 39 

21.4 – 21.10 SHF Internet Wireless Local Area Networks LAN, Radar, Radio Astronomy, Satellites and Somalia photos 40. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 40 

22 – 22.7 EHF, Extremely High Frequency radio, CMBR Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation from outer space and Somalia photos 41. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 41 

23 – 23.4 THF, Tremendously High Frequency radio, Radio Astronomy, Satellites, Laser, and Somalia photos 42. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 42 

24 – 24.1 Infrared, Infrared radiation, Infrared astronomy, Experimental Infrared radiation and Somalia photos 43. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 43 

25. Light, Visible light radiation, Light communications, Optical astronomy and Somalia photos 44. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 44 

26. UV, Ultraviolet, Ultraviolet radiation, Ultraviolet astronomy and Somalia photos 45. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 45 

27. X-rays, X-ray radiation, X-ray astronomy and Somalia photos 46. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 46 

28 Gamma-rays, Gamma-ray radiation, Gamma-ray astronomy and Somalia photos 47 
Masawir Soomaaliya 47 

29 Cosmic rays, Cosmic ray particles from outer space, Cosmic ray astronomy and Somalia photos 48. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 48

30 – 31. Online radio measurement converters, electronics calculations, electrical calculators and Somalia photos 49. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 49 

32 – 33.7 Radio frequency allocation plans, radio codes, Amateur radio clubs and Somalia photos 50. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 50 




INDEX 2.

The
Index for the old Somalia
Ham Radio website is at the bottom of page 1: http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio




Contact: Sam Voron VK2BVS, 6O0A.