17 – 17.9 MF, Medium Frequency radio 300 kHz - 3 MHz, Amateur radio, Experimental radio and Somalia photos 29.


                                                                          Medium Frequency MF radio.  

                                                                                            26 October 2009. 


MF COMMUNICATIONS AND EMISSIONS from 300 kHz – 3 MHz. 


The All Frequency Database Index is here: http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/somaliaphotos10

 

You are here:

17. Medium Frequency Radio Communications and Emissions.

17.1 MF Amateur Radio.

17.2 MF Experimental Radio.

17.3 MF Fishing radio beacons, MF Drift net radio buoys.

17.4 MF Marine Radio.

17.5 MF Military radio.

17.6 MF Morse code radio stations.

17.7 MF Meteorology radio.

17.8 MF NDB Radio.

17.9 MF Time Signal radio stations.


Index summery: 

Medium Frequency MF radio from 300 kHz – 3 MHz.

MF Radio Communications stations and Emissions.

17. Medium Frequency Radio Communications and Emissions.

17.1 Medium Frequency Amateur Radio.

17.2 Medium Frequency Experimental Radio.

17.3 Medium Frequency fishing radio beacons, MF Drift net radio buoys.

17.4 Medium Frequency Marine Radio.

17.5 Medium Frequency Military radio.

17.6 Medium Frequency Morse code radio stations.

17.7 Medium Frequency Meteorology radio.

17.8 Medium Frequency NDB Radio.

17.9 Medium Frequency Time Signal radio stations.

 

17. Medium Wave MW Radio Communications and Emissions.

17.1 Medium Wave Amateur Radio.

17.2 Medium Wave Experimental Radio.

17.3 Medium Wave fishing radio beacons, MF Drift net radio buoys.

17.4 Medium Wave Marine Radio.

17.5 Medium Wave Military radio.

17.6 Medium Wave Morse code radio stations.

17.7 Medium Wave Meteorology radio.

17.8 Medium Wave NDB Radio.

17.9 Medium Wave Time Signal radio stations.

 

17.

MF Radio Communications and Emissions.

Medium Frequency (Medium Wave) communications stations and MF emissions.

Medium Frequency radio communications stations and other MF radio emissions are here.

Medium Wave radio broadcast stations, clandestine radio and pirate radio are in the broadcast section.

MF 0.3 – 3 MHz.

MF 0.3 MHz – 3 MHz.

MF 300 kHz – 3 MHz.

MF 300 – 3000 kHz.

MF 300 kHz – 3000 kHz.

MF 300000 Hz – 3000000 Hz.

 

Introduction to Medium Frequency MF DX, the hobby of listening to distant Medium Frequency MF radio communications stations, utility radio stations, space radio communications, man made radio emissions and natural radio emissions between 300 kHz and 3 MHz.

 

MW 300 kHz – 3 MHz.

Medium Frequency (MF) radio signals have Medium Wave (MW) lengths called Hectometric waves.

 

The hobby of Medium Wave radio DX.

The hobby of Long distance Medium Wave MW radio listening.

The hobby of Non Directional Beacon NDB DXing.

The hobby of Long distance Non Directional Beacon (NDB) radio listening.

The hobby of aircraft NDB DX.

The hobby of Long distance aircraft Non Directional Beacon radio listening.

The hobby of marine NDB DX.

The hobby of Long distance marine Non Directional Beacon radio listening.

The hobby of MW amateur radio DX,

The hobby of Long distance Medium Wave amateur radio station listening and transmitting.

The hobby of MW time signal radio DX.

The hobby of Long distance Medium Wave time signal radio listening.

The hobby of MW utility radio station DX.

The hobby of Long distance Medium Wave utility radio station listening.

Radio Astronomy on MF.

 

MF DX is long distance Medium Frequency radio listening.

MF DX is long distance Medium Frequency radio hunting.

MF DXer is a long distance Medium Frequency radio listener.

MF DXing is the searching for long distance Medium Frequency radio signals.

Radio Astronomy on MF.

 

 

17.1

Amateur Radio.

MF Amateur Radio.

Medium Frequency Amateur Radio stations.

Amateur Radio on MF.

Amateur radio stations are individual citizens in every country of the world who communicate and experiment with radio transmitters and radio receivers. You can hear some amateur radio stations on Medium Wave radio.

 

500 kHz RADIO KITS FROM EUROPE MAILED WORLDWIDE.

New 500 kHz transmitter receiver kit you can build in 2009.

500 kHz transmitter receiver kit.

500 kHz transmitter covering 450 kHz – 550 kHz.

A 60 Watt 500 kHz transmitter kit with a built-in up converter receiver and front end preamplifier that can also be used with external 500 kHz receivers.

The Juma TX500 500 kHz transmitter with a receiver converter built-in.

You can apply for an experimental radio license if 500 kHz is not available for Ham radio use.

500 kHz transmitter with receiver converter sold by Juma in Finland.

500 kHz (for the proposed 600 meter amateur band) 60 Watt Morse code transmitter with a receiver converter buit-in and with radio beacon mode.

The 500 kHz transmitter can be used for two way Morse code communications and when not communicating you can use it as a radio beacon transmitter.

Transmitter frequency range is 450 kHz - 550 kHz in 10 Hz steps.

Transmitter RF output power 60 Watts.
Four power levels, Minimum 4 Watts, Low power 15 Watts, High power 35 Watts, Maximum 60 Watts.

Digital display shows frequency, power output, SWR, voltage and current.

Ham radio transmitter for the 500 kHz 600 metre amateur radio band with receiver converter.

Power supply voltage is 14 VDC or 12 VDC - 15 VDC.

Maximum current 5 Amps.
Morse code keyer with speed range of 1 wpm - 50 wpm (words per minute).
T/R switch (transmit receive switch) with adaptive release delay.
RX preamplifier (Receiver preamplifier).
A receiver converter allows 500 kHz to be heard on a 3.5 MHz receiver. This includes a built-in narrow band front-end filter with a selectable 10dB/20dB preamplifier that can also be used with any external 500 kHz receiver.
Radio beacon mode.
Small size, Width 180 mm, Height 60 mm, Depth 124mm.

QRSS modes can be downloaded from JUMA site and uploaded with a PC.

Multifunction LCD showing Output power, SWR display, Supply voltage, Drain current and CW Morse code speed (WPM, words per minute).
State indicator (Standby STBY, Operate OPER, Transmit TX).
The frequency display has 5 digits e.g. 501.00 kHz.

Configurable features like Keyer types (dot priority, Iambic B, Straight and radio beacon mode).
Receiver preamplifier (OFF, 10 dB, 20 dB).
Built in Receiver converter on or off.
Adjustable Standing Wave Ratio SWR transmitter protection level.
Screen display LCD brightness and contrast adjustment.

Connectivity.
Power supply 14 Volts DC at 5 Amps with standard DC socket.
50 ohms BNC antenna socket for transmitter.
50 ohms BNC connector socket for the built in receiver converter.
Morse code Paddle  and Straight key uses a 3.5 mm jack.
RS232 for firmware/beacon programming used a 3.5 mm jack.
External Press to transmit PTT in/out uses a 3.5 mm jack.

Modular construction.
Building of JUMA TX500 is easy. There are two modules, the main module which includes the RF circuits and the control module which includes the control processor and the user interface. The modules are interconnected with flat cables. Only two simple toroidal coils need to wound and there are no adjustable parts on the boards.

Euro 300, £260, $US425, $CAD468, $A513, $NZ629.

http://www.nikkemedia.fi/juma-tx500

http://www.nikkemedia.fi/juma-tx500/juma-tx500-user-interface.html

Photo of the 500 kHz transmitter kit main module.

http://www.nikkemedia.fi/juma-tx500/tx500-main-module.jpg

Photo of the 500 kHz transmitter kit control module.

http://www.nikkemedia.fi/juma-tx500/tx500-control-module-front.jpg

Photo of the 500 kHz transmitter kit, parts and instructions.

http://www.nikkemedia.fi/juma-tx500/juma-tx500-kit-info.html

Block diagram of the 60 Watt 500 kHz transmitter with the built in 500 kHz receiver converter. The receiver converter allows 500 kHz signals to be heard on any 3.5 MHz receiver.

http://www.nikkemedia.fi/juma-tx500/tx500-block.pdf

This is a list of JUMA Community hams that are willing to build a JUMA radio for you.
This constructing help is intended for the Juma kits and for personal use only.

All the listed radio hams are competent and friendly people.

There is neither fixed charge nor certain delivery time.
All the details are agreed with the builder.

Any amateur radio operator around the world who would like to be added to this list is welcome to make contact.

http://www.nikkemedia.fi/juma/juma-community.html


Sam sent this email to Juma kits on 16 October 2009. 
Thank you for the work you have done to make the 500 kHz transmitter receiver kit,
I have put this on http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/somaliaphotos29
I would like to suggest some future kits that might be good introductions to amateur radio. 

1. A transceiver below 9 kHz would be an interesting kit especially as no license is required in many countries.

2. Where no antenna is available an interesting feature might be to feed the 9 kHz transmitter kit into power lines as is done with home power line intercoms.

3. A walkie talkie kit below 9 kHz would be another amazing project.

Please keep up the great product development.
Regards,
Sam VK2BVS, 6O0A in Sydney, Australia.


Jumma kits replied on 17 October 2009. 
Hello Sam, 
Nice to hear that you are interested in JUMA transmitters and tnx for the encouraging comment. 
Your idea is neat. We will consider your 9 kHz suggestion. 
73 
Matti OH7SV

 

The 500 kHz 600 metre amateur radio data base.

The 500 kHz 600 meter amateur radio data base.

http://www.500kc.com

http://www.davesergeant.com/mf/activity.htm

How to use a signal generator as a 500 kHz transmitter.

http://homepage.ntlworld.com/lapthorn/500khz.htm

How to build a 25 Watt transmitter on 500 kHz.

http://www.wireless.org.uk/qtx.htm

500 kHz Loop antenna.

Loop antenna for 500 kHz.

http://users.tpg.com.au/users/ldbutler/VLF-LFLoopAerial.htm

500 kHz in the World Radio Conference in 2011.

http://www.itu.int/itunews/manager/display.asp?lang=en&year=2007&issue=08&ipage=amateur-radio&ext=html

Medium Wave AM transmitter.

It may be possible to modify the Spitfire Medium Wave AM transmitter that sells for £80 (including delivery).

500 KHz to 1700 KHz in 9 KHz steps for UK & EU model.

500 KHz to 1800 KHz in 10 KHz steps for USA model.

Active Stereo Mixer.

Digital Frequency Synthesizers.

Professional 16 stage ATU (Antenna Tuning Unit) with a variable capacitor to peak the network to match a 3 Meter Antenna as specified under FCC Part 15 rules.

Audio level and Modulation Monitor LED.

Dual Mono or Stereo channels.

RCA Audio and RF Connectors.

Blow-out proof RF Stage.

External Ground Connections.

Internal Controls for Frequency, ATU Course Tuning, ATU Fine Tuning.

Fully Regulated Power Supply.

Stereo Cable with twin RCA plugs and 3.5mm jack.

3 Meter Antenna.

FCC part 15 compliant with 100 millwatts power output.

http://www.vcomp.co.uk/spitfire/spitfire.htm

 

 

USA.

Amateur radio on 500 kHz in the USA.

Amateur radio on 500 kHz in the US.

495 kHz – 510 kHz.

1 kHz of the 500 kHz band has been left clear for use by marine radio enthusiasts who purchased unwanted coastal radio stations and turned them into museums that occasionally demonstrate the art of Morse code using 500 kHz transmitters.

In 1990 USA Amateur radio stations with experimental licenses operate on 495 kHz – 499 kHz and 501 kHz – 510 KHz

On 28 July 2009 the FCC granted a modified license allowing 45 amateur radio stations across the continental USA, Alaska, and Hawaii to operate from 0.495 MHz – 0.499 MHz and 0.501 MHz – 0.510 MHz using 20 Watts effective radiated power (20 Watts ERP) using Morse code (CW), QRSS (Slow Morse code) and the digital radio transmissions Phase Shift Keying (PSK31), Frequency Shift Keying (FSK31) and Minimum shift keying (MSK31).

Phase Shift Keying (PSK31).

http://www.mymorninglight.org/ham/psk.htm

Software to transmit and receive PSK31.

http://www.hamradioindia.com/software/psk31.html

Frequency Shift Keying FSK31

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frequency-shift_keying

Minimum shift keying

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minimum-shift_keying

A home made 505 kHz - 515 Class-D 1000 Watt (1 kW) transmitter by W1VD.

http://www.w1vd.com/137-500KWTX.html

BUILD A MEDIUM FREQUENCY TRANSMITTER without soldering.

http://www.nutstreet.net/k0lr/proto/LFproto.htm#MF

 

Amateur radio STEREO AM.

Amateur radio AM STEREO.

Amateur radio STEREO Amplitude Modulation.

For Amateur radio operators who love experimenting with AM there is the possibility of building AM STEREO transmitters and receivers to bring the technology that failed to take off in the 1980’s to life in the 21st century. I recall hearing and enjoying the improved audio quality of AM STEREO in Sydney, Australia during the demonstration of an AM STEREO receiver while listening to Radio 2UE with and without stereo.

Transmitter for AM stereo.

Transmitter for stereo AM.

A transmitter for AM stereo from 510 kHz to 2000 kHz.

A stereo AM transmitter from 510 kHz to 2000 kHz.

http://www.aspisys.com/ampll.htm

Add stereo AM to your mono AM radio.

Add AM stereo to your AM radio.

Convert an AM radio to stereo AM.

Stereo AM radio receiver decoder board.

This $35 DQAM AM Stereo Decoder Board will turn your mono AM medium wave radio into a stereo AM radio receiver.

This board accepts the signal from the Intermediate Frequency amplifier IF stage of a receiver (450 kHz or 455 kHz) and decodes AM stereo medium wave broadcasts.

http://www.aspisys.com/dqam.htm

Converting an AM receiver to STEREO AM.

The Motorola C-QUAM AM STEREO system.

http://home.netcom.com/~wa2ise/radios/amstmod.html

Increasing receiver bandwidth for Hi Fi AM reception.

http://pw2.netcom.com/~wa2ise/radios/feedback.html

Video on-line showing the hobby of listening to amateur radio on AM.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JPC_PFWOYXc

AM forum

http://amfone.net/Amforum/index.php

AM modulation level monitor for AM transmitters from 0 – 1000 Watts.

http://www.radioassociates.com

 

Australia.

Amateur Radio in Australia.

Lots of videos that introduce the fun of Amateur Radio.

http://www.wia.org.au/discover/videoaudio/video

 

New Zealand.

Amateur Radio in New Zealand.

New Zealand Ham Radio.

Promoting an interest in the science and technology of wireless communications.

Encouraging teaching professions to use amateur radio in schools to teach science and technology.

Providing education and training for educators in the science and technology of wireless communications.

Fun educational material explaining radio waves.

New Zealand Association of Radio Transmitters NZART.

http://www.nzart.org.nz/waves/radiowaves.html

 

Spain.

Amateur Radio in Spain.

Amateur radio clubs in Spain.

Spain Ham Radio.

Amateur radio frequencies in Spain.

Amateur Radio regulations in Spain.

Short Wave Listening magazines in Spain.

CB radio in Spain.

DXing in Spain.

Data base of amateur radio websites in Spain is here.

http://www.vhfdx.net/links.html#RC

 

United Kingdom (UK).

Amateur Radio in the United Kingdom.

UK Ham Radio.

Learn about orbiting satellites and use them to communicate.

Teachers will see how ham radio brings the study of Science to life.

Amateur Radio can visit your school and help you boost interest in science and technology.

http://www.gb4fun.org.uk

 

Data base explaining Amateur Radio.
What is Ham radio?
What is Modes?
How do you get a ham radio License?

What do Ham Radio people do?
Talking on radio transmitters.
DXing long distance radio communications.
Radio support to the public and the Government in an emergency.
Experimenting with radio communications.
Radio Contests.
Computer Digital Amateur radio communications.

Radio to internet connections.

How to become a Radio Amateur in Canada.

Qualifications for the Canada ham radio license.
Visiting Canada with your ham radio.
Ham radio in the U.S.A.
Amateur Radio license Classes in the USA.

Amateur Radio license Classes in the US.
Amateur Radio license in other countries.

Do a Practice Amateur Radio Exam on-line now. Select the level of license from Technician (easiest), General or Extra and press TAKE CURRENT EXAM.

Amateur Radio Call Signs.
Amateur Radio Prefix is the beginning of the call sign and indicates your country.

Amateur Radio Suffix is the end of the call sign.
Amateur Radio Call Areas is the number in the call sign and indicates your state or province.
How to use radio Phonetics. The IRSC International Radio Spelling Code.
Canadian Amateur Radio call sign prefixes.
U. S. Amateur Radio call sign prefixes.

USA Amateur Radio call sign prefixes.
Amateur Radio call sign prefixes country by country.
Amateur Radio special call signs.
Amateur Radio portable call signs.
Amateur Radio mobile call signs.
Amateur Radio frequency bands.
Amateur Radio frequency band restrictions.
Radio Amateurs of Canada (RAS) Amateur Radio frequency band plan.
American Radio Relay League (ARRL) Amateur Radio frequency band plan.

The popular Amateur Radio bands.
The HF Short Wave Amateur Radio bands.
Amateur Radio frequency bands in Canada.
Amateur Radio frequency bands in the USA.

Basic Amateur Radio operating procedure.
Using a HT (Handy Talkie, Walkie Talkie, Handi Talkie) with a Repeater booster station.
How to initiate an Amateur Radio conversation.
How to respond to a reply to your Amateur Radio call.
How to use Q Signals (Q codes).
How to call CQ on Amateur Radio. 
How to give RST Amateur Radio reception reports.
How to answer a CQ call on Amateur Radio.
How to make a CW (Morse code) contact on Amateur Radio.

QSL verification cards.
How to make your own QSL radio verification card.
What to put on your QSL card.

How to send QSLs cards.
All about QSL direct.
All about QSL managers.
All about QSL via the bureau.
The new eQSLs.

What is Radio Propagation?
What is the Ionosphere?
Daily variations in radio conditions are like the weather.
Seasonal variations in radio conditions are like the weather.  

The variation caused by the Sunspot Cycle is part of the radio weather.
Radio weather (propagation) information on time signal station WWV.
Amateur Radio information on the Internet.

Amateur Radio Operating Modes.
Morse code is CW.
Voice is AM, SSB and FM.
Computer Digital modes in Amateur Radio communications include RTTY, Packet radio, Tor Modes like AMTOR, PACTOR, and PSK-31.
Picture transmission like SSTV.
Interconnecting the Internet and Amateur Radio using IRLP (Internet Radio Linking Project IRLP) an Amateur Radio Linking Software.

Amateur Radio Activities.
DX long distance communications.
Emergency Amateur Radio communications.
Radio contesting.
Using QRP low power transmitters.
Operating Amateur Radio from special locations during a special event.

A guide to choosing your first radio.
Handheld walkie talkie FM Transceivers.
Mobile FM Transceivers.
Buy VHF or UHF radio with Mono (one) Band or Dual (two) Band or more?

Buy a short wave HF radio with VHF, UHF in one all mode radio.
All about Radio Contests.
The types of Amateur Radio contests you can hear on the air.
Contest activity.
Contest categories.
Contest scoring.
Contest software.
Submitting a contest Log.

Find all the answers to the above in this data base http://www.eham.net/newham

 

 


17.2

Experimental Radio.

Medium Frequency experimental radio.

MF experimental radio.

Medium (Med) Frequency (F) experimental radio (ER).

Medfer.

MedFER.

Includes legal no license needed Experimental Radio Transmitters.

Includes legal no licence needed Experimental Radio Transmitters.

The hobby of listening to medium frequency low power (micro) radio beacons.

The hobby of listening to experimental medium frequency radio beacons on various bands including 510 kHz to 1705 kHz.

Medium Frequency radio listeners can use free to download computer software to see on their computer very low power radio signals over large distances as well as radio signals under the noise.

Introduction to MedFER (Medium Frequency experimental radio).

Radio experimenters can add their beacon to this list, click LW message board (Long Wave message board).

http://www.hfunderground.com/wiki/HiFER

With QRSS (computer controller very slow Morse code) you can overcome high noise and interference and dig signals out of the noise.

Free software for your computer to receive LowFER radio beacon signals.

Free software for your computer to transmit QRSS LowFER radio beacon signals.

Free software to make your computer into a soundcard based digital oscilloscope.

Free software to crop and convert JPEG files to the Slow Scan Television SSTV (Picture transmission and reception on radio) Martin M1 standard (320x240 pixels).

All free from Rik (amateur radio call sign ON7YD) in Belgium.

http://www.qsl.net/on7yd/software.htm

You can see the Morse code dots and the dashes on your computer screen when QRSS software is used. This makes it easy to decode the different call signs used to identify each beacon.

http://www.h-wolff.de/Hifer%20Gallery.htm


Australia.

MF Experimental Radio in Australia.

Medium Frequency experimental radio in Australia.

Medfer in Australia.

MedFER in Australia.

No radio transmitter licence (license) is needed in Australia on the following MF bands (see conditions below).

Medfer bands in kilohertz.

325 kHz – 415 kHz,

526.5 kHz – 1605 kHz.

Medfer bands in megahertz.

0.325 MHz – 0.415 MHz,

0.526.5 MHz – 1.605 MHz.

Medfer bands in Hertz.

325000 Hz – 415000 Hz,

526500 Hz – 1605000 Hz.

MF bands where no radio transmitter licence (license) is needed in Australia (see conditions below).

325 kHz – 415 kHz 800 metre band (800 meter band),

526.5 kHz – 1605 kHz 300 metre band (300 meter band).

In the MF bands where no transmitter licence (license) is needed the maximum antenna radiated power is shown for each band:

800 m band 325 kHz – 415 kHz using 500 nW e.i.r.p. (0.5 µW e.i.r.p.).

300 m band 526.5 kHz – 1605 kHz using a very low power instructional “Build your own AM radio station” electronic kit radiating within your private residence.

These very low power 526.5 kHz – 1605 kHz electronic kits are legal if the radio signal is within your home residence and does not cause radio or TV interference. This is not in the Australian Low Interference Potential Devices LIPD document (See Australia in- Radio Broadcasting Section, MW AM legal unlicensed radio).

The Australian Communications and Media Authority ACMA (Low Interference Potential Devices LIPD class license 2000) with all amendments came into effect on 1 July 2009.

LIPD allow transmitters that meet certain power levels on certain frequencies to be used without the need to apply for a license.

LIPD, (section 3, Note) states that LIPD devises must not cause radio frequency interference to other Radio communication devises.

The responsibility is on LIPD owners to resolve interference for example by retuning or stopping their operation.

LIPD, Section 3A, page 4, Definitions says: “This maximum EIRP means the largest amount of equivalent isotropically radiated power that is radiated in any direction from either an antenna that is an integral part of the transmitter or an antenna that is connected to the transmitter.”

The maximum antenna radiated power for all transmitters that do no require a license request starts on page 7, schedule 1 Transmitters, all transmitters.

The LIPD (no license required) page 7 covers the 800 metre band (325 kHz – 415 kHz) here:

Click to download the Australian Communications and Media Authority ACMA (Low Interference Potential Devices LIPD) pdf - LIPD

BUILD AN AM BROADCAST STATION - BUILD THE 526.5 kHz – 1605 kHz AM BROADCAST STATION in the 130-in-1 Electronic Lab Kit K0029 for $70.

To find Kit K0029, enter K0029 in the search.  

http://www.dse.com.au

BUILD THE LITTLE JIM AM TRANSMITTER from 550 kHz to 980 kHz.

http://www.siliconchip.com.au/cms/A_105705/article.html

See Radio Broadcasting Section, MW AM legal unlicensed radio (in Australia).

 

Canada.

MF Experimental Radio in Canada.

Medium Frequency experimental radio in Canada.

Medfer in Canada.

MedFER in Canada.

No radio transmitter licence (license) is needed in Canada on the following MF band (see conditions below).

Medfer band in kilohertz.

510 kHz – 1705 kHz.

Medfer band in megahertz.

0.510 MHz – 1.705 MHz.

Medfer band in Hertz.

510000 Hz – 1705000 Hz.

MF bands where no radio transmitter licence (license) is needed in Canada (see conditions below).

510 kHz – 1705 kHz 300 metre band (300 meter band).

In the MF band where no transmitter licence (license) is needed the maximum antenna radiated power is shown:

300 m band 510 kHz – 1705 kHz using 100 mW input power and a 3 meter antenna.

Medium Frequency Radio Beacons have been established by individual hobby radio enthusiasts in their home to see how far such radio waves can travel.

LF hobby radio listeners can use computer aided software to extend the range at which it is possible for a radio receiver to detect these low power radio beacons.

Industry Canada 30 July 2009 radio regulations RSS-210 (Low-power licence-exempt devices operating in licence-exempt bands), Annex 2: Devices Operating in Non-Service Specific Licence-exempt Bands, section A2.2 states that in the 510 kHz – 1705 kHz band no license is needed for systems that limit the total input power to the final radio frequency stage of the transmitter to 100 milliwatts (100 mW), and the total length of transmission line and antenna ground lead (if used) to 3 metres.

http://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/smt-gst.nsf/eng/sf08477.html

Canadian radio transmitter experimenters that might be searching for equipment that has been approved and has a power level that is documented can search the Industry Canada data base of transmitters they have tested, approved and see the power out put or field strength they recorded online.

Enter Radio Specification (for no license required) RSS210

Enter lower frequency (in MHz) 0

Enter upper frequency (in MHz) 0.190

Press search.

If you see a device you like then put the manufactures name and equipment model number in Google to find more information.

Turning the devise on and off will allow you to setup a Morse code radio beacon transmitter.

Put these details on the internet: Your frequency, how to identify your radio beacon and invite listeners to email reception reports to you.

http://www.ic.gc.ca/app/sitt/reltel/srch/nwRdSrch.do?lang=eng

Kit MX-906 Built an AM broadcast station in the 300-in-1 electronic project lab. This kit also includes a wireless Morse code transmitter in the 130 different experiments you can perform. No prior experience in electronics is required $66.

http://www.rpelectronics.com/Default.asp?Main=/English/OnlineCat.asp?Menu=/English/Content/Categories/CatM_95.asp%26Detail=/English/Content/Divisions/Div_95_250.asp

 

 

USA.

MF Experimental Radio in the USA.

Medium Frequency experimental radio in the USA.

Medium Frequency experimental radio in the US.

MF Experimental Radio in the US.

Medfer in the USA.

Medfer in the US.

MedFER in the USA.

MedFER in the US.

No radio transmitter licence (license) is needed in the USA on the following MF band (see conditions below).

Medfer band in kilohertz.

510 kHz – 1705 kHz.

Medfer band in megahertz.

0.510 MHz – 1.705 MHz.

Medfer band in Hertz.

510000 Hz – 1705000 Hz.

MF bands where no radio transmitter licence (license) is needed in the USA (see conditions below).

510 kHz – 1705 kHz 300 metre band (300 meter band).

In the MF bands where no transmitter licence (license) is needed the maximum antenna radiated power is shown:

300 m band 510 kHz – 1705 kHz using 100 mW no license needed using 100 mW input power and a 3 meter antenna.

The FCC Federal Communications Commission (10 July 2008) radio regulations Part 15 for Radio Frequency devices outlines the USA radio regulations under which an intended radiator of radio waves (radio transmitter) may be operated without a license.

This includes 510 kHz to 1705 kHz using up to 100 milliwatts (100 mW) to a 3 meter antenna. Especially popular for very low power radio beacons are the clear frequencies from 510 kHz – 520 kHz and 1700 kHz – 1705 kHz.

Unlicensed transmitters (intended radiators) must not cause interference to other radio or TV stations. Unlicensed radio stations (intended radiators) are not protected from interference.

The FCC Federal Communications Commission 10 July 2008 radio regulations, Part 15 rules for Radio Frequency devices outlines the USA radio regulations under which an intended radiator of radio waves may be operated without a license.

Unlicensed transmitters (intended radiators) must not cause interference to other radio or TV stations. Unlicensed radio stations (intended radiators) are not protected from interference.

Part 15 rules, page 13, section 15.23 allow home built transmitters (Intentional radiators).

Home-built Medfer transmitter radio regulations for Part 15 compliant devices.

Home built Medfer transmitters.

Home built Medfer radio transmitters.

Home constructed Medfer radio transmitters.

Home-made Medium wave radio transmitters.

Home made Medium wave radio transmitter.

Home-made Medium wave radio transmitter.

Home-made Medium wave transmitter.

Home built radio transmitters.

Home built radio transmitter.

Home constructed radio transmitters.

Home constructed radio transmitter.

Home made radio transmitters.

Home made radio transmitter.

The FCC Part 15 radio regulations for home-made radio transmitter devices.

FCC 10 July 2008 Part 15 radio regulations, page 13, section 15.23 “Home-built devices” states:

(a) Equipment authorization is not required for devices that are not marketed, are not constructed from a kit and are built in quantities of 5 or less for personal use.

(b) It is recognized that the individual builder of Home-built equipment may not possess the means to perform the measurements for determining compliance with the regulations. In this case the builder is expected to employ good engineering practices to meet specified technical standards to the greatest extent practicable.

Section 15.5 also applies to home made devices (transmitters).

Page 9, Section 15.5 “General conditions of operation”.

(a). No person has a right to the continued use of current frequencies (this means that any frequency might be re-allocated for a different use in future).

(b). No harmful radio or TV interference is to be caused and interference from licensed or unlicensed stations must be accepted.

(c). Operation of the devise (transmitter) must cease if an FCC representative informs you of harmful interference caused by your devise. Operation can only restart once the cause of the interference has been corrected.

(d). Transmitters causing damped wave are prohibited (not allowed).

Part 15 rules, page 80 is the list of frequencies where intended radio emissions (transmissions) is not permitted. Only spurious emission (such as unavoidable low level harmonic radiation as a result of transmitting on another frequency) is allowed in those restricted bands.

The FCC part 15 radio regulations in the USA dated 10 July 2008.

http://www.fcc.gov/oet/info/rules/part15/PART15_07-10-08.pdf

SOME EXAMPLES OF A HOME MADE TRANSMITTER.

USA 100 milliwatt radio beacon on 510.510 kHz.

http://www.w4dex.com/medfer.htm

Building a transmitter and antenna on 1704 kHz (near 1704.966 kHz).

http://www.ka7oei.com/psk_medfer.html

 

 

17.3

Fishing radio beacons,

Drift net radio bouys,

Drift net radio buoys.

MF Fishing radio beacons, MF Drift net radio bouys, MF Drift net radio buoys.

Medium Frequency fishing radio beacons and radio bouys (radio buoys).

http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/somaliaphotos3  

http://www.angelfire.com/mb/exband/fb.html

 

 

17.4

Marine Radio.

MF Marine Radio.

Medium Frequency Marine Radio stations.

MF marine stations.

MF marine radio stations.

MF coast stations.

MF coast radio stations.

MF coastal radio stations.

MF marine station frequencies.

MF marine radio station frequencies.

MF coast station frequencies.

MF coast radio station frequencies.

MF coastal radio station frequencies.

MF Maritime frequencies.

MF Ship frequencies.

MF Frequencies for ships.

MF Shipping frequencies.

MF Frequencies for shipping.

MF Boat frequencies.

MF Frequencies for boats.

MF Boating frequencies.

MF Frequencies for boating

MF Sea frequencies.

MF Frequencies for the sea,

MF Ocean frequencies.

MF Frequencies for the Ocean.

MF Maritime radio frequencies.

MF Ship radio frequencies.

MF Frequencies for ship radio.

MF Shipping radio frequencies.

MF Radio Frequencies for shipping.

MF Boat radio frequencies.

MF Radio Frequencies for boats.

MF Boating radio frequencies.

MF Radio Frequencies for boating.

MF Sea radio frequencies.

MF Radio Frequencies for the sea,

MF Ocean radio frequencies.

MF Radio Frequencies for the Ocean.

List of worldwide marine short wave radio facsimile broadcast schedules.

http://www.nws.noaa.gov/om/marine/rfax.pdf 

MF NAVTEX Radio.

Navigational telex NAVTEX Radio.

Introduction to NAVTEX DX, the hobby of listening to distant automatic navigation telex and meteorological warning radio stations.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NAVTEX

Data base list of NAVTEX (Navigational telex, automatic navigational and meteorological warning) radio stations.

http://www.icselectronics.net/NAVTEX.php

Data base list of Long Wave NAVTEX (automatic navigational and meteorological warning) radio broadcasts.

http://www.dxinfocentre.com/navtex.htm

 

Australia.

MF Marine Radio in Australia.

Medium Frequency Marine Radio stations in Australia.

Australian Marine Radio.

Australia Marine Radio.

Australia data base of Marine radio stations.

Australian Communications and Media Authority ACMA data base.

http://web.acma.gov.au/pls/radcom/assignment_range.range_lookup

 

Japan.

MF Marine Radio in Japan.

Medium Frequency Marine Radio stations in Japan.

Japanese Marine Radio.

Japan Marine Radio.

2189.5 kHz Kushiro, Wakkanai, Japan 24 hour listening watch.

2189.5 kHz Muroran, Hakodate, Otaru, Japan 24 hour listening watch.

2189.5 kHz Hachinohe, Kamaishi, Shiogama, Akita- Funakawa, Onahama, Japan 24 hour listening watch.

2189.5 kHz Kashima, Kisarazu, Chiba, Keihin, Yokosuka, Shimizu, Japan 24 hour listening watch.

2189.5 kHz Nagoya, Yokkaichi, Japan 24 hour listening watch.

2189.5 kHz Kobe, Osaka, Japan 24 hour listening watch.

2189.5 kHz Tanabe, Japan 24 hour listening watch.

2189.5 kHz Kochi, Japan 24 hour listening watch.

2189.5 kHz Kanmon, Oita, Japan 24 hour listening watch.

2189.5 kHz Sasebo, Nagasaki, Japan 24 hour listening watch.

2189.5 kHz Maizuru, Japan 24 hour listening watch.

2189.5 kHz Niigata, Fushiki-Toyama, Japan 24 hour listening watch.

2189.5 kHz Kagoshima, Naze, Japan 24 hour listening watch.

2189.5 kHz Naha, Japan 24 hour listening watch.

http://nippon.zaidan.info/seikabutsu/2001/00500/contents/00014.htm

 

18.4 (HF CB radio) and 20.4 (UHF CB radio) can also be used on board boats.

Also see 16.3w (LF Marine Radio), 18.8 (HF Marine Radio), 19.5 (VHF Marine Radio) and 20.7 (UHF Marine Radio).

 

 

17.5

Military radio.

MF Military Radio stations.

Military Radio on MF.

Medium Frequency Military Radio stations.

The hobby of listening to military radio stations on MF radio.

Australian MF military radio frequencies between 300 kHz to 3 MHz include 300 kHz – 500 kHz and 1600 – 3000 kHz and are listed here.

Australian Communications and Media Authority ACMA frequency data base.

http://web.acma.gov.au/pls/radcom/assignment_range.range_lookup

 

 

17.6

Morse code radio stations.

MF Morse code radio stations.

Morse code radio on MF.

Morse code on MF.

Medium Frequency Morse code radio stations.

Introduction to Morse code radio stations.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morse_code

Morse code radio stations from 1.6 – 3 MHz heard in 2009. 
http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/somaliaphotos3  

See 18.12 (High Frequency HF Morse code radio stations).

 

 

17.7

Meteorology radio.

MF Meteorology radio.

Medium Frequency Meteorology radio.

Introduction to Meteorology.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meteorology

 

 

17.8

NDB Radio.

MF NDB Radio.

Medium Frequency Non Directional Beacons.

Non Directional Beacons NDB.

Low Frequency Non Directional Beacons NDB.

MF Aviation beacons.

MF Aviation radio beacons.

MF Aviation direction finding radio beacons.

MF Aero beacons.

MF Aero radio beacons.

MF Aero direction finding radio beacons.

MF Aeronautical beacons.

MF Aeronautical radio beacons.

MF Aeronautical direction finding radio beacons.

MF Aircraft beacons.

MF Aircraft radio beacons.

MF Aircraft direction finding radio beacons.

MF Aviation NDB beacons.

MF NDB Aviation radio beacons.

MF Aviation direction finding radio beacons NDB.

MF NDB Aero beacons.

MF Aero radio NDB beacons.

MF Aero direction finding radio beacons NDB.

MF NDB Aeronautical beacons.

MF Aeronautical radio beacons.

MF Aeronautical direction finding radio beacons NDB.

MF Aircraft NDB beacons.

MF NDB Aircraft radio beacons.

MF Aircraft direction finding radio beacons NDB.

MF NDB Radio

 

Worldwide.

Worldwide Non Directional Radio Beacons list from 400 to 599 kHz. 

http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/ndb-3

Worldwide Non Directional Radio Beacons list from 600 to 8000 kHz. 

http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/ndb-4

 

Australia.

MF Non Directional Beacons in Australia.

MF Australian Non Directional Beacons.

MF Australia Non Directional Beacons.

MF NDB in Australia.

MF Australian NDB.

MF Australia NDB.

MF Australia data base of Non Directional Beacons NDB.

Australia data base of Non Directional Beacons NDB.

http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/somaliaphotos2  

Australian Communications and Media Authority ACMA frequency data base.

http://web.acma.gov.au/pls/radcom/assignment_range.range_lookup

Non Directional Radio Beacons list from 300 to 399 kHz. 

http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/ndb-2

 

See more in 16.5 (LF NDB Radio).

 

 

17.9

Time Signal radio stations.

MF Time Signal radio stations.

Medium Frequency Time Signal radio stations.

Introduction to time signal radio stations.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_signal 

 


The second Somalia Amateur Radio training course was held in Galkayo, North East Somalia in October 1994. 


Amateur radio 1994 qualifying course for the operation of unrestricted amateur radio stations in Somalia.

1994 Koorsada lagu qalinjabinayo farsamada howlgalinta raadiyeyaasha shati doonka ah ee aan xadidnayn ee yaala gudaha Soomaaliya.

After the first Somalia amateur radio training course in Galkayo, North East Somalia was completed in August 1993, Sam Voron VK2BVS, 6O0A from Sydney, Australia conducted a second Somalia Amateur Radio training course in October 1994. 

New staff from Radio Free Somalia (“free for all to use”, known later as Radio Galkayo) and those that had not completed the amateur radio training in 1993 had a second opportunity to qualify for the Somalia amateur radio license which included a personal lifetime internationally recognized HAM (Helping All Mankind and woMankind) radio callsign.

The photo shows the radio students in August 1994 at Radio Free Somalia (“free for everyone to use” known later as Radio Galkayo).

Two Australian volunteers Sam Voron VK2BVS, 6O0A from Sydney and Abdikarim Nur Mohamud 6O0W from Melbourne called for any Somali’s who wanted to learn about radio for the purpose of service to Somalia without money or food.

These Somalia volunteers were trained and added to the 1993 staff of the radio station.

To learn the meaning of “service to Somalia” the HAM (“Helping All Mankind and womankind”) radio course introduced the concept of service to the community through the building of knowledge in radio and and using that knowledge to serve others not for money but for the pleasure and honour of using knowledge to Help All Mankind and womankind.

North East Somalia became the Puntland State of Somalia on the 1st August 1998. 

THE SOMALIA RADIO STUDENTS IN THIS PHOTO ARE:

THE 2 STANDING IN THE BACK ARE:

1. Standing left side with vertical striped shirt: Mohamed Yasin Isak (graduated in 1994 and received his Somalia amateur radio callsign 6O0MY, Mohamed was elected President of the Somalia Amateur Radio Friendship and Emergency Network SARFEN on the 1st September 2004 and still holds this position in 2009,  Mohamed is also the assistant director of Radio Galkayo in 2009).

2. Standing right side of 6O0MY with a checked shirt: ?

THE 2 CROUCHING IN THE FRONT ARE:

3. Centre front, girl in pink top: ?

4. Right front, with half face visible: Jamal Farah Adan 6O0JFA (graduated in 1993, he is helping the 1994 students, in 2007 he was press photographer for the President of Somalia).

PEOPLE SITTING LEFT TO RIGHT:

5. Left with blue shirt: ?

6. Brown shirt, looking away from camera: ?

7. Girl in orange top: ?

8. Asad Abdul Kadir (graduated in 1994 and received his Somalia amateur radio callsign 6O0AA).

9. ?

10. In the blue shirt Adan Nur Mohamud (graduated in 1994 and received his Somalia amateur radio callsign 6O0N, in 2004 he was a founder member and the first Director of Radio Daljir in Galkayo and the Somalia Amateur Radio Friendship and Emergency Network SARFEN Visitor Visa Assistance VVA officer.)

11. Mohamoud Abdi Omar Adooyo 6O0D (graduated in 1993, he is helping the 1994 students).

12. Girl in dark red or brown: ?

13. Burhan Ahmed Dahir 6O0P (graduated in 1993, he is helping the 1994 students, he has since been a Director of the Voice of Peace in Galkayo, Somalia and Chief editor at the Eastern Television Network, Bossaso, Somalia and the SARFEN National Emergency Communications NEC Director. In 2007 he was an official at the PEN Organisation headquarters in Djibouti representing Journalists in Somalia.)

(Photo Sam Voron 6O0A, VK2BVS).  


INDEX 1.

This new Somalia Amateur Radio website


1. Somalia.
Soomaaliya. 
http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio  

2. Somalia photos 2 and Morse code between 0 – 1.6 MHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 2 iyo 0 – 1.6 MHz Morse codka caalmiga ah. 
http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/somaliaphotos2  

3. Somalia photos 3 and Morse code on 1.6 – 3 MHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 3 iyo 1.6 – 3 MHz Morse codka caalmiga ah. 
http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/somaliaphotos3  

4. Somalia photos 4 and Morse code on 3 – 60 MHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 4 iyo 3 – 60 MHz Morse codka caalmiga ah. 
http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/somaliaphotos4 

5. Somalia photos 5 and introduction to Non Directional Radio Beacons and NDB list from 0 to 299 kHz. 

6. Somalia photos 6 and Non Directional Radio Beacons list from 300 to 399 kHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 6 iyo NDB 300-399 kHz.

7. Somalia photos 7 and Non Directional Radio Beacons list from 400 to 599 kHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 7 iyo NDB 400-599 kHz. 

8. Somalia photos 8 and Non Directional Radio Beacons list from 600 to 8000 kHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 8 iyo NDB 600-8000 kHz. 

9. Somalia photo 9 and free VLF radio receiver.
Masawir Soomaaliya 9 iyo Radiyo VLF

DATABASE INDEX.

10. All Frequency Database Index and Somalia photos 10. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 10

BROADCASTING STATIONS, 
BROADCAST STATIONS, 
RADIO BROADCASTS, 
TV BROADCASTS.
– 6.8

1 – 1.4 Long Wave radio stations and Somalia photos 10AA. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 10AA 

2 – 2.5 Medium Wave radio stations and Somalia photos 11. 

2.6 Hobby AM radio stations and Somalia photos 12.
Masawir Soomaaliya 12 

3 – 3.3 Short Wave radio stations and Somalia photos 13.
Masawir Soomaaliya 13

3.4 Clandestine radio stations and Somalia photos 14.
Masawir Soomaaliya 14 

3.5 – 3.7 Pirate radio stations, online Short Wave radio receivers, scanners and Somalia photos 15. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 15 

4 – 4.4 VHF FM radio stations and Somalia photos 16. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 16 

4.5 VHF Hobby FM radio stations and Somalia photos 17. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 17

4.6 – 4.6f VHF Digital radio stations and Somalia photos 18.
Masawir Soomaaliya 18 

5 – 5.3e UHF hobby FM radio stations, UHF satellite radio and Somalia photos 19. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 19 

6 – 6.1c TV stations and Somalia photos 20.
Masawir Soomaaliya 20 

6.2a – 6.2c Hobby TV stations and Somalia photos 21. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 21 

6.3 – 6.5 Community TV, Cable TV, Public access cable TV and Somalia photos 22. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 22 

6.6 Pirate TV stations and Somalia photos 23. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 23

6.7 Satellite TV and Somalia photos 24.
Masawir Soomaaliya 24 

6.8 Amateur TV, ATV and Somalia photos 25. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 25 

RADIO COMMUNICATIONS STATIONS, 
RADIO COMMUNICATION STATIONS, 
ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM,
RADIO EMISSIONS. 
– 33.7

7 – 10.1 Frequencies below 9 kilohertz, Experimental radio below 9 kHz and Somalia photos 26. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 26 

11 – 15.10 TLF, ELF, SLF, ULF, VLF Submarine radio below 30 kHz and Somalia photos 27. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 27 

16 – 16.7 LF, Low Frequency radio 30 kHz – 300 kHz, Amateur radio, Experimental Radio and Somalia photos 28. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 28 

17 – 17.9 MF Medium Frequency radio 300 kHz – 3 MHz, Amateur radio, Experimental radio and Somalia photos 29. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 29 

18 – 18.3 HF, High Frequency radio, Aircraft radio, Amateur Radio, Broadband Internet and Somalia photos 30. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 30 

18.4 HF CB radio, Citizen’s Band radio and Somalia photos 31. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 31 

18.5 – 18.6 HF Experimental radio and Somalia photos 32. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 32 

18.7 – 18.21 HF Ship Radio, Jamming stations, Radar, Radio Astronomy, online HF radios and Somalia photos 33. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 33 

19 – 19.3 VHF, Very High Frequency Radio, Aviation Radio, Ham Radio, Experimental Radio and Somalia photos 34. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 34 

19.4 – 19.17 VHF Marine radio, Police radio, Fire, Medical, Space, scanner radio and Somalia photos 35. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 35 

20 – 20.3 UHF, Ultra High Frequency radio, Amateur radio, Moon radio, Experimental Radio and Somalia photos 36. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 36 

20.4 – 20.6w UHF CB radio, Citizen’s Band Radio, GPS Global Positioning System and Somalia photos 37. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 37 

20.7 – 20.20 UHF Police radio, Fire, Medical, Boat radio, Radio Astronomy, radio scanners and Somalia photos 38. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 38 

21 – 21.3 SHF, Super High Frequency radio, Ham radio, Cosmic Radiation from outer space and Somalia photos 39. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 39 

21.4 – 21.10 SHF Internet Wireless Local Area Networks LAN, Radar, Radio Astronomy, Satellites and Somalia photos 40. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 40 

22 – 22.7 EHF, Extremely High Frequency radio, CMBR Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation from outer space and Somalia photos 41. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 41 

23 – 23.4 THF, Tremendously High Frequency radio, Radio Astronomy, Satellites, Laser, and Somalia photos 42. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 42 

24 – 24.1 Infrared, Infrared radiation, Infrared astronomy, Experimental Infrared radiation and Somalia photos 43. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 43 

25. Light, Visible light radiation, Light communications, Optical astronomy and Somalia photos 44. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 44 

26. UV, Ultraviolet, Ultraviolet radiation, Ultraviolet astronomy and Somalia photos 45. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 45 

27. X-rays, X-ray radiation, X-ray astronomy and Somalia photos 46. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 46 

28 Gamma-rays, Gamma-ray radiation, Gamma-ray astronomy and Somalia photos 47 
Masawir Soomaaliya 47 

29 Cosmic rays, Cosmic ray particles from outer space, Cosmic ray astronomy and Somalia photos 48. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 48

30 – 31. Online radio measurement converters, electronics calculations, electrical calculators and Somalia photos 49. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 49 

32 – 33.7 Radio frequency allocation plans, radio codes, Amateur radio clubs and Somalia photos 50. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 50 




INDEX 2.

The 
Index for the old Somalia 
Ham Radio website is at the bottom of page 1: http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio




Contact: Sam Voron VK2BVS, 6O0A. 

Email somaliahamradio@yahoo.com