4.6 – 4.6f Digital radio stations VHF and Somalia photos 18.


                                                                             VHF Digital broadcast stations.
                                                                                              24 October 2009. 
 


BROADCASTING - Digital radio stations on VHF. 

 

The All Frequency Database Index is here: http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/somaliaphotos10

 

You are here:

4.6 VHF Digital radio broadcasting.

4.6a. DAB digital radio.

4.6b. DMB digital radio with TV built-in.

4.6c. DMB digital radio.

4.6d. ISDB digital radio.

4.6e. HD digital radio.

4.6f. DRM digital radio.

 

4.6a.

DAB digital radio.

DAB radio.

DAB Digital Audio Broadcasting.

DAB broadcast standards.

DAB (Europe), DAB+ (Australia) and DMB (South Korea) broadcast standards.

VHF Digital radio broadcasting.

VHF Digital radio.

Introduction to DAB (Digital Audio Broadcasting), DAB+ and DMB broadcasting.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_audio_broadcasting

http://www.worlddab.org/introduction_to_digital_broadcasting

DAB (Digital Audio Broadcasting) for mobile reception using the Eureka 147 standard for digital broadcasting, DAB+ (Digital Audio Broadcasting plus) is a new coding adding more capabilities to Digital Audio Broadcasting and DMB (Digital Multimedia Broadcasting) is a broadcast coding for multimedia services especially video designed for mobile reception.

Data base of the countries using DAB, DAB+ and DMB.

Data base of the countries trialing (testing) DAB, DAB+ and DMB.

Data base of the countries interested in DAB, DAB+ and DMB.

http://www.worlddab.org/country_information

Data base of worldwide DAB, DAB+ and DMB Digital radio stations. DAB, DAB+ and DMB Digital Radio worldwide data base.

List of DAB radio stations.

List of DAB+ radio stations.

List of DMB+ radio video stations.

http://www.worlddab.org/country_information/service_overview

 

Australia.

VHF Australian Digital radio stations.

VHF Australia digital radio.

DAB+ in Australia.

Australian DAB+.

DAB+ radio in Australia.

Australian DAB+ radio.

DAB in Australia.

Australian DAB.

DAB radio in Australia.

Australian DAB radio.

Digital radio in Australia.

Australian Digital radio.

Australia Digital radio.

VHF DAB+ Digital Radio.

The beginning of DAB+ in Australia.

Australia launches world's first DAB+ digital radio broadcasts.

DAB+ field tests conducted in Sydney, Australia in 2007. 

http://www.campaignbrief.com/2007/07/australia-launches-worlds-firs.html

DAB+ (Digital Audio Broadcasting plus) Radio broadcast stations.

The hobby of long distance DX hunting of Australia’s DAB+ radio stations.

The Australian Digital radio broadcast frequency band is on VHF from 174 MHz to 230 MHz.

In 2009 Digital Audio Broadcasting DAB+ radio stations in Australia are using 202 MHz to 207 MHz.

http://www.acma.gov.au/webwr/_assets/main/lib100535/fap_variation-vhf_digital_radio-071206.pdf

Data base of Australian Digital radio stations.

Digital Radio stations in Australia data base.

List of Australian Digital radio stations.

Digital Radio station list for Australia.

http://www.worlddab.org/country_information/service_overview

http://www.ausradiostations.com/digital.html

Australian Digital radio started in 2009.

Australian Digital radio standard DAB+ (DAB plus).

http://www.acma.gov.au/WEB/STANDARD/pc=PC_311779

http://www.pcworld.idg.com.au/article/299126/digital_radio_buying_guide

http://apcmag.com/digital-radio-launches-in-australia.htm

List of Australian radio stations testing Digital radio during digital radio trials from 2003 to 2005.

http://www.digitalradioaustralia.com.au/files/uploaded/file/Digital_Radio/Listeners/digital_stations_available.pdf

Digital Radio stations in Australia.

Digital Radio in Australia.

VHF Digital Radio in Australia.

DAB+ Digital Radio in Australia.

Stereo Digital Radio in Australia.

ACMA DAB digital radio station list - http://www.acma.gov.au/WEB/STANDARD/pc=PC_9150

Click for PDF list of Australian digital radio stations - Commercial radio Australia DAB radio station list.


Digital radio broadcasting started in Australia on May 2009 in Adelaide, Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth and on 21 July 2009 in Sydney.

List of the first Australian Digital Radio stations in 2009.

List of the first Australian Digital Radio radio stations broadcasting in 2009.

List of the first Digital Radio stations in Australia in 2009.

 

List of DAB+ Digital radio stations in Sydney, N.S.W., Australia.

DAB Digital radio stations in Sydney, N.S.W., Australia.

Digital DAB radio stations in Sydney, N.S.W., Australia.

Sydney Digital radio stations:

  576 kHz 2FC ABC AM Radio National.

  630 kHz ABC AM NewsRadio.

  702 kHz 2BL ABC AM Sydney- It’s where you live.

  873 kHz 2GB AM.

  954 kHz 2UE AM.

1017 kHz 2KY AM.

1170 kHz 2CH AM.

1296 kHz 2SM AM.

  92.6 MHz 2PNN ABC FM Classic FM.

  95.3 MHz 2PTV VEGA FM.

  96.9 MHz 2SYD NOVA FM.

  97.7 MHz 2SBS SBS FM.

101.7 MHz 2UUS WSFM FM.

104.1 MHz 2DAY FM.

104.9 MHz TRIPLE M FM.

105.7 MHz Triple J FM.

106.5 MHz MIX FM.

ABD Country.

ABC Digital music.

ABC Jazz.

Koffee.

Novanation.

Pink Radio.

Radar.

The EDGE.

 

List of DAB+ Digital radio stations in Melbourne, VIC., Australia.

DAB Digital radio stations in Melbourne, VIC., Australia.

Digital DAB radio stations in Melbourne, VIC., Australia.

Melbourne Digital radio stations:

  621 kHz ABC AM Radio National.

  693 kHz 3AW AM

  774 kHz ABC AM Melbourne- It’s where you live.

  927 kHz Sport AM.

1026 kHz ABC AM NewsRadio.

1116 kHz SEN AM.

1278 kHz MAGIC AM.

1377 kHz 3MP AM.

  91.5 MHz VEGA FM.

  93.1 MHz SBS FM.

100.3 MHz NOVA FM.

101.1 MHz MIX FM.

101.9 MHz FOX FM.

104.3 MHz GOLD FM.

105.1 MHz TRIPLE M FM.

105.9 MHz ABC FM Classic FM.

107.5 MHz Triple J FM.

ABC Country.

ABC Digital music.

ABC Jazz.

Koffee.

Novanation.

Pink Radio.

Radar.

The EDGE.

 

List of DAB+ Digital radio stations in Brisbane, QLD., Australia.

DAB Digital radio stations in Brisbane, QLD., Australia.

Digital DAB radio stations in Brisbane, QLD., Australia.

Brisbane Digital radio stations:

  612 kHz ABC AM Brisbane- It’s where you live.

  693 kHz 4KQ AM.

  792 kHz ABC AM Radio National.

  882 kHz 4BH AM.

  936 kHz ABC AM NewsRadio.

1116 kHz 4BC AM.

  93.3 MHz SBS FM.

  97.3 MHz ABC Lifestyle FM.

104.5 MHz TRIPLE M FM

105.3 MHz B105 FM.

106.1 MHz ABC FM Classic FM..

106.9 MHz NOVA FM.

107.7 MHz Triple J FM.

ABC Country.

ABC Digital music.

ABC Jazz.

Novanation.

Pink Radio.

Radar.

The EDGE.

 

List of DAB+ Digital radio stations in Adelaide, S.A., Australia.

DAB Digital radio stations in Adelaide, S.A., Australia.

Digital DAB radio stations in Adelaide, S.A., Australia.

Adelaide Digital radio stations:

729 kHz ABC AM Radio National.

891 kHz ABC AM Adelaide- It’s where you live.

972 kHz ABC AM NewsRadio.

1323 kHz CRUISE AM.

1395 kHz FiveAA AM.

  91.9 MHz NOVA FM.

102.3 MHz MIX FM.

103.9 MHz ABC FM Classic FM.

104.7 MHz TRIPLE M FM.

105.5 MHz Triple J FM.

106.3 MHz SBS FM.

107.1 MHz SAFM FM.

ABC Country.

ABC Digital music.

ABC Jazz.

Koffee.

Novanation.

Pink Radio.

Radar.

The EDGE.

 

List of DAB+ Digital radio stations in Perth, W.A., Australia.

DAB Digital radio stations in Perth, W.A., Australia.

Digital DAB radio stations in Perth, W.A., Australia.

Perth Digital radio stations:

  585 kHz ABC AM NewsRadio.

  720 kHz ABC AM Perth- It’s where you live.

  810 kHz ABC AM Radio National.

  882 kHz 6PR AM.

1080 kHz 6IX AM.

92.9 MHz 929 FM.

93.7 NOVA FM.

94.5 MIX FM.

96.1 MHz 96 FM.

96.9 MHz SBS FM.

97.7 ABC FM Classic FM.

99.3 MHz Triple J FM.

ABC Country.

ABC Digital music.

ABC Jazz.

Novanation.

Pink Radio.

Radar.

http://www.digitalradioplus.com.au

http://www.ausradiostations.com/digital.html

Listen on-line to audio from Australian Digital radio stations.

Select Sydney, Melbourne, Perth, Brisbane or Adelaide.

Listen to 16 Australian Digital radio stations in Sydney, Australia.

Listen to 19 Australian Digital radio stations in Melbourne, Australia.

Listen to 13 Australian Digital radio stations in Perth, Australia.

Listen to 13 Australian Digital radio stations in Brisbane and Australia.

Listen to 14 Australian Digital radio stations in Adelaide Australia.

http://www.1radio.com.au

 

Netherlands.

VHF Netherlands Digital radio stations.

VHF Digital radio stations in the Netherlands.

VHF DAB Digital Radio.

DAB (Digital Audio Broadcasting).

Netherlands Digital radio stations.

Netherlands digital radio.

DAB in the Netherlands.

Netherlands DAB.

DAB radio in the Netherlands.

Netherlands DAB radio.

Digital radio in the Netherlands.

Netherlands Digital radio.

The hobby of long distance DX hunting of the Nederland’s DAB radio stations.

Digital radio in the Netherlands.

Netherlands digital radio.

Nederland’s DAB Digital radio broadcast frequencies are in the VHF band from 226.6 MHz to 228.1 MHz.

http://radio-tv-nederland.nl/dab/dab.html

 

South Korea.

VHF South Korea Digital radio stations.

VHF Digital radio stations in South Korea.

VHF South Korea Digital radio stations with TV built-in.

VHF Digital radio stations with TV built-in in South Korea.

Digital radio in South Korea.

South Korea digital radio.

See 4.6b (DMB digital radio with TV built-in).

 

United Kingdom (UK).

VHF United Kingdom Digital radio stations.

VHF Digital radio stations in the United Kingdom.

VHF UK Digital radio stations.

VHF Digital radio stations in the UK.

VHF DAB Digital Radio.

DAB Digital radio in the United Kingdom.

DAB Digital radio in the UK.

UK DAB Digital radio.

Digital radio in the UK.

UK digital radio.

DAB (Digital Audio Broadcasting) in the UK.

United Kingdom Digital radio stations.

United Kingdom digital radio.

DAB in the UK.

UK DAB.

DAB radio in the UK.

UK DAB radio.

DAB in the United Kingdom.

United Kingdom DAB.

United Kingdom radio in the UK.

United Kingdom DAB radio.

The UK Government outlines plans for UK’s digital transition.

On 16 June 2009 the report by Lord Carter, the Minister for technology, communications and broadcasting titled “Digital Britain - final report”, Chapter 3b “Radio: going digital” proposes that by 2015 all Government and commercial radio stations should have moved from AM and FM onto the new DAB VHF network.

The British Government has said that by the end of 2013 all new cars with radios must have DAB digital radios included.

The final approval for the switch over will depend on DAB having a similar coverage to FM, DAB signals covering 90% of the population and major roads, the cost of DAB radios must be less than £20 and half of the population should be listening to DAB.

In 2009 the UK has 9 million DAB digital radios in cars and homes, 32% of adults have a DAB radio in their home.

Moving existing radio stations to DAB and off 88 – 109 MHz would free the FM band from powerful broadcasters that occupy frequencies across large geographic areas.

A new radio service of ultra local FM broadcast stations, local community and local commercial stations could be established. Since these would be local coverage stations it means that more stations will be able to be established on FM than is the case with today’s FM broadcast system and regulations.

Moving the Government and commercial broadcasters to DAB will allow citizens to become more involved with radio broadcasting than has previously been possible.

http://www.culture.gov.uk/what_we_do/broadcasting/6216.aspx

http://www.culture.gov.uk/images/publications/chpt3b_digitalbritain-finalreport-jun09.pdf

http://www.ukdigitalradio.com/news/display.asp?searchnews=&year=&id=335

The UK switching off FM and MW?

Switching off FM and MW in the UK?

http://www.ukdigitalradio.com//news/display.asp?searchnews=&year=&id=333

UK Digital radio broadcasts on 209.936 MHz, 211.648 MHz, 213.360 MHz, 215.072 MHz, 216.928 MHz, 218.640 MHz, 220.352 MHz, 222.064 MHz, 223.936 MHz, 225.648 MHz, 227.360 MHz and 229.072 MHz.

Introduction to digital radio in the UK.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_radio_in_the_United_Kingdom

BBC Digital radio DAB network.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio/waystolisten/digitalradio

National commercial digital radio operator providing the multiplex radio service in the UK.

http://www.ukdigitalradio.com

Eureka 147 family of DAB, DAB+ and DMB receiver standards.

http://www.worlddab.org/news/document/896/World_DMB_Receiver_Profiles_Final_charset__2_.pdf

 

 

4.6b.

VHF South Korea Digital radio stations with TV built-in.

Digital DMB radio with TV built-in.

VHF Digital radio stations in South Korea.

VHF South Korea Digital radio stations with TV built-in.

VHF Digital radio stations with TV built-in in South Korea.

DMB digital radio with built-in TV.

DMB radio with built-in TV.

DMB radio with TV built-in.

DMB digital radio.

DMB radio.

VHF Digital Multimedia Broadcasting (DMB).

DMB in South Korea.

South Korea DMB.

Mobile TV.

Take-out TV.

Digital radio in South Korea.

South Korea digital radio.

South Korean digital radio.

Digital radio in the Republic of Korea.

Republic of Korea digital radio.

Digital radio in the Korean Republic.

Korean Republic digital radio.

Digital radio in the Korea Republic.

Korea Republic digital radio.

South Korea developed a digital transmission system for radio, TV and datacasting.

DMB in South Korea provides 7 TV channels, 12 radio channels and 8 data channels on VHF 180 MHz – 186 MHz and 204 MHz – 210 MHz. These are broadcast on six multiplexes which is the same technique used by DAB digital radio broadcasters.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_Multimedia_Broadcasting

In 2001 Korea looked at why DAB was a commercial failure in Europe and why it had not replaced FM and concluded that DAB did not offer anything more than was available on FM radio.

Korea decided to develop a digital transmission system that added video with a 7 inch screen to the radio and launched the world’s first mobile TV broadcasts.

http://ericemoon.googlepages.com/IntroductionofDMBinKorea.pdf

 

 

4.6c.

VHF Japan Digital radio stations.

ISDB radio.

ISDB Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting.

ISDB broadcast standards.

Digital radio (terrestrial digital audio broadcasting) in Japan.

Digital radio in Japan.

Japanese digital radio.

Japan digital radio.

Japan developed a Digital radio, Digital TV (DTV) and Mobile Digital TV broadcast standard called ISDB Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting. ISDB Digital radio is on VHF 188 to 192MHz.

ISDB Digital radio broadcasts texts, still pictures, simple moving images and high-quality sound and music programs.

 On 10 October 2003 test transmissions in Digital radio began. ISDB started in December 2003.

Analog TV will end in Japan on 24 July 2011 and this will open the VHF frequency band 170 MHz – 222 MHz for ISDB-Tmm (Terrestrial mobile multi-media) expansion of Digital radio with with video coding standard MPEG-4 AVC /H.264 broadcasting in Japan.

http://www.d-radio.or.jp/en/qa.html

Digital radio in Japan (Japanese)

http://www.d-radio.or.jp

 

 

4.6d.

VHF USA Digital radio stations.

HD Radio.

HD broadcast standard.

FM HD Radio.

Digital radio in the USA.

USA digital radio.

Digital radio stations in the USA.

USA digital radio stations.

FM HD Radio stations.

VHF IBOC Radio.

VHF HD Radio.

The HD in HD Radio is a name used by iBiquity Digital HD Radio.

HD is sometimes mistakenly called High Definition radio because HDTV means High Definition TV.

Digital FM radio started in the USA using a system called In-Band On-Channel (IBOC).

IBOC digital HD radio is used on normal AM broadcast frequencies 540 kHz to 1700 kHz and on normal VHF FM broadcast frequencies 88 MHz to 108 MHz.

Introduction to digital AM HD radio.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HD-Radio

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/In-band_on-channel

http://www.ibiquity.com/hd_radio

VHF IBOC Radio in the USA.

VHF HD Radio in the USA.

VHF IBOC Radio in the US.

VHF HD Radio in the US.

List of stations broadcasting in FM HD radio in the USA.

http://www.hdradio.com/find_an_hd_digital_radio_station.php

In 2009 there are 1456 FM HD radio stations licensed to broadcast in the USA using IBOC digital radio between 88 MHz and 108 MHz.

FCC data base of FM HD radio stations.

List of IBOC FM radio stations in the US.

List of HD FM radio stations in the USA 2009.

http://fjallfoss.fcc.gov/cgi-bin/ws.exe/prod/cdbs/pubacc/prod/sta_list.pl?Service=FM&digital_status=H

Compared to an analogue radio where weak signals fade out gradually the Digital radio weak signal will drop out (disappear) suddenly.

HD radio to go or just going, going, gone? (June 2009)

http://voices.washingtonpost.com/fasterforward/2009/07/hd_radio_to_go_or_just_going_g.html

HD Radio Increasing Format Diversity?

http://www.diymedia.net/archive/0809.htm#082509

HD Radio news.

http://www.hdradio.com/press_room.php

See 2.3a (AM HD digital radio).

 

 

4.6e.

Digital Radio Mondiale (Worldwide Digital Radio).

DRM radio.

DRM Digital radio.

DRM (Digital Radio Mondiale).

DRM broadcast standard.

DRM Digital Radio stations.

DRM radio stations.

VHF DRM Digital Radio.

DRM (Digital Radio Mondiale) radio broadcast stations.

DRM is a different digital coding system compared to the DAB digital coding system.

DAB occupies a wide bandwidth of 1.536 MHz which is suitable on the higher VHF band (174 MHz and above in Australia).

DRM occupies a narrow bandwidth of 10 kHz which is suitable for the lower VHF bands but especially suitable for Long Wave radio, Medium Wave radio and for worldwide broadcasting on Short Wave radio.

VHF radio broadcasts using the DRM (Digital Radio Mondiale) broadcasting standard on VHF are currently between 30000 kHz and 60000 kHz (30 MHz to 60 MHz).

Data base of DRM broadcasters using VHF (Very High Frequency) radio.

http://www.drm.org/for-broadcasters/live-broadcast-schedule

DRM receivers. DRM receiver. DRM radio. DRM radios.

See 2.3b (MW DRM digital radio broadcast stations).

See 3.2 (SW DRM radio broadcasting).

See 3.2a (SW DRM digital radio for International radio broadcasting).

See 3.2b (SW digital radio DRM for local radio broadcasting).

 

 

How to start a radio station in Somalia.

During the building of a radio station Somalia students go “on the air” during test transmissions.

The beginning of the first radio station in North East Somalia (now known as the Puntland State of Somalia).


Radio Free Somalia (“Free for all to use”, known later as Radio Galkayo) started with short wave radio test transmissions in July 1993 using a power of 80 Watts AM on 7.500 MHz short wave.

Official broadcasting started on the 18th August 1993 when Radio Free Somalia (Radio Galkayo) became the first radio broadcast station in North East Somalia.

The photo shows the first test transmissions in July 1993 when there were no wall decorations and staff training was underway. 

The radio station and training were at the Galkayo Police station, Galkayo, North East Somalia (North East Somalia became the Puntland State of Somalia on the 1st August 1998).

THE PHOTO SHOWS SOME OF THE FIRST ORIGINAL STUDENTS, FROM FRONT TO BACK ARE:

1. Front: ?

2. ?

3. Girl?

4 behind girl: Sam Voron VK2BVS, 6O0A radio instructor and technician from Sydney, Australia.

5 showing 2 fingers:?

(Photo Sam Voron 6O0A, VK2BVS).  

 

INDEX 1.

This new Somalia Amateur Radio website

1. Somalia.
Soomaaliya. 
http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio  

2. Somalia photos 2 and Morse code between 0 – 1.6 MHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 2 iyo 0 – 1.6 MHz Morse codka caalmiga ah. 
http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/somaliaphotos2  

3. Somalia photos 3 and Morse code on 1.6 – 3 MHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 3 iyo 1.6 – 3 MHz Morse codka caalmiga ah. 
http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/somaliaphotos3  

4. Somalia photos 4 and Morse code on 3 – 60 MHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 4 iyo 3 – 60 MHz Morse codka caalmiga ah. 
http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/somaliaphotos4 

5. Somalia photos 5 and introduction to Non Directional Radio Beacons and NDB list from 0 to 299 kHz. 

6. Somalia photos 6 and Non Directional Radio Beacons list from 300 to 399 kHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 6 iyo NDB 300-399 kHz.

7. Somalia photos 7 and Non Directional Radio Beacons list from 400 to 599 kHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 7 iyo NDB 400-599 kHz. 

8. Somalia photos 8 and Non Directional Radio Beacons list from 600 to 8000 kHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 8 iyo NDB 600-8000 kHz. 

9. Somalia photo 9 and free VLF radio receiver.
Masawir Soomaaliya 9 iyo Radiyo VLF

DATABASE INDEX.

10. All Frequency Database Index and Somalia photos 10. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 10

BROADCASTING STATIONS, 
BROADCAST STATIONS, 
RADIO BROADCASTS, 
TV BROADCASTS.
– 6.8

1 – 1.4 Long Wave radio stations and Somalia photos 10AA. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 10AA 

2 – 2.5 Medium Wave radio stations and Somalia photos 11. 

2.6 Hobby AM radio stations and Somalia photos 12.
Masawir Soomaaliya 12 

3 – 3.3 Short Wave radio stations and Somalia photos 13.
Masawir Soomaaliya 13

3.4 Clandestine radio stations and Somalia photos 14.
Masawir Soomaaliya 14 

3.5 – 3.7 Pirate radio stations, online Short Wave radio receivers, scanners and Somalia photos 15. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 15 

4 – 4.4 VHF FM radio stations and Somalia photos 16. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 16 

4.5 VHF Hobby FM radio stations and Somalia photos 17. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 17

4.6 – 4.6f VHF Digital radio stations and Somalia photos 18.
Masawir Soomaaliya 18 

5 – 5.3e UHF hobby FM radio stations, UHF satellite radio and Somalia photos 19. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 19 

6 – 6.1c TV stations and Somalia photos 20.
Masawir Soomaaliya 20 

6.2a – 6.2c Hobby TV stations and Somalia photos 21. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 21 

6.3 – 6.5 Community TV, Cable TV, Public access cable TV and Somalia photos 22. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 22 

6.6 Pirate TV stations and Somalia photos 23. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 23

6.7 Satellite TV and Somalia photos 24.
Masawir Soomaaliya 24 

6.8 Amateur TV, ATV and Somalia photos 25. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 25 

RADIO COMMUNICATIONS STATIONS, 
RADIO COMMUNICATION STATIONS, 
ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM,
RADIO EMISSIONS. 
– 33.7

7 – 10.1 Frequencies below 9 kilohertz, Experimental radio below 9 kHz and Somalia photos 26. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 26 

11 – 15.10 TLF, ELF, SLF, ULF, VLF Submarine radio below 30 kHz and Somalia photos 27. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 27 

16 – 16.7 LF, Low Frequency radio 30 kHz – 300 kHz, Amateur radio, Experimental Radio and Somalia photos 28. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 28 

17 – 17.9 MF Medium Frequency radio 300 kHz – 3 MHz, Amateur radio, Experimental radio and Somalia photos 29. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 29 

18 – 18.3 HF, High Frequency radio, Aircraft radio, Amateur Radio, Broadband Internet and Somalia photos 30. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 30 

18.4 HF CB radio, Citizen’s Band radio and Somalia photos 31. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 31 

18.5 – 18.6 HF Experimental radio and Somalia photos 32. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 32 

18.7 – 18.21 HF Ship Radio, Jamming stations, Radar, Radio Astronomy, online HF radios and Somalia photos 33. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 33 

19 – 19.3 VHF, Very High Frequency Radio, Aviation Radio, Ham Radio, Experimental Radio and Somalia photos 34. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 34 

19.4 – 19.17 VHF Marine radio, Police radio, Fire, Medical, Space, scanner radio and Somalia photos 35. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 35 

20 – 20.3 UHF, Ultra High Frequency radio, Amateur radio, Moon radio, Experimental Radio and Somalia photos 36. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 36 

20.4 – 20.6w UHF CB radio, Citizen’s Band Radio, GPS Global Positioning System and Somalia photos 37. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 37 

20.7 – 20.20 UHF Police radio, Fire, Medical, Boat radio, Radio Astronomy, radio scanners and Somalia photos 38. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 38 

21 – 21.3 SHF, Super High Frequency radio, Ham radio, Cosmic Radiation from outer space and Somalia photos 39. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 39 

21.4 – 21.10 SHF Internet Wireless Local Area Networks LAN, Radar, Radio Astronomy, Satellites and Somalia photos 40. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 40 

22 – 22.7 EHF, Extremely High Frequency radio, CMBR Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation from outer space and Somalia photos 41. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 41 

23 – 23.4 THF, Tremendously High Frequency radio, Radio Astronomy, Satellites, Laser, and Somalia photos 42. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 42 

24 – 24.1 Infrared, Infrared radiation, Infrared astronomy, Experimental Infrared radiation and Somalia photos 43. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 43 

25. Light, Visible light radiation, Light communications, Optical astronomy and Somalia photos 44. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 44 

26. UV, Ultraviolet, Ultraviolet radiation, Ultraviolet astronomy and Somalia photos 45. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 45 

27. X-rays, X-ray radiation, X-ray astronomy and Somalia photos 46. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 46 

28 Gamma-rays, Gamma-ray radiation, Gamma-ray astronomy and Somalia photos 47 
Masawir Soomaaliya 47 

29 Cosmic rays, Cosmic ray particles from outer space, Cosmic ray astronomy and Somalia photos 48. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 48

30 – 31. Online radio measurement converters, electronics calculations, electrical calculators and Somalia photos 49. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 49 

32 – 33.7 Radio frequency allocation plans, radio codes, Amateur radio clubs and Somalia photos 50. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 50 




INDEX 2.

The 
Index for the old Somalia 
Ham Radio website is at the bottom of page 1: http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio




Contact: Sam Voron VK2BVS, 6O0A. 

Email somaliahamradio@yahoo.com