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18 – 18.3 HF, High Frequency radio, Aircraft radio, Amateur radio, Broadband Internet and Somalia photos 30.


                                                                                 High Frequency HF radio (1 of 4).
                                                                                          11 November 2009.  
 


HF COMMUNICATIONS AND EMISSIONS from 3 MHz – 30 MHz.  

 Amateur Radio, 

Aircraft radio, 

Broadband Internet on Power Lines (BPL). 



The All Frequency Database Index is here: http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/somaliaphotos10

 

You are here:

18. High Frequency radio Communications and Emissions.

18.1 HF Amateur Radio.

18.2 HF Aircraft radio.

18.3 HF Broadband Internet on Power Lines (BPL).

 

Index summery. 

18. Short wave radio Communications and Emissions.

18.1 Short wave Amateur Radio.

18.2 Short wave Aviation radio.

18.3 Short wave Broadband Internet on Power Lines (BPL).

 

18.

HF radio Communications and Emissions.

High Frequency (Short Wave) communications stations and HF emissions.

High Frequency radio communications stations and other HF radio emissions are here.

Short Wave radio broadcast stations, clandestine radio and pirate radio are in the broadcast section.

HF 3 – 30 MHz.

HF 3 MHz – 30 MHz.

HF 3000 – 30000 kHz.

HF 3000 kHz – 30000 kHz.

HF 3000000 Hz – 30000000 Hz.

HF 0.003 – .03 GHz.

HF 0.003 GHz – .03 GHz.


Introduction to Short Wave SW DX, the hobby of listening to distant High Frequency HF radio communications stations, utility radio stations, space radio communications and man made radio emissions.

HF Radio Communications stations and emissions.

Radio Astronomy and natural radio emissions between 3 MHz and 30 MHz.


Short Wave SW radio from 3 MHz – 30 MHz. 

SW 3 MHz – 30 MHz.

High Frequency (HF) radio signals have Short Wave (SW) lengths called Decametric waves.

 

The hobby of Radio Astronomy on Short Wave radio.

The hobby of Listening to Short Wave radio signals reflected by the Moon.

The hobby of Listening to radio signals from outer space.

The hobby of Listening to radio signals from space satellites.

The hobby of Listening to Short Wave space radio communication.

The hobby of Listening to Short Wave radio emissions from the Universe.

The hobby of Listening to Short Wave BPL DX.

The hobby of Long distance Short Wave BPL Broadband Internet on power line listening.

The hobby of Listening to OHR DX.

The hobby of Long distance Short Wave OHR Over- the- Horizon Radar signals listening.

The hobby of Listening to military radio stations on short wave radio.

The hobby of DXing Army, Navy and Air Force communications on Short Wave radio.

The hobby of Radio Beacon DXing.

The hobby of Long distance radio Beacon listening.

The hobby of aircraft DX radio listening.

The hobby of Long distance Aircraft radio listening.

The hobby of marine DX.

The hobby of Listening to Long distance ship communications.

The hobby of Listening to Short Wave amateur radio communications.

The hobby of Short Wave Ham Radio DX.

The hobby of Long distance Short Wave amateur radio station listening.

The hobby of Long distance Short Wave Amateur Radio station transmitting.

The hobby of SW CB Radio DX.

The hobby of Long distance Short Wave CB radio listening.

The hobby of Long distance Short Wave CB radio transmitting.

The hobby of SW time signal radio DX.

The hobby of Long distance Short Wave time signal radio listening.

The hobby of SW utility radio station DX.

The hobby of Long distance Short Wave utility radio station listening.

Radio Astronomy on HF.

 

HF DX is long distance High Frequency radio listening.

HF DX is long distance High Frequency radio hunting.

HF DXer is a long distance High Frequency radio listener.

HF DXing is the searching for long distance High Frequency radio signals.

 

Introduction to Short Wave radio DX.

Introduction to long distance communications on Short Wave radio.

Introduction to long distance communications on VLF radio.

Introduction to long distance communications on LF radio.

Introduction to long distance communications on MF radio.

Introduction to long distance communications on SW radio.

Introduction to long distance communications on VHF radio and VHF TV.

Introduction to long distance communications on UHF radio and UHF TV.

Introduction to long distance communications on SHF radio.

Introduction to long distance communications on EHF radio.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio_propagation

 

Introduction to HF radio.

Introduction to High Frequency radio.

High Frequency radio is a proven technology serves today’s wireless emergency communication preparedness needs.

The inherent benefits of HF technology are Long range communications capability, no infrastructure requirements and low cost of ownership.

HF radio provides command and control, secure communications and ease of operation.

HF radio handset has the look and functionality of a mobile telephone.

HF radio is transportable for “on the go” communications.

HF radio has flexibility to accommodate various communication requirements and interoperability.

http://www.codan.com.au/Portals/0/publications/hfradio/HF_Radio_Makes_Waves.pdf

High Frequency radio in the Australian outback (and other remote locations around the world).

http://www.exploroz.com/Vehicle/Accessories/HFRadio.aspx

Australian National 4 Wheel Drive Radio Network.

Australian National 4 WD Radio Network.

VKS-737 Network provides services in conjunction with state emergency service organisations 24 hours a day, 7 days a week via 10 High Frequency Base Radio Stations strategically located around Australia.

http://www.exploroz.com/Customers/Australian_National_4WD_Radio_Network_Inc_.aspx

http://www.vks737.on.net

What causes long distance HF communications?

How is long distance HF communications possible?

Now is long distance radio communications possible?

What causes long distance radio communications?

How can you communicate long distances without using wires?

How can you communicate long distances without using coaxial cables?

How can you communicate long distances without using fiber optic cables?

How can you communicate long distances without using fibre optic cables?

How can you communicate long distances without using a telephone?

How can you communicate long distances without using telephones?

How can you communicate long distances without using the Internet?

How can you communicate long distances without using a satellite?

How can you communicate long distances without using satellites?

Radio signal reflection off the Earth’s Ionosphere.

The Ionosphere is 50 km to over 500 km above the Earth’s surface.

The Ionosphere is 30 miles to over 300 miles above the Earth’s surface.

The regions of the Ionosphere.

Production and loss of electrons in the Ionosphere.

Observing variations in the Ionosphere.

Variations in the Ionosphere.

Variations in the Ionosphere due to the 9 to 14 year solar cycle.

Variations in the Ionosphere due to the 11 year sunspot cycle.

Variations in the Ionosphere due to seasons.

Variations in the Ionosphere due to latitude.

Daily variations in the Ionosphere.

Variations in the Ionosphere in the absorption of radio signals.

The Sporadic E unpredictable ion formations in the Ionosphere.

Spread F irregularities in the Ionosphere that scatter radio waves.

The frequency limits of Sky waves.

What is the Maximum Usable Frequency (MUF)?

What is MUF?

Radio wave hop lengths. Radio wave reflection lengths. Radio wave refraction lengths.

The different Propagation modes. The different ways that the movement of a radio wave is affected by the ionosphere.

Simple Propagation modes.

Complex Propagation modes.

E layer screening.

The 3 variables in HF radio propagation via the Ionosphere is frequency, path length and antenna elevation angle.

What is the Skip zone?

What causes a radio signal to jump over areas and not be heard?

What causes fading?

What causes a radio signal to fade?

Radio noise and Atmospheric noise.

Signals from space can pass from above the Ionosphere down to the Earth’s surface only on the highest HF frequencies so that this is where Galactic noise from our Galaxy can be heard.

The similarity of propagation on VHF (the frequencies above 30 MHz) and on 27 MHz which is a HF frequency band close to the start of the VHF band. VHF and 27 MHz HF line-of-sight communications distance depends on the height of the antenna.

On the Medium Frequency (below 3 MHz band) ground wave distance does not depend on antenna height because signals follow the curvature of the Earth. On the frequencies around 2 MHz a winter midday distance of 500 nautical miles is possible using 100 Watts where as the ground wave distance at the same time on 8 MHz would be only 150 nautical miles. Remember we are discussing ground wave and not Ionosphere sky waves. Ground wave is not dependant on the height of the antenna but is dependant on the transmitter power.

The Universal Time system is used during HF communications.

The Sun can cause solar disturbances that include Short Wave Fade outs SWFs affecting mostly the lower HF frequency bands such as 5 MHz making it necessary to use the higher HF frequencies.

Polar Cap Absorption Events (PCAs) create very high absorption in the ionosphere D layer.

Ionosphere Storms affect the higher HF frequencies making it necessary to use lower HF frequencies.

Click to download - HF RADIO COMMUNICATIONS.

 

 

18.1

Amateur Radio.

HF Amateur Radio.

High Frequency Amateur Radio.

Amateur Radio on HF.

Amateur radio stations are individual citizens in every country of the world who communicate and experiment with radio transmitters and radio receivers. You can hear some amateur radio stations on Short Wave radio.


AUSTRALIA.

Short wave radio.

Short wave radios.

Short Wave Receivers.

Short Wave Radio Receivers.

http://homepages.tig.com.au/~vk5vka


EUROPE.

AMATEUR RADIO KITS FROM EUROPE.

THE HOBBY OF BUILDING YOUR OWN TRANSMITTER AND RECEIVER.

The hobby of listening to people that are using home built transmitters and receivers.

Radio amateurs can buy or build hobby two way communication radio stations.

Build a SSB (Voice) and CW (Morse code) RADIO RECEIVER for Euro 75 ($105).

JUMA-RX1 is radio receiver kit covering 100 kHz to 7.5 MHz for reception of SSB and CW radio signals.

Direct conversion 100 kHz to 7.500 MHz radio receiver kit EUR 75.

http://www.nikkemedia.fi/juma-rx1/index-en.html

Build a Morse code (CW) RADIO TRANSMITTER for Euro 98 ($139).

5 Watt 3.5 MHz and 7 MHz Morse code transceiver kit with no coils to wind.

This transmitter can work with the JUMA-RX1 receiver or any other receiver.

The transmitter frequency can be tuned in 10 Hz, 100 Hz, 1 kHz and 100 kHz steps.

JUMA-TX1 kit 98 EUR

http://www.nikkemedia.fi/juma-tx1

Build a CW TRANSCEIVER KIT for Euro 155 ($219).

Morse code HF transceiver (transmitter with built-in receiver) for the 3.5 MHz and 7 MHz bands based on the JUMA-RX1 radio receiver and the JUMA-TX1 radio transmitter.

Transmitter power output is 5 watts.

Current consumption for the Receiver RX is 60 mA, Transmitter TX is 1.2 Amps.

Frequencies are 3.5 MHz and 7 MHz ham bands

CW and DSB transmit modes

Receiver filters 2.4 kHz for SSB (Voice) and 900 Hz for CW (Morse code).

Graphical S-meter displayed.

Relative graphical output indicator displayed.

Relative graphical reverse power indicator displayed.

RIT (Receiver Independent Tuning, clarifier, fine tuning).

CW Morse code side tone allows you can hear your Morse code as you transmit.

Built in keyer (JUMA-KEYER 1).

No coils need to be wound when constructing this transceiver.

JUMA-TRX1 kit 155 EUR

http://www.nikkemedia.fi/juma-trx1

Build a SSB AND CW TRANSCEIVER KITS for Euro 451 – Euro 565 ($635 - $797).

TRX2A transceiver kit transmits on ham bands  from 1.8 MHz – 30 MHz and has a general coverage receiver 100 kHz – 30 MHz.

TRX2 transceiver kit transmits on the 3.5 MHz and 7 MHz amateur radio bands with receiver from 2 MHz – 8 MHz.

Transmit modes are LSB, USB, CW and tune.

Audio samples online include nice AM reception.

The JUMA TRX2 3.5 MHz and 7 MHz 2 band 10 Watt SSB voice and CW Morse code transceiver kit is Euro 451.00.

The JUMA TRX2 100 kHz – 30 MHz receive, 1.8 MHz – 30 MHz all ham radio band transmit 10 Watt SSB voice and CW Morse code transceiver kit is Euro 565.00.

http://www.nikkemedia.fi/juma-trx2

Specifications for the TRX2A and TRX2 SSB and CW radio transceivers.

http://www.nikkemedia.fi/juma-trx2/juma-trx2-specifications.pdf

List of JUMA Community hams that are willing to build a JUMA radio for you.
This constructing help is intended for the Juma kits and for personal use only.

All the listed radio hams are competent and friendly people.

There is neither fixed charge nor certain delivery time.
All the details are agreed with the builder.

Any amateur radio operator around the world who would like to be added to this list is welcome to make contact.

http://www.nikkemedia.fi/juma/juma-community.html

 

USA.

Build a 1 transistor transceiver.

1 transistor radio transceiver.

1 transistor short wave radio transceiver.

1 transistor transmitter and receiver.

1 transistor radio transmitter and receiver

In the USA One transistor transceivers make 2-way radio contacts across North America using 75 milliwatts and receives Europe on 3.5 MHz.

http://mjrainey.googlepages.com/reggie

Circuit diagram of a 1 transistor transceiver.

A 1 transistor receiver and transmitter.

http://mjrainey.googlepages.com/reggie.pdf

AMATEUR RADIO KITS FROM THE USA.

Building a 400 Watt output class E AM transmitter for 1.8 MHz and 3.8 MHz (29 January 2009).

http://www.classeradio.com/classe.htm

Class E Boards and Part Kits for building the 400 Watt output class E AM transmitter for 1.8 MHz and 3.8 MHz.

http://www.classeradio.com/parts.htm

 

Introduction to Amateur Radio.

Introduction to Ham Radio.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amateur_radio

Amateur Radio frequency allocations.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amateur_radio_frequency_allocations

Real time map showing world wide radio conditions on 28 MHz.

DX happening now in the 10 metre band.

DX happening now in the 10 meter band.

http://www.vhfdx.net/spots/map.php?Lan=E&Frec=28&Map=W2L&mycall=&myloc=&freq=&prop=

Amateur Radio in Africa.

Amateur Radio in Algeria.

Amateur Radio in Angola.

Amateur Radio in Ascension Island (See Saint Helena).

Amateur Radio in Benin.

Amateur Radio in Botswana.

Amateur Radio in Burkina Faso.

Amateur Radio in Burundi.

Amateur Radio in Canary Islands.

Amateur Radio in Cameroon (Cameroun).

Amateur Radio in Cape Verde.

Amateur Radio in Central African Republic.

Amateur Radio in Chad.

Amateur Radio in Comoros.

Amateur Radio in Congo DRC (Democratic Republic of Congo).

Amateur Radio in Congo Republic (Republic of Congo).

Amateur Radio in Cote d’Ivoire (See Ivory Coast).

Amateur Radio in Djibouti.

Amateur Radio in Egypt.

Amateur Radio in Equatorial Guinea.

Amateur Radio in Eritrea.

Amateur Radio in Ethiopia.

Amateur Radio in Gabon.

Amateur Radio in Gambia (Republic of the Gambia).

Amateur Radio in Ghana.

Amateur Radio in Guinea (Republic of Guinea).

Amateur Radio in Guinea-Bissau.

Amateur Radio in Ivory Coast.

Amateur Radio in Kenya.

Amateur Radio in Lesotho.

Amateur Radio in Liberia.

Amateur Radio in Libya.

Amateur Radio in Madagascar.

Amateur Radio in Madeira.

Amateur Radio in Malawi.

Amateur Radio in Mali.

Amateur Radio in Mauritania.

Amateur Radio in Mauritius.

Amateur Radio in Mayotte.

Amateur Radio in Morocco.

Amateur Radio in Mozambique.

Amateur Radio in Namibia.

Amateur Radio in Niger.

Amateur Radio in Nigeria.

Amateur Radio in Reunion Island.

Amateur Radio in Saint Helena (St. Helena).

Amateur Radio in Sao Tome and Principe.

Amateur Radio in Senegal.

Amateur Radio in Seychelles.

Amateur Radio in Sierra Leone.

Amateur Radio in Somalia.

Amateur Radio in Somaliland.

Amateur Radio in Rwanda.

Amateur Radio in South Africa.

Amateur Radio in Sudan.

Amateur Radio in Swaziland.

Amateur Radio in Tanzania.

Amateur Radio in Tristan da Cunha (See Saint Helena).

Amateur Radio in Togo.

Amateur Radio in Tunisia.

Amateur Radio in Uganda.

Amateur Radio in Western Sahara.

Amateur Radio in Zambia.

Amateur Radio in Zimbabwe.

Data base of Amateur Radio in Africa is here:

https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/amateur-radio-in-africa

 

 

18.2

Aircraft radio.

HF Aviation radio.

High Frequency Aviation radio.

HF Aviation radio.

HF Aero radio.

HF Aeronautical radio.

HF Aircraft radio.

HF Aero frequencies.

HF Aeronautical frequencies.

HF Aircraft frequencies.

HF Airport frequencies.

HF Frequencies for Aircraft.

HF Frequencies for Airports.

HF Aviation frequencies.

HF Frequencies for Aviation.

HF Aeronautical frequencies.

HF Frequencies for Aeronautics.

HF Air travel frequencies.

HF Frequencies for air travel.

HF Air frequencies.

HF Frequencies for Air.

HF Aero radio frequencies.

HF Aeronautical radio frequencies.

HF Aircraft radio frequencies.

HF Airport radio frequencies.

HF Frequencies for Aircraft radio.

HF Radio Frequencies for Aircraft.

HF Radio Frequencies for Airports.

HF Radio Aviation frequencies.

HF Aviation Radio frequencies.

HF Radio Frequencies for Aviation.

HF Radio Aeronautical frequencies.

HF Radio Frequencies for Aeronautics.

HF Air travel Radio frequencies.

HF Radio Frequencies for air travel.

HF Air Radio frequencies.

HF Radio Frequencies for Air.

The hobby of listening to Aircraft radio.

Aircraft radio frequencies.

HF Aircraft radio.

High Frequency Aircraft radio.

HF Aircraft radio frequency bands in kHz and MHz.

HF Aircraft radio frequencies in kHz and MHz.

  2850 kHz – 3025 kHz, 2.850 kHz – 3.025 MHz.

  3400 kHz – 3500 kHz, 3.400 kHz – 3.500 MHz.

  4650 kHz – 4700 kHz, 4.650 kHz – 4.700 MHz.

  5450 kHz – 5680 kHz, 5.450 kHz – 5.680 MHz.

  6525 kHz – 6685 kHz, 6.525 kHz – 6.685 MHz.

  8815 kHz – 8965 kHz, 8.815 kHz – 8.965 MHz.

10005 kHz – 10100 kHz, 10.005 kHz – 10.100 MHz.

11275 kHz – 11400 kHz, 11.275 kHz – 11.400 MHz.

13260 kHz – 13360 kHz, 13.260 kHz – 13.360 MHz.

17900 kHz – 17900 kHz, 17.900 kHz – 17.900 MHz.

21924 kHz – 22000 kHz, 21.924 kHz – 22.000 MHz.

The hobby of listening to long distance aircraft radio communications.

http://www.grove-ent.com/mtmwara.html

List of VOLMET (meteorological information for aircraft in flight) aviation broadcast stations. Click on the Short Wave MHz band and see the VOLMET list.

http://www.dxinfocentre.com/volmet.htm

Data base of passenger airliners, cargo airplanes, business jets, helicopters, private aircraft, civil aircraft and military aircraft photos of planes you can hear on the radio.

http://www.planespotters.net

Data base of Aircraft radio selcal (radio selective calling) used by aircraft in short wave radio communications.

http://www.selcal.co.uk

http://www.selcalweb.co.uk

Data base of airplanes lost in crashes and disasters that you may have been listening to on your radio.

http://www.airframes.org/losses   

On-line forum about the hobby of aircraft monitoring.

http://forums.radioreference.com/aircraft-monitoring-forum

Listening to Aero Radio forum.

Getting starting in Short Wave Listening forum.

Listening to AM broadcast band forum.

Listening to HF Amateur Radio forum.

Listening to HF Marine Radio forum.

Listening to Military Radio forum.

http://www.aurfscan.com.au/forumdisplay.php?f=16

See more in 19.1 (VHF Aircraft radio).

 

18.3

BPL. 

Broadband internet over Power lines.

HF BPL.

High Frequency Broadband over Power lines.

Broadband Power line.

Broadband Internet on Power Lines.

High Frequency Broadband Internet on Power Lines.

HF Man made radio emissions from power lines.

BPL Broadband Power line DXing.

Introduction to the hobby of listening to radio emissions over long distances from electricity power lines.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Power_line_communication

 

Australia.

BPL in Australia.

Broadband Power line in Australia.

http://reast.asn.au/vk7bplwatch_links.php

http://homepages.tig.com.au/~vk5vka/stopbpl.htm

 

United Kingdom (UK).

BPL in the UK.

Broadband Power line in the UK.

Audio of BPL heard on short wave radio.

Audio of Broadband Power line heard on short wave radio.

Listen online to BPL on these short wave radio frequencies:

  4700 – 4800 kHz, 4.700 – 4.800 MHz.

  5900 – 6000 kHz, 5.900 – 6.000 MHz.      

  9400 – 9500 kHz, 9.400 – 9.500 MHz.      

11500 – 11600 kHz, 11.500 – 11.600 MHz.

13500 – 13600 kHz, 13.500 – 13.600 MHz.           

15000 – 15100 kHz, 15.000 – 15.100 MHz.           

17450 – 17550 kHz, 17.450 – 17.550 MHz.           

25600 – 25700 kHz, 25.600 – 25.700 MHz.

http://www.worlddxclub.org.uk/WDXC_UKQRM.html

 

USA.

BPL in the USA.

Broadband Power line in the USA.

BPL in the US.

Broadband Power lines in the US.

The hobby of BPL DX listening is based on the ability of radio signals on power lines to radiate at great distances.

This knowledge was the reason for a court action by the American Radio Relay League (ARRL) against the USA radio licensing and radio regulations authority the FCC (Federal Communications Commission) in 2008.

The ARRL asked how it was possible for the expert radio licensing and radio regulations authority in the USA (the Federal Communications Commission FCC) to make decisions based on statements which contradict the established ability of BPL to radiate radio waves along overhead electricity power lines and result in the cause of radio frequency interference to radio communications stations and radio listeners?  

On 25 April 2008 the US Court of Appeals for the District of Colombia Circuit found that the FCC prejudice had tainted the (BPL allowable radio radiation level) rulemaking process.

The court observed that there is no precedent allowing an agency (example the FCC) to “cherry pick” (you cannot accept the parts of a report that you like and edit out the parts that you don’t like in) a study on which it (the FCC) has chosen to rely in part.

The Court ordered the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) on remand, to release the unredacted (unedited, in full) studies and provide a reasonable opportunity for public comment.

The ARRL applied to the FCC for the release of those documents under the USA Freedom of Information Act.

Prior to the court case a similar request from the ARRL for an unedited release had been refused by the FCC.

This time the FCC agreed after a new FCC leadership had been installed.

The ARRL compared the earlier disclosed (edited, redacted, selective) FCC documents to the unedited original documents.

Both the edited and unedited documents were released because of ARRL requests under the USA Freedom of Information Act.

ARRL took this action because what FCC had said was different to what BPL radio listeners had long established through years of monitoring BPL radio emissions from distant power lines.

 

 In the July 2009 QST ARRL magazine page 9, the American Radio Relay League (ARRL) editorial titled “Now We Know” concluded that “before adopting it’s (FCC) flawed BPL rules (to minimize radio interference from BPL systems), the FCC knew that a 20 db notch (the level of reduction in radio radiation from power lines) is insufficient to protect mobiles (mobile radio operators in the area of power lines) from interference. The FCC knew that BPL is not a point source emitter (radiation takes place along the entire power line and not from a single point). The FCC knew that 40db per decade is not the correct extrapolation factor (the amount of reduction in BPL radio wave radiation from electrify power lines needed to avoid radio interference), and that banning HF (High Frequency, Short Wave) BPL (the Broadband Power line system) on overhead (pole mounted) power lines is the best option to protect the viability of HF (High Frequency, Short Wave) communications. The Commission (FCC) knew this because its own (FCC) technical staff said so. And now we (the general public) know that they (the FCC) know. Here is what we don’t know. Now that Powell and Martin (the old FCC leadership) are gone will the new leadership at the FCC fix this (BPL FCC regulations that are insufficient to prevent BPL radio frequency interference to radio communications stations and radio listeners).”

Clarifications are in brackets.

This is an example where research gained from the hobby of radio listening has been used in a dramatic way by a non government organization (the ARRL) to bring a government agency (the FCC) to account for its decisions. 

 



How to make a radio station antenna in Somalia.

How to make a radio broadcast antenna in Somalia.

How to make a world wide radio communications antenna in Galkayo, North East Somalia. 


 

In October 1994 old and new staff of Radio Free Somalia (“Free for all to use, later known as Radio Galkayo) in Galkayo, North East Somalia learn how to make a short wave radio broadcast and world wide communications antenna.

Sam Voron VK2BVS, 6O0A from Sydney, Australia shows how to make the cable that will attach the transmitter to the antenna..

FROM RIGHT TO LEFT ARE:

1. Lower right: Abdulahi Abdi Hirsi, graduated in 1994 and received his Somalia amateur radio license with his HAM (Helping All Mankind and woMankind) radio callsign 6O0CC.

2. Top right, face partly not visible: Jamal Farah Adan 6O0JFA (graduated in 1993).

3. White shirt: Adan Nur Mohamud, graduated in 1994 and received his Somalia amateur radio license with his HAM (Helping All Mankind and woMankind) radio callsign 6O0N.

4. Girl cutting cable: ?

5. Grey and white vertical striped shirt: ?

6. Left: Sam Voron VK2BVS, 6O0A radio instructor from Sydney, Australia shows how to make the cable that will attach the transmitter to the antenna..

North East Somalia became the Puntland State of Somalia on the 1st August 1998.

(Photo Sam Voron 6O0A, VK2BVS).  

 

INDEX 1.

This new Somalia Amateur Radio website

1. Somalia.
Soomaaliya. 
http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio  

2. Somalia photos 2 and Morse code between 0 – 1.6 MHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 2 iyo 0 – 1.6 MHz Morse codka caalmiga ah. 
http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/somaliaphotos2  

3. Somalia photos 3 and Morse code on 1.6 – 3 MHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 3 iyo 1.6 – 3 MHz Morse codka caalmiga ah. 
http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/somaliaphotos3  

4. Somalia photos 4 and Morse code on 3 – 60 MHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 4 iyo 3 – 60 MHz Morse codka caalmiga ah. 
http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/somaliaphotos4 

5. Somalia photos 5 and introduction to Non Directional Radio Beacons and NDB list from 0 to 299 kHz. 

6. Somalia photos 6 and Non Directional Radio Beacons list from 300 to 399 kHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 6 iyo NDB 300-399 kHz.

7. Somalia photos 7 and Non Directional Radio Beacons list from 400 to 599 kHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 7 iyo NDB 400-599 kHz. 

8. Somalia photos 8 and Non Directional Radio Beacons list from 600 to 8000 kHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 8 iyo NDB 600-8000 kHz. 

9. Somalia photo 9 and free VLF radio receiver.
Masawir Soomaaliya 9 iyo Radiyo VLF

DATABASE INDEX.

10. All Frequency Database Index and Somalia photos 10. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 10

BROADCASTING STATIONS, 
BROADCAST STATIONS, 
RADIO BROADCASTS, 
TV BROADCASTS.
– 6.8

1 – 1.4 Long Wave radio stations and Somalia photos 10AA. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 10AA 

2 – 2.5 Medium Wave radio stations and Somalia photos 11. 

2.6 Hobby AM radio stations and Somalia photos 12.
Masawir Soomaaliya 12 

3 – 3.3 Short Wave radio stations and Somalia photos 13.
Masawir Soomaaliya 13

3.4 Clandestine radio stations and Somalia photos 14.
Masawir Soomaaliya 14 

3.5 – 3.7 Pirate radio stations, online Short Wave radio receivers, scanners and Somalia photos 15. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 15 

4 – 4.4 VHF FM radio stations and Somalia photos 16. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 16 

4.5 VHF Hobby FM radio stations and Somalia photos 17. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 17

4.6 – 4.6f VHF Digital radio stations and Somalia photos 18.
Masawir Soomaaliya 18 

5 – 5.3e UHF hobby FM radio stations, UHF satellite radio and Somalia photos 19. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 19 

6 – 6.1c TV stations and Somalia photos 20.
Masawir Soomaaliya 20 

6.2a – 6.2c Hobby TV stations and Somalia photos 21. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 21 

6.3 – 6.5 Community TV, Cable TV, Public access cable TV and Somalia photos 22. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 22 

6.6 Pirate TV stations and Somalia photos 23. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 23

6.7 Satellite TV and Somalia photos 24.
Masawir Soomaaliya 24 

6.8 Amateur TV, ATV and Somalia photos 25. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 25 

RADIO COMMUNICATIONS STATIONS, 
RADIO COMMUNICATION STATIONS, 
ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM,
RADIO EMISSIONS. 
– 33.7

7 – 10.1 Frequencies below 9 kilohertz, Experimental radio below 9 kHz and Somalia photos 26. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 26 

11 – 15.10 TLF, ELF, SLF, ULF, VLF Submarine radio below 30 kHz and Somalia photos 27. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 27 

16 – 16.7 LF, Low Frequency radio 30 kHz – 300 kHz, Amateur radio, Experimental Radio and Somalia photos 28. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 28 

17 – 17.9 MF Medium Frequency radio 300 kHz – 3 MHz, Amateur radio, Experimental radio and Somalia photos 29. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 29 

18 – 18.3 HF, High Frequency radio, Aircraft radio, Amateur Radio, Broadband Internet and Somalia photos 30. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 30 

18.4 HF CB radio, Citizen’s Band radio and Somalia photos 31. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 31 

18.5 – 18.6 HF Experimental radio and Somalia photos 32. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 32 

18.7 – 18.21 HF Ship Radio, Jamming stations, Radar, Radio Astronomy, online HF radios and Somalia photos 33. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 33 

19 – 19.3 VHF, Very High Frequency Radio, Aviation Radio, Ham Radio, Experimental Radio and Somalia photos 34. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 34 

19.4 – 19.17 VHF Marine radio, Police radio, Fire, Medical, Space, scanner radio and Somalia photos 35. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 35 

20 – 20.3 UHF, Ultra High Frequency radio, Amateur radio, Moon radio, Experimental Radio and Somalia photos 36. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 36 

20.4 – 20.6w UHF CB radio, Citizen’s Band Radio, GPS Global Positioning System and Somalia photos 37. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 37 

20.7 – 20.20 UHF Police radio, Fire, Medical, Boat radio, Radio Astronomy, radio scanners and Somalia photos 38. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 38 

21 – 21.3 SHF, Super High Frequency radio, Ham radio, Cosmic Radiation from outer space and Somalia photos 39. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 39 

21.4 – 21.10 SHF Internet Wireless Local Area Networks LAN, Radar, Radio Astronomy, Satellites and Somalia photos 40. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 40 

22 – 22.7 EHF, Extremely High Frequency radio, CMBR Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation from outer space and Somalia photos 41. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 41 

23 – 23.4 THF, Tremendously High Frequency radio, Radio Astronomy, Satellites, Laser, and Somalia photos 42. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 42 

24 – 24.1 Infrared, Infrared radiation, Infrared astronomy, Experimental Infrared radiation and Somalia photos 43. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 43 

25. Light, Visible light radiation, Light communications, Optical astronomy and Somalia photos 44. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 44 

26. UV, Ultraviolet, Ultraviolet radiation, Ultraviolet astronomy and Somalia photos 45. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 45 

27. X-rays, X-ray radiation, X-ray astronomy and Somalia photos 46. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 46 

28 Gamma-rays, Gamma-ray radiation, Gamma-ray astronomy and Somalia photos 47 
Masawir Soomaaliya 47 

29 Cosmic rays, Cosmic ray particles from outer space, Cosmic ray astronomy and Somalia photos 48. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 48

30 – 31. Online radio measurement converters, electronics calculations, electrical calculators and Somalia photos 49. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 49 

32 – 33.7 Radio frequency allocation plans, radio codes, Amateur radio clubs and Somalia photos 50. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 50 



INDEX 2.

The 
Index for the old Somalia 
Ham Radio website is at the bottom of page 1: http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio




Contact: Sam Voron VK2BVS, 6O0A. 

Email somaliahamradio@yahoo.com