Navigation

Updates.

19 – 19.3 VHF, Very High Frequency Radio, Aviation Radio, Ham Radio, Experimental Radio and Somalia photos 34.


                                                                    Very High Frequency VHF Radio (1  of 2). 

                                                                                            24 October 2009.  


VHF Aircraft radio. 

 Experimental Radio,

Amateur Radio. 



The All Frequency Database Index is here: http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/somaliaphotos10

 

You are here:

19. VHF Radio Communications and Emissions.

19.1 VHF Aircraft radio.

19.2 VHF Amateur Radio.

19.3 VHF Experimental Radio.

 

19.

VHF Radio Communications and Emissions.

VHF 30 – 300 MHz.

VHF 30 MHz – 300 MHz.

VHF 30000 – 300000 kHz.

VHF 30000 kHz – 300000 kHz.

VHF 30000000 Hz – 300000000 Hz.

VHF 0.03 – .3 GHz.

VHF 0.03 GHz – .3 GHz.

Very High Frequency communications stations and VSW emissions.

VHF radio communications stations and other VHF radio emissions are here.

VHF radio broadcast stations, FM radio stations, FM clandestine radio, FM pirate radio, VHF Digital Radio stations DAB radio stations, DAB+ radio stations, DMB radio stations and DRM broadcast stations are in 4 – 4.6f (in the broadcast section).

 

Introduction to Very High Frequency VHF DX, the hobby of listening to distant Very High Frequency VHF radio communications stations, Radio Astronomy, utility radio stations, space radio communications, man made radio emissions and natural radio emissions between 30 MHz and 300 MHz.

Very High Frequency (VHF) radio signals have Very Short Wave (VSW) lengths.


VHF DX Long distance Very High Frequency radio listening.

VHF DX Long distance Very High Frequency radio hunting.

VHF DXer Long distance Very High Frequency radio listener.

VHF DXing is the searching for long distance Very High Frequency radio signals.

 

VHF 30 MHz – 300 MHz.

Metric waves.

 

The hobby of Radio Astronomy on VHF.

The hobby of Listening to VHF radio signals reflected by the Moon.

The hobby of Listening to VHF radio signals from outer space.

The hobby of Listening to VHF radio signals from space satellites.

The hobby of Listening to VHF space radio communication.

The hobby of Listening to VHF radio emissions from the Universe.

The hobby of Listening to VHF Internet on Broadband Power Line (BPL) DX (distant emissions).

The hobby of VHF BPL Broadband Internet on power line listening.

The hobby of Listening to military radio stations on VHF radio.

The hobby of Listening to Army, Navy and Air Force communications on VHF radio.

The hobby of VHF Radio Beacon DXing.

The hobby of VHF Long distance radio Beacon listening.

The hobby of VHF aircraft radio listening.

The hobby of Listening to VHF ship communications.

The hobby of Listening to VHF amateur radio communications.

The hobby of VHF Ham Radio DX.

The hobby of Long distance VHF amateur radio station listening.

The hobby of Long distance VHF Amateur Radio station transmitting.

The hobby of Listening to VHF utility radio stations.

Introduction to VHF radio.

Introduction to Very High Frequency radio.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Very_high_frequency

Introduction to VHF DX.

Introduction to VHF long distance reception.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tropospheric_scatter

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TV-FM_DX

 

 

19.1

Aircraft radio (Aviation Radio).

VHF aircraft radio.

VHF Aviation radio.

VHF Aero radio.

VHF Aeronautical radio.

VHF Aircraft radio.

VHF Aero frequencies.

VHF Aeronautical frequencies.

VHF Aircraft frequencies.

VHF Airport frequencies.

VHF Frequencies for Aircraft.

VHF Frequencies for Airports.

VHF Aviation frequencies.

VHF Frequencies for Aviation.

VHF Aeronautical frequencies.

VHF Frequencies for Aeronautics.

VHF Air travel frequencies.

VHF Frequencies for air travel.

VHF Air frequencies.

VHF Frequencies for Air.

VHF Aero radio frequencies.

VHF Aeronautical radio frequencies.

VHF Aircraft radio frequencies.

VHF Airport radio frequencies.

VHF Frequencies for Aircraft radio.

VHF Radio Frequencies for Aircraft.

VHF Radio Frequencies for Airports.

VHF Radio Aviation frequencies.

VHF Aviation Radio frequencies.

VHF Radio Frequencies for Aviation.

VHF Radio Aeronautical frequencies.

VHF Radio Frequencies for Aeronautics.

VHF Air travel Radio frequencies.

VHF Radio Frequencies for air travel.

VHF Air Radio frequencies.

VHF Radio Frequencies for Air.

VHF aircraft frequencies in MHz, frequencies in kHz and usage.

VHF aircraft frequency in MHz, frequency in kHz and usage. 


 74.8 MHz – 75.2 MHz (74.800 MHz – 75.200 MHz, 74800 kHz – 75200 kHz) Aeronautical Radionavigation.

108 MHz – 117.975 MHz (108.000 MHz – 117.975 MHz, 108000 kHz – 117975 kHz) Aeronautical Radionavigation.

117.975 MHz – 137 MHz (117.975 MHz – 137.000 MHz, 117975 kHz – 137000 kHz) Aeronautical mobile communications.

328.6 MHz – 335.4 MHz (328.600 MHz – 335.400 MHz, 328600 kHz – 335400 kHz) Aeronautical Radionavigation. 


The hobby of listening to aircraft radio.

The hobby of listening to Airports with Control Towers

The hobby of listening to Airports without Control Towers

The hobby of listening to General & Leisure Aviation

The hobby of listening to Air Traffic Control

The hobby of listening to Military Aircraft

http://www.qsl.net/n4jri/air_gen.htm

Listen live to aircraft radio communications on scanner radio receivers here.

http://www.police-scanner.info/live-police-scanners.htm

Western Australia aircraft radio listener’s forum.

Western Australia aircraft frequencies.

http://warsug.info/viewforum.php?f=14

Introduction to aircraft radio communications.

http://www.auf.asn.au/comms/vhfradio.html

Listening to VHF Aircraft Radio forum.

Listening to VHF Aviation Radio forum.

http://www.aurfscan.com.au/forumdisplay.php?f=14

See more in 18.2 (HF aircraft radio).

 

 

19.2

Amateur Radio (Ham Radio).

VHF Amateur Radio.

Amateur Radio on VHF.

Amateur radio stations are individual citizens in every country of the world who communicate and experiment with radio transmitters and radio receivers. You can hear some amateur radio stations on VHF radio.

Introduction to Amateur Radio.

http://www.users.on.net/~mickeymouse/links.htm


Real time VHF long distance radio conditions.

Real time map showing VHF worldwide long distance radio conditions.

Real time VHF long distance radio conditions in Australia.

Real time VHF long distance radio conditions in North America.

Real time VHF long distance radio conditions in Europe

http://www.mountainlake.k12.mn.us/ham/aprs/index.html

Real time VHF long distance radio conditions.

Real time map showing world wide radio conditions on 50 MHz.

DX happening now in the 6 metre band.

DX happening now in the 6 meter band.

http://www.vhfdx.net/spots/map.php?Lan=E&Frec=50&Map=W2L&mycall=&myloc=&freq=&prop=

Real time map showing world wide radio conditions on 70 MHz.

DX happening now in the 4 metre band.

DX happening now in the 4 meter band.

http://www.vhfdx.net/spots/map.php?Lan=E&Frec=70&Map=W2L&mycall=&myloc=&freq=&prop= 

Real time map showing world wide radio conditions on 144 MHz.

DX happening now in the 2 metre band.

DX happening now in the 2 meter band.

http://www.vhfdx.net/spots/map.php?Lan=E&Frec=144&Map=W2L&mycall=&myloc=&freq=&prop= 

 


Bangladesh

Amateur Radio in Bangladesh.

Bangladesh Ham Radio.

Bangladesh Amateur Radio League

http://www.barl.org/index.php?id=85

 

India.

Amateur Radio in India.

India Ham Radio.

Amateur Radio Society of India.

http://www.arsi.info

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amateur_radio_in_India

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amateur_Radio_Society_of_India

http://www.hamradioindia.org

http://www.hamradioindia.com

 

Pakistan.

Amateur Radio in Pakistan.

Pakistan Ham Radio.

Pakistan Amateur Radio Society

http://www.qsl.net/ap2ars

 

Sri Lanka.

Amateur Radio in Sri Lanka.

Sri Lanka Ham Radio.

Radio Society of Sri Lanka.

http://www.qsl.net/rssl

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio_Society_of_Sri_Lanka

 

Middle East.
Amateur Radio in the Middle East.

Amateur Radio in Bahrain.

Amateur Radio in Cyprus.

Amateur Radio in the Republic of Cyprus.

Amateur Radio in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.

Amateur Radio in the United Kingdom Sovereign Military Base Areas in Cyprus.

Amateur Radio in Egypt.

Amateur Radio in Iran.

Amateur Radio in Iraq.

Amateur Radio in Israel.

Amateur Radio in Jordan.

Amateur Radio in Kuwait.

Amateur Radio in Lebanon.

Amateur Radio in Oman.

Amateur Radio in the Palestinian Authority.

Amateur Radio in Palestine.

Amateur Radio in Qatar.

Amateur Radio in Saudi Arabia.

Amateur Radio in Syria.

Amateur Radio in Turkey.

Amateur Radio in United Arab Emirates.

Amateur Radio in Yemen.

Data base of Amateur Radio in the Middle East is here.

https://sites.google.com/site/somaliahamradio/amateur-radio-in-the-middle-east

 

 

19.3

Experimental Radio.

VHF experimental radio.

Very High Frequency experimental radio.

VHF (Vhf) experimental radio (er).

Vhfer.

VhFER.

Includes legal no-license-needed VHF Experimental Radio Transmitters.

The hobby of listening to very high frequency very low power (micro) radio beacons.

Very High Frequency VHF radio listeners can use free to download computer software to see on their computer very low power radio signals over large distances as well as radio signals under the noise.

The hobby of listening to legal-unlicensed experimental very high frequency radio beacons including the Industrial, Scientific and Medical (ISM) band of 40.660 MHz 40.700 MHz known as “40er” (40 MHz Experimental Radio).

40ER, “40er”.

40 MHz Experimental Radio.

49ER, “49er”.

49 MHz Experimental Radio.

The hobby of listening to legal-unlicensed experimental very high frequency radio beacons in the 49.820 MHz – 49.900 MHz band known as “49er” (49 MHz Experimental Radio).

Introduction to 49er, the 49 MHz experimental radio band.

http://www.lwca.org/sitepage/part15/index.htm

 

Australia.

VHF Experimental Radio in Australia.

Very High Frequency Experimental Radio in Australia.

Vhfer in Australia.

VhFER in Australia.

No radio transmitter licence (license) is needed in Australia on the following VHF bands (see conditions below).

Vhfer bands in megahertz.

  30.000 MHz – 30.0625 MHz,

  30.3125 MHz – 31.000 MHz,

  36.600 MHz – 37.000 MHz,

  39.000 MHz – 39.7625 MHz,

  40.250 MHz – 40.660 MHz,

  40.660 MHz – 41.000 MHz (40.660 MHz - 40.700 MHz International Experimental Radio band),

  54.000 MHz – 56.000 MHz,

  70.000 MHz – 70.24375 MHz,

  77.29375 MHz – 77.49375 MHz,

150.7875 MHz – 152.49375 MHz,

173.29375 MHz – 174.000 MHz,

225.000 MHz – 242.000 MHz,

244.000 MHz – 267.000 MHz,

273.000 MHz – 303.950 MHz.

Vhfer bands in megahertz.

  30 MHz – 30.0625 MHz,

  30.3125 MHz – 31 MHz,

  36.6 MHz – 37 MHz,

  39 MHz – 39.7625 MHz,

  40.25 MHz – 40.66 MHz (40.66 MHz - 40.7 MHz International Experimental Radio band),

  40.66 MHz – 41 MHz,

  54 MHz – 56 MHz,

  70 MHz – 70.24375 MHz,

  77.29375 MHz – 77.49375 MHz,

150.7875 MHz – 152.49375 MHz,

173.29375 MHz – 174 MHz,

225 MHz – 242 MHz,

244 MHz – 267 MHz,

273 MHz – 303.95 MHz.

Vhfer bands in kilohertz.

  30000 kHz – 30062.5 kHz,

  30312.5 kHz – 31000 kHz,

  36600 kHz – 37000 kHz,

  39000 kHz – 39762.5 kHz,

  40250 kHz – 40660 kHz,

  40660 kHz – 41000 kHz (40660 kHz - 40700 kHz International Experimental Radio band),

  54000 kHz – 56000 kHz,

  70000 kHz – 70243.75 kHz,

  77293.75 kHz – 77493.75 kHz,

150787.5 kHz – 152493.75 kHz,

173293.75 kHz – 174000 kHz,

225000 kHz – 242000 kHz,

244000 kHz – 267000 kHz,

273000 kHz – 303950 kHz.

Vhfer bands in gigahertz.

0.030000 GHz – 0.0300625 GHz,

0.0303125 GHz – 0.031000 GHz,

0.036600 GHz – 0.037000 GHz,

0.039000 GHz – 0.0397625 GHz,

0.040250 GHz – 0.040660 GHz,

0.040660 GHz – 0.041000 GHz (40.660 MHz - 40.700 MHz International Experimental Radio band),

0.054000 GHz – 0.056000 GHz,

0.070000 GHz – 0.07024375 GHz,

0.07729375 GHz – 0.07749375 GHz,

0.1507875 GHz – 0.15249375 GHz,

0.17329375 GHz – 0.174000 GHz,

0.225000 GHz – 0.242000 GHz,

0.244000 GHz – 0.267000 GHz,

0.273000 GHz – 0.303950 GHz.

Vhfer bands in gigahertz.

0.03 GHz – 0.0300625 GHz,

0.0303125 GHz – 0.031 GHz,

0.0366 GHz – 0.037 GHz,

0.039 GHz – 0.0397625 GHz,

0.04025 GHz – 0.04066 GHz,

0.04066 GHz – 0.041 GHz (40.660 MHz - 40.700 MHz International Experimental Radio band),

0.054 GHz – 0.056 GHz,

0.07 GHz – 0.07024375 GHz,

0.07729375 GHz – 0.07749375 GHz,

0.1507875 GHz – 0.15249375 GHz,

0.17329375 GHz – 0.174 GHz,

0.225 GHz – 0.242 GHz,

0.244 GHz – 0.267 GHz,

0.273 GHz – 0.30395 GHz.

VHF Bands where no radio transmitter licence (license) is needed in Australia (see conditions below).

  30.000 MHz – 30.0625 MHz 10 metre band (10 meter band “30er” 30 MHz Experimental Radio).

  30.3125 MHz – 31.000 MHz 9.5 metre band (9.5 meter band “31er” 31 MHz Experimental Radio).

  36.600 MHz – 37.000 MHz 8 metre band (8 meter band “36er” 36 MHz Experimental Radio).

  39.000 MHz – 39.7625 MHz 7.6 metre band (7.6 meter band “39er” 39 MHz Experimental Radio).

  40.250 MHz – 40.660 MHz 7.5 metre band (7.5 meter band “40.5er” 40.5 MHz Experimental Radio).

  40.660 MHz – 41.000 MHz 7 metre band (7 meter band “40er” 40 MHz Experimental Radio).

  54.000 MHz – 56.000 MHz 5 metre band (5 meter band “55er” 55 MHz Experimental Radio).

  70.000 MHz – 70.24375 MHz 4 metre band (4 meter band “70er” 70 MHz Experimental Radio).

  77.29375 MHz – 77.49375 MHz 3.9 metre band (3.9 meter band “77er” 77 MHz Experimental Radio).

150.7875 MHz – 152.49375 MHz 1.9 metre band (1.9 meter band “150er” 150 MHz Experimental Radio).

173.29375 MHz – 174.000 MHz 1.7 metre band (1.7 meter band “173er” 173 MHz Experimental Radio).

225.000 MHz – 242.000 MHz 1.3 metre band (1.3 meter band “225er” 225 MHz Experimental Radio).

244.000 MHz – 267.000 MHz 1.2 metre band (1.2 meter band “250er” 250 MHz Experimental Radio).

273.000 MHz – 303.950 MHz 1 metre band (1 meter band “300er” 300 MHz Experimental Radio).

In the VHF bands where no transmitter licence (license) is needed the maximum antenna radiated power is shown for each band:

“30er” 10 m band 30.000 MHz – 30.0625 MHz using 100 mW e.i.r.p.

“31er” 9.5 m band 30.3125 MHz – 31.000 MHz using 100 mW e.i.r.p.

“36er” 8 m band 36.600 MHz – 37.000 MHz using 100 mW e.i.r.p.

“39er” 7.6 m band 39.000 MHz – 39.7625 MHz using 100 mW e.i.r.p.

“40.5er” 7.5 m band 40.250 MHz – 40.660 MHz using 100 mW e.i.r.p.

“40er” 7 m band 40.660 MHz – 41.000 MHz using 1 Watt e.i.r.p.

“55er” 5 m band 54.000 MHz – 56.000 MHz using 2.5 mW e.i.r.p.

“70er” 4 m band 70.000 MHz – 70.24375 MHz using 100 mW e.i.r.p.

“77er” 3.9 m band 77.29375 MHz – 77.49375 MHz using 100 mW e.i.r.p.

“150er” 1.9 m band 150.7875 MHz – 152.49375 MHz using 100 mW e.i.r.p.

“173er” 1.7 m band 173.29375 MHz – 174.000 MHz using 100 mW e.i.r.p.

“225er” 1.3 m band 225.000 MHz – 242.000 MHz using 0.01 mW e.i.r.p.

“245er” 1.2 m band 244.000 MHz – 267.000 MHz using 0.01 mW e.i.r.p.

“275er” 1 m band 273.000 MHz – 303.950 MHz using 0.01 mW e.i.r.p.

The Australian Radio communications (Low Interference Potential Devices LIPD class license 2000) with all amendments came into effect on 1 July 2009.

This document (LIPD 2000) includes the amendments to 2009 to allow devises that meet certain power levels on certain frequencies to be used without the need to apply for a license.

LIPD, (section 3, Note) states that LIPD devises must not cause radio frequency interference to other Radio communication devises.

The responsibility is on LIPD owners to resolve interference for example by retuning or stopping their operation.

Radio communications (Low Interference Potential Devices) Class Licence 2000, 1 July 2009, Schedule 1 Transmitters, Pages 7 and 8.

Click to download the Australian Communications and Media Authority ACMA (Low Interference Potential Devices LIPD) pdf - LIPD

 

Canada.

VHF Experimental Radio in Canada.

Very High Frequency Experimental Radio in Canada.

Vhfer in Canada.

VhFER in Canada.

No radio transmitter licence (license) is needed in Canada on the following VHF bands (see conditions below).

Vhfer bands in megahertz.

40.660 MHz – 40.700 MHz International Experimental Radio band,

49.820 MHz – 49.900 MHz.

Vhfer bands in megahertz.

40.66 MHz – 40.7 MHz,

49.82 MHz – 49.9 MHz.

Vhfer bands in kilohertz.

40660 kHz – 40700 kHz,

49820 kHz – 49900 kHz.

Vhfer bands in gigahertz.

0.04066 GHz – 0.0407 GHz,

0.04982 GHz – 0.0499 GHz.

VHF Bands where no radio transmitter licence (license) is needed in Canada (see conditions below).

40.660 MHz – 40.700 MHz 7 meter band (7 metre band “40er” 40 MHz Experimental Radio).

49.820 MHz – 49.900 MHz 6 metre band (6 meter band “49er” 49 MHz Experimental Radio).

In the VHF bands where no transmitter licence (license) is needed the maximum antenna radiated power is shown for each band:

“40er” 7 m band 40.660 MHz – 40.700 MHz using 16 mW e.i.r.p.

“49er” 6 m band 49.820 MHz – 49.900 MHz using 3 nW e.i.r.p. (0.003 µW e.i.r.p.).

(Industy Canada, April 1995, modified 30 July 2009) SP 30-896 MHz, Part II — Spectrum utilization policy for the mobile, broadcasting and amateur services in the frequency range 30 MHz - 896 MHz.

5.1.1 Overview: 30 MHz - 50 MHz states “This upper band portion includes experimental radio systems…”

The deployment of licence-exempt low power applications in this range will be permitted as a secondary service that is, on a non-interference basis without protection from interference from licensed users. The terms for licence-exempt applications for low power and very low power systems are set out in Radio Standards Specification - RSS 210. Therefore, such devices should not interfere with licensed stations and will operate on a non-protection and non-interference basis. Such devices are deemed to be technically suitable for licence-exemption in accordance with radio standards emission requirements.

http://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/smt-gst.nsf/eng/sf09084.html

Industry Canada radio regulations, 30 July 2009, RSS-210 - Low-power licence-exempt radio communication devices (all frequency bands), Annex 2 (Devices operating in non-service specific licence-exempt bands in Canada), section 2.7 allows the use of 40.660 MHz - 40.700 MHz for experimental radio systems on a no licence necessary basis if the antenna power output is 16 milliwatts effective isotopic radiated power (16 mW e.i.r.p.) or less.

http://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/smt-gst.nsf/eng/sf08477.html

Experimental radio systems are allowed outside this frequency range but at the reduced power level of 3 nanowatts effective isotopic radiated power (3 nW e.i.r.p, 0.003 µW e.i.r.p). Power allowed for licence-exempt operation on 49.820 MHz – 49.900 MHz is 3 nW e.i.r.p. equal to 0.003 µW e.i.r.p.

http://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/smt-gst.nsf/eng/sf08476.html

 

New Zealand.

VHF Experimental Radio in New Zealand.

Very High Frequency Experimental Radio in New Zealand.

Vhfer in New Zealand.

VhFER in New Zealand.

No radio transmitter licence (license) is needed in New Zealand on the following HF bands see conditions below.

Vhfer bands in megahertz.

  35.500 MHz – 37.200 MHz,

  40.660 MHz – 40.700 MHz International Experimental Radio band,

  40.800 MHz – 41.000 MHz,

  72.250 MHz – 72.500 MHz,

107.000 MHz – 108.000 MHz,

160.100 MHz – 160.600 MHz,

173.000 MHz – 174.000 MHz,

235.000 MHz – 300.000 MHz.

Vhfer bands in megahertz.

 35.5 MHz – 37.2 MHz,

 40.66 MHz – 40.7 MHz International Experimental Radio band,

 40.8 MHz – 41 MHz,

 72.25 MHz – 72.50 MHz,

107 MHz – 108 MHz,

160.1 MHz – 160.6 MHz,

173 MHz – 174 MHz,

235 MHz – 300 MHz.

Vhfer bands in megahertz.

 35.500 MHz – 37.200 MHz,

 40.660 MHz – 40.700 MHz International Experimental Radio band,

 40.800 MHz – 41.000 MHz,

 72.250 MHz – 72.500 MHz,

107.000 MHz – 108.000 MHz,

160.100 MHz – 160.600 MHz,

173.000 MHz – 174.000 MHz,

235.000 MHz – 300.000 MHz.

Vhfer bands in kilohertz.

  35500 kHz – 37200 kHz,

  40660 kHz – 40700 kHz International Experimental Radio band,

  40800 kHz – 41000 kHz,

  72250 kHz – 72500 kHz,

107000 kHz – 108000 kHz,

160100 kHz – 160600 kHz,

173000 kHz – 174000 kHz,

235000 kHz – 300000 kHz.

Vhfer bands in gigahertz.

0.0355 GHz – 0.0372 GHz,

0.04066 GHz – 0.0407 GHz International Experimental Radio band,

0.0408 GHz – 0.041 GHz,

0.07225 GHz – 0.07250 GHz,

0.107 GHz – 0.108 GHz,

0.1601 GHz – 0.1606 GHz,

0.173 GHz – 0.174 GHz,

0.235 GHz – 0.300 GHz.

VHF Bands where no radio transmitter licence (license) is needed in New Zealand (see conditions below).

International Experimental Radio band

  35.500 MHz – 37.200 MHz 8 metre band (8 meter band “36er” 36 MHz Experimental Radio),

  40.660 MHz – 40.700 MHz 7 metre DX band (7 meter DX band “40er” 40 MHz Experimental Radio),

  40.800 MHz – 41.000 MHz 7 metre band (7 meter band “40er” 40 MHz Experimental Radio),

  72.250 MHz – 72.500 MHz 4 metre band (4 meter band “72er” 72 MHz Experimental Radio),

107.000 MHz – 108.000 MHz 2.8 metre band (2.8 meter band “107er” 107 MHz Experimental Radio),

160.100 MHz – 160.600 MHz 1.86 metre band (1.86 meter band “160er” 160 MHz Experimental Radio),

173.000 MHz – 174.000 MHz 1.7 metre band (1.7 meter band “173er” 173 MHz Experimental Radio),

235.000 MHz – 300.000 MHz 1 metre band (1 meter band “300er” 300 MHz Experimental Radio).

In the VHF bands where no transmitter licence (license) is needed the maximum radiated antenna power is shown for each band:

“36er” 8 m band 35.500 MHz – 37.200 MHz using 100 mW e.i.r.p.

“40er” 7 m DX band 40.660 MHz – 40.700 MHz using 1 Watt e.i.r.p.

“40er” 7 m band 40.800 MHz – 41.000 MHz using 100 mW e.i.r.p.

“72er” 4 m band 72.250 MHz – 72.500 MHz using 100 mW e.i.r.p.

 “107er” 2.8 m band 88.000 MHz – 108.000 MHz using 0.00002 mW e.i.r.p. (0.02 µW) audio senders.

“107er” 2.8 m band 107.000 MHz – 108.000 MHz using 25 mW e.i.r.p. unrestricted designated use.

“160er” 1.86 m band 160.100 MHz – 160.600 MHz using 500 mW e.i.r.p.

“173er” 1.7 m band 173.000 MHz – 174.000 MHz using 100 mW e.i.r.p.

“300er” 1 m band 235.000 MHz – 300.000 MHz using 1 mW e.i.r.p. using Telemetry and or Telecommand

VHF Bands where no radio transmitter licence (license) is needed in Canada see conditions below.

Very low power ISM radio beacons in New Zealand.

Ministry of Economic Development MED, New Zealand document Radiocommunications Regulations (General User Radio Licence for Short Range Devices, Notice 2007 (last updated 18 March 2008) states that a general user radio licence is granted for the transmission of radio waves for the purpose of Short Range Devices (SRD), also known as Restricted Radiation Devices (RRD), Low Interference Potential Devices (LIPD), or Spread Spectrum Devices (SSD).

If interference results a user must change frequency reduce power, or cease operation.

http://www.rsm.govt.nz/cms/licensing/types-of-licence/general-user-licences/short-range-devices/#note1

Hobby mini Stereo FM transmitter module $18.

http://www.surplustronics.co.nz/shop/product-KS0086.html

Mini 5mW FM Transmitter Demo Board with a programmable frequency board. USB cable is supplied for power from the computer. Covers 87.7-89.2 MHz and 106.4-107.9 MHz. (The New Zealand Vhfer band from 107.000 MHz – 108.000 MHz allows up to 25 mW e.i.r.p.) $63.

http://www.surplustronics.co.nz/shop/product-KS0072.html

 

 

USA.

VHF Experimental Radio in the USA.

Very High Frequency Experimental Radio in the USA.

VHF Experimental Radio in the US.

Very High Frequency Experimental Radio in the US.

Vhfer in the USA.

Vhfer in the US.

VhFER in the USA.

VhFER in the US.

Vhfer bands in megahertz.

40.660 MHz – 40.700 MHz International Experimental Radio band,

49.820 MHz – 49.900 MHz.

Vhfer bands in megahertz.

40.66 MHz – 40.7 MHz,

49.82 MHz – 49.9 MHz.

Vhfer bands in kilohertz.

40660 kHz – 40700 kHz,

49820 kHz – 49900 kHz.

Vhfer bands in gigahertz.

0.04066 GHz – 0.0407 GHz,

0.04982 GHz – 0.0499 GHz.

VHF Bands where no radio transmitter licence (license) is needed in the USA (see conditions below).

40.660 MHz - 40.700 MHz 7 meter band (7 metre band “40er” 40 MHz Experimental Radio).

49.820 MHz – 49.900 MHz 6 metre band (6 meter band “49er” 49 MHz Experimental Radio).

In the VHF bands where no transmitter licence (license) is needed the maximum power supply input to the transmitter is shown for each band:

“40er” 7 m band 40.660 MHz – 40.700 MHz using a maximum field strength of 1000 microvolts per metre measured 3 metres away from the antenna.

“49er” 6 m band 49.820 MHz – 49.900 MHz using a 100 mW maximum power supply input to the transmitter and a 1 meter antenna.

40 MHz experimental radio (“40er”).

FCC 10 July 2008 Part 15 radio regulations, page 93, section 15.231 (e) allows operation with no license for any emission on 40.660 MHz – 40.700 MHz (40660 kHz –- 40700 kHz) if the field strength of the transmission does not exceed 1000 microvolts per metre at a distance 3 metres away from the antenna.

49 MHz experimental radio (“49er”).

The “49er” band 49.820 MHz – 49.900 MHz.

Federal Communications Commission FCC, 10 July 2008 Part 15 radio regulations, page 96, section Section 15.235 (c) for a home-built intentional radiator (transmitter) as defined (below) by 15.23 (a), operating within the band 49.820 MHz – 49.900 MHz (49820 kHz – 49900 kHz) the following standard may be employed:

(1) The RF carrier and modulation products shall be maintained within the band 49.820 MHz – 49.900 MHz.

(2) The total input to the device measured at the battery or the power line terminals (power supply) shall not be more than 100 milliwatts (100 mW) under all conditions.

(3) The antenna will be a single element 1 metre or less permanently mounted on the enclosure containing the devise.

(4). Emissions (signals) outside this band shall be attenuated (keep low, suppressed) to at least 20 dB below the level of the unmodulated carrier.

The FCC Federal Communications Commission 10 July 2008 radio regulations, Part 15 rules for Radio Frequency devices outlines the USA radio regulations under which an intended radiator of radio waves may be operated without a license.

Unlicensed transmitters (intended radiators) must not cause interference to other radio or TV stations. Unlicensed radio stations (intended radiators) are not protected from interference.

Part 15 rules, page 13, section 15.23 allow home built transmitters (Intentional radiators).

Home-built Vhfer transmitter radio regulations for Part 15 compliant devices.

Home built Vhfer transmitters.

Home built Vhfer radio transmitters.

Home constructed Vhfer radio transmitters.

Home-made VHF radio transmitters.

Home made VHF radio transmitter.

Home-made VHF radio transmitter.

Home-made VHF transmitter.

Home built radio transmitters.

Home built radio transmitter.

Home constructed radio transmitters.

Home constructed radio transmitter.

Home made radio transmitters.

Home made radio transmitter.

The FCC Part 15 radio regulations for home-made radio transmitter devices.

FCC 10 July 2008 Part 15 radio regulations, page 13, section 15.23 “Home-built devices” states:

(a) Equipment authorization is not required for devices that are not marketed, are not constructed from a kit and are built in quantities of 5 or less for personal use.

(b) It is recognized that the individual builder of Home-built equipment may not possess the means to perform the measurements for determining compliance with the regulations. In this case the builder is expected to employ good engineering practices to meet specified technical standards to the greatest extent practicable.

Section 15.5 also applies to home made devices (transmitters).

Page 9, Section 15.5 “General conditions of operation”.

(a). No person has a right to the continued use of current frequencies (this means that any frequency might be re-allocated for a different use in future).

(b). No harmful radio or TV interference is to be caused and interference from licensed or unlicensed stations must be accepted.

(c). Operation of the devise (transmitter) must cease if an FCC representative informs you of harmful interference caused by your devise. Operation can only restart once the cause of the interference has been corrected.

(d). Transmitters causing damped wave are prohibited (not allowed).

Part 15 rules, page 80 is the list of frequencies where intended radio emissions (transmissions) is not permitted. Only spurious emission (such as unavoidable low level harmonic radiation as a result of transmitting on another frequency) is allowed in those restricted bands.

The FCC part 15 radio regulations in the USA dated 10 July 2008.

http://www.fcc.gov/oet/info/rules/part15/PART15_07-10-08.pdf

With QRSS (computer controller very slow Morse code) you can overcome high noise and interference and dig signals out of the noise.

Free software for your computer to receive LowFER radio beacon signals.

Free software for your computer to transmit QRSS LowFER radio beacon signals.

Free software to make your computer into a soundcard based digital oscilloscope.

Free software to crop and convert JPEG files to the Slow Scan Television SSTV (Picture transmission and reception on radio) Martin M1 standard (320x240 pixels).

All free from Rik (amateur radio call sign ON7YD) in Belgium.

http://www.qsl.net/on7yd/software.htm

You can see the Morse code dots and the dashes on your computer screen when QRSS software is used. This makes it easy to decode the different call signs used to identify each beacon.

http://www.h-wolff.de/Hifer%20Gallery.htm

49MHz Experimental Radio Club.

http://www.qsl.net/49mhz 

49MHz Experimental Radio group forum.

http://groups.yahoo.com/phrase/low-power-am-radio

Using a baby monitor as a 49MHz transmitter.

http://part15.us/node/852

http://forums.qrz.com/showthread.php?t=8901  

 


How to make a radio station in Somalia.

How to make a radio station antenna in Somalia.

How to move the antenna from a horizontal to a vertical position in Galkayo, North East Somalia.


The Radio Free Somalia (“Free for all to use” later known as Radio Galkayo) built this 13 element Log periodic short wave radio antenna with a 4 kW balun covering 6.5 – 30 MHz.

The antenna is being tilted from a horizontal to a vertical position in Galkayo, North East Somalia.

The Rotary Club of Boulder, Western Australia and the Australian Government funded the antenna and upgraded the radio stations equipment. It was installed in August 1994 by two Australian volunteers, Abdikarim Nur Mohamed (ham radio callsign 6O0W) from Melbourne and Sam Voron (ham radio callsigns VK2BVS, 6O0A) from Sydney.
North East Somalia became the Puntland State of Somalia on the 1st August 1998.

(Photo Sam Voron 6O0A, VK2BVS, directing the lifting operations Abdikarim Nur Mohamud 6O0W).  

 

INDEX 1.

This new Somalia Amateur Radio website

1. Somalia.
Soomaaliya. 
http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio  

2. Somalia photos 2 and Morse code between 0 – 1.6 MHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 2 iyo 0 – 1.6 MHz Morse codka caalmiga ah. 
http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/somaliaphotos2  

3. Somalia photos 3 and Morse code on 1.6 – 3 MHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 3 iyo 1.6 – 3 MHz Morse codka caalmiga ah. 
http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/somaliaphotos3  

4. Somalia photos 4 and Morse code on 3 – 60 MHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 4 iyo 3 – 60 MHz Morse codka caalmiga ah. 
http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio/somaliaphotos4 

5. Somalia photos 5 and introduction to Non Directional Radio Beacons and NDB list from 0 to 299 kHz. 

6. Somalia photos 6 and Non Directional Radio Beacons list from 300 to 399 kHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 6 iyo NDB 300-399 kHz.

7. Somalia photos 7 and Non Directional Radio Beacons list from 400 to 599 kHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 7 iyo NDB 400-599 kHz. 

8. Somalia photos 8 and Non Directional Radio Beacons list from 600 to 8000 kHz. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 8 iyo NDB 600-8000 kHz. 

9. Somalia photo 9 and free VLF radio receiver.
Masawir Soomaaliya 9 iyo Radiyo VLF

DATABASE INDEX.

10. All Frequency Database Index and Somalia photos 10. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 10

BROADCASTING STATIONS, 
BROADCAST STATIONS, 
RADIO BROADCASTS, 
TV BROADCASTS.
– 6.8

1 – 1.4 Long Wave radio stations and Somalia photos 10AA. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 10AA 

2 – 2.5 Medium Wave radio stations and Somalia photos 11. 

2.6 Hobby AM radio stations and Somalia photos 12.
Masawir Soomaaliya 12 

3 – 3.3 Short Wave radio stations and Somalia photos 13.
Masawir Soomaaliya 13

3.4 Clandestine radio stations and Somalia photos 14.
Masawir Soomaaliya 14 

3.5 – 3.7 Pirate radio stations, online Short Wave radio receivers, scanners and Somalia photos 15. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 15 

4 – 4.4 VHF FM radio stations and Somalia photos 16. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 16 

4.5 VHF Hobby FM radio stations and Somalia photos 17. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 17

4.6 – 4.6f VHF Digital radio stations and Somalia photos 18.
Masawir Soomaaliya 18 

5 – 5.3e UHF hobby FM radio stations, UHF satellite radio and Somalia photos 19. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 19 

6 – 6.1c TV stations and Somalia photos 20.
Masawir Soomaaliya 20 

6.2a – 6.2c Hobby TV stations and Somalia photos 21. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 21 

6.3 – 6.5 Community TV, Cable TV, Public access cable TV and Somalia photos 22. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 22 

6.6 Pirate TV stations and Somalia photos 23. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 23

6.7 Satellite TV and Somalia photos 24.
Masawir Soomaaliya 24 

6.8 Amateur TV, ATV and Somalia photos 25. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 25 

RADIO COMMUNICATIONS STATIONS, 
RADIO COMMUNICATION STATIONS, 
ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM,
RADIO EMISSIONS. 
– 33.7

7 – 10.1 Frequencies below 9 kilohertz, Experimental radio below 9 kHz and Somalia photos 26. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 26 

11 – 15.10 TLF, ELF, SLF, ULF, VLF Submarine radio below 30 kHz and Somalia photos 27. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 27 

16 – 16.7 LF, Low Frequency radio 30 kHz – 300 kHz, Amateur radio, Experimental Radio and Somalia photos 28. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 28 

17 – 17.9 MF Medium Frequency radio 300 kHz – 3 MHz, Amateur radio, Experimental radio and Somalia photos 29. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 29 

18 – 18.3 HF, High Frequency radio, Aircraft radio, Amateur Radio, Broadband Internet and Somalia photos 30. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 30 

18.4 HF CB radio, Citizen’s Band radio and Somalia photos 31. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 31 

18.5 – 18.6 HF Experimental radio and Somalia photos 32. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 32 

18.7 – 18.21 HF Ship Radio, Jamming stations, Radar, Radio Astronomy, online HF radios and Somalia photos 33. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 33 

19 – 19.3 VHF, Very High Frequency Radio, Aviation Radio, Ham Radio, Experimental Radio and Somalia photos 34. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 34 

19.4 – 19.17 VHF Marine radio, Police radio, Fire, Medical, Space, scanner radio and Somalia photos 35. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 35 

20 – 20.3 UHF, Ultra High Frequency radio, Amateur radio, Moon radio, Experimental Radio and Somalia photos 36. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 36 

20.4 – 20.6w UHF CB radio, Citizen’s Band Radio, GPS Global Positioning System and Somalia photos 37. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 37 

20.7 – 20.20 UHF Police radio, Fire, Medical, Boat radio, Radio Astronomy, radio scanners and Somalia photos 38. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 38 

21 – 21.3 SHF, Super High Frequency radio, Ham radio, Cosmic Radiation from outer space and Somalia photos 39. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 39 

21.4 – 21.10 SHF Internet Wireless Local Area Networks LAN, Radar, Radio Astronomy, Satellites and Somalia photos 40. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 40 

22 – 22.7 EHF, Extremely High Frequency radio, CMBR Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation from outer space and Somalia photos 41. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 41 

23 – 23.4 THF, Tremendously High Frequency radio, Radio Astronomy, Satellites, Laser, and Somalia photos 42. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 42 

24 – 24.1 Infrared, Infrared radiation, Infrared astronomy, Experimental Infrared radiation and Somalia photos 43. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 43 

25. Light, Visible light radiation, Light communications, Optical astronomy and Somalia photos 44. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 44 

26. UV, Ultraviolet, Ultraviolet radiation, Ultraviolet astronomy and Somalia photos 45. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 45 

27. X-rays, X-ray radiation, X-ray astronomy and Somalia photos 46. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 46 

28 Gamma-rays, Gamma-ray radiation, Gamma-ray astronomy and Somalia photos 47 
Masawir Soomaaliya 47 

29 Cosmic rays, Cosmic ray particles from outer space, Cosmic ray astronomy and Somalia photos 48. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 48

30 – 31. Online radio measurement converters, electronics calculations, electrical calculators and Somalia photos 49. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 49 

32 – 33.7 Radio frequency allocation plans, radio codes, Amateur radio clubs and Somalia photos 50. 
Masawir Soomaaliya 50 



INDEX 2.

The 
Index for the old Somalia 
Ham Radio website is at the bottom of page 1: http://sites.google.com/site/somaliaamateurradio




Contact: Sam Voron VK2BVS, 6O0A. 

Email somaliahamradio@yahoo.com