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Avala

Audio recordings: Andrew Hsiu. (2017). Avala audio word list. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1123297
Conference presentations: Hsiu, Andrew. 2015. The Angkuic languages: a preliminary survey.
Transcribed word list: Hsiu, Andrew. 2017. Angkuic lexical database. m.s.

Avala (a21 va21 la21) is a previously undocumented Angkuic lect that I had recorded on April 30, 2014 in Bangliu 邦六, Manghuai Township 芒怀乡, Yun County 云县, Yunnan, China. Avala is practically extinct, and there is only one elderly man in the entire village cluster who remembers any words from the language – 83-year-old Chen Zhifang 陈织芳. Chen is hard of hearing and has lost most of his teeth; hence elicitation was difficult, resulting in inconsistent speech as well. Fortunately, of the 30 or so words I managed to elicit from him, he also remembered the autonym. Chen claims he does not remember any more words in Avala other than the ones that I have elicited from him.

Locals in Manghuai Township reported more ethnic Bulang residing in Niuquan 牛圈, Maolan Township 茂兰镇, Yun County, but it is unknown whether they speak Avala (Bulang) or not.

Avala is most similar to Luce’s P’uman and to Bulang of Nanjian County as recorded in Chinese characters by the Nanjian County Gazetteer (1994). Due to the small number of vocabulary items elicited, Avala was not included in my computational phylogenetic analysis of Angkuic languages. Some speakers of Waic languages much further to the southwest along the Burma-China border also refer to themselves as Avala (Zhou & Yan 2004).

Gloss

Avala

Comments

autonym

a²¹va²¹la²¹

compare vaʔ⁵¹ of Mojiang

exonym

pʰu²¹man³³, pʰu²¹man³⁵

used by Han Chinese as well

call (of crow)

kʰa³³

 

cat

ku³³lu³⁵pɤ²¹

etymology unclear

corn

tso³³ji²¹, tso³³ʑi²¹

 

crow

a³³ve³³

 

dog

tɕaŋ⁵³so²¹

AA / Angkuic form

drink, to

na²¹

same as 'to eat'

drunk, inebriated

poŋ³³ŋai³³

 

ear

na²¹so²¹

Hu and Manmet form

eat, to

na²¹, kʰa²¹

U form

eye

ɤ⁵³ku³³lu³³

etymology unclear

face

ŋai³³

Hu and Va form

foot

sɤ²¹, ȵa³³so²¹, ȵa²¹sai³³

informant does not remember exact form?

fire

ŋau²¹, kan⁵³ŋau²¹

U and Manmet form

meat

nui²¹

 

nose

na²¹khe³³

< Loloish?

pig

a³³ve²¹

< Loloish?; not AA *lik

rat

pʰi²¹sɿ³³

 

rice, cooked

kʰai³³

U and Va form

run, to

u⁵⁵la³³

cf. Manmet u⁵³lu³⁵

snake

se³³ve²¹tsɿ²¹

perhaps first syll. < AA

sticky rice

no³⁵

 

stone

a³³mɯ³³, a³³mɯ²¹

AA

tea

su²¹saŋ³³(pʰjɔ²¹)

 

wash, to

sa²¹

 

water

tɕi⁵³nã²¹(ko²¹tɕi⁵³te²¹)

looks like a phrase?

wine, liquor

pja³³

 

smoke, to

su³³sa³³

 



References
Hsiu, Andrew. 2015. The Angkuic languages: a preliminary survey. Presented ICAAL 6 (6th International Conference on Austroasiatic Linguistics), Siem Reap, Cambodia.
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