Know your Radishes

  • The radish (Raphanus sativus) is an edible root vegetable of the Brassicaceae family that was domesticated in Europe in pre-Roman times.
  • They are grown and consumed throughout the world. 
  • Radishes have numerous varieties, varying in size, colour and duration of required cultivation time. 
  • There are some radishes that are grown for their seeds; oilseed radishes are grown, as the name implies, for oil production.
  • Summer radishes mature rapidly, with many varieties germinating in 3–7 days, and reaching maturity in three to four weeks.
    • A common garden crop in Europe and the U.S.A., the fast harvest cycle makes them a popular choice for children's gardens.
    • They are in season from April to June and from October to January in most parts of North America; in Europe and Japan they are available year-round due to the plurality of varieties grown.
  • Winter radish varieties produce large roots which may be round or elongated and white, red or black. 
    • They require a long season for full growth. 
    • The roots may be eaten raw with vinegar or cooked like turnips. 
    • The flavour of winter radishes is usually pungent and the texture more fibrous and less crisp than summer garden radishes.