Timers & Counters
Timers and counters are a series of specialized elements in eWalk that provide you with the ability to count ( the number increases each time you tap the ‘+’ icon, and decreases each time you tap the ‘-’ icon), and to time events (the timer stop watch starts timing the first time you tap the timer icon, and stops when you tap it a second time.) In some configurations with multiple timers , when there are a series of things that can be timed, a stopwatch begins recording time when you tap it, and stops recording time when you tap a different timer. If you return to a timer, the time continues from where it left off.
Timer & Counter Elements
Available Timers and Counters
- The Standard Form (Fig. 1) which has up to fourteen rows, each with a timer or a counter (there can be a mixture)
- The Comparison Form (Fig. 2) which has two columns of timers and counters (the timers in each column work independently of each other) for making comparisons
- The Goal Tracking Form (Fig. 3) which has three columns with the first being a timer, the second being an ideal goal time and the third the difference
- The Teacher Placement Form (Fig. 4) which presents a classroom configuration with 9 timers which is used to record how much time the teacher spends in each of the 9 defined classroom areas, engaging or making eye contact, or standing/walking there. You can also optionally count one or two things, and in figure 3, gender interactions are counted.
- The Response Timer Form (Fig. 5) which starts timing when a teacher asks a question and stops when you select an action such as ‘the teacher answers’, ‘ a student
answers’, or ‘the teacher gives a prompt’. Each time the action is selected, it is counted incrementally, and the time is also recorded incrementally. The purpose of this
particular configuration is to indicate that on the average, the teacher waits xx seconds before giving the students a prompt. This is useful when you want to point out to a teacher that he or she does not give the students a chance to digests a question before giving them clues.
- The Rubric Form (Fig. 6) which displays four descriptive rubrics and allows you to accumulate the time the observer dwells/participates on each of the rubrics
Figure 1 - The Standard Form
Figure 2 - The Comparison Form
Figure 3 - The Goal Tracking Form
Figure 4 - The Teacher Placement Form
Figure 5 - The Response Timer Form
Figure 6 - The Rubric Form
The first step in creating any element is to navigate to the area where elements are created. This is done by selecting ‘Build’, and then ‘Templates’ (Fig. 7). The appropriate element is then created by selecting ‘Elements tab’, selecting the element from the list of element types, and then selecting ‘New’. (Fig. 8)
Figure 7 - The Build Menu
Figure 8 - Selecting an Element type
Building a form to time/count several items simultaneously
The Standard Form allows you to define up to 14 rows of items that you wish to function as a heading, a timer or a counter .
You must have at least one item, there is one by default which is a Label entitled ‘Element List’ (See Fig. 8). You will need to edit this to remain as a Label ( and you would change the description), or you can change the type of item and make it a Timer or a Counter with an appropriate description. The remaining 13 items have the default on <N/A>, which means they will not be used. You thus use as many rows as you wish, and choose their type and description (See Fig. 9). You can see what your form will look like by selecting the ‘Preview’ button.
Some devices such as the Palm and Windows Mobile will only display 7 rows and will not scroll to show any additional rows, so be sure you consider the number of rows utilized in the Standard
Form if you will be using one of these devices.
You may want to use Labels to act as headers on your form, and you can mix timers and counters on the form. If you have more than one timer, and one of the timers is started, the time accumulates. If you select another timer, the first stops ( with the accumulated time saved), and the second timer begins. If you select a timer that already had accumulated time, the time count will resume from where it left off and continue to accumulate.
If you employ a Counter, the number increases each time you tap the ‘^’ icon, and decreases each time you tap the ‘V’ icon (See Fig. 10).
Figure 9 - Building a Standard Form
Figure 10 - A completed Standard Form (The name has not yet been entered)
Figure 11- A completed Standard Form in use on the web.
Building a form to compare 2 groups/conditions/activities
The Comparison Form has two columns of timers and/or counters for making comparisons. When you select it, you are able to define the heading for each column, and create the items you wish to
compare (Fig. 11).
Figure 12 - Building the Comparison Timer/Counter element
The items can be counted or timed, with the timers in each column working independently of each other. When you create a new element, one item (Timer 1) is automatically placed in the list and you should edit it to be your first item.
Figure 13- Preview and Saving buttons
When you have finished building your element you can preview it, and save it using the buttons at the bottom of the edit window (Fig. 12).
Figure 14- A timer comparing interactions with males and females
A completed Comparison Timer is illustrated in Figure 13.
Recording teacher movement or connecting with students
The Teacher Placement Form is designed to let you track teacher movement in the classroom, or which areas of the classroom are ignored, be it lack of eye contact, questioning or engagement.
Figure 15- The Teacher Placement editing window.
In addition to tracking the areas of the classroom (the 9 desks represent the left, right, front, back and middle of the classroom - plus the teacher’s desk and the chalkboard), you can optionally count 1 or 2 items (which are entered for you by default and require either editing the name or deleting entirely - see Fig. 14)). Typically users count if the teacher is engaging a boy or a girl, but it could be any two things that you may wish to count the frequency of. The teacher’s desk is often used to time the teacher’s administrative activities, the chalkboard to time the lesson delivery, and the student desks to track which areas of the room the teacher engages students. As with other counter/timers, you can preview what you have created before saving.
Timing questions and answers
The Response Timer Form is designed to record what happens first when the teacher asks a question, and to indicate the average time that these things occur (Fig. 15). Typically it is used to
show how long a teacher waits before giving students clues or the answers to questions that are posed. If a teacher does not allow a reasonable time for students to digest a question before
giving them clues or answers, this instrument will illustrate it. However you can have up to 7 items in your list.
Figure 16- Editing a Response Timer
When you create this element, 2 items are automatically entered for you and you need to edit their names and then save the edit (Fig. 15). As with all counter/timers, you can preview what you have created before saving.