Importing to a Site – Preliminary Steps
The mxWeb Main Page
- Go to your login page.
- Type in your user name and password to log in.
The Site Manager
NOTE: You may see only a subset of the icons displayed above. This is perfectly normal.
Click the Site Manager icon under the Admin Functions.
You may see in the left pane the name of your school district, for example if you are a school district administrator:
Click the school district to select it:
Please note the Import icon in the toolbar.
NOTE: In this tutorial, we explain how to import students to several schools in a district at once. In other words, we will perform a district-wide import. Study the name of the site as displayed in the right-hand side of the window to make sure you have selected a school district, rather than one of its schools.
After clicking the Site Manager icon, you may see in the left pane the name of a state or province. This would mean you have access to several districts.
Click the Expand icon beside the high-level site name to view the districts. When clicked, the Expand icon is replaced by the Collapse icon and the districts are listed. Then click the district into whose schools you plan to perform the import in order to select this district. You may also click the Expand icon beside a district to view the district's schools, although this step is not required for the import session that will be described below.
Regarding the above image, the user clicked the Expand icon beside MxWeb then on MxWeb Demo District. The Expand icon beside MxWeb Demo District was clicked as well to have this district's schools displayed. Expanding the district may be useful in order to validate the import after its completion, or to retrieve required info about the schools prior to the import, but, in itself, is not a part of the import described below.
Starting the Import
After selecting the district, click the Import icon to start the import.
Click the Manage Templates icon.
Please note that the Import Manager tool has been started.
The Import Manager
Using the Import Wizard to Define a Template
Click the New Template icon to start the Import Wizard. The Import Wizard allows to define a template, which is required for every import.
- Click Browse….
- Select the Sample File (aka Preview Data File) that will be used to define the template.
- Click Next.
A Sample File is displayed in a pop-up window:
You may put together a Sample File simply by extracting a few records from the import file.
NOTE: The first of the five rows is the header row. The header row is recommended, but it is optional in both the Sample File and the Import File (which will be discussed later).
The role should be one of the following: S (student), A (administrator), T (teacher), P (principal). In this Sample File, there are people of all four roles. In general, the Sample File (just as the Import File) may contain just students, or just teachers, or just teachers and principals, or any other subset of the four roles.
Pay attention to the message that may be displayed by your browser. At this point, you may be required to allow pop-ups in your browser.
Please have another look at the Sample File pop-up window:
Please note that Field 1 is the role, Field 2 the member's unique id, Field 3 the school id, Field 4 the member's first name etc. These implied mappings will be needed later.
It is not the actual fields, but merely the type and order of fields in the Sample File, that is relevant to the import. The field values may, but do not need to be accurate in the Sample File. All the field values must, however, be accurate in the Import File.
TIP: You will later need the IDs of the schools to which you want to import people in the Import File. The ID of a school can be seen by clicking the school’s name in order to select it.
The second step of the Import Wizard becomes available after you click Next:
1. Type in the name of the template in the Template name input box.
NOTE: The template name may, but does not need to be, identical to the Sample File name.
2. Check the Has header row checkbox.
NOTE: The Import File used in this tutorial does have a header row (just as the Sample File). Whenever the Import File has a header row, check this checkbox. Please remember that header rows are optional. They are, however recommended, in both sample files and import files.
3. Select Field 3 using the Import Side ID drop-down.
NOTE: Remember that Field 3 is the school_id. This will instruct the importer to import a student to the school whose ID is the value stored in the third field of the respective student data record (row). In this example, we configure a template to be used for imports to an entire school district, since we selected a district rather than a school. Had we initially selected a school, rather than a school district, we would have used the Import Site ID drop-down to choose All data belong to same parent site.
WARNING: It is necessary to provide an Import Site ID when you start the importer from a school district. If you don’t, the members (teachers, students, etc.) will be imported to the school district, rather than to the schools that belong to it.
4. Click on the Expand icon beside Members.
WARNING: To define the template you must map the field numbers to the respective field names by using the drop-downs provided for this purpose.
Please note that the mapping you must define is that displayed by the Sample File window. Thus, for example, select Field 2 for the member's Unique ID, Field 4 for the member's First name, etc. All fields in red font are mandatory. They are required in the import file (and in the sample file) and must be all matched. The Privileges field refers to the role of each member i.e. student (S), teacher (T), principal (P) administrator (A).
NOTE: You may ignore for now the Overwrite checkboxes. These checkboxes will be discussed in the next section.
Scroll down until you see Student Information.
We map the Homeroom to the corresponding field number, namely Field 7, in the Student Information area.
Click the toolbar Save icon.
Click on Import Manager in the navigation bar.
Using the Overwrite Checkboxes
WARNING: The tutorial will be continued in the next section.
This section discusses the two types of imports. It may be skipped and referred to later.
There are two types of imports:
1. Synchronous Imports
1. All previous data is removed and replaced (i.e. overwritten) with the import file data.
2. All members in the import file are added to their respective site.
3. Any member that is not in the import file is removed.
WARNING: The Import File should include all relevant members. In the case of a district-wide import, the Import File should include all the members of all the schools.
2. Non-Synchronous Imports
Existing members are never removed.
All new members present in the import file are added.
Existing members’ data may or may not be updated, subject to the Overwrite checkboxes’ user-determined status (checked or unchecked).
NOTE: Members are identified by their Unique ID, which never changes. Based on this field, the importer knows whether a member is new or not.
The Overwrite checkboxes should be checked if
1. The imports based on the template will be non-synchronous ones.
2. In relation to the respective field, members already stored against a site before the import should have their data replaced (i.e. overwritten) with import data. The overwrite takes effect whenever the field’s at-site data and import data are different.
The Overwrite checkboxes should not be checked if
1. The imports based on the template will be non-synchronous ones.
2. In relation to the respective field, members already stored against a site before the import should never have their data replaced (i.e. overwritten) with the import data.
NOTE: In the case of a synchronous import, the checkboxes’ checked or unchecked status is irrelevant.
Uploading the Import File and Linking the Template to It
WARNING: The tutorial is now continued.
Click the Upload Files icon.
1. Use the Browse... button to select the Import File.
NOTE: The Import File should always have the same fields as the Sample File used for the import template. Moreover, the fields should be ordered in the same way and should be comma separated just as those in the Sample File. For the purpose of this tutorial, the Import File should include a header row.
2. Click Upload file.
3. Click Done Uploading.
4. Click the Done icon.
Click the Link Template icon.
1. Type the Import File name in the File name text input box.
2. Select the template using the|Template drop-down.
3. Click the Synchronise checkboxes as shown in the above image.
4. Click Link template.
Performing the Import
Click [Start import].
Wait until the import is completed and a dialog window pops up.
Click OK in the dialog window.
If the import was successful, you will see a green status for every Import File record (row of data) that has been imported successfully:
If the Status codes are displayed against a background that is not green, click the magnifier to view the names of the error and/or warning codes.
A few things to be aware of or to check in case the import fails:
1. Your import file may not be a proper CSV (Comma Separated Values) file. Note that the last field in each row is not followed by a comma.
2. You may have indicated that the Import File doesn’t have a header row even though it has one.
3. You may have selected a school and indicated one of the fields to be the Import Site ID}}. This is incorrect. When you import data to one single school, select the school in the Site Manager, then select All data belong to same parent site using the Import Site ID drop-down. Incidentally, when you import data to one single school, the import file does not need to include the school id.
4. When you import data to several schools in a district, select the district in the Site Manager and indicate the school id field in the import file using the Import Site ID drop-down. A serious mistake (one which will not be flagged by the Importer as an error) consists in selecting a district in the Site Manager and then indicating All data belong to the same parent site. This mistake results in school members being added to the district, rather than to their respective schools.
5. Exercise caution when synchronous imports are performed since they start by wiping out all the members. The schools are then repopulated with only the members listed in the import file. Incomplete import files result in (potentially severe) loss of data. The Site Manager deactivates members not supplied in the import file. Data recovery by reactivating erroneously deactivated members can be pain staking and time consuming.
6. Do not perform district-wide synchronous imports unless you import data for all the schools in the district. If you only import data for some of the schools, the remaining schools will be depopulated.
Importing Elementary School Members to Classes
The import example described in the Using the Import Wizard to Define a Template section is related to elementary schools. Once imported to their respective homerooms, students and teachers may populate the classes associated to the homeroom by using the School Manager's Homerooms tab. You may want to refer to the Homerooms Tab chapter of the School Manager article. By clicking the Apply Now button all the imported students are assigned to the classes associated with the homeroom. As you may remember, classes are associated with a homeroom when the homeroom is created.
NOTE: Unlike courses and classes, homerooms can only be defined using the School Manager. Courses and classes may be defined using the Site Manager, too, but it is recommended to set them up using the School Manager.
Importing Middle School Students to Classes
Unlike elementary school students, middle school students that are assigned to a homeroom may not take all exactly the same classes. To import middle school students, you may use import files similar to those used for elementary schools and, following the import, move some of the students to alternate classes, or remove them from certain classes altogether, as explained in the Students Tab chapter of the School Manager article. This may be, however, impractical.
A more direct way to handle middle schools is to import the students to grades, subjects, courses and classes in addition to homerooms. The import file is therefore more complex and it is also longer. For any given student and class, there may be up to three records (lines), corresponding to the three school year terms. A line is required for each term. In particular, optional courses may need less than three records per student and per class.
Assume that subject IDs are defined by two-digit numbers, e.g. 18, course IDs hyphen together subject IDs and grades, e.g. 18-7, while class IDs append letters to the course IDs e.g. 18-7A, 18-7B etc. A typical middle school student import template file or import file snippet is shown in the two next images. The students are imported in this example to only one school, hence there is no school id field. Due to the large number of fields, the first seven and the next seven fields are listed separately:
The mapping of the fields during the template set-up time using the Important Wizard is shown in the three images below:
Assuming the import file's complete accuracy, no further manipulation of the students will be required after the import, at least until such a time that certain students need to be moved to different classes or new students need to be added.
NOTE: Import files for teachers are similar. The Homeroom and Grade fields are however not present in the import file, and of course, they are not mapped in the Import Wizard.
Importing Members to Sites and Groups
Members can be imported “in one shot” to both sites and groups. To do so:
- The import file needs two additional fields, group id and group name.
- The Import Wizard’s Expand icon beside Groups is expanded along with that of Members.
- The two new fields, group id and group name, are mapped.
As seen in the tutorial, the Sample File fields are numbered in the pop-up window:
The Groups mappings are shown below:
Field 4 is group id which corresponds to Unique ID.
Field 5 is group name which corresponds to Name.
You may have noted also the Members mappings, which you already encountered in the tutorial.
Editing a Template
1. To edit a template, click the Pencil (Edit) icon in the Template Manager beside the template you want to edit.
2. The Import Wizard is started. You will need first to load the Sample File again.
1. Click Browse….
2. Select the Sample File (aka Preview Data File) that will be used to define the template.
3. Click Next.
Adjust the template as necessary. This is explained in the Using the Import Wizard to Define a Template section.
3. Upload the Import File and link the template to it. This is explained in the Uploading the Import File and Linking the Template to It section.
You may now import data, as explained in the Performing the Import section.
Once a template is in place and linked to an Import File, only two steps are required to perform each additional import that is consistent with the template:
1. The Import File uploading
2. The import
NOTE: Each of the successive import files should have the name that was specified when the template and the initial Import File were linked. Moreover, each import file must have the same field structure, which is that defined by the template.