Statements often heard by people with Lyme disease that are both tragically sad and totally false.
"My doctor said there is no Lyme disease in Florida."
"My doctor said my symptoms are not related to Lyme disease."
"My doctor said my test was negative so I can't have Lyme disease."
"My doctor said we don't have ticks that carry Lyme disease in Florida."
"My doctors said if I don't have a rash I can't have Lyme disease."
"The infectious disease doctor said I don't have Lyme disease even after I had a tick bite, symptoms and a positive test."
The misdiagnosis and damage it causes...
"My family member was misdiagnosed with MS. We later found out it was Lyme disease. By then it was too late to reverse the damage."
"After seeing many doctors (infectious disease, neurologists, rheumatologists) my sister was eventually diagnosed with fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome. She continued to get worse and a year later she was diagnosed with depression and arthritis. She actually had untreated Lyme disease and another tick borne infection. She is disabled for life as a result."
"My cousin had tick bites, Lyme symptoms and a positive Lyme test after camping for two weeks in a Florida state park with her family. Infectious disease doctors said there was no Lyme disease in Florida so the test results had to be false-positive. They eventually diagnosed her with Guillain-Barre Syndrome instead. After suffering for several years and becoming progressively worse, wheelchair bound and disabled she died from the untreated chronic Lyme disease."
"My doctor said I didn't need any treatment when he saw the bulls-eye rash around my tick bite, but he gave me one dose of doxycycline and said that would cure Lyme disease if I did have it. It didn't work. I lost my health, my job, my family and I am financially devastated as a result."
Multiple Florida studies have proven many species of animals (wildlife) are infected with Lyme (Borrelia) and additional tick borne disease causing organisms. The ticks and other vectors carry these diseases. Studies have proven humans and pets are being infected IN Florida.
A major problem in the south is that nearly all of the 300 known strains of Borrelia (Lyme disease) are not detected by the standard Lyme tests on the market. As a result, Lyme disease is being missed at an alarming rate. Even when Lyme tests do pick it up (Borrelia burgdorferi), patients are often given inaccurate information leading to a misdiagnosis and/or improper treatment.
Borrelia (Lyme) Strains Documented in Florida
Unnamed- (divergent strain clustered between Borrelia bissettii & Borrelia carolinensis)
*Standard lab tests are only designed to detect exposure to Borrelia burgdorferi and those tests miss up to 75% of people who have the Borrelia burgdorferi strain of Lyme disease.
Additional Tick Borne Diseases Found in Florida
HGA- human granulocytic anaplasmosis
HGE- human monocytic ehrlichiosis
Rickettsia cooleyi-like sp.
Rickettsia sp. Is-1
Rickettsia TR39-like sp.
Tacaribe virus (Arenaviridae)
Additional Vector Borne Diseases in Florida
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy
Benign bovine theileriosis
Cattle Fever Tick
Chronic Wasting Disease
Classical Swine Fever
Contagious equine metritis
Equine infectious anemia
Equine viral arteritis
Foot and Mouth Disease
Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus (LCMV)
New World Screwworm
Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus
Rat Bite Fever
Rift Valley Fever
Spring viremia carp
St. Louis Encephalitis
West Nile Virus
Called “The New Great Imitator,” Lyme disease is often mistaken for illnesses such as fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, lupus, multiple sclerosis, depression, anxiety, rheumatoid arthritis, CJD, Lou Gehrig's disease, Parkinson's, ADHD, dementia and even Alzheimer's.
The information provided above highlights the need for health care providers everywhere to be properly trained to recognize the signs and symptoms of various stages of Lyme and tick borne diseases, to understand the strengths and limitations of different laboratory tests, and to include Lyme disease in the differential diagnosis in the presence of a consistent clinical history.
Doctors- Please treat your patients as you would want to be treated. Do NOT send them to an infectious disease specialist. For the past sixteen years they have followed the same outdated, "insurance friendly" treatment guidelines responsible for causing the chronic illness, disability and death of many patients.
Physician Training Program- Learn about the diagnosis and treatment of Lyme and tick borne diseases from trained and experienced health care professionals. Click Here
Health Care Professionals- Attend a conference or workshop for health care professionals to learn about Lyme and tick borne diseases from trained and experienced health care professionals. Click Here
Deer Ticks (Black legged ticks)
Harbor 91 Different Pathogens!
Another good reason to
Not wait to see if you get sick
"TREAT THE BITE".
Human pathogens associated with the blacklegged tick Ixodes scapularis: a systematic review.
1, Russell CB
2, Sheehan NJ
2, Sander B
2,3,4, Moore S
2, Li Y
5, Johnson S
5, Patel SN
6,7, Sider D
- 1Enteric, Zoonotic and Vector-borne Diseases; Communicable Diseases, Emergency Preparedness and Response; Public Health Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. email@example.com.
- 2Enteric, Zoonotic and Vector-borne Diseases; Communicable Diseases, Emergency Preparedness and Response; Public Health Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
- 3Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.
- 4Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, ON, Canada.
- 5Analytic Services, Knowledge Services, Public Health Ontario, Toronto, ON, Canada.
- 6Public Health Ontario Laboratories, Public Health Ontario, Toronto, ON, Canada.
- 7Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.
- 8Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.
The blacklegged tick Ixodes scapularis transmits Borrelia burgdorferi (sensu stricto) in eastern North America; however, the agent of Lyme disease is not the sole pathogen harbored by the blacklegged tick.
The blacklegged tick is expanding its range into areas of southern Canada such as Ontario, an area where exposure to blacklegged tick bites and tick-borne pathogens is increasing. We performed a systematic review to evaluate the public health risks posed by expanding blacklegged tick populations and their associated pathogens.
We followed PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines for conducting our systematic review.
We searched Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, BIOSIS, Scopus and Environment Complete databases for studies published from 2000 through 2015, using subject headings and keywords that included "Ixodes scapularis", "Rickettsia", "Borrelia", "Anaplasma", "Babesia" and "pathogen."
Two reviewers screened titles and abstracts against eligibility criteria (i.e. studies that included field-collected blacklegged ticks and studies that did not focus solely on B. burgdorferi) and performed quality assessments on eligible studies.
Seventy-eight studies were included in the final review, 72 were from the US and eight were from Canada (two studies included blacklegged ticks from both countries). Sixty-four (82 %) studies met ≥ 75 % of the quality assessment criteria.
Blacklegged ticks harbored 91 distinct taxa, 16 of these are tick-transmitted human pathogens, including species of Anaplasma, Babesia, Bartonella, Borrelia, Ehrlichia, Rickettsia, Theileria and Flavivirus.
Organism richness was highest in the Northeast (Connecticut, New York) and Upper Midwest US (Wisconsin); however, organism richness was dependent on sampling effort.
The primary tick-borne pathogens of public health concern in Ontario, due to the geographic proximity or historical detection in Ontario, are Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Babesia microti, B. burgdorferi, Borrelia miyamotoi, deer tick virus and Ehrlichia muris-like sp.
Aside from B. burgdorferi and to a much lesser concern A. phagocytophilum, these pathogens are not immediate concerns to public health in Ontario; rather they represent future threats as the distribution of vectors and pathogens continue to proliferate.
Our review is the first systematic assessment of the literature on the human pathogens associated with the blacklegged tick. As Lyme disease awareness continues to increase, it is an opportune time to document the full spectrum of human pathogens transmittable by blacklegged ticks.
Bacteria; Blacklegged ticks; Infectious disease; Ixodes; Parasites; Pathogens; Public health; Symbionts; Vector-borne; Viruses; Zoonoses
- [PubMed - in process]