Relationship and Health Education

At Anglesey our Relationship and Health Education is taught through our Jigsaw PSHE Curriculum. The information below explains a little more about the Jigsaw PSHE scheme and the RHE element.

What is PSHE (Personal, Social, Health Education)?

PSHE Education is a planned programme of learning through which children and young people acquire the knowledge, understanding and skills they need to manage their lives – now and in the future. As part of a whole-school approach, PSHE Education develops the qualities and attributes pupils need to thrive as individuals, family members and members of society.

What do schools have to teach in PSHE Education?

According to the latest guidance from the government, via the National Curriculum, every schools needs to have a broad and balanced curriculum that

• promotes the spiritual, moral, cultural, mental and physical development of pupils at the school and of society, and

• prepares pupils at the school for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of later life’

• promotes British values

What is Jigsaw PSHE?

At Anglesey, we use the Jigsaw PSHE scheme to deliver PSHE lessons across the school. It is a comprehensive and completely original Scheme of Work (lesson plans) for the whole primary school, from EYFS to Year 6. It brings together PSHE Education, emotional literacy, social skills and spiritual development in a comprehensive scheme of learning.

SMSC (Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural) development opportunities are mapped throughout. All of these pieces of learning are brought together to form a cohesive picture, helping children to know and value who they are and understand how they relate to other people in the world.

How does the Jigsaw PSHE Scheme help to promote British Values?

Jigsaw contributes to the British Values agenda very significantly, both through the direct teaching of information and through the experiential learning children will enjoy. The 5 strands of the British Values agenda have been mapped across every Puzzle and every Piece (lesson).

We make links in our whole school assemblies to the Jigsaw Themes and Values being taught and applied through the PSHE curriculum. We are proud of the way we promote emotional wellbeing for all our pupils through our Jigsaw programme and throughout our curriculum.

What are the aims of RHE?

There are four main aims for teaching RHE within the context of Primary School PSHE (Personal, Social, Health Education):

• To enable young people to understand and respect their bodies, and be able to cope with the changes puberty brings, without fear or confusion

• To help young people develop positive and healthy relationships appropriate to their age, development etc. (respect for self and others)

• To support young people to have positive self-esteem and body image, and to understand the influences and pressures around them

• To empower them to be safe and safeguarded

RSHE policy Sept 2020-21

What will my child actually be taught in Relationships and Health Education?

The Jigsaw PSHE scheme also includes relationship and health education units of work aim to give children their entitlement to information about relationships, puberty and human reproduction, appropriate to their ages and stages of development. This work is treated in a matter-of-fact and sensitive manner to allay embarrassment and fear and helps children to cope with change, including puberty and to learn about families, friendships and healthy relationships. Jigsaw aims to build the positive.

The ‘Changing Me’ unit is taught over a period of 6 weeks in the second half of the summer term. All lessons are taught using simple, child-friendly language and pictures, which help children understand changes more effectively. The key concepts that children learn in Jigsaw are inner strength, self-esteem and resilience. These are really important as they help keep children safe and it helps them make healthy decisions later in life. Each year group will be taught appropriate to their age and developmental stage. Please note, at no point will a child be taught something that is inappropriate. Any questions asked outside of the remit of that year group’s programme, would not be answered.


Where exactly does the PSHE Jigsaw scheme teach Puberty and Human reproduction?

Jigsaw PSHE is a holistic programme that supports children’s personal development, sense of identity and self-respect throughout, with the Relationships Puzzle offering more specific aspects of statutory Relationships Education. The whole Jigsaw Programme more than fulfils all the statutory RSHE requirements. The PSHE Jigsaw ‘Changing Me’ Puzzle (unit) contains the more specific work on these aspects. The puberty work in Jigsaw PSHE fulfils the requirements that sit under the ‘Changing Adolescent Body’ strand of statutory Health Education, and parents cannot withdraw their children from this.


Jigsaw’s rationale for what is taught when in Jigsaw

We believe that knowledge empowers and protects children as long as it is age-appropriate. At secondary school Sex Education is statutory and we believe that primary schools should prepare children with accurate knowledge about puberty and human reproduction before they transfer to secondary school. Correct terminology for body parts is introduced to normalise this biological vocabulary and to support safeguarding. These words are not used in isolation but always in conjunction, ensuring children know these are private parts of their bodies. Puberty is introduced gently in Y3 because some girls may start their periods this early and it is necessary to prepare them for this, so they aren’t scared or worried. Conception is introduced age-appropriately in Y4 in the context of understanding why our bodies change during puberty. Understanding of Human Reproduction, conception and puberty is built upon in Year 5 and then puberty, conception and childbirth is age-appropriately covered in Y6.


Year Group Coverage for the ‘Changing Me’ unit:

EYFS Reception - Growing up: how we have changed since we were babies

Year 1 - Boys’ and girls’ bodies; naming body parts

Year 2 - Boys’ and girls’ bodies; body parts and respecting privacy (which parts of the body are private and why this is)

Year 3 - How babies grow and how boys’ and girls’ bodies change as they grow older

Year 4 - Internal and external reproductive body parts, body changes in girls and menstruation

Year 5 Puberty for boys and girls, and conception

Year 6 Puberty for boys and girls and understanding conception to birth of a baby


Further information can be found in the Jigsaw PSHE information leaflets and website links:

Jigsaw PSHE: Information for Parents and Carers

FAQs for Parents and Carers

Relationships education overview
RSHE Information 2021