Drug Charts & Terminology

This document contains all of the relevant drug information and terminology for treating Parvo as done at Austin Pets Alive! under veterinary supervision. All dosages and treatment guidelines are not meant to be used without veterinary support. We recommend that all people interested in treating parvo patients work with a licensed veterinarian to be sure that this works for your program.

Drug Essentials

Additional Drugs

Fluids

Topical Medications

Nebulizing Solution

Type of Drug

anti-inflammatory

bronchodilator &

antibiotic

Storage

Refrigerated

Preparation

Mix the following:

  1. 1000cc 0.9% NaCl Fluids
  2. 21cc Albuterol (0.083%)
  3. 20cc Gentamycin (100mg/mL)
  4. 20cc Dexamethasone SP OR 40cc regular Dexamethasone

Use a sterile needle when drawing up to maintain bag sterility.

Fill solution into nebulizing machine to fill line.

Given BID/TID over 15-30min

Continue until not congested.

Expires in 1 month.

Abbreviations

  • SQ - Subcutaneously, or under the skin
  • IV - Intravenously, or in the vein
  • PO - Per os, latin for "by way of the mouth"
  • SID - Semel in die, latin for "once a day"
  • BID - Bis in die, latin for "twice a day"
  • TID - Ter in die, latin for "three times a day"
  • QID - Quater in die, latin for "four times a day"
  • PRN - Pro re nata, latin for "as matters stand" meaning "if necessary"
  • CRI - Constant rate infusion
  • D/C - Discontinue
  • Tx - Treatment
  • Rx - Prescribe/Prescription
  • Neb - Nebulize
  • URI - Upper Respiratory Infection
  • V/D - Vomiting or Diarrhea

Terminology

  • Abscess - A large accumulation of puss
  • Antibiotic - A medicine that inhibits the growth of or destroys microorganisms.
  • Antiemetic - A drug that prevents or alleviates nausea and vomiting.
  • Anticoagulant - Having the effect of retarding or inhibiting the coagulation(clotting) of the blood.
  • Antimicrobial - Capable of destroying or inhibiting the growth of disease-causing microorganisms.
  • Analgesic - Acting to relieve pain.
  • Antiprotozoan - A medicinal drug used to fight diseases (like malaria) that are caused by protozoa.
  • Anthelminthic - Used to destroy parasitic worms.
  • Antihistamine - A drug that inhibits the physiological effects of histamine, used esp. in the treatment of allergies.
  • Anxiolytic - a drug that reduces anxiety
  • Coupage - Percussion of the thorax to aid in the removal of mucus.
  • Nebulize - Treat local infection (lungs) with vaporized medication
  • Necrosis - Death of a tissue, often due to damage, toxin, or loss of bloody supply
  • Prokinetic - Decreases stomach transit time, causing the stomach to empty faster and thus reduces stimulus to vomit
  • Plasma Volume Expander - Increases bloo volume, thus increasing blood circulation
  • Septic - Bacteria has penetrated the blood stream
  • Febrile - High fever. Normal dog temperature is 99.5-102.5F. The immune system will naturally produce a low-grade fever to help combat infections. The fever will be detrimental when it reaches 105F.
  • Diluent - Liquid used to dilute or reconstitute medications. Often NaCl, LRS, or Sterile Water.

*A downloadable PDF of the Medical charts is available at the bottom of this page* New volunteers, please print a copy to study!