IMPORTANCE OF WILDLIFE
Importance of Wildlife
Wildlife plays an important role in balancing the environment . Wildlife provides a stability to different processes of the nature . Wildlife and nature have been largely associated with humans for emotional and social reasons . The importance of wildlife can be categorized as ecological , economic and investigatory importance as well as conservation of biological diversities etc . Animals have also been highly useful to us in providing food , clothing and source of income . Our life is almost impossible without the support of wildlife .We are also a part of wildlife to make ecological balance on earth. It plays a very crucial role in our life .
1. Ecological importance
Wildlife helps in maintaining the eco-logical balance of nature. Killing of carnivores leads to an increase in the number of herbivores which in turn affect the forest vegetation, thus due to lack of food in the forest they come out from the forest to agriculture land and destroy our crops. This makes us know that wildlife helps in maintaining ecological balance even by being predators of each other . Animals are great predators which is the major reason for ecological development . Therefore, once the equilibrium and stability is disturbed it leads to many problems .
2. Economic importance
The wild life can be used to earn money. Wild plant products like food, medicine, timber, fibres, etc. are of economic value and the wild animal products such as meat, medicines, hide, ivory, lac, silk, etc. are of tremendous economic value. Wildlife provides us the raw and basic material to start any industry , factory etc for our earnings . Wildlife is also considered to be the one of the greatest factor for increase and better development of word trade and increase in national income. It also helps the farmers the most by providing a better way in ploughing and other techniques .Therefore, wildlife is of immense value to all in economic development . Since wildlife is the source of income to many they play a vital role in their life as the economic factor.
3. Investigatory importance
Some wild organisms are used for scientific experiments such as to test effect of medicine. Generally monkey, chimpanzee, etc. are used for scientific experiments. Also animals like rats are first used to do experiments and test before trying them on humans because rats have somewhat same nature and body design that supports scientific experiments . No doubt wildlife supports scientific researches alot .
4. Conservation of biological diversities
By conserving wildlife, diversity in the environment can be conserved. According to some scientists an ecosystem with more diversity is more stable .
5. Importance in agriculture
Wild organisms are very important for modern agriculture. Importance of wildlife in agriculture field are as follows :
1. Production of new hybrid variety using wild plants .
2. Production of better hybrid variety of animals used for agriculture using wild animals .
3. New species of plants and animals can be produced by them .
Wildlife plays a very important role in agricultural development because animals like cows , buffaloes etc help in ploughing or tilling of soil etc . Also many microorganisms and smalls animals like reptiles etc also help in increasing the fertility of soil and providing a good base for agricultural activities .Micro Organism are said to be the friends of farmers for example earthworm losses the soil and help in decomposition of dead remains and then add hums to the soil. This increases soil's fertility.