Street Fighting Statistics & Medical Outcomes linked to Karate & Bunkai Selection

For martial arts and based on emergency department police assault & tournament fight injury data

2nd Edition Published 2012, ISBN 9781471083969


A 231 page full color 8.5x11 inch book on emergency department & police assault data from street fights inclduing the common anatomy, physiology & medical outcomes (injuries) of the technqiues thatat frequently occur.

Map your karate curriculum & kata bunkai, training & art to what the statistics show occur in the street.

Book Content assembled from & related to:

    • multiple doctors, MMA/BJJ, taekwondo & karate practitioners
    • emergency department & assault data
    • the anatomy of techniques & how they cause medical damage (injuries)
    • analysis of Karate & kata bunkai evolution given street fighting needs & what the stats say
    • Psychology research & mapping modern finding on violence to fudoshin, mushin etc..
    • curriculum design/examples based on street fight stats
    • includes over 130 color images & and cites the more than 140 references used (contents below)


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Figure 136 taken from book: Selecting a curriculum & kata bunkai which pulls from the large pool of traditional karate techniques, yet also overlaps with the pool of probable injury causing street techniques. The above circles represent that overlap zone. For karate-ka, the data & mapping allows an audit of techniques and de-emphasizing of things that do not sit in the probable injury zone e.g. arm-bars in one-on-one standing combat, chokes, cross-check grab (one form of kake-uke), mid-level/high side kick etc. (contrary to some UFC or MMA outcomes & some

traditional kata bunkai lessons, these techniques do not have high street fight injury rates; as discussed in Sections A, F3.3, F3.4). The text also balances the assumptions of a difference in needs and practicality between ego-based fights, law enforcement/bouncers and truly life threatening violent assault.

Very few fighters/trainers have looked at the medical facts related to people’s fighting injuries and why they present at a hospital after street fighting or violent assault. To ensure one is studying the correct techniques for self defense, we should be looking at what is potentially damaging and combining that with a balance of the probability that such an injury will actually occur. This is opposed to blindly practicing techniques year after year that according to the data rarely cause an injury in a street fight.

Martial artists can take a lesson from the medical practice acronym “EBP” which stands for evidence-based practice. Medical practitioners use “evidence-based practice” as a practice pathway that involves a doctor analyzing data to establish a path of treatment, or future practice. Practicing the art of self defense should involve training with an understanding of the data related to what violence damages people in the streets. It should not simply follow what martial arts teaches for sports environments based on either “points” or “tap outs” in rule limited systems.

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Book Contents (213 pages in total)


Section A: Medically relevant outcomes of Street Fights - the data!

“Practical martial arts” defined by medically important injury rates

A1 What is practical in Martial Arts & Self Defense? Use data!

A2 The data on Choking and Strangulation Techniques

A3 The need for Break-Fall Techniques?

A4 Statistics on Grappling Techniques

A5 Statistics on Striking versus Grappling Techniques

A6 Group Assault

A7 Sharp & Blunt Objects as Weapons

A8 Martial Arts “Budo” training - “All roads lead to Rome”

Full contact fighting vs. point fighting vs. & evolution of the

traditional martial arts

A9 A brief evolution of martial arts

A10 Karate as a case study on the history of Okinawan forms, sports martial

arts & their relationship to self defense

A11 Jack of all trades and master of none – inner strength in technique

– karate, kung fu, kick boxing, MMA & boxing

A12 WKF & Shotokan point style systems and their impact on bunkai

& self defense drills

A13 Combative scenario flow charts for fighting

A14 Sports physiology & modern competitive fighting approaches

A15 WKF & other tournament medical reports

A16 Moving beyond just block counter

Section B: The Psychology of Violence – attacker and defender considerations

B1 The Psychology of self-defense and attackers

Psychological Theory behind Self-Defense=

B1.1 The Psychology of self-defense and attackers

B1.2 Importance of preparation and training

B1.3 Dispelling some myths about self-defense

Applied Psychology in Violent Encounters

B2.1 What makes you a target?

B2.2 What are the situations to avoid?

B2.3 Pre-encounter awareness

B2.4 Recognizing the type of criminal

B2.5 De-escalation, not backing down & knowing when to back down

B3 How to use the eyes in the pre-fight & fight:

technique detection & influence opponents

B4 Attitude once an assault has begun – tying ancient budo

philosophy to modern psychology

B5 The stress response to extreme danger & how that effects fighting

capabilities

Section C: Commentary on The Law and Self Defense considerations

C1 Foreword by the primary author, Jason Armstrong

C2 An Overview of law considerations by Adrian Cartland

Section D: The Medical & Physiology mechanisms of techniques that according to

statistics are more likely in street fights.

The mechanics of a knock-out – physiology & medical outcomes

D1.2 The difference of not seeing it coming - “The King Hit”

- the importance of the jaw and neck muscles

D1.3 Rotational force is a key in knockouts

D1.4 The back of the head as a target

D1.5 When the chin is struck directly from the front

D1.6 Knock-out via the temple region

D1.7 Where to strike the jaw and the outcomes

D2 Damaging the jaw bone and jaw joint/hinge

D3 “Ground and pound” – knocking out people on the ground?

D4 Diagnostics to prevent follow-on injury for martial artists after concussion

Striking people in the temple region and other possible skull fractures

Impact & throw derived whiplash

The nose as a target

Injuries to the cheek region

Attacks to the ear

Tooth damage or loss: What to do before arriving at the dentist

Strikes to the eyes

D11.1 Eye injury types related to strikes

D11.2 Detection of incoming attacks & psychological considerations

Throat & Carotid Strikes

D12.1 Blood choke versus air chokes

Striking the ribs & stomach region

D13 Ribs and pneumothorax

D13.1 Striking the liver or spleen

D13.2 Striking the solar plexus, why it hurts & why you cannot breathe

Impacting the Kidney region

Bladder ruptures & contusions

Hematomas - using thigh or calf kick as an example

Section E: Medically relevant issues related to long-term martial arts training

- but not likely to be related to serious street fight outcomes

Elbow injuries related to reverse joint locks

Punching with snap and elbow lockout

- is it the traditional way to do the technique?

“Ude Tanren” – Bone, arm, hand and leg conditioning

Damage to the testicles

Back pain related to martial arts training

- linking it to fighting stances, stretches & everyday posture

Damaging the knee

Broken fingers and toes

Ganglions

Herpes Gladatorium

Staphylococcus Skin infections

Section F: Mapping a curriculum to address your sport & the street fighting data

- a case study with karate compared to modern fighting styles

Considerations in sports & traditional curriculum design to ensure

a coverage of the medically important techniques

Example belt test curricula with a data map to the top 7 street injury types

F1 Relevance to street scenarios while holding to an art’s “tradition”

F2 Curriculum focus versus diversity – evidence based practice (EBP)

F3 A gender based curriculum?

F4 A note on kicks

F5 Drills, Bunkai examples & their relevance to the street

F6 Examples of common kata bunkai trends that are not justified

F7 Sample curricula focused around the Top 7 most likely techniques

- white through to black belt curricula

References

Tables & Figures list

Contributors Include:

Dr. Jonathan Shirley (M.D.), Dr. Matthew gentner (Oral Surgeon)

Dr. Jason Amrstron (Ph.D.), Lee-ann Barkhuizen (specialty nurse)

Dr. Sarven McLinton (Psychology), Greg & Jaki Scovell (Taekwondo & Karate),

Adrian cartland (Lawyer, Karate & MMA)


About the primary author:

In producing this text Dr Jason Armstrong, 7th Dan, has brought together 3 clinical contributors and 3 martial artists. Jason himself has fought in a full contact MMA event in Japan, and has been studying martial arts for 25 years. He has held national titles in both fighting and forms, lived in Japan for a number of years and currently holds a 6th degree black belt in Shito-ryu Karate and a Shihan title.

At the time of authoring the book, Jason worked as the CEO of Medeserv, a medically focused IT company which provided clinicians with ongoing training for practice registration – the company was wholly owned subsidiary of the University of Queensland.

2 purchase options:


1. Click here to purchase the textbook PDF download US$29...

or

2. Click here to purchase the 8.5x11 color textbook US$75...

(retail price $88) - includes free shipping anywhere