Street Fighting Statistics & Medical Outcomes linked to Karate & Bunkai Selection
For martial arts and based on emergency department police assault & tournament fight injury data
2nd Edition Published 2012, ISBN 9781471083969
A 231 page full color 8.5x11 inch book on emergency department & police assault data from street fights inclduing the common anatomy, physiology & medical outcomes (injuries) of the technqiues thatat frequently occur.
Map your karate curriculum & kata bunkai, training & art to what the statistics show occur in the street.
Book Content assembled from & related to:
- multiple doctors, MMA/BJJ, taekwondo & karate practitioners
- emergency department & assault data
- the anatomy of techniques & how they cause medical damage (injuries)
- analysis of Karate & kata bunkai evolution given street fighting needs & what the stats say
- Psychology research & mapping modern finding on violence to fudoshin, mushin etc..
- curriculum design/examples based on street fight stats
- includes over 130 color images & and cites the more than 140 references used (contents below)
Figure 136 taken from book: Selecting a curriculum & kata bunkai which pulls from the large pool of traditional karate techniques, yet also overlaps with the pool of probable injury causing street techniques. The above circles represent that overlap zone. For karate-ka, the data & mapping allows an audit of techniques and de-emphasizing of things that do not sit in the probable injury zone e.g. arm-bars in one-on-one standing combat, chokes, cross-check grab (one form of kake-uke), mid-level/high side kick etc. (contrary to some UFC or MMA outcomes & some
traditional kata bunkai lessons, these techniques do not have high street fight injury rates; as discussed in Sections A, F3.3, F3.4). The text also balances the assumptions of a difference in needs and practicality between ego-based fights, law enforcement/bouncers and truly life threatening violent assault.
Very few fighters/trainers have looked at the medical facts related to people’s fighting injuries and why they present at a hospital after street fighting or violent assault. To ensure one is studying the correct techniques for self defense, we should be looking at what is potentially damaging and combining that with a balance of the probability that such an injury will actually occur. This is opposed to blindly practicing techniques year after year that according to the data rarely cause an injury in a street fight.
Martial artists can take a lesson from the medical practice acronym “EBP” which stands for evidence-based practice. Medical practitioners use “evidence-based practice” as a practice pathway that involves a doctor analyzing data to establish a path of treatment, or future practice. Practicing the art of self defense should involve training with an understanding of the data related to what violence damages people in the streets. It should not simply follow what martial arts teaches for sports environments based on either “points” or “tap outs” in rule limited systems.
Book Contents (213 pages in total)
Section A: Medically relevant outcomes of Street Fights - the data!
“Practical martial arts” defined by medically important injury rates
A1 What is practical in Martial Arts & Self Defense? Use data!
A2 The data on Choking and Strangulation Techniques
A3 The need for Break-Fall Techniques?
A4 Statistics on Grappling Techniques
A5 Statistics on Striking versus Grappling Techniques
A6 Group Assault
A7 Sharp & Blunt Objects as Weapons
A8 Martial Arts “Budo” training - “All roads lead to Rome”
Full contact fighting vs. point fighting vs. & evolution of the
traditional martial arts
A9 A brief evolution of martial arts
A10 Karate as a case study on the history of Okinawan forms, sports martial
arts & their relationship to self defense
A11 Jack of all trades and master of none – inner strength in technique
– karate, kung fu, kick boxing, MMA & boxing
A12 WKF & Shotokan point style systems and their impact on bunkai
& self defense drills
A13 Combative scenario flow charts for fighting
A14 Sports physiology & modern competitive fighting approaches
A15 WKF & other tournament medical reports
A16 Moving beyond just block counter
Section B: The Psychology of Violence – attacker and defender considerations
B1 The Psychology of self-defense and attackers
Psychological Theory behind Self-Defense=
B1.1 The Psychology of self-defense and attackers
B1.2 Importance of preparation and training
B1.3 Dispelling some myths about self-defense
Applied Psychology in Violent Encounters
B2.1 What makes you a target?
B2.2 What are the situations to avoid?
B2.3 Pre-encounter awareness
B2.4 Recognizing the type of criminal
B2.5 De-escalation, not backing down & knowing when to back down
B3 How to use the eyes in the pre-fight & fight:
technique detection & influence opponents
B4 Attitude once an assault has begun – tying ancient budo
philosophy to modern psychology
B5 The stress response to extreme danger & how that effects fighting
Section C: Commentary on The Law and Self Defense considerations
C1 Foreword by the primary author, Jason Armstrong
C2 An Overview of law considerations by Adrian Cartland
Section D: The Medical & Physiology mechanisms of techniques that according to
statistics are more likely in street fights.
The mechanics of a knock-out – physiology & medical outcomes
D1.2 The difference of not seeing it coming - “The King Hit”
- the importance of the jaw and neck muscles
D1.3 Rotational force is a key in knockouts
D1.4 The back of the head as a target
D1.5 When the chin is struck directly from the front
D1.6 Knock-out via the temple region
D1.7 Where to strike the jaw and the outcomes
D2 Damaging the jaw bone and jaw joint/hinge
D3 “Ground and pound” – knocking out people on the ground?
D4 Diagnostics to prevent follow-on injury for martial artists after concussion
Striking people in the temple region and other possible skull fractures
Impact & throw derived whiplash
The nose as a target
Injuries to the cheek region
Attacks to the ear
Tooth damage or loss: What to do before arriving at the dentist
Strikes to the eyes
D11.1 Eye injury types related to strikes
D11.2 Detection of incoming attacks & psychological considerations
Throat & Carotid Strikes
D12.1 Blood choke versus air chokes
Striking the ribs & stomach region
D13 Ribs and pneumothorax
D13.1 Striking the liver or spleen
D13.2 Striking the solar plexus, why it hurts & why you cannot breathe
Impacting the Kidney region
Bladder ruptures & contusions
Hematomas - using thigh or calf kick as an example
Section E: Medically relevant issues related to long-term martial arts training
- but not likely to be related to serious street fight outcomes
Elbow injuries related to reverse joint locks
Punching with snap and elbow lockout
- is it the traditional way to do the technique?
“Ude Tanren” – Bone, arm, hand and leg conditioning
Damage to the testicles
Back pain related to martial arts training
- linking it to fighting stances, stretches & everyday posture
Damaging the knee
Broken fingers and toes
Staphylococcus Skin infections
Section F: Mapping a curriculum to address your sport & the street fighting data
- a case study with karate compared to modern fighting styles
Considerations in sports & traditional curriculum design to ensure
a coverage of the medically important techniques
Example belt test curricula with a data map to the top 7 street injury types
F1 Relevance to street scenarios while holding to an art’s “tradition”
F2 Curriculum focus versus diversity – evidence based practice (EBP)
F3 A gender based curriculum?
F4 A note on kicks
F5 Drills, Bunkai examples & their relevance to the street
F6 Examples of common kata bunkai trends that are not justified
F7 Sample curricula focused around the Top 7 most likely techniques
- white through to black belt curricula
Tables & Figures list
Dr. Jonathan Shirley (M.D.), Dr. Matthew gentner (Oral Surgeon)
Dr. Jason Amrstron (Ph.D.), Lee-ann Barkhuizen (specialty nurse)
Dr. Sarven McLinton (Psychology), Greg & Jaki Scovell (Taekwondo & Karate),
Adrian cartland (Lawyer, Karate & MMA)
About the primary author:
In producing this text Dr Jason Armstrong, 7th Dan, has brought together 3 clinical contributors and 3 martial artists. Jason himself has fought in a full contact MMA event in Japan, and has been studying martial arts for 25 years. He has held national titles in both fighting and forms, lived in Japan for a number of years and currently holds a 6th degree black belt in Shito-ryu Karate and a Shihan title.
At the time of authoring the book, Jason worked as the CEO of Medeserv, a medically focused IT company which provided clinicians with ongoing training for practice registration – the company was wholly owned subsidiary of the University of Queensland.