Sun/Moon Rise/Set Transits - http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/RS_OneDay.html
Analemma Website http://www.analemma.com
Science Forum -- articles by Ned Rozell,
T. Neil Davis, others
- Asahi Natural Science Classroom http://gedds.pfrr.alaska.edu/aurora/ -- excellent series of 40 education "web-slides."
Resources, including sounds
- Auroras Painting the Sky
- Folklore on Aurora
- IMAGE http://image.gsfc.nasa.gov/ also http://pluto.space.swri.edu/IMAGE/ -- The Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) mission. IMAGE POETRY (education page)
Curtis' page GREAT aurora photography!
Storms and You: Middle school Activities include:
Solar Activity Cycles, The Solar Wind, Magnetic Storms, Auroras and Ionosphere, Impacts of Solar Activity on Humans
- SPARC http://windows.engin.umich.edu/sparc/
- University of Alaska -- Geophysical Institute -- FAQ about Aurora and Answers http://odin.gi.alaska.edu/FAQ/
- Space Environment Center
- Aurora Videotapes from Geophysical Institute, Aurora Color
Television Project, University of Alaska, 903 Koyukuk Dr., P.O. Box
757320, Fairbanks, Alaska 9975-7320; contact Sheila Finch firstname.lastname@example.org
Yohkoh Public Outreach Project (YPOP) http://solar.physics.montana.edu/YPOP/ mirrored at http://www.lmsal.com/YPOP/
-- contains more than 100 pages of vibrant images with current
information and focuses on recent movies of the X-ray output of our Sun
taken by the Yohkoh Satellite. The YPOP Movie Theater features today's
images, electronic flip-books, educational activities, and the
capability to make your own on-line movies of the Sun.
Australian Ionospheric Prediction Service
- Carlowicz, Michael and Lopez, Ramon, Storms from the Sun: The Emerging Science of Space Weather,
a popular science story about the mysterious effects the Sun can have
on Earth and on the technologies that we treasure. © 2002, The Joseph
Henry Press. http://mysite.verizon.net/mikewicz/
- Hill, Steele and Carlowicz, Michael, The Sun, a
photographic journey to our nearest star...from our ancient,
sun-worshipping past to our star-hopping future. © 2006, Harry N Abrams
Cluster -- a fleet of 4 spacecraft that explore the magnetic fields that surround our Earth. http://sci.esa.int/cluster/
Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer (EUVE) Satellite http://www.cea.berkeley.edu
Auroral Snapshot (FAST) Explorer satellite
Filters -- Solar Filters -
- Frank, Adam, Probing the Birth of Starlight, Astronomy Magazine, Sept 2001, p. 38. By discovering how stars shine, Hans Bethe became a 20th century luminary.
HESSI -- High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager -- http://hesperia.gsfc.nasa.gov/hessi/ or http://hessi.ssl.berkeley.edu/
High Altitude Observatory (HAO), http://www.hao.ucar.edu/ --
dedicated to the study of the Sun and of the response
of the Earth's upper atmosphere to the Sun's output.
National Science Foundation sponsored laboratory, a
division of the National Center for Atmospheric Research;
http://image.gsfc.nasa.gov/ also http://pluto.space.swri.edu/IMAGE/
-- The Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE)
mission is the first satellite mission dedicated to imaging the Earth's
magnetosphere, the region of space controlled by the Earth's magnetic
field and containing extremely tenuous plasmas of both solar and
May 09, 2002 - EARTH'S
SPACE STORM SHIELD OFFERS PROTECTION AT A PRICE -- New observations from a
NASA spacecraft reveal that a layer in the Earth's
outer atmosphere acts like a heat shield by absorbing
energy from space storms, which reduces their ability
to heat the lower atmosphere.
Johnson Space Center (JSC): http://images.jsc.nasa.gov Images from U.S. crewed spaceflights
Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL): http://www.jpl.nasa.gov
Lewis Public Affairs: http://www.lerc.nasa.gov/Other_Groups/PAO/---
An anonymous File Transfer Protocol (FTP) server is also available.
It includes press releases since 1993. They can be accessed at
FTP.LERC.NASA.GOV in the /pao/pressrel/ --directory.
Living With A Star http://lws.gsfc.nasa.gov/
Lunar and Planetary Institute (LPI): http://www.lpi.usra.edu/CASS_home.html Center for Advanced Space Studies information
National Solar Observatory at http://www.nso.edu or Big
Bear Solar Observatory at http://www.bbso.njit.edu/ for
solar images in hydrogen-alpha light, or calcium, and more!
Noctilucent Clouds http://lasp.colorado.edu/noctilucent_clouds/
Ozone--The POLARIS mission http://cloud1.arc.nasa.gov/polaris
-- seeking to understand the fundamental
chemistry that dominates the naturally occuring seasonal reduction
of ozone over the pole in the course of the Arctic summer. Part of
NASA's Mission to Planet Earth, a long-term, internationally
coordinated research effort to study the Earth as
a global environmental system.
POLAR mission http://www-istp.gsfc.nasa.gov/istp/polar/ -- has "sounds" of the magnetosphere.
Safe Solar Viewing
SOHO (Solar & Heliospheric Observatory) - http://sohowww.nascom.nasa.gov/.
Solar Events -- http://sunearth.gsfc.nasa.gov/ and http://solarevents.org/
Solar Data Analysis Center http://umbra.nascom.nasa.gov/sdac.html at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland USA--Center for various missions focused on the Sun
Solar Filters http://www.astro-physics.com/ Baader AstroSolar
MUSIC - HELIOSEISMOLOGY Copyright 1996 National
Solar Terrestrial Dispatch http://solar.uleth.ca/solar/
Solscape -- http://www.stimpsoft.com/products/solscape.html
-- a "Solar Data Browser" Mac application that grabs real time, up to
the minute images of the Sun in multiple light wavelengths. Solscape
also monitors current solar flare, geomagnetic, and Aurora activity,
providing current Aurora Borealis information and warnings for your
location, along with real time Aurora images when available. Solscape
gets all of its information via the Internet and compiles it in a
single, easy to use application. You can save and archive the data that
Solscape collects for later use, and you can tell Solscape to
automatically grab the data when you want.
Space Environment Center http://www.sec.noaa.gov/
Space Environment Primer http://sec.noaa.gov/primer/primer.html -- NOAA
- Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) http://www.srl.caltech.edu/ACE/
- to measure and compare the composition of several samples of matter,
including the solar corona, the solar wind, and other interplanetary
particle populations, the local interstellar medium (ISM), and galactic
- GOES/POES http://goespoes.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Polar Operational Environmental Satelites (POES), Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES)
- Hinode (Sunrise) http://solarb.msfc.nasa.gov/
is a project to study the Sun, led by the Japanese Aerospace
Exploration Agency (JAXA) in collaboration with NASA, the Particle
Physics and Astronomy Research Council (PPARC), and the European Space
Agency (ESA). Hinode's three year mission is to explore the magnetic
fields of the Sun, and improve our understanding of the mechanisms that
power the solar atmosphere and drive solar eruptions.
- RHESSI http://hesperia.gsfc.nasa.gov/hessi/
- to understand the following processes that take place in the
magnetized plasmas of the solar atmosphere during a flare: Impulsive
energy release, Particle acceleration, Particle and energy transport.
High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (HESSI).
- Solar and Heliospheric Observatory http://sohowww.nascom.nasa.gov/
- Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/
is designed to help us understand the Sun's influence on Earth and
Near-Earth space by studying the solar atmosphere on small scales of
space and time and in many wavelengths simultaneously. See also http://www.teensolarinvestigators.org/sun_slider
- Solar Sentinels http://sentinels.gsfc.nasa.gov/
- STEREO http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/
consists of two space-based observatories - one ahead of Earth in its
orbit, the other trailing behind. With this new pair of viewpoints,
scientist will be able to see the structure and evolution of solar
storms as they blast from the Sun and move out through space.
Stanford Solar Center http://solar-center.stanford.edu/
Student Nitric Oxide Explorer (SNOE) http://lasp.colorado.edu/snoe/
("snowy") is a small scientific satellite that will investigate the
effects of energy from the sun and from the magnetosphere on the density
of nitric oxide in the Earth's upper atmosphere.
Student Observation Network -- http://son.nasa.gov/
-- View live images of the Sun (click on the "Sun-Earth Viewer link
near top left), watch interviews of scientists, track solar storms, live
data links. Sun images and Earth images (e.g. for aurora) in various
Sun Dial Primer http://www.mysundial.ca/tsp/tsp_index.html
Sun Images and Data (at SOHO) http://sohowww.nascom.nasa.gov/.
There are also Sun images at http://www.astro.ucla.edu/~obs/intro.html
Sun--Virtual Sun http://www.astro.uva.nl/michielb/sun/kaft.htm
TOPEX-Posiedon: http://www.jpl.nasa.govftp site: jplinfo.jpl.nasa.gov
Transition Region and Coronal Explorer (TRACE)
Press release: FOUNTAINS OF FIRE ILLUMINATE SOLAR MYSTERY
15, 2002 - HYPERVELOCITY
WINDS RAGE IN THE SUN'S ATMOSPHERE -- Winds of electrified gas rip through
the solar atmosphere at nearly the speed of sound
there, according to new observations from NASA's
Transition Region and Coronal Explorer (TRACE) spacecraft
and the European Space Agency/NASA Solar and Heliospheric
Observatory (SOHO) spacecraft.
Timing Explorer (XTE) (Goddard Space Flight
Public Outreach Project (YPOP) contains more
than 100 pages of vibrant images with current information
and focuses on recent movies of the X-ray output
of our Sun taken by the Yohkoh Satellite. The YPOP
Movie Theater features today's images, electronic
flip-books, educational activities, and the capability
to make your own on-line movies of the Sun.
Stardust--Project Stardust http://stardust.jpl.nasa.gov/ Comet sample return mission.