EYFS - Areas of learning and development

Our EYFS is also known as Foundation Stage. This is because it is the foundation of our learning whilst the children are at Brookmead School. We highly value our Early Years department. All areas of learning and development are important and inter-connected. Three areas are particularly crucial for igniting children’s curiosity and enthusiasm for learning, and for building their capacity to learn, form relationships and thrive. These are called the prime areas. Learning in the prime areas is strengthened and applied through four specific areas of learning.

Our curriculum overviews and progression in skills across the school under each subject area also detail the learning that links to foundation stage. Please take a look at the individual subject areas.

Our Early Years learning environment is stimulating and engaging for our youngest learners:

The Prime Areas of Learning

  • Communication and language involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves; and to speak and listen in a range of situations

    • Physical development involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive; and to develop their co-ordination, control, and movement. Children must also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity, and to make healthy choices in relation to food

    • Personal, social and emotional development involves helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves, and others; to form positive relationships and develop respect for others; to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour in groups; and to have confidence in their own abilities

The Specific Areas of Learning

    • Literacy involves encouraging children to link sounds and letters and to begin to read and write. Children must be given access to a wide range of reading materials (books, poems, and other written materials) to ignite their interest

    • Mathematics involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems; and to describe shapes, spaces, and measure

    • Understanding the world involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment

    • Expressive arts and design involves enabling children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play, and design and technology

Foundation Stage Showcase

EYFS Links

Learning to read in the EYFS - Information for parents about our phonics programme and how parents can support their child at home

Find out more about our curriculum:

Key stages 1 & 2

Art and design


Design technology


Forest School






Personal, Social and Health Education (PSHE)

Physical Education (PE)

Religious Education (RE)


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