# graphsandpopulation2

Graphs and population

(Explanations were taken from Richmond's textbook Geography and History, 2004.ISBN:84-294-9216-X )

What are graphs? Have a look at this visual explanation of them. Different types of graphs are used to represent demographic data. Let's have a look at them:

THE LINE OR LINEAR GRAPH

Through one or more lines it represents the values of a variable. It is the most commonly used to represent the evolution of a variable over a period of time.

Located on the horizontal axis, is the time variable ( for example the years), and on the vertical axis, the variable that represents, for example, the number or inhabitants. The values are marked at the corresponding height on the vertical axis and then they are joined together with a line.

SIMPLE BAR CHARTS

It represents the values of a variable in a given spatial unit (continents, countries, etc) through columns or bars, which have proportional length to the quantity they represent.

This one represents the countries with more population density.

Countries, years are located on the horizontal axis and the corresponding values are marked with bars according to the vertical axis.

THE PIE GRAPHS

It represents, through sectors proportional to the value they represent, the distribution of a phenomenon: for example the distribution of the world's population.

It is easy to draw: If 100 (%) is 360º, 10% is at X. X are the degrees of the circumference obtained.

If you would like to have more practice on this topic,click here

EXERCISES: WHAT GRAPH/S WOULD YOU USE IN THESE SITUATIONS?

• 1. How would you represent the evolution of infant mortality in Senegal from the years 2000 to 2009? Draw it in your notebook.

Infant mortality rate:

This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year

per 1,000 live births in the same year.

• 2. How would you represent the countries that receive most inmigrants in Europe?
• 3. How would you represent the distribution of rural and urban population in an Autonomous Community?
• 4. How would you represent the evolution of immigrants in Spain from the year 2005 to 20017? . Draw the chart in your notebook.
• 5. Transform this bar chart with the top ten countries with international immigrants into a pie chart. Calculate the percentages and draw it in your notebook.

Lola Aceituno and Mª Jesús López