Sustainability (Chap 7)
Sustainability Food Trust says the hidden - and unpaid - costs of UK food is about £120b year. "The most significant share of this total is made up by the damaging impacts of intensive production methods, including environmental pollution, soil degradation, biodiversity loss and some health impacts. These account for an extra 50 p of every £1 spent on food. Food-related health care costs, linked to poor diets account for an extra 37 p." Direct farm subsidies are only 2.5 p.
Chatham House Conference A Sustainable Food Future Nov 27-28 London
There is a general presumption that herbivorism is better for the planet than carnivorism. This is based on 1) energy use making meat, 2) GHP potential of methane production of ruminant creatures. Yet nitrate production - mainly for vegetable and grain production is a greater GHG contributor and energy consumer, while vegetable and grain growing is wrecking our best land. See 'Sustainable Diets' below for more
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The argument between the carnivores and herbivores goes back to ‘Biblical Times’, as told in the story of Cain and Abel. Their father – Adam – said they should make a sacrifice to God. Abel was a shepherd so offered up a nice young lamb, while Cain who ploughed the land offered ‘burnt grasses’. This may have been bread, as this would be where and when wheat was first cultivated. God preferred the lamb. So Cain killed his brother. His punishment for this as that God sent him off to the land, East of Eden - from where the film gets its name. (The film plot changed a bit, so 'a wilful young man contends against his brother for the attention of their religious father'. James Dean played the wilful Cal (=Cain) to win him the first ever posthumous Oscar). Despite this story being part of all the three big Abrahamic religions, nobody has been able to explain to me why God is portrayed as a carnivore.
Food Industry in 2018 - Bolder Aims and Broader Horizons on Sustainability "Food companies are being spurred by the UN Global Goals and heightened consumer expectations to increase the ambition and broaden the scope of their sustainability programmes."
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