ANNEXATION

ANNEXATION CASES, ORDINANCES & 212 DEVELOPMENT AGREEMENTS

The Annexation web pages are intended to provide information relating to current annexation cases, ordinances and 212 Development Agreements within the City of Rockwall. For questions concerning the information contained in these web pages please contact Planning and Zoning Department staff at (972) 771-7745, email us at planning@rockwall.com, or use the Contact Us form on this website.

If you would like to subscribe to this page to be notified when new annexation cases are posted please use the Annexation Cases Distribution List form.

RESOURCES

212 DEVELOPMENT AGREEMENTS | ANNEXATION NOTICES | ANNEXATION CASES & ORDINANCES

MUNICIPAL ANNEXATION AND EXTRATERRITORIAL JURISDICTION (ETJ)

This following information relates to municipal annexation within the City of Rockwall and its Extraterritorial Jurisdiction (ETJ). Municipal annexation is a process by which a municipality expands its boundaries into adjacent areas not already incorporated into the municipality. These areas are typically within a city's Extraterritorial Jurisdiction (ETJ), which is the area a City is permitted to exercise certain authorities beyond its corporate boundaries. According to Chapter 42, Extraterritorial Jurisdiction of Municipalities, of the Texas Local Government Code a municipality may extend the boundaries of its ETJ in accordance with the City's population. These requirements are as follows:

  • Cities with a population of less than 5,000 inhabitants may have an ETJ that expands within 1/2-mile of its corporate boundaries.
  • Cities with a population between 5,000 and 24,999 inhabitants may have an ETJ that expands within one (1) mile of its corporate boundaries.
  • Cities with a population between 25,000 and 49,999 inhabitants may have an ETJ that expands within two (2) miles of its corporate boundaries.
  • Cities with a population between 50,000 and 99,999 inhabitants may have an ETJ that expands within 3 1/2-miles of its corporate boundaries.
  • Cities with a population of 100,000 inhabitants or more may have an ETJ that expands within five (5) miles of its corporate boundaries.

Chapter 43, Municipal Annexation, of the Texas Local Government Code regulates cities ability to annex land into its corporate boundaries. According to this section of the code:

  • A county that has a population of less than 500,000 inhabitants is classified as a Tier 1 County.
  • A county that has a population of 500,000 inhabitants or more is classified as a Tier 2 County. This can also include a Tier 1 County in which the majority of the voters have approved a Tier 2 County status.
  • A city that is wholly located in one (1) or more Tier 1 Counties that proposes to annex an area wholly located in one (1) or more Tier 1 Counties is classified as a Tier 1 Municipality.
  • A city that is wholly or partly located with in a Tier 2 County or a city that proposes to annex an area that is wholly or partly located within a Tier 2 County is classified as a Tier 2 Municipality.

For the City of Rockwall, these sections of the Texas Local Government Code mean that the City can currently have an ETJ that extends two (2) miles from its corporate boundaries. In addition, the City -- having ETJ in both a Tier 1 County (i.e. Rockwall County) and a Tier 2 County (i.e. Collin County), but only having its corporate boundaries in a Tier 1 County -- is able to unilaterally annex property in Rockwall County, but would be limited when annexing property in Collin County. For questions concerning municipal annexation or ETJ please feel free to contact Planning and Zoning Department staff at (972) 771-7745 or email us at planning@rockwall.com.

RESOURCES

CH. 42, EXTRATERRITORIAL JURISDICITION OF MUNICIPALITIES, TLGC | CH. 43, MUNICIPAL ANNEXATION, TLGC | MAP OF THE CITY'S CORPORATE LIMITS & ETJ