Chemistry Course Description

Course Name: Chemistry

Grade Level: Grade 10- 11

Teacher: Nigel WARD

Prerequisite(s): Algebra 1

Text(s) Used:

Prentice Hall - Chemistry ISBN: 0-13-251210-6

Virtual Chemlab ISBN: 0-13-166412-3

https://www.twig-world.com/

Course Description:

This course Introduces fundamental concepts and principles of chemistry. Topics include atomic theory and its relation to chemical behavior, chemical bonding, the mole and stoichiometry, molecular kinetics, energy relationships, solution dynamics, acids-bases, equilibrium, and organic and biological chemistry. Emphasis is placed on the utilization of mathematical, analytical, data acquisition, and communication skills as well as interdisciplinary approaches to discovery.

This document includes a rough and incomplete mapping from the course content to the text book. Sometimes a chapter or section is referenced (ch) and sometimes a page or group of pages is referenced (p). If the relevant text is spread over several pages then only the number of the first page is given.

Pre-course project

Choose one of the following topics, do some research and prepare to give a 7 to 10 minute presentation for your teacher and classmates at the beginning of the school year. Prepare a PowerPoint presentation to accompany your oral presentation. The PowerPoint should be mainly images with minimum text. The text should be mainly key points from the presentation, and must be large enough to be easily legible. You may not simply read the text of the PowerPoint presentation, though you may have some notes on a postcard to make sure you don't omit anything important. At the end of the PowerPoint presentation, list your sources. Spend 2-3 hours on this project. This project will be graded.

· Science vs. Religion and Philosophy

· The scientific method

· Models in Science

Also, watch this YouTube video: https://youtu.be/Rd4a1X3B61w (9 minutes)

Note that this is part of a playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL166048DD75B05C0D

Textbook

We will follow the order of the textbook rather than the order of the official course outline that is presented over the following pages.

We will study the first 15 chapters of the text book EXCEPT 5.3, 8.3?, 9.5?, 11.3, 12.3, 14.4, 15.3

We will also study the following sections: 16.1, 17.1, 18.1, 18.2, 19.1-4, 20.2, 20.3?

That means we will study about 16 chapters in about 26 weeks of actual teaching, so we need to cover about 0.6 chapters per week or spend 1.7 weeks on each chapter, on average.

The 'Go Online' links in the textbook should work but the 'Interactive Textbook' exercises are probably no longer available because our text book is an older edition.

Course Content/Goals/Outline:

Approaches to Science ch1?, ch3

o Chemists – scientists all over the world and their roles p7, 12

o Scientific Method p22

o Scientific Measurement ch3

Atomic Structure ch4, ch5

o Matter p7, Ch2.1

o Phase Diagrams p402

o Physical and Chemical Changes p42, 48, 53

o Elements p48

o Structure of Atom ch4.2, ch5.1

o Atomic Theory ch4

o Isotopes p112

o Electron Configuration ch5.2

o Photoelectric Effect p144

Periodic Table and Periodicity ch6

o Electron configuration ch5.2

o Metals and Non-metals p158, 159

o Chemical Families p118

o Electronegativity p177

Experimental design ch1

o Science and its methods p22

o Scientists' role and influences

o Scientific investigation vs. Religion and Philosophy

o Scientific investigation throughout the world p12

o Scientific Knowledge

o Development of Scientific Theory p22

o Scientific Laws p22

o Models in Science

o Scientific Knowledge and Reasoning p20

o Scientific questions, methods, and explanations p21, 22

Bonding ch7, ch8

o Ionic Bonds p194

o Ionic Compound ch7.2

o Covalent Bond – polar and non-polar ch8.2, 8.4

o Valence Electrons p187

o Metallic Bonding ch7.3

Chemical Equations ch11

o Chemical reactions, for example: redox, acid-base, synthesis, and single and double replacement reactions p53, ch11

o Write chemical formulas for simple covalent, ionic and molecular compounds 9.2, 9.3, 9.5

o Apply the mole concept and the law of conservation of mass to calculate quantities of chemicals participating in reactions ch10, ch12

o Physical and chemical properties and changes of matter. p40, 46, 53, 48, 53

o Various forms of energy

o Energy diagrams, for example: chemical reactions, orbits around a central body, motion of a pendulum p505

o Chemical reactions and nuclear reactions, how they differ p798?

o Endothermic and exothermic chemical processes p505-515

o Factors that affect the rate of a chemical reaction p541-547

o Dynamic equilibrium p392, 472

Moles and Stoichiometry ch10, ch12

o Balanced equations p325

o Conservation of Mass p55, 357, 361

o Hydrogen p49, 222, R38

Energy Changes p79, 505

o Four states of matter p45, ch13

o Temperature and the average molecular kinetic energy p388

o Phase transitions - kinetic molecular theory ch13.4, p385

o Relationships among key terms (e.g., force, friction, reaction force, energy)

Gases ch13.1, ch14, p42, 385, 412

o Gas Law p418-429

o Diffusion p435

o Effusion p435

Solutions and Mixtures ch15.2, ch16

o Solubility ch18.2, 19.5,

o Physical and chemical properties and changes of matter p42, 53, 55, 48, 54

o Bonding forces and attractive forces p230

o Hydrogen bonding p241, 446-449

o Van der Waals forces p240

o Mole concept and the law of conservation of mass p290, 55, 357, 361

Acids and Bases ch19

o Acids p271

o Bases in the home p273

o pH scale p596

o Neutralization ch19.4

Oxidation, Reduction, Reactions ch20

o Corrosion p636

o Oxidation p633, 743

o Reduction p633, 743

o Redox Reactions p630, 743

Scientific report ch1

o Pose question about the natural world

o Conduct systematic observations

o Examine books/other sources of information to see what is already known

o Review what known in light of empirical evidence

o Plan Investigations

o Use tools to gather, analyze and interpret data

o Pose answers, explanations and descriptions

o Generate explanations

o Use appropriate evidence to justify explanations to others

o Communicate results of Scientific Investigations

o Evaluate the merits of explanations produced by others

Research project

o Research on a chosen topic

o Experiments

o Report

o Presentation to peers