Common Trees
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Common Trees ---by  H.Santapau

English Names: royal poinciana, flamboyant tree, gold mohar, flame tree, peacock flower
Indian Names:  गुलमोहर, गुलतोरा

Botanical Name: Delonix regia Raf.              (Naturalized)

            Indian Name: असेटी, धौला, आल  

Botanical Name: Morinda pubescens  Family: Rubiaceae (Coffee family)English Name: Indian Mulberry, Morinda tree  


Indian Names: सोनबहावा, अमलताश     English Name: Golden shower                      Botanical Name: Cassia Fistula                                                                                                       (Native)

Parts used : Fruits & Bark    

Habitat : Almost found everwhere including in valleys upto 1200 m in Himalayas.

Uses :Pulp from fruits called “Cessia pulp” is a well known Laxative. Bark of tree is rich in tannins.

Botanical Name: Dalbergia melaxylon      Indian Name: पतंगी  (Introduced)

Indian Name: आकाशनीम, बूच, कावल निम्ब                       English Name: Indian Cork Tree, Jasmine Tree                         Botanical Name: Millingtonia hortensis                     Family:Bignoniaceae (Jacaranda family)                             Details:  Native           


Indian Name: शिरीष         English Name: Indian Rain Tree  (Native)                                     Botanical Name: Albizia lebbeck                                                      Details:

Indian Name: चिरबिल्व, पापडी, वावळ                           English Name: Monkey Biscuit Tree                         Botanical Name: Holoptelea integrifolia planch.              (Native)

Family: Arecaceae    English Name: Palm Tree             Details:               Native

Indian Name: चंदन, गंध, श्रीगंध, मलयज, संधानम, गंधापु                    Native                     English Name: Sandalwood Tree       Botanical Name: Santalum Album                             Details:

English Name:Copper Pod Tree, yellow flamboyant tree                                                Indian Name: ताम्रशिंगी Family:leguminoceae              Introduced                                     Botanical Name:Peltophorum   Pterocarpum                                                                 Details:    

English Name: Wild Tamarind, White Babool,  Lead tree                                                                   Indian Name: सुबाभुळ, सफ़ैद बबूल                        Botanical Name: Leucaena leucocephala                                                     Family: Fabaceae (pea family)         Introduced


English Name:Saman, Rain Tree, Monkey Pod   Indian Name: विलायती शिरीष                           Family:Fabaceae                                                Botanical Name: Albizia saman                         Details:       


Photo courtsey:-                                        

Indian Name:अशोक, आंगनप्रिया, हेमपुष्प                   Botanical Name: Saraca Indica                             Family:Fabaceae     Native 




English Name: Indian Tree of Heaven        Indian Name: महानिंब, महारुख, वारूळ  Botanical Name:   Ailanthus excelsa Roxb  

 Family: Simaroubaceae (Quassia family)       Native     


English Name: White Rainbow Shower Tree                  Botanical name: Cassia x nealiae             

Family: Caesalpiniaceae (Gulmohar family)                                                                       Rainbow Shower Tree is a hybrid between Amaltas (Cassia fistula) and Java cassia (Cassia javanica).


Indian Name: शंकासुर, गुलेतूरा                          English Name: Peacock Flower, Pride of Barbados, Dwarf poinciana                                             Botanical name: Caesalpinia pulcherrima           Family: Caesalpiniaceae (Gulmohar family) Native    

Indian Name: फणशी, Dhobin,Satpuria Native        Botanical name: Dalbergia lanceolaria L.f.      Family: Laguminosae