TMRCAs for the R1a-Y2619 Ashkenazi Levite Cluster

Discussions of calculations of the time to the R1a-Y2619 Ashkenazi Levite Most Recent Common Ancestor ("MRCA"), based upon data compiled through 2014, are posted here and here. A discussion of methodological issues that may explain discrepancies between SNP-based and STR-based calculations of time to an MRCA is posted here.

According to the 2017 Behar paper discussed here, the MRCA of the R1a-Y2619 Ashkenazi Levite cluster lived about 1,743 years ago. As of July 1, 2022: (1) FTDNA's Haplogroup Report for R-Y2619 estimated that the R1a-Y2619 MRCA lived about 1,100 years ago, plus or minus 250 years; (2) the YFull YTree for R-Y2619 estimated that the R1a-Y2619 MRCA lived about 1,200 years ago, with a 95% confidence that the MRCA lived between 950 and 1,450 years ago; and (3) JewishDNA.net estimated that the R1a-Y2619 Ashkenazi Levite cluster (identified as AB-067 (R1a-Z93-M582)) had an MRCA who lived between 660 CE and 809 CE, at a 95% confidence level.

Estimated Ages of R1a-Y2619 Ashkenazi Levite Clusters and Subclusters According to FTDNA and YFull

As of July 2, 2022, FTDNA's Haplogroup Reports and the YFull YTree for R-Y2619 provided the following estimates of the time to an MRCA for the following clusters and subclusters of R1a-Y2619 Ashkenazi Levites:

Cluster FTDNA estimate YFull estimate

1 R-Y2619: 1,100 ybp ± 250 years 1,200 ybp (950-1,450 ybp)

2 R-Y2630: 900 ybp ± 200 years 1,000 ybp (650-1,400 ybp)

3 R-FGC10632 (Y2742): 850 ybp ± 150 years 950 ybp (700-1,250 ybp)

4 R-FTA6349: 800 ybp ± 150 years n/a

5 R-YP266 (YP264): 650 ybp ± 150 years 950 ybp (550-1,350 ybp)

6 R-FGC10641: 600 ybp ± 150 years 950 ybp (550-1,350 ybp)

7 R-YP4943: 500 ybp ± 300 years 950 ybp (325-1,700 ybp)

8 R-YP4954: 250 ybp ± 150 years 300 ybp (125-700 ybp)

7 R-YP268: 550 ybp ± 150 years 650 ybp (350-900 ybp)

8 R-YP5303: 500 ybp ± 250 years n/a

9 R-YP5304: 250 ybp ± 250 years n/a

9 R-BY107047: 350 ybp ± 400 years n/a

8 R-FGC13806 350 ybp ± 200 years n/a

8 R-YP5232: 500 ybp ± 300 years 350 ybp (100-1,100 ybp)

9 R-BY12050: n/a n/a

10 R-BY109446: 250 ybp ± 250 years n/a

8 R-Y19799: 350 ybp ± 150 years n/a

8 R-FT202511: 400 ybp ± 300 years n/a

6 R-YP1429: 200 ybp ± 150 years no estimate

7 R-YP1432: 100 ybp ± 150 years n/a

6 R-BY24966: 550 ybp ± 250 years n/a

7 R-FT97049: 450 ybp ± 250 years n/a

8 R-FT197452: 400 ybp ± 250 years n/a

6 R-BY27367: 150 ybp ± 150 years n/a

6 R-FGC7179: 550 ybp ± 350 years n/a

7 R-FT189645: 400 ybp ± 250 years n/a

8 R-FT186009: 100 ybp ± 100 years n/a

6 R-BY117602: 550 ybp ± 350 years n/a

6 R-FGC22266: 400 ybp ± 250 years n/a

5 R-BY113466: 550 ybp ± 250 years n/a

6 R-FT93688: 550 ybp ± 250 years n/a

6 R-BY207229: 400 ybp ± 300 years n/a

4 R-FTA6346: 800 ybp ± 250 years n/a

5 R-FTA71534: 650 ybp ± 250 years n/a

6 R-FGC15532: 550 ybp ± 200 years 650 ybp (325-1,000 ybp)

7 R-FGC15533: 550 ybp ± 250 years 650 ybp (325-1,000 ybp)

8 R-FGC15531: 450 ybp ± 250 years 475 ybp (275-800 ybp)

9 R-FGC15529: 400 ybp ± 300 years n/a

6 R-BY105445: 200 ybp ± 350 years n/a

6 R-BY164774: 600 ybp ± 350 years n/a

5 R-YP4538: 700 ybp ± 300 years n/a

6 R-A12585 550 ybp ± 300 years n/a

6 R-BY131066 400 ybp ± 2500 years n/a

5 R-BY123045: 550 ybp ± 250 years n/a

6 R-FT131129 n/a n/a

5 R-BY156726: 350 ybp ± 300 years n/a

5 R-FT243497: 400 ybp ± 300 years n/a

4 R-FTA6347: 750 ybp ± 300 years n/a

5 R-YP4488: 700 ybp ± 350 years 150 ybp (75-475 ybp)

6 R-FT371783: 400 ybp ± 400 years n/a

7 R-BY138998: 350 ybp ± 400 years n/a

5 R-FT272580: 350 ybp ± 250 years n/a

5 R-FT131801: 550 ybp ± 300 years n/a

6 R-FTB6864: 250 ybp ± 200 years n/a

3 R-BY29728: 900 ybp ± 200 years 1,000 ybp (650-1,400 ybp)

4 R-YP4671: 500 ybp ± 200 years 550 ybp (225-950 ybp)

5 R-BY30938: 350 ybp ± 250 years 350 ybp (150-800 ybp)

6 R-BY30939: 200 ybp ± 150 years n/a

5 R-BY117513: 500 ybp ± 200 years n/a

6 R-BY102345: 200 ybp ± 200 years n/a

4 R-YP1386: 800 ybp ± 200 years 700 ybp (400-1,000 ybp)

5 R-BY24975: 750 ybp ± 200 years n/a

6 R-BY27384: 750 ybp ± 300 years 650 ybp (250-1,150 ybp)

7 R-BY27348: 500 ybp ± 250 years n/a

8 R-BY102393: 500 ybp ± 350 years n/a

6 R-YP4516: 650 ybp ± 200 years 700 (400-1,000 ybp)

7 R-YP4807: 450 ybp ± 150 years 600 ybp (300-1,000 ybp)

8 R-YP6322: 350 ybp ± 300 years n/a

8 R-BY128934: n/a n/a

7 R-BY115762: 300 ybp ± 200 years n/a

7 R-FT31211: 400 ybp ± 200 years n/a

6 R-FT233078: 600 ybp ± 300 years n/a

7 R-FT216778: 550 ybp ± 350 years n/a

5 R-FT157112: 400 ybp ± 250 years n/a

6 R-FT157528: 200 ybp ± 100 years n/a

5 R-BY24974: 700 ybp ± 300 years n/a

6 R-YP5512: 250 ybp ± 200 years n/a

6 R-BY101987: 500 ybp ± 2500 years n/a

3 R-BY24982: 800 ybp ± 250 years n/a

4 R-BY24977: 550 ybp ± 200 years n/a

4 R-BY24978: 700 ybp ± 300 years 1,000 ybp (600-1,700 ybp)

5 R-FT397930: 100 ybp ± 100 years n/a

5 R-BY89987: 650 ybp ± 400 years n/a

2 R-FGC18222: 1,100 ybp ± 250 years 1,150 ybp (850-1,500 ybp)

3 R-FGC18226: 1,000 ybp ± 200 years 1,050 ybp (750-1,350 ybp)

4 R-FGC18218: 950 ybp ± 250 years 850 ybp (600-1,100 ybp)

5 R-FGC18215: 600 ybp ± 250 years 500 ybp (350-800 ybp)

6 R-FT205921: 600 ybp ± 300 years n/a

7 R-FGC18223: 400 ybp ± 250 years n/a

8 R-FGC18221: n/a n/a

6 R-BY30700: 200 ybp ± 150 years n/a

6 R-BY33422: 400 ybp ± 4500 years n/a

6 R-BY125941: 500 ybp ± 350 years n/a

5 R-YP1385: 900 ybp ± 250 years 600 ybp (375-900 ybp)

6 R-YP4487: 700 ybp ± 250 years 600 ybp (375-900 ybp)

7 R-BY69900: 600 ybp ± 400 years n/a

7 R-FT123786: 450 ybp ± 250 years n/a

7 R-BY113553: 600 ybp ± 350 years n/a

6 R-FGC32240: 550 ybp ± 350 years n/a

5 R-BY24987: 650 ybp ± 300 years 450 ybp (200-700 ybp)

6 R-FT398225: 500 ybp ± 250 years n/a

7 R-BY148862: 400 ybp ± 250 years 325 ybp (100-600 ybp)

7 R-BY122271: 100 ybp ± 100 years n/a

4 R-BY24995: 550 ybp ± 250 years n/a

5 R-BY27090: n/a n/a

4 R-BY24986: 600 ybp ± 400 years n/a

5 R-BY24989: 350 ybp ± 250 years n/a

4 R-YP5480: 500 ybp ± years 550 ybp (300-850 ybp)

3 R-YP1074: 950 ybp ± 200 years 1,000 ybp (600-1,400 ybp)

4 R-FGC23326: 850 ybp ± 200 years n/a

5 R-YP1366: 550 ybp ± 150 years 500 ybp (325-700 ybp)

6 R-BY62930: 350 ybp ± 300 years n/a

6 R-BY119906: 350 ybp ± 300 years 200 ybp (325-700 ybp)

6 R-BY29706: n/a n/a

6 R-FT104007: 500 ybp ± 250 years n/a

7 R-FT178363: 450 ybp ± 200 years n/a

8 R-F4220: n/a n/a

5 R-YP4690: 800 ybp ± 300 years 550 ybp (225-900 ybp)

6 R-FGC36608: 600 ybp ± 250 years n/a

7 R-FGC36607: 400 ybp ± 200 years 500 ybp (225-1,000 ybp)

6 R-FT398225: 500 ybp ± 250 years n/a

4 R-BY154444: 750 ybp ± 300 years n/a

5 R-BY152479: 250 ybp ± 250 years n/a

2 R-BY29826: 950 ybp ± 250 years 1,200 ybp (700-1,700 ybp)

3 R-BY36575: 700 ybp ± 350 years n/a

3 R-FGC74789: 850 ybp ± 300 years 1,200 ybp (700-1,700 ybp)

4 R-BY63639: 350 ybp ± 250 years n/a

4 R-FGC74788: 750 ybp ± 350 years 1,100 ybp (600-1,700 ybp)

5 R-YP3939: 650 ybp ± 300 years 950 ybp (550-1,450 ybp)

6 R-BY24990: 450 ybp ± 350 years 800 ybp (425-1,450 ybp)

3 R-FT94463: 500 ybp ± 150 years n/a

4 R-FT315142: 450 ybp ± 250 years n/a

5 R-BY30799: 350 ybp ± 200 years n/a

6 R-BY92778: 250 ybp ± 200 years n/a

4 R-FT361821: 450 ybp ± 250 years n/a

5 R-BY57936: 350 ybp ± 200 years n/a

6 R-BY227898: n/a n/a

2 R-FTA51568: 900 ybp ± 300 years n/a

3 R-BY73299: 600 ybp ± 250 years n/a

4 R-BY71944: 550 ybp ± 250 years n/a

5 R-FTA12685: 450 ybp ± 350 years n/a

5 R-FTB1098: 300 ybp ± 200 years n/a

3 R-FTA31412: n/a n/a

Ages of Ashkenazi Levite Clusters and Subclusters (FTDNA)

As of July 1, 2022, FTDNA's Haplogroup Reports provided the following estimates of ages for all clusters and subclusters of R1a-Y2619 Ashkenazi Levites:

Ages of Ashkenazi Levite Clusters and Subclusters (YFull)

As of July 1, 2022, the YFull YTree for R-Y2619 provided the following estimates of ages for all clusters and subclusters of R1a-Y2619 Ashkenazi Levites (to see the date range at 95% confidence, go to the YFull tree and click on the TMRCA):

Ages of Ashkenazi Levite Clusters and Subclusters (2017 Behar Paper)

Dr. Doron Behar’s paper on R1a1a Ashkenazi Levites, D. Behar et al., The genetic variation in the R1a clade among the Ashkenazi Levites’ Y chromosome, SREP-17-37687 (2017), includes a table providing estimated time to a TMRCA for the various clusters reported therein. Below is a table that is annotated to identify the SNPs that correspond to the dated nodes on the tree.