The Zugspitze (photo courtesy of Christian Nawroth), released under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License
Germany (Deutschland in German) is situated in north-western part of Europe, and has a total area of about 357,020 square kilometres. It is bordered to the north by the North Sea, Denmark and the Baltic Sea, to the east by Poland and the Czech Republic, to the south by Austria and Switzerland, and to the west by France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands. For further details, see the Wikipedia article at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germany.
The upland areas of Germany cover most of the central and southern areas of the country. To the north lies the North German Plain.
The Central Uplands (Mittelgebirge) stretch from the Black Forest (Schwarzwald) in the south-west to the Harz Mountains in the north and Ore Mountains (Erzegebirge) in the east (see the Wikipedia article here). The area can be further subdivided into three natural regions:
The Western Central Uplands (Westliche Mittelgebirge) lie on a south-west to north-east axis and reach their highest point on The Brocken (1142m) in the Harz Mountains (see the Wikipedia article here). This has a prominence of 857 metres.
The South German Scarplands (Südwestliche Mittelgebirge Stufenland) lie to the south of the Western Central Uplands, again on a south-west to north-east axis. This region reaches its highest point on The Feldberg (1493m) in the Black Forest (see the Wikipedia article here). This has a prominence of 930 metres.
The Eastern Central Uplands (Östliche Mittelgebirge) lie to the east of the other two regions of the Central Uplands, reaching their highest point on the Großer Arber (1456m) in the Bavarian Forest (Bayerische Wald) (see the Wikipedia article here). This has a prominence of 1031 metres.
The Alpine Foreland (Alpenvorland) lies along the southern edge of the country and is a region of valleys and low rolling hills (see the Wikipedia article here).
The Bavarian Alps (Bayerischen Alpen), part of the Northern Limestone Alps, form the border area with Austria. The ranges of the Northern Limestone Alps which are situated partly or wholly in Germany (in the State of Bavaria) are, from west to east: Allgäuer Alpen, Ammergauer Alpen, Wettersteingebirge, Estergebirge, Karwendelgebirge, Reite Alpe, Steinernes Meer and Berchtesgadener Alpen (see the Wikipedia article here).
The highest mountain in Germany is the Zugspitze (2,961m) in the Bavarian Alps, on the Austrian border. This has a prominence of 1745 metres, and is Germany's only 'Ultra' peak.
There are fifty-eight summits in Germany over 2000m in height with at least 150m of prominence. There is only one mountain in the country with at least 1,500m of prominence, but forty-three with at least 600m of prominence.
The German Eberhard Jurgalski has published a list of the top 101 summits in Germany by prominence, which can be accessed here. This is the only list of German summits, listed by prominence, so far published online (elsewhere than here on Europeaklist).
Lists uploaded below: