Croatia

                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                        Dinara (photo courtesy of Aleksandar Gospić - http://www.flickr.com/photos/trancevelebit/ )
 

Croatia (Hrvatska in Croatian) is situated in south-central Europe, and has a total area of about 56,590 square kilometres.  It is bordered to the north by Slovenia and Hungary, to the south-east by Bosnia & Herzegovina, to the east by Serbia and Montenegro, and to the south-west by the Adriatic Sea.  Due to its crescent shape it has extended borders and a long coastline.  For further details on the country, see the Wikipedia article at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Croatia.

 

Geographically the country can be divided into three areas:

·        The north and north-east, consisting of lakes, rolling hills and the southern extremity of the Pannonian PlainThe highest mountain in the Croatian part of this region is Ivanšćica (1060m).

·        A spine of mountains running from north-west to south-east on the southern part of the crescent.  These     mountains are the Croatian part of the Dinaric Alps, which also span parts of Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Kosovo, Albania and Montenegro.  The range is mainly composed of sedimentary rocks (limestone and dolomite).

·        A rugged Adriatic coastline with many inlets and small islands.

 

The principle massifs of the Dinaric Alps in Croatia, from north-west to south-east are:

 

·        Žumberak

·        Velika Kapela

·        Velebit

·        Dinara

·        Kamešnica

·        Svilaja

·        Mosor

·        Biokovo

 

The highest mountain in Croatia is Dinara (1831m), which has a prominence of 728 metres.  Although not the highest mountain in the range, this mountain gave its name to the Dinaric Alps.  The mountain in the country that has the greatest prominence, however, is Sveti Jure (1762m) in the Biokovo Massif of the Dinaric Alps, which has a prominence of 1164 metres.  There are twenty-three mountains and hills in the country with a prominence of at least 600 metres, three of which are on islands in the Adriatic Sea.  A list of the principle mountains in Croatia can be found at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mountains_in_Croatia.

 

A list of the top thirty mountains and hills in Croatia, down to 568 metres of prominence, can be downloaded from the attachment below.  This list, the first composed for the country on a prominence criterion, was compiled by the Slovene Vasja Kavčič.

 

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Mark Trengove,
13 Feb 2009, 14:57
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