Our Lady of Mt. Carmel
ML.031 Marian Holy Card Collection, Box 22
Our Lady of Mount Carmel is the name given to the Blessed Virgin Mary in her role as patroness of the Carmelite Order. The first Carmelites were Christian hermits living on Mount Carmel in the Holy Land during the late 12th and early to mid-13th century. The Carmelite Order were one of the first religious orders to start in the Crusader States. In the mid-1200s, many of the members of the Carmelites migrated to Europe. Several years later, once established, conquerors climbed Mount Carmel and massacred monks and their dwellings. Thereon after, Mount Carmel would continue to suffer a decline of Carmelites for 3 centuries. Tradition says that in the late 14th century, Simon Stock witnessed an apparition from Our Lady of Mount Carmel. Simon Stock, who is a saint of the church, was an early English general of the Carmelite order. In Simon Stock’s apparition, Our Lady of Mount Carmel came to him, gave him a brown scapular, and told him to promote devotion to it. A scapular consists of 2 pieces of cloth connected by chords that go over the head. Scapulars are now part of the Carmelite habit. Carmelites whom wear it, wear it as a form of devotion to Mary and place their care in Mary. In Simon Stock’s apparition, Mary promised that those who died wearing a scapular would be later saved. Although this is the origin of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, how Our Lady became the patron saint of Chile lies in Chile’s struggle for independence. The Chileans were fighting for their independence from Spanish rule. This fight is known as the Battle of Chabuco. On the morning of the Battle of Chabuco, General O'Higgins proclaimed the Our Lady of Carmel patroness. As the Spanish army marched into Santiago, Chileans crowded into the cathedral to pray and declared the Our Lady of Carmel help them. The Chileans promised to raise a church in her honor at the location that Chile's declaration of independence was signed if they were defeated the Spanish. Later that year, Chile had defeated the Spanish and the church was built. Today “Catedral Castrense de Nuestra Señora del Carmen” is located in the community of Providencia in Santiago, the capital of Chile. Finally in 1923, Chilean bishops the Vatican proclaimed the Our Lady of Mount Carmel to be the main patron saint of all Chileans.
“Feast of Our Lady of Carmel.” Feast of Our Lady of Carmel | Chilean Holidays | Office Holidays, www.officeholidays.com/countries/
“The History of Carmel.” Lafayette Carmelites, lafayettecarmelites.org/home-page/community-life/history-carmel/.
“Marian Library.” Our Lady of Mount Carmel : University of Dayton, Ohio, 21 Dec. 2017, udayton.edu/blogs/imri/2016-02-24-epinal-3.php.
Researched by Aneudy De Jesus
Popular Devotion: The Scapular
Dios te salve, María. Llena eres de gracia: El Señor es contigo.
Bendita tú eres entre todas las mujeres.
Y bendito es el fruto de tu vientre: Jesús.
Santa María, Madre de Dios, ruega por nosotros pecadores,
ahora y en la hora de nuestra muerte.