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Fluency



Reading Fluency

RESOURCE GUIDE 
• What is fluency? Fluency is the ability to read a
text accurately and quickly with expression.
• Why is fluency important? Fluency is important
because it allows students to focus on making
meaning rather than sounding out words.
• How can fluency be developed and improved?
Model fluent reading and engage children in
repeated oral reading.
Fluency has important elements to focus on:
1. Expression & volume: The reader is reading the
passage with feeling, paying attention to
punctuation marks. The reader is also loud
enough for the audience to hear with correct
emotion.
2. Phrasing: Reader is using punctuation and
meaning to read complete thoughts. (Reader
stops at periods and pauses at commas.)
3. Smoothness/Accuracy: The reader can read
smoothly without having to sound out words as
they read.
4. Pace: The reader is reading at a normal pace.
Reading sounds like a conversation. It is not
slow or choppy. It’s also not too fast!

1. Read the poem/short story to your child to
demonstrate what a fluent reader sounds like.
They will get a kick out of this!
2. Read the poem/short story together with your
child. (Read at a normal pace. Do not slow
down to let your child “keep up” with you.
Reading should match our normal speech rate. It
should reflect the way we talk.
3. Listen as your child reads the poem/short story
to you 2-3 times. Remind your reader to
practice the “focus” for this week (expression &
volume, phrasing, pace or smoothness). 

What to listen for: 
EXPRESSION & VOLUME: Reader is reading
passage with feeling, paying attention to
punctuation marks. Reader is also reading loud
enough for the audience to hear and with correct
emotion.
1. No expression with a quiet voice.
2. Some expression with a quiet voice.
3. Some expression with an appropriate volume.
4. Appropriate expression and volume.
PACE: Reader is reading at an appropriate speed.
1. Slow and hard to follow.
2. Slow.
3. Mixture of slow and fast reading.
4. Consistent or appropriate speed for the text.
Changes in the speed are intentional and
deliberate. Easy to follow.
SMOOTHNESS: Reader is reading smoothly and
accurately with little hesitation.
1. Frequent pausing, sounding out words, or
repeating words.
2. Several pauses and hesitations causing the
passage to sound broken.
3. Occasional breaks in reading due to difficult
words.
4. Smooth reading with some breaks that are quickly
corrected.
5. PHRASING: Reader is using punctuation and
meaning to read complete thoughts. (Reader stops
at periods and pauses at commas.)
1. Monotone. No pauses. Reading word by word.
2. Choppy. Ignores commas, end punctuation and
other signals.
3. Some choppiness. Pauses for breath mid sentence.
4. Well-phrased in correct units with correct stress
and emphasis placed on phrases and sentences.








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The following links can be printed for practice at home.  Print 2 copies of each passage. Time your child for one minute. Count the number of words read. Determine how many words your child is able to read in one minute by subtracting any words that are read incorrectly or omitted.   This will give you the fluency rate (words per minute) of your child.
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Click link - Summer Camping.
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Click link - Saturday.
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Click link- Special Honor.
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Click link - Old Way of Life.
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Click link - Skating.
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Click link - New Products.
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Click link - Making Perfume.
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Click link - Plant Art.
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Click link - Water Slides.
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Click link - Adventure on the River.
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Click link - Biggest Land Animal.
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Click link - New Game.
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Click Link - Sun Facts.
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Click link - Saving Up.
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Click link - A Good Friend.
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Click link - Polar Regions.
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Click link - Sun Facts.
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Click link - The Wink.
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Click link - Babe.
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Click link - Fruit Fun.
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Click link - Largest Plant.
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Click link - Wolf Watchers.
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Click link - Farmer Paul.
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Click link - Plants in Danger.

         


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     Students who are reading above grade level should be reading approximately150 word per minute or above on grade level passages.  To challenge yourself, begin working on 5th and 6th grade level passage.

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Click link - Inspiration.
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Click on link - Preservation.

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Click on link - Break the Cycle.
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Click on link - Good Old Days.
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Click link - The Big Wave.
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Click on link - Crossing the Sea.

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Click on link - The Eye of El Greco.
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Click on link - New Pearls.
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Click link - Without a Trace.
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Click on link - The Big Game.

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Click on link - Harriet.
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Click on link - Whaling.
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Click link - Hometown Hero.
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Click on link - Natural Protection.

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Click on link - Pompeii.
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Click on link - The Frozen North.

                 

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