[Lesson Overview] [Personal Website]
[Lesson 1] [Lesson 2] [Lesson 3] [Lesson 4] [Lesson 5] [Lesson 6] [Lesson 7] [Lesson 8] [Lesson 9] [Lesson 10]
[Lesson 11] [Lesson 12] [Lesson 13] [Lesson 14] [Lesson 15] [Lesson 16] [Lesson 17] [Lesson 18] [Lesson 19] [Lesson 20]
umenie = art
umelec, umelkyňa = artist (m, f)
výstava = exhibition
múzeum = museum
galéria = gallery
výtvarné umenie = creative art (meaning largely painting or drawing)
dielo = work of art
majstrovské dielo = masterpiece
sochár, sochárka = sculptor (m, f)
socha = sculpture
maliar = painter
obraz = painting, picture
kresba = drawing
koláž = collage
plátno = canvass
štetec = (paint)brush
vystúpenie = performance (artistic, musical, etc. event)
koncert = concert
opera = opera
orchester = orchestra
filharmónia = philharmonic
dirigent = music conductor
predstavenie = theatrical performance
divadelná hra = theatrical play
LITERATURE AND BOOKS
knižnica = library
kníhkupectvo = bookstore
kniha = book
leták (or letáčik) = leaflet
príručka = handbook
slovník = dictionary
literatúra = literature
spisovateľ, spisovateľka = writer (m, f)
beletria = fiction literature
náučná literatúra = non-fiction literature
odborná literatúra = specialized, expert literature
žáner = genre
román = novel
novela = novella
príbeh = story
krátky príbeh = short story
životopis (or biografia) = biography
autobiografia = autobiography
cestopis = travel account, travel narrative
učebnica = textbook
GENITIVE CASE: WHEN TO USE IT
When a preposition is absent, we use the genitive case in Slovak when, in English, we would usually use the 'of' preposition. In the English sentences below, I have underlined parts that would require the use of the genitive case in Slovak:
The cause of the deadly disease remains unknown.
I don't recall the name of the businessmen.
No one likes the color of the new bicycle.
In [Lesson 8], we learned about the possessive forms of names: Michalov román = Michael's novel, Kristínina učebnica = Kristína's textbook. We should now add that you can extend the same rule to all nouns that represent people - not only people's names. A policeman's car would therefore be policajtovo auto, and the wife's favorite book would be manželkina obľúbená kniha.
So where does the genitive case come in here? It turns out that the rule from [Lesson 8] is only appropriate when the 'possessor person' is described by a single, unmodified noun. If we, however, want to further describe the possessor, for instance, by using possessive pronouns or adjectives, we need to use the genitive case:
If we want to say young Michael's novel in Slovak, then, we really need to say the novel of young Michael: román mladého Michala.
My sister Kristína's textbook would really be the textbook of my sister Kristína: učebnica mojej sestry Kristíny.
The polite policeman's car and my wife's favorite book would be, respectively, the car of the polite policeman and the favorite book of my wife:
auto slušného policajta and obľúbená kniha mojej manželky.
Note that, in the examples above, I have underlined the parts that require the use of the genitive case.
Finally, there are several prepositions that require the use of the genitive case. These will be covered in the next lesson.
GENITIVE CASE: NOUNS
GENITIVE CASE: POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS
masculine feminine neuter
nominative genitive nominative genitive nominative genitive
môj = my môjho moja = my mojej moje = my môjho
tvoj = your tvojho tvoja = your tvojej tvoje = your tvojho
jeho = his jeho jej = her jej jeho = its jeho
náš = our nášho naša = our našej naše = our nášho
váš = your vášho vaša = your vašej vaše = your vášho
ich = their ich ich = their ich ich = their ich
svoj svojho svoja svojej svoje svojho
Netušíš náhodou, ako sa volá pes jeho suseda? = Don't you, by any chance, have any idea what their dog's name is?
Chcel ísť na školu svojho brata, ale nakoniec išiel na školu svojej sestry. = He wanted to go to his brother's school, but in the end went to his sister's school.
GENITIVE CASE: THIS, THAT, THAT OVER THERE
masculine feminine neuter
nominative genitive nominative dative nominative dative
tento = this tohto táto tejto toto tohto
ten = that toho tá tej to toho
tamten tamtoho tamtá tamtej tamto tamtoho
Notebook tamtoho muža nebol drahý, ale počítač tej ženy bol. = That man over there's laptop was not expensive, but that woman's computer was.
Motor tohto nového auta musí byť veľmi silný. = This new car's engine must be very strong.
GENITIVE CASE: ADJECTIVES
P3 format [here]