[Lesson Overview] [Personal Website]
[Lesson 1] [Lesson 2] [Lesson 3] [Lesson 4] [Lesson 5] [Lesson 6] [Lesson 7] [Lesson 8] [Lesson 9] [Lesson 10]
[Lesson 11] [Lesson 12] [Lesson 13] [Lesson 14] [Lesson 15] [Lesson 16] [Lesson 17] [Lesson 18] [Lesson 19] [Lesson 20]
USEFUL WORDS AND PHRASES
Vďaka. / Díky. (or even Dík.) = very colloquial versions of 'thank you' (as opposed to the more formal Ďakujem.)
vieš čo = you know what (often used to introduce a suggestion; extremely common in Slovak - much more so than in English)
(To) nevadí. = (It) does not bother (me). / It's ok.
Netuším. or Čo ja viem? ('What do I know?') or very colloquially: Nemám šajnu. = I have no idea.
HOUSEHOLD AND ELECTRONIC APPLIANCES
chladnička = fridge, refrigerator
mraznička = freezer
sporák = stove
rúra (or, in some dialects, trúba) = oven
mikrovlnná rúra (or simply mikrovlnka) = microwave oven
varič = cooker
umývačka riadu = dishwasher
práčka = washing mashine
sušička = dryer
žehlička = iron (the household appliance, not the material)
televízor = TV set
diaľkový ovládač (or simply ovládač) = remote control
počítač = computer
notebook (or, more recently, also laptop) = laptop (i.e., portable computer)
tlačiareň (fem.) = printer
fén = hairdryer
kulma = hair curling iron
žehlička na vlasy = hair straightener (literally: 'iron for the hair')
ohrievač = heater
radiátor = radiator
WHERE, WHERE TO, ETC.
Kde? = Where?
Kam? = Where to?
Odkiaľ? = Where from?
Tam. = There. (both for location and direction.)
Tu. = Here. (expresses location; an object is already there)
Sem. = Here. (meaning 'To here.'; expresses direction of movement)
naspäť = back
Nikde. = Nowhere.
Nikam. = (To) nowhere. (when talking about direction of movement)
Všade. = Everywhere.
Kedy? = When?
Odkedy? = Since when?
Dokedy? = Until when?
odvtedy = from then
dovtedy = until then
odteraz = from now on
doteraz = until now
odjakživa = since time immemorial; since anyone remembers
navždy = forever
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB 'TO GO' (ÍSŤ)
The verb ísť ('to go') is quite irregular in Slovak.
In the present tense, the verb ísť takes on the following forms:
EXPRESSING INTENTION USING 'ABY' = 'SO THAT'
You can use the word aby in a way that is similar to the English 'so that' to express intention. You can also use this word with modal verbs, such as chcieť (to want), potrebovať (to need) and others, to say things like: 'I need you to do this.', 'I want him to come back.', and so on. You get the idea.
Note: The verb that follows aby is, as a rule, in its past tense form.
Išiel som na univerzitu, aby som mohol byť ekonóm. = I went to university so I could be an economist.
Robíme to len preto, aby ste mohli zajtra byť doma. = We are doing it only so you can be at home tomorrow. (note that preto = for that reason)
Chcela by si, aby som ho volil? = Would you like me to vote for him?
Tamtá úradníčka žiada, aby sme sa vrátili o dva dni. = That (female) bureaucrat requests that we return in two days.
You can use akoby, or sometimes ako keby, to express the English 'as if.' Please note that the clause that follows akoby and ako keby must be in the past tense.
Nemáte niekedy ten pocit, akoby ste žili na planéte opíc? = Don't you sometimes have that feeling, as if you were living on a planet of monkeys ('on the Planet of Apes')?
Vyzerá to, ako keby si vôbec nechcel vedieť pravdu. = It seems, as if he didn't want to know the truth at all.
kým = while (when followed by positive - non-negated - verb)
dovtedy, kým ... = until ... (usually followed by negative future tense); can also be simply kým, followed by a negative verb
Kým je šéf stále v úrade, nikto nemôže ísť domov. = While the boss is still in the office, no one can go home.
Nechcem kupovať novú žehličku, kým sa tá stará nepokazí. = I don't want to buy a new iron until the old one breaks.
Musíte na ňu čakať dovtedy, kým nebude mať nový pas. = You have to wait for her until she has/gets a new passport.
SLOVAK IN ACTION: AJ MÚDRY SCHYBÍ
If you want to practise your understanding of spoken Slovak, check out the video below. It comes from a TV show called Aj múdry schybí where regular people on the street are asked questions about their general knowledge, with predictably terrible results.
here]. Just right click, and choose "Save as..."You can download the entire lesson in MP3 format [