MEDACT. UK medical professionals organization: 100,000 mostly violent Iraqi deaths, March 2003-September 2004

Medact, an organisation of British health professionals concerned with nuclear proliferation and other problems of a global nature, was founded in 1992, by the merger of the Medical Association for the Prevention of War (founded by in 1951 by Richard Doll, Lionel Penrose and others as a medical lobby for peace) and the Medical Campaign Against Nuclear Weapons. Medact describes itself as "a global health charity tackling issues at the centre of international policy debates...[undertaking] education, research and advocacy on the health implications of conflict, development and environmental change, with a special focus on the developing world" (see: ).

Medact Report on 100,000 mostly violent deaths in Iraq (March 3003-September 2004): “Analysis of a nationwide survey of 988 Iraqi households in September 2004 concludes that about 100,000 excess deaths have occurred since the [March] 2003 invasion, and possibly many more (Roberts et al, 2004) . Violence accounted for most of these deaths, particularly air strikes by coalition forces. More than half those reportedly killed by coalition forces were women and children. The risk of death from violence in the 18 months after the invasion was 58 times higher than in the15 months before it. The risk of death from all causes was 2.5 times higher after the invasion than before it.” [1].

[1]. Medact report “Enduring effects of war. Health in Iraq 2004”: .