For a Green Sustainable Revolution
Coordinator Alliance For A Green Sustainable Revolution
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You presented numbers of key important points that have taken notes of them and basically have all been working alone in my endeavor despite founding the organization with some colleagues. I once wrote in one of East Africa farmer magazine about farming in my region by the support of the company. I am in full commitment to do your saying and fewer things to know; What do I needs to presents to your network in order to get the support so that I can carry to gives that data which will be shared in your website and others pages, to carry all you mentioned it's all kind of a projects to do which I can do it all, shall be in position get financial support since you talk of all sort of support you very well provide. To do that, I don't have transport, shall you also support me with transport to help me in going out to the fields to covered a 6 districts that I intends to gets those information from them.
My region is bless with a big portion of fertile soil which is best suited for in case needs be to irrigate the both drip and sprinkle types is efficient unlike surface irrigation and this implies it doesn't required low land types of farming and the like of Ric, etc as of grain and vegetables can very well performed here. So farmers who maybe feel that they have the potential to grow Ric, soybeans, maize ,sunflower ,flowers, to say horticulture are highly favour in this region. I am in this case talking about the land that has not yet been in production for the last 30 yrs as people were displaced in camp to take refuge. An investors can choose to buy land rent for a particular period he or she want, currently when one would like to buy land it cost an equivalent of $350 per acre and as there are 1000s which are on market.
regarding the needs and what to be taken , depending on the types of investment you would wish to handle, there are sector you go through always to secure operational license. It's not that difficult to root your investment since there is a lot of unemployment and there is no salary limit, normally a company determined what prices to pay her workers
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Agriculture still flourish in the districts of Acoli sub regions.
Agriculture in the districts of Acoli was something not of thought for a long time
as rebel forces wreaked havoc on villages, killing men and women, capturing and
turning children into child soldier.
It is estimated that during that time nearly 1.4 million farmers took shelter in
internally displaced (IDP's) camps with most of her population living in poverty.
However this has come to past when farmers began returning to their homes for the
first time in decades way back in 2008. Farmers have embarked on farming
although it’s not commercials in nature.
Acoli sub region agricultural sector
Acoli sub regions have arguably the most fertile soil in Uganda, generally flat
terrain that allows for farm mechanization of the land plus easier access to water
for distribution, a mild climate and a well-distributed rainfall in most areas.
However, the sector is underperforming in the regions as compared with
other part of Uganda and its growth has not kept up with the population
Agricultural production is dominated by smallholder farmers of between 2
and 3 hectares of land. Of these, they rely solely or partially on family labor
and they mainly use hoes to till their land. Rain dependence, low input
usage and weak agricultural institutions have resulted in low productivity
levels on these small holders’ farmers. As most farmers occupy a
disadvantageous place in the value chain, they sell their produce for low
and unstable prices. Land issues further undermine productivity levels.
Few farmers have the capacity to bulk and store their produce without
suffering post-harvest losses, which reduces their ability to bargain with
traders or to choose to sell their produce when the prices are best. Poorly
functioning markets across the region, and resultant price fluctuations,
undermine their ability to invest in production. Furthermore Vegetable
productions in the regions remain poor due to lack of knowledge for
example in every 10 of farmers only two can be found to be growing
Access to Information
Radio station such as Mega FM, Radio Pacise, Gulu FM, Radio Ruping
are educating farmers through their Radio talks show programme about
good farming practices , markets connection, hosting farmers in a talks
show, giving update on the weather conditions , Price update in the market
among others. NGOs and institution such as Gulu University, department of
Agriculture are also helping to transform the sectors in the regions by
conducting research and experiments in modern agricultural practices.
The regions as well has attracted a lots of commercial investors, this
commercials farm whose areas of operation ranges from 200 to 10,000
acres mainly grow sunflowers, Rice, sorghum, maize and Soya Bean .
Some of the food produced by this commercial farm is sold to bulk buyers
such as world food programme while the rest exported to the neighboring
countries , they include Omer farm, Amatheon Agri Uganda Limited, Rigil
Agrotech Limited to mentioned but a few.
Agronomic, crops and land management practices in the region.
construction of drainage channels and waterways
Mainly along swamps with horticultural plots
Crop rotation All crops
Burning All crops
Fallowing All crops
Application of organic manure
Mulching Onion, carrots, cabbages, cucumber,
Hot pepper, Green pepper and tomato
Tobacco and cotton
Contour ploughing Mainly along the swamps with horticultural crops
Broadcasting Sesame, sorghum, Bean, Rice and millet
Maize ,Beans, Soya bean and cassava
Application of herbicides
Manual weeding All crops
Chemical pest control Maize, tobacco, cotton, and horticultural crops
Cassava, cucumber and millet
Use of fallowing has declined as a result of an increase in the population. The use
of inorganic and organic fertilizers is still very limited. Farmers perceive their soils
as fertile and the cost of fertilizer high.
Seed systems are locally integrated. Across the regions, 60% of the crop varieties
cultivated is sourced through what is referred to as the traditional or local seed
system. Farmers produce, disseminate, and procure their own seeds. Despite this,
poor seed quality and access to seeds as major constraints to agricultural
production. Farmers practice traditional farming systems and rely largely on
indigenous knowledge. For example, broadcast seeding is widely practiced
Rainfall across the Acholi sub-region is bimodal, with the first rainy season lasting
from March to June and the second rainy season lasting from July to November.
Mean annual precipitation is about 1500mm. The mean annual temperature is
about 23C. Farmers perceive climate variability to be a serious challenge limiting
agricultural production. More specifically, they cite unreliability in the onset and
cessation of the rains, uncertainty about the duration of the rainy season, and the
long dry spells that fall within the season.
During the cropping season farmers spend most of their time in the fields for
activities such as ploughing, harrowing, weeding, land clearing, planting, Weeding
and post-harvest handling (harvesting, threshing, winnowing, and storage)
Cassava, sesame, beans, groundnuts, sweet potato, finger millet and maize are the
most important crops in the region. Sesame is the only crop cultivated in the
second rainy season. Agricultural labour is largely supplied by family members,
and is cited as inadequate for the amount of labour required on the farm.
Farmers have taken an initiative of preparing land during dry season to allow
for timely planting.
Land tenure systems
Majority of the land is held under customary tenure with access based on the
membership to a community, clan, or family. Rights to land, ownership, and
control are in favour of men. Presently, there are land conflicts after the return of
communities from the IDP camps. Disputes are mainly related to boundaries and
ownership at an individual, family, and clan level.
The majority of those who depend on agriculture in Acoli sub region are
caught in what is termed as ‘low productivity poverty trap’ where a
combination of low yields, fluctuating prices, poor infrastructure and weakly
integrated markets conspire to make it extremely difficult for small scale
producers to increase their productivity and improve their living standards .
The only means by which individual farmers can protect themselves
against these dynamics is by increasing and diversifying their production
levels, either through intensification or by increasing the area of land under
Increasing production and productivity through establishment of extension
network of locally based field officers and lead farmers as well as
conducting modular and community video based training in agronomic
practices and financial literacy.
Providing market access through the selection and training of locally based
buying agents who are pre financed to buy commodities from the trained
Investing in young people
Youth are the sector's future, policies and programmes to increase
productivity should invest in and support young farmers. Young farmers
receive little formal education or skills training. They learn from their
parents and communities, whose knowledge is limited. To increase
productivity, youth need training in three key areas:
Agronomics such as soil fertility management or how to make the most of
available technologies and produce more varied crops.
Small business management such as book keeping, or how to access
credit and to invest wisely.
Entrepreneurship such as understanding agricultural markets and
developing a business plan.
Tailored financial services
Young farmers need credit to purchase inputs and invest in farming
technology, yet formal financial services are not widely available. Young
people often lack the confidence to access these limited services. Young
people also lack the infrastructure to store their crops, which would help
protect themselves from price fluctuations. Increasing access for financial
services would help young people increase productivity and earning
More youth targeted programmed and services
Young people contribute a lot of time and energy to the sector, yet they are
often perceived as lazy, drunk and uninterested in farming. As a result,
agricultural extension services, policies and programmes tend to overlook
them and focus on older household members. However, it is often easier
for young farmers to take advantage of policies, programmes and services
aimed at increasing productivity. Young people have fewer family
obligations and can therefore take more risks, or experiment with new
farming techniques or technologies.
“Agriculture in the regions can be productive only if our Agricultural
extension officers who are working directly with farmers begin to work to
see the impact on farmers rather for report submission”
By Olanya Richard