CODE 77 Rubrics

The CODE 77 Technology Rubrics

Beginning (2009)

Internet (2002)

Advanced CODE 77 Rubrics: Rubrics for Restructuring 2012

Administrative (2013)

My articles about the rubrics:

Now That You Know the Basics - Rubrics to Guide Professional Development

Part 1, Leading & Learning with Technology, Dec/Jan 2000-01

Part 2, Leading & Learning with Technology, Feb/Mar 2001

Technology Literacy for Administrators (with Eric Bartleson), School Administrator, Apr 1999

What Does It Look Like? Part I: The Code 77 Rubrics Technology Connection, Dec 1997

What Does It Look Like? Part II: Rubrics for Restructuring Technology Connection, Jan 1998

Why, What, How and WHO of Staff Development in Technology: The Growing Importance of Teacher-Librarian’s Role in Helping Create Technology-Savvy Educators ISIS Conference Paper, Summer 2000


The Indispensable Teachers’ Guide to Computer Skills, 2nd ed. Linworth Publishing, 2002

Validity testing

D’Onofrio, A. & Bowes, K. (2005). The Internal Consistency of the Mankato Scale: Laying the Foundation for Valid Professional Development Decisions. In C. Crawford et al. (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education International Conference 2005 (pp. 66-73). Chesapeake, VA: AACE.

Draft of paper


Dr. Kathleen Bowes

Widener University

Center for Education

Kathleen.A.Bowes (at)

Dissertation using the CODE77 Rubrics


by Callie Watts Dollar <callie1980 (at)>

Trevecca Nazarene University School of Education