Reciprocal Teaching Makes Reading At Home Fun

Looking for an easy, collaborative way to get your at-home students and their families engaged with reading?

Use Reciprocal Teaching to deepen comprehension, no technology required.

Session Outline

Exploring the Research

    • What Is It?

    • Why Do We Need It?

    • Does It Work?

    • How Does It Work?

Classroom Implementation Approaches

    • Models Available

    • Across Content Areas


Exploring the Research

What Is It?

"A deep learning, instructional strategy which aims to foster better reading comprehension and to monitor students who struggle with comprehension. The strategy contains four steps: summarizing, questioning, clarifying, and predicting.

It is “reciprocal” in that students and the teacher take turns leading a dialogue about the text in question, asking questions following each of the four steps.

The teacher can model the four steps, then reduce her or his involvement so that students take the lead and are invited to go through the four steps after they read a segment of text. (Source: Visible Learning MetaX)

Why do we need it?

  • In the early years, students need time to read, not to do skills drills or reading “activities.” Schmoker points out that in the most effective reading classrooms, students “never, ever engage in cut, color, or paste activities that now occupy the majority of early-grade reading programs—more than 100 instructional hours per year.”

  • Students should be exposed to broad, wide reading of both fiction and nonfiction: “We learn to read well by reading a lot for meaning: to analyze or support arguments, to arrive at our own opinions as we make inferences or attempt to solve problems.”

  • Students should be involved in discussions at least three times per week, with established criteria to guide them

Want to learn more? Explore my

a Wakelet collection.

Does It Work?

Looking for a comprehension technique that works across all content areas, media such as news, books, web, and video?

Reciprocal teaching, a research-based collection of strategies, has enjoyed long success (approx 36 years since a study* in 1984).

It consistently produces results of .74 growth per year. This effect size, measured by John Hattie’s meta-analyses in Visible Learning, accounts for almost two years growth in one year.

Across type of test (standardized, etc.), regardless of teacher, grade level, Reciprocal Teaching proved effective for all ages and situations.

*Note: COGNITION AND INSTRUCTION, 1984, I (2) 117-175 Copyright o 1984, LawrenceErlbaum Associates, Inc.

How Does It Work?

The Reciprocal Teaching Treatment

Want to see dramatic results in your students? Use reciprocal teaching at least three times per week for three months.

The creators of the Reciprocal Teaching strategy, Ann Palincsar and Ann Brown (1984, 1986) for just 15-20 days, assessment of students’ reading comprehension increase from thirty percent to seventy to eighty percent.

All four strategies need to be used in each 15 to 30 minute session to obtain best results.

Web-based Reciprocal Teaching Resources

Remote Learning Suggestions

Use Flipgrid to have students model the different roles. Ask different students to play the role of Predictor, Clarifier, Questioner, Summarizer for a shared text, audio, or video.

Model the Fab Four for parents to guide students. Instead of trying to do all four roles, just ask them to take on the role of Predictor or Questioner.

Don't limit yourself, students, or parents to text alone. Use the resources shown right to access non-fiction, fiction.

Amazon Prime Video Free Family Titles: Whether you have Amazon Prime or not, a free Amazon account gets you and your child(ren) access to free family titles.

12-Story Learning: Offers their entire ebook collection for free.

ABDO Digital: ABDO's entire eBook collection is now available to students to access at home FREE.

Actively Learn: This is a digital curriculum platform for grades 6-12 ELA, SS, and Science. Our catalog includes over 3,000 texts, videos, and simulations that include embedded questions, scaffolding notes, and multimedia to support all learners. We also seamlessly integrate with Google Classroom.

Audible: Audible Stories is now offering, at no charge, a collection of audio stories. Stories are organized into a variety of categories.

Buncee Learning: Get free access to Buncee Classroom if you are in an affected area.

Listenwise is a web-based resource for three to six minute podcast lessons from non-fiction storytellers that include listening comprehension quizzes for your classroom.

Ranger Rick Magazine: Need some exciting reading material? One of my childhood favorites was the Ranger Rick Magazine. They are offering three months of free access to all games, jokes, videos, awesome animal articles. This offer is good through June 30, 2020. Sign up online.